Discover France and Franco-American RelationshipYesterday, today, and tomorrowBy Consulate General of France in Miami

France wine,wine cheese and fashion ?

France on the move transportation andenergy!! With The «Train à Grande Vitesse» (TGV / High Speed Train) or the AirbusEuropean planes, France is also leading country in new technologies Agriculture, nature and renewable energies, a country that wants to begreen !

Index France France and the EuropeanUnion France and the United States Consulate General of Francein Miami

GEOGRAPHY 550,000 km2: largest country in Western EuropeLocated at the heart of the European Union, crossroads of Europe, Franceborders Belgium, Spain, Italy, Germany, Switzerland and Luxembourg A temperate climateOceanic, in the WestMediterranean,ed e a ea , in thee SouSouthContinental, in the Centre and the East Exceptional diversity of landscape:5,500 km of coastal shores: North Sea and the Channel, Atlantic Ocean,MediterraneanExtensive mountain ranges: the Alps, Pyrenees, Jura, Massif Central,VosgesgLarge plains: Beauce, Picardy, Berry, and vast areas of forest A country that protects its natural heritage7 national parks136 natural reserves37 regional nature parks

DEMOGRAPHICSOGCS 63.8 million inhabitants The French Republic is made up of:- The metropolis (the main land)22 regions, 96 departments57 urban areas with over 100,000 inhabitants- Overseas departments (DOM)Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion- Overseas territories (TOM)French Polynesia, New Caledonia,Wallis and Futuna and the FrenchSouthern and Antarctic Territories- "TerritorialTerritorial communities"communitiesMayotte and St Pierre and Miquelon.

HISTORY XVIIth century : peak of absolute monarchy,Construction of Versailles under Louis XIV (1643-1715) XVIIIthh century: AgeA off EEnlightenmentli htt The French Revolution (1789–1799)Radical social and political upheavalOld ideas about hierarchy and tradition succumbed to newEnlightenment principles of citizenship and inalienable rights. Napoleon and the EmpireActive expansion policyAdministrative, legal and educational restructuring,still partly in force today The Restoration and the Second EmpireChanges in economy and societyI d ti lRIndustrialRevolution:l tigrowth in industry,creation of banks,expansion of department stores

HISTORY France in the XXth centuryTwo great world wars: 1914-1918 and 1939-1945Followed by the re-building of Europe From the beginnings of the Vth Republic to the presentReassertion of France’s international role by General deGaulle, president of the RepublicAlgerian War: 1954-1962, results in the Algeria’s independencefrom FranceMay 1968 : political and social change1969-1974 : Georges Pompidou, President1974-1981 : Valery Giscard-d’Estaing, President1981-1995 : François Mitterrand, President (1st Iraq war)1995-2007 : Jacques Chirac, President2002: France contributes to the toppling of the Taliban regimein AfghanistanMay 16, 2007: Nicolas Sarkozy elected

FRENCH POLITICAL SYSTEMFrance is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, in which the President ishead of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. There is a pluriform,multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power isvested in the government, Senate and National Assembly. The judiciary is independent ofthe executive and the legislature.

FRENCH CULTURE France has a long tradition of supporting art and culture and dedicated any to culture as earlyy as 1959.entire Ministry France, and in particular Paris, has played an important role as acentre of high culture and of decorative arts sinceythe seventeenth century.From the late nineteenth century, France has also played animportant role in modern art, cinema, fashion and cuisine. France houses some of the world’sworld s most prized museumsmuseums.The Louvre, the Chateau de Versailles,the Centre Pompidou and the Musée d’Orsayalone welcome 15 million people annually.

FRENCH MODERN ART Following on the developments of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism atthe end of the nineteenth century, the first half of the twentieth century in Francesaw the even more revolutionary experiments of cubism and surrealism, artisticmovements that had a major impact on western,western and eventually world,world After the Second World War, some artists continued in artistic experiments,and others took on the new Abstract Expressionism and actionpainting from New York and tried them in a French manner(Tachism or L'art informel). In May 1968, the radical youth movement, through theiratelier populaire, produced a great deal of poster-artprotesting the policies of president Charles de Gaulle. January 31, 1977 The Centre national d'art etde culture Georges Pompidou opened inParis.This original cultural institution focuses onmodern and contemporary creation,wherehththe visualil artst mixesiwithith ththeatre,tmusic, cinema, literature andthe spoken word.

FRENCH CULTURE - MUSIC French musicians have continually made innovations in music, from theTroubadours singing songs of chivalry in the middle ages, to the FrenchOperas and classical composers. In the 20th and 21st centuries, musicians continue to create new sounds.Some more recent genres in popular in France: ChChansonfrançaisefi :A typical style of French music and still very popular in France.Some french singer include Édith Piaf or Georges Brassens. Electro / Pop Music :French electro and pop bands Air, Daft Punk and Phoenix and technoartists Justice and David Guetta found a wide audience recently, bothy and internationally.ylocally Hip hop/rap :Hip hop music coming from the United States in the 1970s spread to muchof the world,world including France and was adapted to French contextcontext,especially in areas where many people of foreign descent live, from formercolonial countries (West Africa and Maghreb, Caribbean).

FRENCH CULTURE - FILM France was the birthplace of cinema and is responsible for manysignificant contributions, including: The invention of the cinématographe by the Lumière brothers The origins of the Nouvelle Vague, or New Wave movement in 1060’s The location of the Cannes Film Festival, founded in 1946, oneof the world's oldest and most prestigious film festivals, heldeach year in May. A clip from the film, The Class (Entre les Murs), whichwon the Palme d’Or in 2008, the highest prize awardedto competing films at the Cannes Film Festival.Teacher and novelist François Bégaudeau playsa version of himself as he negotiates a yearwith his racially mixed students from atough Parisian neighborhood.entre les murs.mp4

FRENCH SPORTS France has always been a nation of sports, in part thanks to its Ministryof Youth and Sports, created in 1936 In 1924,1924 France hosted the first ever Winter Olympic Games inChamonix Major sporting events are held annually in France:– Tour de France (bicycle)– Rolland Garros Master’s tennis tournament– Paris-Dakar cars and motorcycles race Some famous French sports figures: Zinedine Zidane,ZidaneMarie-Jose Perrec, Yannick Noah, Tony Parker France is also renowned for its national teams inseveral sports:- Soccer: ‘98 World Champions, ‘00 EuropeanChampions- Handball: ‘95, ’01, ‘09 World Champions,’06, ’10 European Champions;’08 Olympics Champions- Rugby: 9 Grand Slams at theSix Nations tournament

ECONOMY France is the world’s sixth largest economic power in terms of GDP. Thecountry’ss assets are varied and include:country- Transport- The TGV (SNCF – Alstom)- Automobile companies like Renault (Nissan), Peugeot, Citroën,- telecommunications- Aerospace : Airbus, Ariane- agrifood- pharmaceutical industries (Sanofi Aventis)- banking and insurance- tourism- traditional luxury products (leather goods,fashion, perfumes, fine wines, etc.)- Designers and companies like Hermès,Louis Vuitton Jean-PaulLouis-Vuitton,Jean Paul GaultierGaultier,Yves Saint Laurent, Lacoste,Sephora-

11A Highly Qualified Workforce ‐Driving the Knowledge Economy France ranks among the top 5 for thenumber of employees with highereducation degrees in OECD countries.Science graduates 2006(Per 100,000 employed, 25‐to‐34 years olds)Source: OECD4 0002 500 France is ranked #1 for young employeeswith science degrees in Europe, and #2 inthe world.world2 000Source: OECD3 5003 0001 5001 000Source: OECD, Education database 2008.Nethe rlandsSpainUSAItalyGe rmanyJapanwedenSwUKFranceFKorea0I reland500 France ranks 5th worldwide,, before theU.S. (6th), Germany (26th) and the U.K.(32nd) for availability of scientists andengineers.Source: WEF.

France is on the Move: Innovation14 71 innovation clusters, stimulatingpublic‐private research projects since2005 530 foreign companies are activelyinvolved in these clusters Clusters have received funds totaling1.5 billion since 2009

15France is on the Move: Investing in the Future Ongoing reforms, and an investment‐led recovery:1,000 stimulus plan projects worth 28 billion launched since late2008 A sustainable capital: the “Grand Paris” project Going Green: FranceFrance’ss “GreenGreen New DealDeal”, which opens the way to 460 bn invested bydeveloping eco‐buildings, renewable energies, green technologies2020 as part of France’sand sustainable transportation:“Green New Deal” 200 billion for household energy improvement andenergy‐positive buildings23% of France’s energyconsumption replaced Nuclear progress: a 2nd EPR by 2012; the ITER nuclearwith renewable energyfusion energy project, involving 34 countries and 10bn ofby 2020 (vs. 10% ininvestment2009) Creating a dozen new innovation clusters in 2010specializing in green technologies Transportation:TiCAREX CCAREX‐CargoR il ExpressRailEprojectjat ParisP iCharles de Gaulle airport

17France is on the Move: More Flexibility More flexible working hours (since 2007)og hoursou s area e negotiatedegot ated at tthee cocompanypa y levele e- Working- Time worked over 35 hours is overtime, paid at higher hourly rates of 25%for the first 8 overtime hours and/or entitling the worker to additional daysoff in lieu(cf. European Union regulations)- Maximum of 48 hours a week (cf-More flexible labor laws (since 2008 & 2009)- Extended employee trial periodsshort term contract (from 18 to 36 months- Introduction of a new form of short‐termmaximum)- Introduction of a new form of contract termination (mutual consent)- Simplified and more flexible regulations governing Sunday businessopening Modified trade union laws (since 2008)- Trade unions need 10% of the total vote to be representative- Trade unions need 30% of the total vote to sign an agreement

18A competitiveFrench corporate tax systemA favorable effectivecorporate tax rate*:‐ for R&D operations:FFranceisi rankedk d 2nd, aheadh d offthe United Kingdom (4th) andGermany (8th);‐ for manufacturingpFrance is rankedoperations:th5 , ahead of the USA (7th) andGermany (8th).* rate which takes into account the taxbases in different countriesSource : KPMG, Competitive Alternatives, 2010France is on the Move : an Attractive TaxSystem Encouraging Investment Elimination of local business tax on productive investments asof January 1,1 2010 (generating 6.3 6 3 billion annual tax cut forbusinesses; tax relief will amount to 12.3 billion in 2010). Inpractical terms, this will lower the cost of productive investmentsmade over 10 years by more than 20%. The most generous Research Tax Credit in Europe FavorableFbl tax regimeif expatriates:foriiincometax exemptioni onup to 50% of total remuneration Tax rebate for international film production in France: 20% ofproduction costs refunded in the form of a research tax credit orrebate

19France is on the Move: Attracting InternationalTalent International mobility:3 multimulti‐yearyear residence permits,permits valid 3 to 10 years (since2007) “Skills and Expertise” residence permit The “Expatriate Employee” temporary residencepermit A 10‐year residence permit for foreign managerswho have made an “exceptional economiccontribution” to France,, which is also extended totheir immediate family

France: #1 Destination in Continental Europe for FDI3 In 2009, France was the world’s 3rd largest recipient of FDI,and #1 in Europe, receiving 65 billion in inflows (UNCTAD, February‐2010)Top 4 FDI recipients in the world, 2009(US bn) 24,200,foreigng companiespalready in France. Foreign investors own 38.5% ofthe CAC 4040’ss capital, the Frenchequivalent of the Nasdaq (Banquede France, 2009). 639 decisions to invest in Francewere made in 2009 by 0United StatesSources: IFA Report, March 2009ORBIS 2010 – UNCTAD 2010ChinaFranceRussia

A Thriving Market at the Heart of Europe Francei theisth 5th largestlt economy iin ththe world,ld andd ththe 2ndlargest in Europe7Top 8 economies in the European UnionGDP in 2009 ((current pprices,, US bn) )3 million companies3 50040 French companies among 3,0603 000the world’s leading 500(Germany: 39; United Kingdom: 26) 2,4992 500 2 007 2,007 1,9882 000 1,3971 5001 000 743 434 403500Second only to Tokyo, and ahead ofBeijing and New York,Paris is home to more head officesof Fortune Global 500 companiesthan any other city in the nceUnitedGermany0Source: International Monetary Fund, “World Economic Outlook” database, April 2009 (Estimates)74 million tourists (2009)annuallySources: INSEE 20009 – Fortune Global 5500 (2009) – ORBIS August 200964.3 million inhabitants

A High‐Producing and FlexibleWorkforce10France has the 3rd most productive workforce in the world afterNorway and the United States (cf. the International Labour Organizationg and Norwayy ((cf.f the IMD 2009).)2007, 2008, 2009)), or Luxembourg34.2335French managers work longer hoursthan their European ve population47.145.94522 ermaiUnitedGSpumanceiumnelgBSpailyFrNumber of hours usually worked per week in 2008Source: Eurostat, EFT Series, 2009It hNSwedpan0Belgi1.710.590.02352.97Italy5Ja48.9* Excluding thee public sector ‐ Sourcces: IMD 2009 ‐ ILOAverage number of working days lost every year dueto strike action*action per 1,0001 000 inhabitants (2005‐2007)

Rapid Connections Throughout Europe,N th AfricaNorthAf i andd theth MiddleMiddl EastE t European airport hub Paris Charles‐de‐Gaulle ranked 1st for the amount of cargo,2nd for number of passengers in Europe 2 ports in European Top 10 by tonnage:Marseille (4th) and Le Havre (7th) Thee longesto gest high‐speedg speed raila networket o inEurope with 2,000 km of lines, and thehighestnumberofinternationalconnections The 3rd longest highway network in EU‐27 countries (11,000 km), and the 2nd bestroad network in the world after SingaporeSources: ACI, July 2009 – Port of Rotterdam 2009 ‐ UIC 2009 – ERF 2009 / WEF 2009/2010Source: Paris Regionn Economic Developmeent Agency, January 22009.France is renowned for the quality of itstransportation infrastructure:

THE EUROPEAN UNION The European Union is a unique economic and political partnership between 27democratic Europeanpcountries, with the ggoal of ppeace,, prosperityppy and freedom. The EU has developed a system of laws which apply in all member states,ensuring the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital Sixteen member states have adopted a common currency, the euro France and the EU works to spread prosperity, democraticprogress, the rule of law and human rights. The European Union is the world’s biggest trading power

THE EUROPEAN UNION April 18th, 1951: creation of the European Coal and Steel Community– Six countries sign a treaty to run their coal and steel industries under a commonmanagement.t– None can on its own make weapons of war to turn against the other y 7th, 1992: the Treatyy on EuropeanpUnion was signedgFebruary– Objective: “an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe”– Institutional structure: three pillars1. The European Community2 Common Foreign and Security policy2.3. Justice and Home Affairs June 2007, European leaders reached acompromise to adoptadopt, a simplified treatyfor the European Union: The Treaty of Lisbon.

Europep 500 million consumers Biggest market in the world plusundeniable political stability2European Union “EU‐27”USA Canada Mexico“NAFTA”Japan China HK KoreaBrazil Russia India16,50016,40011,0004,000GDP 2009 per region , source IMF 2010(in billions of dollars)

Even in Florida !

THE FRANCO-AMERICAN RELATIONSHIPYesterday’s friendship is today’s dialogue and tomorrow’s cooperation A very old friendship A healthy and active dialogue A large field of bilateral andmultilateral cooperation

A VERY OLD FRIENDSHIP:SOME HISTORICAL MILESTONES 1562: First French presence identified at Fort Caroline 1685: the «Huguenots» (French Protestants) settle in America 1754: France Loses its Canadian territories to England and Louisiana to Spain,which triggers the French Acadians exodus to Louisiana and New England 1778: after the signing of the Treaty of Commerce and Frienship, Whichhistorically makes my country America’s first and oldest ally, Francesupports the American revolutionaries.revolutionaries 44,00044 000 French troops serveduring the War of Independence 1803: France cedes Louisiana (recovered from Spain in 1800)to the Unites States 1835: Alexis de Toqueville publishes « Democracy in America » 1850: French Consulate in Apalachicola

1886: France donates the Statue of Liberty to the UnitedStates 1917: The United States enters the World War I. Two millionAmerican troops fight in France and, by 1918, 115,000 havedied 1927: Charles Lindbergh lands in France and becomes thefirst man to cross the Atlantic by plane June 6, 1944: D-Day. American soldiers land on NormandyBeaches to put and end to theWorld War II 1985: Opening of the Consulate General of France inMiami (for the whole of Florida and Puerto Rico) 1990: France joins the United Sates in a coalition to liberateKuweit from Iraqi occupation From General La Fayette decisive support to the Americancolonies in 1781 to the early morning landing on Normandybeaches in June 1944, the Franco-American relation hasproduceddd ttwo centuriest i off ffriendship.i d hi

HEALTHY AND ACTIVE DIALOGUE: FEWASPECTS OF OUR BILATERAL EXCHANGESA high level of economic integration: The United States is the top destination for French investments worldwide2,800 French companies operate here, employing more than 550,000 workersall over the country Similarly,Similarly the United States is the largest foreign investor inFrance, employing over 650,000 people with agregate investmentestimated at 70 billion in 2008 On average, over 1 billion in commercial transactions takeplacelevery dday bbetween theh two countriesi More than 180 French compagnies have chosenFlorida and created more than 11,000 local jobs.French investments represent one tenth offoreign investments in Florida.In 2008, Florida imports from France represents3 billion dollars. France is ranked the 7th internationalsupplier in Florida.

A better understanding through educational and artisticexchange programs : The United States and France are major partners when it comes toeducation, culture and arts The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs alone spends 5 million a year in promotingschools and universities exchanges with the United States, as well as art production Many organizations, like the French American Cultural Exchange (FACE), thePartner University Fund (PUF), the French Heritage language program(FHLP) and Culturesfrance, supported by a number of Foundations andTrustees, notably the France Florida Foundation for the Arts, offergrants everyy yyear in the field of highergeducation,, cinema,,substantial gmusic, dance, theater and visual arts. 7,000 French students in US Universities / 17,000 Americanin France every year There are too many joint scientific programs tobe named here.The latest Franco-American Commission forScience andTechnology meeting, in June2009 in Paris, gathered 70 renownedresearchh ffellowsll

AN AMERICAN IN PARIS, A FRENCH INMIAMI (AND ELSEWHERE) From Thomas Jefferson to Jim Morrison,Morrison many famous Americans lived in France forseveral years or for the rest of their lives Although no official figure is available, it is estimated that over 100,000 Americancitizens reside currently in France, making my country one of the top destinations forAmerican expatriates Similarly, close to 120,000 French nationals are registered at the Frenchdiplomatic and consular missions in the United States. We probably have to double this figure if we want to take intoaccount the whole French population living on this side of the Atlantic It is estimated that 30,000 French citizens residei thinthe statet t off Florida.Fl id From one end, State and official relations, to theother end,people to people connections, therelationshipp between France and the United Statesenjoys more stability than ometime featured.

A LARGE FIELD OF BILATERAL ANDMULTILATERAL COOPERATIONThe friendly relation allows a frank bilateral dialogue: France and the United States share common values and have parallel policieson most political, economic and security issues A new spirit has emerged following Presidential elections both in France (2007)and in the United States The two countries had a different understanding of the situation in Iraq en2003, when France opposed the use of force at the United Nation SecurityCouncil and, consequently, didn’t join the US-led coalition Nevertheless, they have continued to cooperate closely on many issues,most notably in combating terrorism and proliferation of weapons ofmass destruction, and on regional issues in Africa, Lebanon, Syria,the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,, Georgiag and Iran France is a close partner with the U.S. in the war onterror. Under the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty,intelligence and security officials monitor and disruptterrorist groups and actively investigate andprosecute cases of extremism

THE COMBINED EFFORT IN MULTILATERALORGANIZATIONS France is one of NATO top troop contributorscontributors. President Sarkozy annouced lastMarch that our country was reintegrating NATO’s military structures As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, G8 and G20, the EuropeanUnion,, the Organizationgfor Securityy and Cooperationpin Europep ((OSCE),), the WTO,,La Francophonie and other multilateral institutions, France has been able to promotecommon goals with the United States, most recently about reform of the financialinstitutions and markets France is second only to the United States in terms of troopsdeployed abroad and is heavily and actively participating in avariety of peacekeeping efforts in Africa, the Middle East andthe Balkans alongside the United States in some instances This cooperation is and will be precious in the future in the face ofnew challenges, like the environment and the fight againstpoverty and global unbalances.

CONSULATE GENERAL OF FRANCEIN MIAMI The Consulate is dedicated to the French community as well as to the foreign citizensplanning to visit France. It welcomes the French citizens who need travel and identitydocuments or official vital records. Consular assistance is also provided to theFrench Nationals facing a difficult situation and offers scholarships to enroll childrenin local French programs. Its Cultural and Communication Sections promote French arts,literature, and education to local and academic institutions with astrongg focus on the contemporarypy arts. Its assignmentgis to sustainhigh-level exchanges and support initiatives that draw attentionto new developments in France, with the active support of local partners. Trade and investment between the U.S and France relies upon anumber of organizations (Ubifrance for French SMEs willing to settlehere, Invest in France for American companies moving to France,AtoutFrance in the field of tourismtourism, Sopexa for agri-food promotionpromotion ).)Locally, our partners are many: Chambers of Commerce, EnterpriseFlorida, Tallahassee structures

6Florida‐basedCompanies choseFranceMore than 80 Companies from Florida haveoperations in France :Royal Caribbean CruisesCruises, TupperwareTupperware, OfficeDepot, Raymond James Financial, ElizabethArden BrightstarArden,Brightstar, Hard Rock Café,Café Bacardi,BacardiExacTech, Elutions, TechData, Jabil Circuit,Syniverse Harris,Syniverse,Harris SykesSykes 80

FRENCH REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTIN FLORIDA In 2005, 7% of foreign home buyers in South Florida were from France (4thcountry of origin of real estate investment in this region); the proportion was 4% forthe whole Florida. Among the difficulties that French people mention about settling in Florida, we canquote the high level of property tax and the difficulty to get a long term visa.S h li iin FSchoolingFrenchh iis alsol an iissue ffor young ffamilies.ili Above all, what our fellow citizens expect before buying is to be fully informed ofthe various procedures and have a fair assessment of the value of their We chose to mention "Florida realtors" on our website 1345) as a safe way to discover what to do ! We would highly appreciate if you could recommend to your French clients toregister with us e459) andmention our trilingual weekly webletter "e-toiles" 1161).

Gaël de MAISONNEUVEConsul Général de France à MiamiEspirito Santo Plaza # 1050 - 1395 Brickell AvenueMiami - FL 33131T.: ( 1) 305.403.4160 - Cell / portable:( 1) 786.390.5543 F.: ( 1) sulat general de France Miami

DEMOGOG CSRAPHICS 63.8 million inhabitants The French Republic is made up of:-The metropolis (the main land)22 regions, 96 departments 57 urban areas with over 100,000 inhabitants -Overseas depart