Thanks Jim Setters and the IIHF Coach Jack Parker and all of ourassistant coaches and former playerswho have helped me develop mythought process and allowed me toexecute it.
Our Development Problem in North America Apathy- we see what goes on at the youth levels and as the leaders ofour sport we do nothing. We need to be vocal in our opposition to a“games” model and to early specialization. We know it doesn‟t work, wejust don‟t acknowledge it‟s effect on college hockey. Ex- my 10 yr old played more games than BU.
Solution We need the most influential people in hockey ( those in this room)screaming every chance they get that this is wrong. Hockey entrepreneurs market hard. They market development,exposure and fear. Fear that your child will be left behind.
"As a youth, Messier didn't remember leaving Edmontonto attend tournaments and lamented how somehow "wecannibalized youth sports with tournaments and traveland families making huge commitments . . . Tournamentshave gone from a weekend thing to an every weekendthing, and from Saturday and Sunday to where they'vegot to be there Thursday . . . It disrupts the family life.There's something to be said about the Sunday barbecue . . We're putting too much emphasis on it at too early anage."Less than 17 percent of first-round picks make it tothe NHL, so if you start looking at the numbers, you'remissing the whole objective. That's where we've gotten offthe beaten path.” Lester Patrick himself had this to say about pond hockey:,"uncontaminated by adults and unspoiled by the egos ofelders” To read the entire article you can 39194
In USA Hockey‟s Own Words “with”‟‟
The Backward Model in the US The best way to develop average players Early specialization- late generalization 80 games seasons in youth hockey and then prep schoolfor high school When we should be a generalist we are a specialist.When we should be specializing or narrowing focus, webroaden.
Jack Blatherwick wasRight in the 80‟s Jack took exercise science and applied it to hockey. The result was guys like Lance Pitlick and Tom Chorske moving on tothe NHL. Guys now jump on the gimmicks The Russian Box, the Skating Treadmill etc. It‟s about lower body strength and power, not gimmicks. Don‟t buy stuff. Get a good strength and conditioning coach and let himdo his job.
USNTDP 10 years 152 players drafted 40 players currently in the NHL Specialization and training as opposedto forced generalization
How Does This Happen? Training!
Development is Like Farming There is no such thing as speed farming. Development takes time and the right combination ofingredients, just like crops. Can you speed farm?
Summer? Training or tryouts? In the US and Canada summer became “exposure time”. Go to as many camps and tournaments as possible to be“seen”. No one trains to get better any more they simply go fromplace to place trying to show how good they are. I work hard to convince parents to limit “exposure”opportunities but, the “experts” always have another“ opportunity ”.
Practice or Play?How You Impact the GamePlayer ShiftsIceTime PTPRPASATouchSakic,J 2715:251:192121744Modano 2819:47:581722444Amonte 2212:51:46114533KeyPTPossession timePRPasses receivedPAPass attemptsSAShots attemptedTouch Puck touchesGame notesCanada wins Gold, USA takes sliver. Sakic has 2 goals and two assists and wasMVP. Amonte had 1 goal on 3 shots on net, Modano had 1 assist.Look at the ice times of the worlds best. Sakic averaged 34 seconds per shift.AmonteÕsaverage shift was thirty two seconds. ModanoÕswere slightly longer.This was some of the most intense hockey in history. An average of one minuteof possession in a sixty minute game?
European or Canadian Model The number of Canadian Major Junior players in the NHL has decreasedby almost 50% in the last twenty years. ( (Current USAH Stats 50%Canadian, 20 American, 25 European) The Major Junior number may belower based on US College Canadians. These players are consistently replaced by Europeans and Collegians (some American, some Canadian) produced by 40 game seasons andrigorous off-seasons focused on strength and speed. Would Coke copy Pepsi if Pepsi had lost half it‟s market share?
The Road to the Elite Level Needs to Go RightThrough the Weightroom To compete against the best players in the world andto absorb the highest speed collisions in sports youmust be strong. The physics have changed. We havemuch larger bodies moving at much higher rates ofspeed. Chara 6‟9” 255 lbs. Ovechkin 6‟2” 233 lbs. Thornton 6‟4” 230 lbs. Bryzgalov 6‟3”210
6‟9” 255 less than 5% bodyfat
Top Scorers- 2003 Forsberg #1- Sweden Fedorov #12- Russian Naslund #2- Sweden Kariya #13- U Maine Hejduk #4- Czech Hossa #14 – Slovakia Demitra #6- Slovakia Mogilny #15 – Russian Heatley #9- Univ of Wisconsin Modano #10- Minnesota HS Palffy #11- Slovakia15 out top 20 European or Collegiate or75%
Leading Scorers 2007-081.Ovechkin- Russia8 Alfredson- Swe2.Kovalchuk- Russia9-Heatly- US College3.Iginla- Can10- Gaborik- Slov4.Malkin- Russia11- Nash- Can5.Zetterberg- Swiz6.Boyes- Can7.LeCavalier-Can12- Staal- Can13- Sharp- US College6 European, 5 Can, 2 Collegiate, 0Americans.
Why A Recent European Decrease? My theory is that agents began to bring elite younger Europeans over tothe Major Junior Leagues in search of more games ( betterdevelopment?). The net result is that they are killing the goose that laidthe golden eggs. The key to European development was in the “less is more” theory. There is research that supports leaving Europeans in Europe to develop.
IIHF Study on Europeans Going to North America Pg 2 paragraph 1 “A European player of top talent (graded 3 and above) is normallygood enough to step directly onto an NHL roster. The player, andhis future NHL club, profits from polishing his skills in his Europeanclub before moving to the NHL.” Bottom line, the elite Europeans all developed in Europe
Early Specialization? An accident or on purpose Cause and effect Maria Sharapova, Tiger Woods? A complete disaster in the US and probably Canada Figure skating, gymnastics? Early specialization is necessitated byphysics.
Strength and Conditioning -When to Start 12-13 seems to be the right age It‟s not a question of physiology, it‟s a question of psychology.
The Best Training for Kids? (U-12) None! Play multiple sports Every great athlete I have coached was a good multi-sport athlete Don‟t say “but what if he/ she wants to do it?” That means you aren‟t listening Adult values don‟t work in youth development
Why is Strength and Conditioning Important? Skill may improve 10-20% Strength and conditioning maximizes skill Strength can help to “reduce” the 51% number.
What‟s the Difference? Size and Speed! Size and speed are often limiting factors. The difference between an elite and sub-elite players willmost often come down to skating and or size. To skate better you need to get stronger, not justpractice skating. It‟s a physics thing.
The Right Work “Enough power-related work must be doneduring the early years (ages 13 to 17) to:- - Maintain genetically determined levelsof white or power related muscle fiber.- - Promote the shift of transitional orintermediate fiber to white, powerrelated muscle fiber.‟ 1 Francis further states “endurance work mustbe carefully limited to light - light/mediumvolumes to prevent the conversion oftransitional or intermediate muscle fiber tored, endurance muscle fiber.‟ 2
Athlete Selection- The Inverse of NHL Theory Francis notes that „young athletes who donot achieve high levels of oxygen uptakeduring a treadmill test but who performwell over 10 to 40 meter sprints probablyhave inherited a high proportion of whitepower related muscle fiber.” An athlete selection system- do a verticaljump then run a mile. The kids you wantjump high and die in the mile. Conditioning is easy to improve, speedtakes years.
We Shouldn‟t Be Having This Conversation Things like VO2 and lactate are irrelevant.We have know this for 20 years. JackBlatherwick told us this in the eighties. Every time I hear of another college teambringing in Lance Armstrong‟s coach orsome exercise physiologist I celebrate. It‟sgreat for BU but, it stinks for hockey ingeneral.
What You Do Need to Improve Power- olympic lifts and plyometrics (improve skating speed) 1990 SportsFestival Example, BU skaters Strength- single leg strength ( improvedskating), upper body strength ( injuryreduction, collision tolerance) Specific Strength- improved patterns offorce production Specific Conditioning- we have itbackwards. We try to develop specificstrength programs and generalconditioning.
Power- 60x3QuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Power 135 x5QuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture. Males 80-90 kilos should clean 100 kilos x 5
Power- the Link of Strength to SpeedQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Core Power- Harder ShotsQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Colin Wilson- NHL First Round PickQuickTime and aMPEG-4 Video decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Luke Popko- Boston UniversityQuickTime and aMPEG-4 Video decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Mike Grier- Buffalo SabresQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Tricia Dunn - 3 Time OlympianQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
16 Yr Old HS Female- 6 mo. Post Op ACLQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Chinup- 150 lb Female 45lbsQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.Male - 300 w/ 45 lbsQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Specific ConditioningQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Gibala Study Journal of Physiology, “Short Term Sprint Interval Versus TraditionalEndurance Training: Similar Initial Adaptations in Human Skeletal Muscleand Exercise Performance Sept 2006, Vol 575 Issue 3
Study Specifics Comparison of twenty minutes of interval training ( 30 sec sprint/ 4min rest) with 90-120 minutes in the “heartrate zone”.
Results Same improvement in oxygen utilization. 1 hour a week versus 4.5 to 6 hours a week?
Full Reference Training and Conditioning Magazine- Bulletin Board Dec 2006 Vol XVI, #9 Journal of Physiology, “Short Term Sprint Interval Versus Traditional Endurance Training:Similar Initial Adaptations in Human Skeletal Muscle and Exercise Performance Sept 2006, Vol575 Issue 3 To view full text go to jp.physoc.org/cgi/content/full/575/3/901
ABSTRACTEffects of moderate-intensity endurance and high-intensity intermittent training onanaerobic capacity and VO2max.Tabata I, Nishimura K, Kouzaki M, Hirai Y, Ogita F, Miyachi M, Yamamoto K.Department of Physiology and Biomechanics, National Institute of Fitness and Sports,Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.This study consists of two training experiments using a mechanically braked cycleergometer. First, the effect of 6 wk of moderate-intensity endurance training (intensity:70% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), 60 min.d-1, 5 d.wk-1) on the anaerobiccapacity (the maximal accumulated oxygen deficit) and VO2max was evaluated. Afterthe training, the anaerobic capacity did not increase significantly (P 0.10), whileVO2max increased from 53 /- 5 ml.kg-1 min-1 to 58 /- 3 ml.kg-1.min-1 (P 0.01)(mean /- SD). Second, to quantify the effect of high-intensity intermittent training onenergy release, seven subjects performed an intermittent training exercise 5 d.wk-1 for6 wk. The exhaustive intermittent training consisted of seven to eight sets of 20-sexercise at an intensity of about 170% of VO2max with a 10-s rest between each bout.After the training period, VO2max increased by 7 ml.kg-1.min-1, while the anaerobiccapacity increased by 28%. In conclusion, this study showed that moderate-intensityaerobic training that improves the maximal aerobic power does not change anaerobiccapacity and that adequate high-intensity intermittent training may improve bothanaerobic and aerobic energy supplying systems significantly, probably throughimposing intensive stimuli on both systems.
Aerobic Intervals? If the heartrate is maintained above the theoretical 60% then theentire session is both aerobic and anaerobic. This is why we do no “conventional” aerobic training. Our aerobic work is a by-product of our anaerobic work.
Rest to Work Ex. Well Conditioned When using HR response, the whole picture changes. Initial recovery israpid and shorter. Rest to work ratios may be less than 1-1.
Well Conditioned SampleHR Method Interval 1- Work 60 sec rest 45 Interval 2- Work 60 sec rest 60 sec Interval 3- Work 60 sec rest 75 sec Interval 4- Work 60 sec rest 90 sec In a conventional 2-1, time based program rest would have been toolong for the first three intervals rendering them potentially lesseffective.
Specific PowerQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Sled CrossoverQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Drive SledQuickTime and aYUV420 codec decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Specificity? Very little position specific training. Hockey is a team sport. Position specific training should be done outside of the team strengthand conditioning environment. To respect you goalie you need to train with your goalie.
No Gimmicks No skating treadmills No Russian Boxes No magic formulas Just hard and consistent work.
Work on the Basics Learn to squat Learn to Olympic lift Learn to do push-ups, pull-ups, rows etc.
If You Think You Have a Better Idea Please look at the evidence Ask the number one question! Has the guy talking ever done this? Theory is just that.
Thank you!INTERNATIONAL ICE HOCKEY FEDERATIONMichael [email protected] of Presentation5 September 200658
The result was guys like Lance Pitlick and Tom Chorske moving on to the NHL. Guys now jump on the gimmicks The Russian Box, the Skating Treadmill etc. It‟s about lower body strength and power, not gimmicks. Don‟t buy stuff. Get a goo