Civil Service Statisticsas at 31 March 2020This bulletin presents headline statistics on the UK CivilService workforce, including demographic characteristics,earnings, grades, and locations of civil servants. For thefirst time we are also reporting data on the Gender PayGap and Government Functions.Representation of ethnic minority and disabledcivil servants 2010 to 2020 (see Table 2 in theassociated data tables)Key Statistics:Civil Service headcount is 456,410, up from 445,480in 2019. On a full-time equivalent basis (FTE),employment is 423,770, up from 413,910 in 2019.Of these civil servants:8%DisabledContacts6%5.0% identify as being lesbian, gay, bisexual orrecorded their sexual orientation as ‘other’ (LGBO), upfrom 4.9% % in 2019.67.8% are working at Executive Officer (EO) gradeand above, up from 66.4% in 2019 and 53.2% in2010.20202019201820172016201512.8% declare themselves as having a disability, upfrom 11.7% in 2019.2014 Press 13.2% are from an ethnic minority background, upfrom 12.7% in 2019.2012 Lead Statistician, Chris %201153.8% are women, a decrease of 0.1 percentagepoint (pp) from the previous year. 10%4% Next publication in July 202112.8%2010 Ethnic minority12%ContentsCivil Service grade structure 2010 to 2020(see Table 1)100%SCS level80%G6/760%1Civil Service Statistics 2020AA/AO202020192018201720160%2015The median and mean gender pay gap for the CivilService is 10.5% and 9.3% respectively.20%2014The median salary is 28,180, up 1,100 (4.1%) from 27,080 in 2019.2013 Introduction2Size and grades3-5Location6-7Diversity8-13Salary and working patterns 14-16Gender pay gapEO201291,660 work in London, up from 89,100 in 2019.40%2011 HEO/SEO36.1% are aged under 40, up from 35.8% in 2019.2010 Published 26 August 2020Revised 1 December 202013.2%14%31 March 202017Professions 18-19Functions20Entrants and leavers21Notes22Cabinet Office National Statistics

IntroductionCivil Service Statistics is an annual National Statistics publication describing theUK Civil Service workforce in terms of its size, demographic characteristics,salaries, working pattern, grade, and location. The data is drawn from the AnnualCivil Service Employment Survey (ACSES).These figures count all home Civil Service employees, including those based inNorthern Ireland and overseas. Not included are the Northern Ireland CivilService, other Crown servants and employees of the wider public sector, forexample, employees of non-departmental public bodies (NDPBs) and theNational Health Service (NHS). This bulletin presents departmental informationas at 31 March 2020, and will not, therefore, reflect machinery of governmentchanges that have or will take place after this date. DExEU information ispresented for entrants and leavers only as the department closed on the 31stJanuary 2020.Notes on the statisticsUnless otherwise specified all figures are calculated on a headcount basis.Figures are rounded to the nearest 10 in the case of headcounts, FTE, andsalaries, and to one decimal place for percentages. Unless otherwise stated, allsummary statistics exclude unknowns for all variables. 2020 data in this bulletinis available in the published Civil Service Statistics tables. Where time series areused, data have been taken from previous Civil Service Statistics publications.What is the Civil Service?The Civil Service helps the government of the day develop and implement itspolicies as effectively as possible. It provides services directly to the public,including paying benefits and pensions; running employment services; runningprisons and issuing driving licences. Civil Servants also work on policydevelopment and implementation, including analysts, project managers,lawyers and economists. The Civil Service is politically impartial andindependent of government. Organisations that make up the Civil Serviceinclude central government departments, their agencies, and crown nondepartmental government bodies (NDPBs).Further analysis and methodologySummary information on the scope and limitations is available at the end of thisbulletin, with full details available in the quality and methodology informationdocument published on the website, along with previous versions of ections/civil-service-statisticsNational StatisticsCivil Service Statistics are designated National Statistics in accordance with theStatistics and Registration Service Act 2007. National Statistics status meansthat official statistics meet the highest standards of trustworthiness, quality, andpublic value.All official statistics should comply with the Code of Practice for OfficialStatistics1. They are awarded National Statistics status following an assessmentby the UK Statistics Authority’s regulatory arm. The Authority considers whetherthe statistics meet the highest standards of Code compliance, including the valuethey add to public decisions and debate.Responsibility for the collection and publication of Civil Service Statisticstransferred to Cabinet Office from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) on 1October 2018. The Office for Statistics Regulation (OSR) — the regulatory arm ofthe UK Statistics Authority — undertook a compliance check of Civil ServiceStatistics during December 2019 and January 2020. The OSR confirmedcontinuing National Statistics designation for Civil Service Statistics in their letterpublished 19 February 2020.Request for FeedbackIf you would like to provide feedback on any aspect of this publication, pleasesee our survey feedback form here, or contact us e of Practice for Official /Further information can be found on gov.uk2Civil Service Statistics 2020Cabinet Office National Statistics

The Civil Service hasgrown over the pastyearThe Civil Service headcount increased by 10,930 inthe year to March 2020 and stands at 456,410.On a full-time equivalent (FTE) basis Civil Serviceemployment stands at 423,770. FTE takes intoaccount part-time workers. In 2020 just under aquarter of civil servants worked part-time (22.9%).At the time of publication, the latest statistics fromthe ONS Quarterly Public Sector EmploymentSurvey (QPSES) are also as at March 2020, andshow Civil Service employment was 455,620(423,050 on an FTE basis). Users should refer tothe regular ONS quarterly statistics whenmonitoring changes in the size of the Civil Service.Comparing headcount by data source 2010to 2020 (see Table 014201620182020Statistical NoteMajor trends in the overall Civil Service workforceare often due to changes in the five largestdepartments (DWP, MoJ, HMRC, MoD, HO).These departments account for 70% of theworkforce.3Civil Service Statistics 2020Civil Service headcount by department (see Table 11)Department for Work and PensionsMinistry of JusticeHM Revenue and CustomsMinistry of DefenceHome OfficeScottish GovernmentDepartment for TransportDepartment for Business, Energy and Industrial StrategyDepartment for Environment, Food and Rural AffairsAttorney General's DepartmentsCabinet OfficeDepartment of Health and Social CareDepartment for EducationForeign and Commonwealth OfficeHM Land RegistryWelsh GovernmentUnited Kingdom Statistics AuthorityNational Crime AgencyMinistry of Housing, Communities and Local GovernmentDepartment for International DevelopmentDepartment for International TradeHM TreasuryOffice for Standards in EducationDepartment for Digital, Culture, Media and SportFood Standards AgencyOffice of Gas and Electricity MarketsCompetition and Markets AuthorityThe National ArchivesCharity CommissionChancellor's other departmentsUK Export FinanceOffice of Rail and RoadWater Services Regulation AuthorityOffice of Qualifications and Examinations RegulationNorthern Ireland OfficeScotland OfficeESTYNUK Supreme CourtWales 0,000Cabinet Office National Statistics100,000

The Civil Service isbecoming more seniorin gradeCivil Service grade structure 2010 to 2020 (see Table 1)100%SCS level80%The percentage of civil servants working at gradesEO and above is now 67.8%, up from 53.2% in2010 and 66.4 % in 2019.60%The percentage of civil servants working in themost junior grades (AA/AO) has fallen every yearsince 2011, from 47.1% to 32.2%.40%G6/7HEO/SEOEOThe percentage of civil servants working in grades6 and 7 has increased to 12.5% from 7.0% in 2010.AA/AO20%The percentage of grades that are not reported hasremained stable at 3.4% over the last three 203.4%3.4%Percentage of grade not reported 2010 to 2020 (see Table 1)3.0%0.5%0.6%0.5%0.5%Headcount by grade (see Table 1)There are two measures of the SCS available, theSenior Civil Service and SCS level. See Notessection at the end of this bulletin for further details.4Civil Service Statistics 20203.4%0.6%Civil Service grades:SCS level (6,450) Senior Civil Service level (SCS level)G6/7 (55,310) Grades 6 and 7 (G6/7)HEO/SEO (120790) Higher Executive Officers/SeniorExecutive Officers (HEO/SEO) Executive Officers (EO) AdministrativeAssistants/Administrative Officers(AA/AO)EO (116,540)Statistical Note3.3%3.1%AA/AO (141,900)Unknown (15,420)Cabinet Office National Statistics

Grade structure variesby departmentDepartments that have more employees directlydelivering public services tend to have a higherpercentage at junior grades. For example, theDepartment for Work and Pensions (DWP) has thehighest percentage of staff at EO level and below(82.5%).Departments with more senior grades tend to havefewer employees delivering services directly to thepublic. For example, HM Treasury has the highestpercentage of employees at grades HEO/SEO andabove (89.6%).Several departments did not supply grade data forsome of their employees.Departments with a large numberof not reported grades(see Table 20)Ministry of JusticeMinistry of Defence11,3303,940A small number of other departments also have 70 employees with no reported grade.Grade structure by department (see Table 20)Department for Work and PensionsMinistry of JusticeHome OfficeDepartment for TransportHM Land RegistryHM Revenue and CustomsScottish GovernmentNational Crime AgencyMinistry of DefenceUnited Kingdom Statistics AuthorityUK Supreme CourtDepartment for Environment, Food and Rural AffairsFood Standards AgencyThe National ArchivesWelsh GovernmentAttorney General's DepartmentsESTYNCharity CommissionDepartment for Business, Energy and Industrial StrategyOffice for Standards in EducationOffice of Gas and Electricity MarketsDepartment of Health and Social CareForeign and Commonwealth OfficeMinistry of Housing, Communities and Local GovernmentOther Cabinet Office agenciesScotland OfficeNorthern Ireland OfficeUK Export FinanceWater Services Regulation AuthorityDepartment for EducationWales OfficeChancellor's other departmentsOffice of Qualifications and Examinations RegulationCompetition and Markets AuthorityCabinet OfficeOffice of Rail and RoadDepartment for International DevelopmentDepartment for Digital, Culture, Media and SportDepartment for International TradeHM TreasuryMore atHEO/SEOand above0%20%AA/AO5Civil Service Statistics 202040%EO60%HEO/SEO80%G6/7100%SCS levelCabinet Office National Statistics

Civil servants work inall regions of the UK,and overseasOne in five civil servants are based in London.The regions with the largest number of civil servantsare London (91,660), the North West of England(55,780), and Scotland (45,650).The majority of civilservants basedoverseas work forthe Foreign andCommonwealthOffice,the Ministry ofDefence or theDepartment forInternationalDevelopment.Civil servants in theNorth East are primarilyworking for HMRC andDWP.After Northern Ireland and overseas, the region withthe smallest number of civil servants is the EastMidlands (20,390).There are home civilservants working inNorthern Ireland –the majority for HMRevenue andCustoms (HMRC),and Ministry ofDefence.Civil Service headcount by region(see Table 10)LondonNorth WestScotlandSouth WestSouth EastWalesYorkshire and The HumberNorth EastWest MidlandsEast of EnglandEast MidlandsOverseasNorthern IrelandUnknown050,000100,000Statistical NoteThese regions are NUTS1 statistical regions asdefined by Eurostat and the Office for NationalStatistics (with the exception of “overseas”).6Civil Service Statistics 2020The organisationsemploying the most civilservants in Scotland areDWP, HMRC, and theScottish Government.Organisations withlarge numbers of staffin Wales include theDVLA, based inSwansea, and theWelsh Government,based in Cardiff.Most civil servants in theNorth West are workingfor DWP, HMRC,HMPPS and the HomeOffice.Most Civil Serviceorganisations have apresence in London.Cabinet Office National Statistics

Nearly all UK regionshave seen increases inCivil ServiceemploymentCivil Service employment increased in all regions,except in the North East, the East of England andNorthern Ireland.Percentage change in Civil Service regional headcount from 2019 to 2020(see Table 10)South West5.4%Scotland3.9%London2.9%Wales2.6%West Midlands2.5%East MidlandsThe percentage of civil servants based in the SouthWest has increased by 5.4% since 2019, more thanany other region.The likelihood of civil servants being based inLondon increases with seniority. Outside of London,37.0% of roles are at the AA/AO grades, comparedto just 13.7% within London. The percentage ofthose in G6/7 roles outside of London is only 8.8%,compared to 27.0% within London.Certain professions are particularly clustered inLondon; 74.7% of those in Economics, 71.1% inInternational Trade, 63.8% in Policy, and 53.3% inCommunications

Ministry of Defence HM Revenue and Customs Ministry of Justice Department for Work and Pensions Civil Service headcount by department (see Table 11) QPSES ACSES 400,000 450,000 500,000 550,000 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 The Civil Service has grown over the past year 3 The Civil Service headcount increased by 10,930 in