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AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 1Alabama Reading and Mathematics TestItem SpecificationsforReadingGrade 3Dr. Joseph B. MortonState Superintendent of EducationAlabama State Department of EducationMontgomery, AlabamaBulletin 2005, No. 81Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 2No person shall be denied employment, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or besubjected to discrimination in any program or activity on the basis of disability, sex, race, religion, nationalorigin, color, or age. Ref: Sec. 1983, Civil Rights Act, 42 U.S.C.; Title VI and VII, Civil Rights Act of 1964;Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Sec. 504; Age Discrimination in Employment Act; Equal Pay Act of 1963;Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972: Title IX Coordinator, P.O. Box 302101, Montgomery,Alabama 36130-2101 or call (334) 242-8444.Published by Harcourt Assessment, Inc.Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of Education.All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by anymeans, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrievalsystem, without permission in writing from the Alabama State Department of Education, except for theprinting of complete pages, with the copyright notice, for instructional use and not for resale.HARCOURT and the Harcourt Logo are trademarks of Harcourt, Inc., registered in the United States ofAmerica and/or other jurisdictions.Produced in the United States of America.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd10/4/057:45 AMPage iARMT GRADE 3 READINGALABAMA STATE BOARD OF EDUCATIONGovernor Bob Riley – PresidentRandy McKinney – District 1Betty Peters – District 2Stephanie W. Bell – District 3Dr. Ethel H. Hall – District 4Ella B. Bell – District 5David F. Byers, Jr. – District 6Sandra Ray – District 7Dr. Mary Jane Caylor – District 8ALABAMA STATE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONDr. Joseph B. MortonState Superintendent of EducationDr. Ruth C. AshDeputy State Superintendent of EducationFeagin Johnson, Jr.Assistant State Superintendent of EducationDr. Gloria TurnerDirector, Student AssessmentStudent AssessmentMiriam Byers, Education AdministratorCathy Poage, Education AdministratorDorothy DeMars, Education SpecialistSusan DuBose, Education SpecialistKanetra Germany, Education SpecialistShanetha Patterson, Education SpecialistNannette Pence, Education SpecialistSusan Skipper, Education SpecialistMark Ward, Education SpecialistiAlabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage iiARMT GRADE 3 READINGTABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1DEFINITION OF READING MATERIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2CONTENT STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3PASSAGES WITH ITEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5ITEMS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH A PASSAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19ITEMS BY CONTENT STANDARD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23ANSWER KEY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35SAMPLE RESPONSE FORMAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45iiAlabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd10/19/052:34 PMPage 1ARMT GRADE 3 READINGINTRODUCTIONThis bulletin provides specific information about the Alabama Reading and MathematicsTest (ARMT). Educators representing each State Board of Education district as well asboth city and county school systems served on committees to determine the contentstandards on which the ARMT is based. In addition, educators from throughout the stateof Alabama served on committees to review the content of the tests, including selectingreading passages, reviewing specific test items, and determining achievement levels.Teachers must be familiar with the information in this bulletin so that they mayincorporate effective teaching of the reading content standards with classroomassessments. Using classroom assessments with similar test formats from time to time willhelp to enable students to demonstrate proficiency on the various content standards inreading.Two item types are included in the ARMT. Multiple-choice and open-ended items assessstudent performance on the ARMT in reading. Multiple-choice items carry a point valueof one, while open-ended items carry a point value of three. In this document, teacherswill see sample reading selections and representative item types for reading.Content StandardA statement of what students should knowand be able to do by the end of theacademic yearItem TypeMultiple-choice items, open-ended itemsAdditional InformationFurther information about the test items forthe content standardSample ItemsA collection of item types for each contentstandardAnswer KeyAnswers for multiple-choice itemsScoring Rubrics for Open-Ended ItemsScoring guide for open-ended items1Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 2ARMT GRADE 3 READINGDEFINITION OF READING MATERIALSLiterary/recreational reading materials are generally read for pleasure, such as magazinearticles, poetry, novels, and short stories.Informational/textual reading materials are generally read for information, such asmaterials containing charts or graphs and materials found in encyclopedias, textbooks, labmanuals, essays, and news magazines.Functional reading materials are generally read for a precise action, such as directions,maps, schedules, menus, catalogues, instructions, and other materials generallyencountered in everyday life beyond the classroom.2Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 3ARMT GRADE 3 READINGCONTENT STANDARDSGrade 3CONTENT STANDARDPOINTSPOSSIBLE1 – Apply advanced phonetic analysis to multiple-syllable words, includingconsonants, short vowels, blends, long vowel markers, and r-controlledvowels.72 – Demonstrate reading vocabulary knowledge of compound words. Using structural analysis to develop meaningExamples: prefixes, suffixes, root words Drawing semantic maps Learning new synonyms and antonyms Spelling correctly compound words, phonetically regular words,contractions and possessives; using dictionary to check spelling83 – Use a wide range of strategies, including using context clues andpredicting outcomes, to comprehend third-grade literary/recreationalmaterials in a variety of genres.Examples: stories, trade books, poetry, subject texts Identifying literary elements and devicesExamples: characters, similes Determining sequence of events Distinguishing fiction from nonfiction Using sentence structure Drawing conclusions Self-monitoring for understandingExamples: rereading, using context clues, adjusting speed, andaccessing prior knowledge and experiences Using vocabulary knowledge Relating main ideas to specific life experiences Reading fluently at approximately 120 words per minute Adjusting speed/rate Previewing and predicting Utilizing text features Using prior knowledge and experience3Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 0617

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 4ARMT GRADE 3 READING4 – Use a wide range of strategies and skills, including retellinginformation, using general context clues, and making inferences toidentify the main idea, to comprehend third-grade functional andtextual/informational and reading materials. Using sentence structure Distinguishing main idea from details Summarizing passages Using text feature to gain meaningExamples: titles, headings, glossary, boldface print, index, table ofcontents, maps, charts, tables Using vocabulary knowledge Self-monitoring for text understanding Following simple written directions Ordering by importance or chronologyTOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE4Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 062658

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 5ARMT GRADE 3 READINGPASSAGES WITH ITEMSThese are the directions given to students.DIRECTIONS:Read each passage. Then read each question about the passage. For somequestions you will need to choose the best answer and then mark the spacein your answer document. For other questions you will need to write yourresponse in the answer document.5Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 6ARMT GRADE 3 READINGA Visit in the SkyBy Joe WhitecloudMy vacation with Grandma and Grandpa Whitecloud was great! Theyused to live with us in New York, but they moved to Arizona when I wasfive. They are Native American, and Arizona has always been their home.Dad usually visits them, but not this summer! Dad is sending me to staywith them for a two-week adventure.This was my first time to travel alone. On the airplane, I studied thepicture that Grandma had sent me. It was a picture of Walpi, an old Hopivillage where Grandma and Grandpa lived. The village is on top of a tallrock hill. It looked steep, and I wasn’t sure I could climb that high. I alsowondered if Grandma and Grandpa would act differently in this village thanthey had in our apartment in New York. Would I be a stranger there?Grandpa met me atthe airport. He lookedthe same! We picked upmy suitcase and took itto Grandpa’s truck. Aswe drove away from thecity, I stared at thebeauty of the desert. Aneagle flew above us.Soon we headed up thepath to Walpi. Grandpaparked the truck on the edge of the hill. I looked down and gulped. We wereso high up, I felt like a bird! He took me to some stairs that led to a door ofthe building. Ladders were used to get to other rows of doors on the secondand third floors.Grandma was waiting for us. “Joe, this is called a ‘pueblo.’ The buildingsare made from stones and baked clay,” she explained. “We live on the firstfloor, and other people will live above us.”Grandma and Grandpa’s rooms felt cool after standing under the hotArizona sun. Grandma said that the stones kept the rooms cool. Her handwoven rugs covered the walls. After eating beans and cornbread thatGrandpa cooked on the stone fireplace, we took a walk outside. We visitedthe “kiva,” which is a large room where the Hopi go for special events.(continued on next page)6Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 7ARMT GRADE 3 READINGI really liked meeting the Hopi people. One man helped me make a clayvase to take home to Mom. The children included me in their ball gamesand foot races. Sometimes I helped Grandpa and his friends work in thefields. One afternoon a woman showed me how to weave a basket fromgrasses. The whole time I felt as if I were part of a big family in our secretvillage in the sky. It was hard to leave my grandparents when my two weekswere over. I could have lived in Walpi forever!1. You can tell that a reason Joevisited Walpi was to —3. This story would most likely befound in a —A learn about a new placeA big city newspaperB work in the fieldsB student’s journalC enjoy the beautiful desertC book on the Hopi peopleD eat home-cooked foodsD report on the desert2. Joe thinks he might feel like astranger when he —4. Which of these is a simile in thestory?A sees his grandfather at the airportA “This was my first time to travelalone.”B visits the village kivaB “As we drove away from the city,I stared at the beauty of thedesert.”C makes a clay vase for his motherD looks at a picture of the villageC “We were so high up, I felt like abird!”D “I could have lived in Walpiforever!”7Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 8ARMT GRADE 3 READING5. On the airplane, how does Joefeel about visiting Walpi?6. How do the Hopi people treatJoe?Use details from the story tosupport your answer.Use details from the story tosupport your answer.Write your answer in the answerdocument.Write your answer in the answerdocument.8Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 9ARMT GRADE 3 READINGLooking at NatureShore WalkI like to look at forests,The trunks of many trees,Their branches spreading outReaching towards the sky with leaves.Each morning I awakeAnd walk along the shore,To watch the rising sunAnd hear the ocean’s roar.I like to look at meadows,Their flowers moist with dew,Windy grasses bendingAcross the open views.Each morning I awakeTo watch the seagulls fly—They flap their pointed wingsAnd sail into the sky.I like to look at the ocean,Its untamed waves of greenThat splash upon the shoreTo make a lovely scene.Each morning I awakeTo smell the salty sea—The scent is in the windThat blows so wild and free.I like to look at mountainsRising to the sky.Up to their tops I’d goIf only I could fly!Each morning I awakeTo look for shiny shells,And stones, polished smoothBy mighty waves and swells.Nature has so many thingsWonderful to see;Just use your many senses,I’m sure you will agree!At night I go to sleepAnd dream of pleasant seas,Of rising in the morningTo greet the ocean breeze.9Copyright 2005 by the Alabama State Department of EducationAll rights reserved.Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06

AL06Spr G3 R ItemSpec.qxd9/30/053:57 PMPage 10ARMT GRADE 3 READING1. Read this line from “Lo

ARMT GRADE 3 READING i Alabama G3 Reading Item Specs Spring 06 ALABAMA STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION Governor Bob Riley – President Randy McKinney – District 1 Betty Peters – District 2 Stephanie W. Bell – District 3 Dr. Ethel H. Hall – District 4 Ella B. Bell – District 5 David F. Byers, Jr. – District 6 Sandra Ray – District 7 Dr. Mary Jane Caylor – District 8 ALABAMA STATE .