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Patient’s Guide to ChoosingThe Best Refractive SurgeonFlaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125, Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.eduFlaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction Center100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125 Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.edu

There are many things to consider when looking for a doctor to perform your refractivesurgery. You can go on social media or see a newspaper at any point in the day andsee ads for many surgeons and surgical centers. Some advertise low fees, and othersadvertise numbers of surgeries performed. The choice of refractive surgery may be oneof the most important decisions you make in your life. You owe it to yourself to makeyour decision based on fact and logic, not dollar cost. Despite what advertising mightwant you to believe, there is an immeasurable disparity in quality of surgery betweendifferent surgeons. We are fortunate to have one of the world’s best refractive surgeonsright here in Rochester - Dr. Scott MacRae.What to look for when choosing your refractive surgeon and surgery center: A fellowship-trained corneal specialist with years of experience performingrefractive surgery. Look for a surgeon who is involved in developing tomorrow’stechnologies, who lectures internationally, who teaches other surgeons and whois called upon to examine other surgeon’s problem patients. Not everyone can be“the first” or the “most experienced”. Carefully investigate your surgeon’sbackground.Dr. Scott MacRae is one of the most experienced andrespected refractive surgeons in the world. He has overtwenty five years experience as a cornea specialist, fifteenyears of experience having limited his practice to refractivesurgery, and has performed over 19,000 refractive surgicalprocedures. He has written two texts on customizedrefractive surgery, publishes regularly in the scientificliterature, regularly lectures around the world and has servedas a senior editor of one of the world’s most respectedrefractive surgery professional journals. Doctors who will give you honest options and recommend the best and safesttreatment option for you and your individual needs. Ask how many potentialpatients are not treated, not only how many surgeries are done.Of all the patients who come to the Flaum Eye Institute Refractive Surgery Center,nearly 20% are advised not to have a refractive surgical procedure. Our firstresponsibility is to give you the best recommendation possible, be it for LASIK, PRKor another technology as a form of vision correction.Flaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction Center100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125 Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.edu

A practice that is a clinical trials center - one which industry leaders call upon toperform research and development. Only the best surgeons with the mostoutstanding results are chosen to carry out studies that have been approved bythe Food and Drug Administration.The Flaum Eye Institute Refractive Surgery Center team has participated in manyclinical trials to advance the safety and technology of refractive surgery. Some trailshave included the development of the Zyoptix customized ablation system and theAdvanced Treatment Nomogram, use of the Technolas laser for the treatment ofhyperopia and the introduction of the advanced version of the Zyoptix XPmicrokeratome for LASIK flap creation. Doctors who will be available to you when you need them, where you need them– close to your home town – regardless of the day of the week or time of day.All of the members of the Flaum Eye Institute RefractiveSurgery Center team live in Rochester. One of the doctors willbe available to you at any time, 24 hours a day, 7 days aweek. We encourage our patients to call us whenever theyhave a question or concern about their eyes. A highly trained and experienced clinical staff that isactively involved in developing new technologies, who willwork with your surgeon to help provide your care from start tofinish.The Flaum Eye Institute Refractive Surgery Center technical staff has well over 30years of clinical experience between them. They are all highly trained in anddedicated to refractive surgery. They regularly attend educational programsadvancing their knowledge and skills in the field and often lecture at theseeducational meetings. Their talents are so well known that other doctors send theirtechnicians to learn from the staff at our Refractive Surgery Center. A complete and thorough eye and general health history including a discussion ofyour personal visual needs and desires.Every patient’s expectation of refractive surgery is different. A primary goal of the FlaumEye Institute Refractive Surgery Center team is to understand what you want fromrefractive surgery and if that expectation is realistic. We look at and listen very carefullyto your individual visual needs. An assessment of your overall health is just asFlaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction Center100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125 Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.edu

important. Certain systemic medical conditions such as uncontrolled diabetes andsevere rheumatoid arthritis can make refractive surgery an unacceptable risk. An analysis of corneal architecture including corneal topography and Orbscan IIcorneal analysis that creates color-coded maps of the front and back surfaceshape of the cornea as well as surface power and thickness looking for anyabnormalities.The basic concept of refractive surgery is to changethe shape of your cornea to change the focusing powerof your eye. Therefore, a full understanding of theshape of your cornea is vital to determining if refractivesurgery is safe for you. The doctors at our RefractiveSurgery Center feel that the Orbscan is an essentialtool in assessing corneal shape and health. If we haveany question about your corneal shape, we will crosscheck it with another corneal topography system. Wavefront sensing, such as Technolas Perfect Vision’s Zywave, being used toanalyze your prescription and all the optical aberrations of your eyes todetermine the best treatment options for you.Wavefront sensing is revolutionizing the field of refractive surgery and it wasinvented right here at the University of Rochester’s Center for Visual Science. Theclinicians and scientists at University of Rochester have been key participants in itsdevelopment and advancement. The team at Flaum Eye Institute Refractive SurgeryCenter uses wavefront sensing to assess thesubtle optical quality of your visual system. If it isdetermined that you are not a good fit forconventional refractive surgery, you might be acandidate for Zyoptix Customized Ablation, alsodeveloped with the help of the Flaum Eye InstituteRefractive Surgery Center team. A careful analysis of your nearsightedness, farsightedness and/or astigmatism.For completeness, this should be done before and after dilating drops are placedin your eyes. Some patient’s prescription will differ after the dilating dropstemporarily “freeze” your eye’s natural focusing mechanism. These twomeasurements should then be compared to the “no questions asked”measurement from the Zywave wavefront sensor to determine your prescriptionbefore designing your treatment plan.Flaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction Center100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125 Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.edu

Completely understanding every detail of your prescription is vital to propertreatment. The team at the Refractive Surgery Center will analyze yournearsightedness or farsightedness in three different ways. The amount andorientation of your astigmatism will be analyzed up to six different ways. Theimportance of this attention to detail cannot be understated when it comes topermanent surgical change of your eyes. Exact measurements of the thickness of your cornea using an instrument knownas an ultrasonic pachymeter to determine if you have enough corneal tissue tobe safely treated.In order to change the shape of the cornea tocorrect vision, the excimer laser removes tissuefrom the eye. The higher the prescription, themore tissue removed. A precise measurement ofcorneal thickness will allow the doctors at FlaumEye Institute Refractive Surgery Center toassess which refractive surgical procedure mightbe safest for you. Multiple computerized measurements of your pupil size under bright and dim lightconditions to help assure safety and avoid potential night vision problems.People who have very large pupils may be at risk for night vision problems afterrefractive surgery. The Refractive Surgery Center team will measure your pupil sizeprecisely several different ways including with the Procyon Pupillometer. These testswill help determine if you can be treated in a way to reduce the risk of seeing glare,starbursts and halos at night. A complete evaluation of your eye health from the front of the eye to the back,looking for any pre-existing conditions such as dry eye, glaucoma or cataractsthat might make treatment inadvisable.We are comfortable saying that refractive surgery doesn’t appear to increase yourrisk for cataracts, glaucoma or retinal disease nor would it prevent you from beingtreated for any disease that might develop later in life. That being said, the safestpatients for refractive surgery are patients with healthy eyes. During the preoperative evaluation, we’ll test for a wide range of eye conditions to determine iftreatment is safe for you. If treatment is not appropriate, we’ll tell you, without anyhesitation.Flaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction Center100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125 Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.edu

The latest generation flying spot excimer laser technology, such as theTechnolas Zyoptix 217z 100 excimer laser, utilizing iris recognition eye trackingtechnology to adjust for subtle eye movements during treatment. The elegance ofthis iris tracking system is that every pulse released in treatment is preciselyplaced onto the cornea. More accurate alignment of the treatment results inbetter vision. The laser should be calibrated prior to each patient treatment, notjust once or twice a day.FDA clinical data shows that the Technolas Zyoptix 217z 100 excimer laser is the mostaccurate laser available for refractive surgery. However, the laser itself cannot treat youreye. It requires an experienced surgeon, like Dr. ScottMacRae, to program your correction and make thedecisions required to customize the treatment to yourspecific needs. Excimer lasers require a high qualitycalibration to increase the precision of your treatment.The surgical team calibrates Flaum Eye InstituteRefractive Surgery Center’s laser before every singlepatient treated.‰Use of state-of-the-art instruments to create the corneal flap with LASIK includingall-laser femtosecond laser created flaps for better accuracy and patient safety.Our Ziemer LDV Femtosecond Laser for blade-free flapcreation provides better control of flap design and thickness,increasing safety for our patients.A practice dedicated to both the advancement of refractivesurgery and your personal well being. The doctors shouldnot be afraid to say “no” if refractive surgery is not safe foryou and should be motivated more by the safety and longterm health of your eyes than by the financial bottom line.Flaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction Center100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125 Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.edu

The doctors at our Refractive Surgery Center tell patients that they should not haverefractive surgery for any of a long list of reasons. They advise upwards of 20% ofpatients who are seen for evaluation not to have surgery. Each of us only has one pairof eyes and they need to last us a lifetime. Your visual welfare and the safety of youreyes is paramount to the team at Flaum Eye Institute Refractive Surgery Center.A qualified and highly trained patient education staff whowill leave no question unanswered and no concernunaddressed. The mission of the Flaum Eye InstituteRefractive Surgery Center team is to provide you with thehighest quality care possible and the cornerstone to thatcommitment is to fully educate you so that you can makethe right decision about refractive surgery. No matter whereyou are in your refractive surgical journey, everyone at theRefractive Surgery Center will be available to address yourconcerns and answer your questions.‰Be wary of sliding scale professional fees for your surgery. It takes the same amountof time to properly care for a patient with a light prescription as it does for one with acomplex prescription. Know exactly what is included in your surgical fee and if there areany hidden fees or “add-on” charges.At the Flaum Eye Institute Refractive Surgery Center, our surgical fees are verystraight-forward. The fee for Custom LASIK & PRK surgery is 2800 per eye andConventional PRK surgery is 1900 per eye. Our surgical fee covers your follow-upcare for one year and your post-operative it of eye drops needed after treatment. Thefee covers any necessary re-treatments to maximize your vision for two years aftersurgery. You won’t be offered service contracts or find any additional fees to confuseyour decision. Understanding that this is a large investment, we have financing optionsavailable through CareCredit.Flaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction Center100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125 Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.edu

You have only one pair of eyes and your vision is your most precious sense. It isimportant to carefully consider your options when it comes to refractive surgery: yoursurgeon, the philosophy of the practice, the quality of the support staff. These are veryimportant decisions for what is truly, “the visual event of your lifetime”.Please feel free to contact us at (585) 273-2020 or via email [email protected] if you have specific questions or require anyadditional information.Flaum Eye Institute at the University of RochesterLASIK & Advanced Vision Correction Center100 Meridian Centre, Suite 125 Rochester, NY 14618585-273-2020 www.LASIK.urmc.edu

Dr. Scott MacRae is one of the most experienced and respected refractive surgeons in the world. He has over twenty five years experience as a cornea specialist, fifteen years of experience having limited his practice to refractive surgery, and has performed over 19,000 refractive su