Transcription

RESOURCEGUIDECAREER EXPLORATIONTO CAREER SUCCESS

The Bowling Green State University (BGSU) Career Center Resource Guideis written and designed by the BGSU Career Center, 225 Bowen-Thompson Student Union,Bowling Green, OH 43402, 419-372-2356. This publication is created for educational purposesand internal use of the BGSU Career Center to assist BGSU students and alumni.This publication is not to be used without the expressed written consent of theBowling Green State University Career Center. Published 2017 and Updated 2020.

TABLE OF CONTENTSWHO WE AREPERSONAL STATEMENTSContact Information1Our Mission and Services2CAMPUS RESOURCESFour Year Action Plan3FOCUS4CO-OP 505Falcon Internship Guarantee6Experiential Learning Opportunities7Handshake8GoinGlobal10Big Interview1110 Questions to Ask YourselfBefore Writing a Personal Statement26Writing Your Personal Statement27Sample Personal Statement28Sample Content Personal Statement29PREPARING FORYOUR SEARCH303132COVER LETTERS33Cover Letter Dos & Don’ts12Cover Letter Checklist13Sample Cover Letter14Sample Content Cover Letter15RESUMES34SEARCH RESOURCES10 Tips to Prepare for Your Job Search35Job Interview Sample Q & A36Resume Checklist16Job Interview:Your Turn to Ask the Questions38Resume Action Verbs18Master Your Graduate School Search39Sample Resume20Graduate School Interview Sample Q & A40Sample Content Resume21Graduate School Interview:Your Turn to Ask the Questions42REFERENCESNEXT STEPSSecuring Strong References Dos & Don’ts22References Checklist23Sample References24Closing the Deal:Negotiating Your Job OfferSample Content References25Juggling Multiple Offers to Graduate School 4443

edubgsu.edu/hireBowen-Thompson Student Union, Suite 225Bowling Green State UniversityBowling Green, OH 43403CONNECTWITH US!LinkedInBowling GreenState UniversityCareer [email protected]#HIRE FA L CON S1

CAREER EXPLORATIONTO CAREER SUCCESSOUR MISSIONOUR SERVICESThe BGSU Career Center strives to engage, educate, and empower byproviding high-quality services in career development, planning andpreparation, experiential learning, and job attainment. Individual careerand life goals as well as organizational objectives are enhanced bycurrent information and resources. Through a variety of programs,workshops, courses, and employment opportunities, meaningful optionsare provided for students and employers.2The BGSU Career Center assistsstudents and alumni with a varietyof career preparation areas including: Career explorationResume development and critiquesCover letter development and critiquesInterview preparationMock interviewsJob and internship search strategiesGraduate school preparationStatement of purpose assistanceAnd more!

FOUR YEAR ACTION PLAN1YEARCheck out the Career Center:Visit the Career Center in person or onlineComplete Your Profile on Handshake:Log in to Handshake through your MyBGSU portalExplore GoinGlobal:Review potential global internships and other experiential learning opportunitiesParticipate inCareer Center Programs:Review calendar of events formore informationRefine Your Interview Skills:Register for BIG Interview throughthe Career Center website2YEARIdentify Professional Experts:Schedule informational interviews togain insight about prospective career fieldsConnect with a Career Counselor:Set up an individual appointment or visit during weekly drop-in hoursSeek Out References:Build and maintain relationships withpersonal, academic, or professional individualsTake FOCUS:Identify your skills, values, interests, and personality bycompleting the FOCUS self assessmentAudit Your Social Media Image:Create a LinkedIn profile and review all otherplatforms to enhance or refine your image onlineEstablish your Resume:Utlize the Career Center's Resume Checklist to get startedMaximize Your Summer Experience:Consider opportunities that support yourprofessional career goalsGET EXPERIENCE:» Join student organizations» VolunteerBuild your Network:Seek out and attend Career Centermajor related events to actively networkwith professionals and alumniGET EXPERIENCE:» Secure a leadership role in a student organization» Obtain part-time employment3YEARResearch Graduate Schools:Begin exploring program options,testing requirements, and admission deadlinesConsider Potential Employers:Explore organizations to identify career opportunitiesApply to Become a Career Student Ambassador (CSA):Promote Career Center events and programsvia peer-to-peer interactionsParticipate in On-Campus Recruiting:Interview with potential employers on-campus forinternships or full-time opportunitiesDevelop an Effective Tracking Tool:Organize your experiential learning, job search, andgraduate school searchGET EXPERIENCE:» Secure job shadowing opportunities» Join a professional organization related to your majorPractice the Art of Negotiation:Develop effective strategies to evaluate salary and benefitsCritique Application Materials:Meet with a Career Counselor to update materials foremployment or graduate schoolMaintain Knowledge of Industry Trends:Review current professional literatureInform Your Network:Notify faculty, staff, references, and mentorsof post-graduation plansBuild a Professional Wardrobe:Review current professional trends and begingathering industry appropriate attire4YEARApply and Evaluate Post-Graduation Offers:Submit applications and discuss opportunitieswith trusted advisorsGET EXPERIENCE:» Seek out freelance opportunities» Highlight your capstone project3

FOCUSAnswer the question,“WHAT CAN I DOWITH A MAJOR IN.?”Explore occupations,career paths, degreeprograms, and majorsFOCUS is designed tohelp you assess your interests,skills, values, and personality.Once you complete anassessment, FOCUS generatesa list of occupations that matchyour assessment results.Create action plansaligning with yourcareer andeducational goalsTo access FOCUS, log into your MyBGSU web portal.4

CO-OP 50COOPERATIVE INTERNSHIP OR ACADEMIC INTERNSHIPCO-OP 50 is a zero credit course notation on your transcript, which allows you to maintain full-timestatus at BGSU while completing a minimum number of cooperative education or internship hours.Your employer provides a safe work environment, supervision, and instruction to help you acquire theskills and knowledge needed in your field of study.MEANINGFULWORKVALUABLE EXPERIENCEApply your knowledge and skills to realwork experiences in your chosen field.NETWORKINGRESUMEENHANCEMENTStrengthen yourresume with workexperience prior tograduation.Completemeaningful projectswith direct impacton an organization.Connect with other peersand professionals inyour chosen field, whileestablishing a network ofcontacts.OCCUPATIONAL EXPLORATIONExplore a potential career path related tospecific majors.5

FALCON INTERNSHIP GUARANTEEThe Falcon Internship Guarantee (FIG) Program is a year-long program, whichis open to all sophomore and junior students who have completed at leastone year at BGSU. FIG students gain the knowledge and career competenciesneeded to secure internship and other experiential learning positions.STUDENT OPPORTUNITIESFIG participants are equipped with the tools to start thinking about and acting on their futurecareer with access to the following opportunities: Exclusive employer networking eventsOne-on-one support with a career coachPriority notifications for internship and job fairsIndividualized resume and internship search supportFIG student spotlight featured on promotional materials"THE FIG PROGRAM ANDCAREER CENTER WORKSHOPSGAVE ME A REALISTICPERSPECTIVE ON WHICH AREASI NEEDED TO IMPROVE IN ORDERTO ACHIEVE MY GOALS."- FIG PARTICIPANT6

EXPERIENTIAL LEARNINGOPPORTUNITIESExperiential learning provides different ways for you to be more actively engaged in learning bypracticing your academic discipline, rather than just studying it. These opportunities include a range ofactivities that occur inside and outside of the formal classroom setting. The Career Center oversees thefollowing types of experiences.CLINICALA clinical laboratory applies only to health technology programs. A clinical is a laboratory section thatmeets at a health-related agency facility in lieu of on-campus laboratory facilities. Clinical laboratorysessions provide a realistic environment for student learning.CO-OP (COOPERATIVE EDUCATION)A co-op alternates or combines semesters of academic study with work experience in appropriatefields as an integral part of degree plan completion and involves a partnership among you, BGSU, andemployers that formally integrates your academic study with work experience in cooperating employerorganizations.CO-OP 50A zero-credit transcript notation available when you complete an internship or co-op.INTERNSHIPAn internship is a repeatable, variable credit-based experience (at least 3 credit hours), typicallygraded S/U that involves a partnership among you, BGSU, and employers that formally integrates youracademic study with work or community service experience.PRACTICUMA practicum is an on-campus or off-campus work experience that is integrated with academic instructionin which you apply concurrently learned concepts to practical situations within an occupational field.7

HandshakeHandshake is an online database that connects you with on-campus and off-campusemployers looking to hire Bowling Green State University students and alumni for joband internship postings.Handshake allows you to: Search thousands of postings from organizations across the country Post your resume to connect with organizations Attend a Career Expo to connect with organizations Submit and manage your job and internship applications Schedule on-campus interviews Register for Career Center events Update your individual profileTo apply for a position, sign up and create a Handshake profilewith an approved resume through your MyBGSU account.SIGN UP & CREATE AHANDSHAKE PROFILETHROUGH YOURMYBGSU ACCOUNT8

HOW TO:SUBMIT YOUR RESUME ON HANDSHAKESTEP 1Log into MyBGSU and click on the Handshake icon.STEP 2Click on your name and then select “Documents”.STEP 3Click on “Add New Document”.STEP 4Click “Select From Computer” to upload your resume.STEP 5Ensure "Resume" is selected for "Document Type".STEP 6Click “Add Document” to complete the upload.9

GoinGlobalGoinGlobal is an online system that provides country-specific career and employmentinformation, including world-wide internship and job postings, H1B employer listings,corporate profiles, and career resources.With GoinGlobal you are able to access a variety ofcareer-related search tools on topics including:Executive recruiters and staffing agencyProfessional and social networkingWork permit regulations contactsResume writing guidelinesInterviewing and cultural adviceSalary ranges and cost of living dataEmployment trends in major industriesTo access GoinGlobal, log into your MyBGSU web portal.10

BIG INTERVIEWBig Interview is an online system that combines training and practice to help improveyour interview technique and build confidence. Challenging, virtual mock interviews for all experience levels and industries Database of thousands of interview questions with tips on how to answer each one Ability to rate and share your interview answers for feedback Comprehensive video training curriculum covering all aspects of landing a position Step-by-step interview answer builder for crafting answers to behavioral questionsBig Interview provides users with two tracks, including a Fast Track for last minutepreparation and a Mastery Track to more adequately prepare for upcoming interviews.These two tracks include the follow components:JOB INTERVIEW FUNDAMENTALSCOMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONSCLOSING THE DEALPRACTICING YOUR TECHNIQUETo access Big Interview, sign up and create an account at bgsu.biginterview.com/registerwith your Bowling Green State University email address.11

COVER LETTERA cover letter is the first opportunity to tell a potential employer about yourself and discuss how yourskills and experiences make you the best candidate for their company. Utilize these do’s and don’ts toensure you write a successful cover letter that will get you noticed and selected for an interview.DOsCUSTOMIZETake the time to write and send an original cover letter to each companyPROOFREADAsk a staff member from the Bowling Green State University Career Centerto review your cover letter for any errors prior to submissionINCLUDE AS AN ATTACHMENTConsider attaching a cover letter to a resume during submission, even if it is not requiredKEEP A COPYSave an electronic copy of each cover letter for your recordsFOLLOW-UPContact the potential company one to two weeks after submission to check the statusand request an interviewLOSE THE READERDON'TsEnsure your first paragraph catches the reader’s attention and encourages them to continue readingOVERUSE “I” STATEMENTSFocus on how you meet an employer’s needs and not your personal storyBE TOO LONGKeep your writing concise and up to one page in lengthOVERSELL ABILITIESAvoid using adjectives that exaggerate your experience such as “exceptional” or “impeccable”DEMONSTRATE YOUR WRITINGRemember that cover letters serve as a sample of your writing and communication skillsto the potential employer12

COVER LETTER CHECKLISTThe checklist below should be used as a guide when writing your cover letter.LAYOUT AND FORMAT Name font size is minimum 18 and maximum 24Body text font size is minimum 10 and maximum 12Margins are minimum .5 inch and maximum 1 inchFont is easy to readHeadings, fonts, and margins are consistent throughoutContent fills entire pageFree of spelling and grammatical errorsNo use of acronymsCover letter design is consistent with professional practiceCover letter, resume layout, and format are consistentPERSONAL CONTACT INFORMATION First and last name is at top of page Full address, phone number, andprofessional email is at top of pageCOMPANY CONTACT INFORMATIONGREETING Reference employer's first and last name Address cover letter as “Greetings” or“Dear Hiring Committee” if employername is unknown Employer’s first and last name is below heading Employer’s position title, company name, andfull address is below headingSIGNATUREOPENING PARAGRAPHFOURTH PARAGRAPHSECOND AND THIRD PARAGRAPHCLOSING PARAGRAPH Full name is listed for potential companyFull position title is listed for potential positionName of major is referencedMinimum of 3 and maximum of 5 sentencesExperience is listed in order of relevanceFull name is listed for each companyFull position title is listed for each positionAction verbs are used to explain dutiesand experiences Verb tenses are consistent with timeframe of employment Minimum of 3 and maximum of 7 sentencesper paragraph First and last name is below signature Only blue or black ink is used for signature Goal summary is listed in order of relevance Goals align with position requirementsand employer mission Minimum of 3 and maximum of 5 sentences Full name is listed for potential companyFull position title is listed for potential positionMinimum of 3 and maximum of 5 sentencesContact information matches heading13

SAMPLE COVER LETTERFirst Name Last Name### Street Name, City, State ZIP CodeSchool or Professional Email AddressPhone NumberDateEmployer’s First and Last NameEmployer’s Position TitleCompany NameAddressCity, State ZIP CodeDear Employer’s Name,This opening paragraph indicates the position title and company you are applying to and how you heard about theposition. You should provide a brief overview of your background including your major and areas of expertise. You alsoshould express your interest and enthusiasm in the position and how your career goals align with the company.This second paragraph should summarize your previous employment experiences that will allow you to meet theexpectations and responsibilities of the position. You should provide two or three examples of your duties andexperiences outlined on your resume without copying verbatim and connect them to the requirements of the position.You can utilize terminology from the position posting to make this connection.This third paragraph should be an extension of the second paragraph if you have a longer employment history. If youdo not have a long employment history, you can skip this paragraph and move directly to the fourth.This fourth paragraph should summarize your career goals and how these goals align with the position. You alsoshould reference your knowledge of the company including topics such as their history, vision statements, values, andstrategic plan. You want to demonstrate to the company that you support and represent their mission.This closing paragraph restates your interest in the position. You should request an opportunity to arrange a mutuallyconvenient time to further discuss your qualifications. You should include your contact information again and thankthe employer for their time and consideration in reviewing your application materials.Sincerely,Full SignatureFirst Name Last Name14

SAMPLE CONTENT COVER LETTERFrieda Falcon1001 Wooster Street, Bowling Green, Ohio [email protected] 17, 2020Ms. Jane DoeSpirit CoordinatorBowling Green State University401 Bowen-Thompson Student UnionBowling Green, OH 43403Dear Ms. Jane Doe,Please accept this letter of interest and attached resume for the Mascot position at Bowling Green State University(BGSU) that was advertised through Handshake. I am currently a first year student pursuing a degree in communicationwith a minor in marketing. I welcome the opportunity to represent BGSU through this position to promote a senseof spirit and comradery between the students and greater community, while finding innovative ways to enhance theUniversity’s mascot brand.In my previous position as the Mascot at Perrysburg Academy, I had the opportunity to interact with students, parents,and community members to promote school spirit. The position required an extensive amount of time managementdue to the large number of appearance requests. I represented the school at over 50 events as the Mascot, designingroutines and skits with high energy to engage the audience.Furthermore, I currently work as a Barista at The Coffee Bean where I have gained valuable, hands-on experience incustomer service, while working in a fast-paced and team-oriented environment. The position provides me theopportunity to greet and interact with over 100 customers each day and craft specialty beverages of their choice.I am entrusted with cash handling and following all health, safety, and sanitation guidelines.These experiences have demonstrated my responsibility, leadership, and commitment to an organization’s values. Irecognize the large role BGSU has within the greater community and ways this position unites students andcommunity members. I am confident in my ability to exceed expectations and demonstrate the high level of energy anddedication required to promote the University’s brand, while bringing together audience members to support BGSU.I would welcome the opportunity to meet and discuss my qualifications for the Mascot position at BGSU. I amavailable for an interview at your earliest convenience. I can be reached directly at 419-372-2356 [email protected] Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to hearing from you!Sincerely,Freida FalconFrieda Falcon15

RESUMECHECKLISTRESUME MINIMUM REQUIREMENTSThe following minimum requirements must be metfor a resume to be approved in Handshake.LAYOUT AND FORMAT Name font size is minimum 18 and maximum 24 Body text font size is minimum 10 and maximum 12 Margins are minimum .5 inch and maximum 1 inch Font is easy to read Headings, fonts, bullets, margins, and subheadings are consistent Header with name and page number is on subsequent pages Content fills at least half of last page Free of spelling and grammatical errors No use of personal pronouns or acronyms Resume design is consistent with professional practice White space is effectively used for visual appeal Cover letter and resume layout and format are consistent References listed on a separate documentCONTACT INFORMATION Contact information is located at top of first page First and last name is included in heading Full address is listed in heading Preferred phone number is included in heading Professional email is listed in headingEMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCEEDUCATION Highest or most recent degree is first Full name is listed for college or university City and state is listed for college or university Official name of degree is listed Licensure, minor, or specialization islisted below degree Graduation date includes month and year Experience is listed in reverse chronological order Full name is listed for each company City and state is listed for each company Full position title is listed for each position Starting and ending dates for each position are listed, including month and year Current position(s) have an ending date as “Present” Action verbs are used at the beginning of each bullet Bullet points describe key accomplishments, emphasize transferable skills, and quantify results Verb tenses are consistent with time frame of employment16

RESUMECHECKLISTOPTIONAL RESUME ENHANCEMENTSThe sections below are optional enhancements for your resume. If you choose to include any of theseenhancements, the following minimum requirements must be met for a resume to be approved in Handshake.OBJECTIVE Section title is listed as Objective or a similar category Statement is one sentence in length Statement clearly outlines career objective,while tailored to fit the position you are seekingAWARDS AND HONORS Section title is listed as Awards and Honors, Achievements,Key Accomplishments, or a similar category Awards or honors are listed in reverse chronological order Full name is listed for each award or honor Date of award or honor received includes month and yearSKILLS Section title is listed as Skills, Competencies,Proficiencies, Unique Qualifications, or a similar category Skills are listed in order of importance Skills focus on strengths and abilitiesCOMMUNITY ACTIVITIES Section title is listed as Community Activities, Extracurricular Activities,Leadership Experience, or a similar category Experience is listed in reverse chronological order Full name is listed for each organization City and state is listed for each organization Full position title is listed for each position Starting and ending dates are listed for each position, including month and year Current position(s) have an ending date listed as “Present” Action verbs are used at the beginning of each bullet Bullet points describe key accomplishments, emphasize transferable skills, and quantify results Verb tenses are consistent with time frame at each organization17

RESUME ACTION ucedRestructuredStrategizedSupervisedPROBLEM epresentedDiscussedTranslatedEdited

RESUME ACTION edVerified sedQuantifiedReconciledReducedSavedTotaled19

SAMPLE RESUMEFirst Name Last NameSchool or Professional Email AddressPhone Number### Street Name, City, State ZIP CodeOBJECTIVEThis is an optional statement best utilized when attending a career fair or a conference for networking purposesEDUCATIONFull University or College NameFull Degree Name Minor and SpecializationCity, StateExpected Graduation Date: Month YearEMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCECompany NamePosition Title Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experience Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experience Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experienceCity, StateMonth Year – Month YearCompany NamePosition Title Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experience Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experience Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experienceCity, StateMonth Year – Month YearCOMMUNITY ACTIVITIESOrganization NamePosition Title Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experience Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experience Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experienceCity, StateMonth Year – Month YearOrganization NamePosition Title Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experience Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experience Use action verb(s) to describe duties and experienceCity, StateMonth Year – Month YearSKILLS List of skills relevant to position List of skills relevant to position List of skills relevant to position List of skills relevant to positionAWARDS AND HONORSName of Award or HonorName of Award or HonorName of Award or Honor20Month YearMonth YearMonth Year

SAMPLE CONTENT RESUMEFrieda [email protected] Wooster Street, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403OBJECTIVESpirited and driven individual seeking an experiential learning opportunity related to marketingEDUCATIONBowling Green State UniversityBachelor of Arts in Communication Minor: MarketingBowling Green, OhioExpected Graduation Date: May 2024EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCEThe Coffee BeanBarista Provide prompt, courteous, and reliable service with a customer focused attitude Operate cash register functions and handle transactions in an accurate and consistent manner Craft specialty beverages following all health, safety, and sanitation guidelinesMultiple ClientsChild Care Provider Supervised up to five children ranging in age from 10 months to six years old Transported children to extracurricular activities to and from sites Administered first aid and daily medications as requiredPerrysburg, OhioMay 2018 – PresentPerrysburg, OhioAugust 2015 – June 2017COMMUNITY ACTIVITIESPerrysburg AcademyPerrysburg, OhioMascotAugust 2017 – June 2018 Upheld school values and mission by representing academy in a positive manner Developed, created, and executed routines and skits to perform at events to enhance crowd experience Participated in over 50 school related functions with audiences ranging from 100 – 1,000 attendeesSunshine Senior Community CenterVolunteer Assisted with patient transportation within facility Led patient leisure and exercise activities Educated and mentored 25 new volunteers in patient handling and sensitivityMaumee, OhioAugust 2016 – June 2017SKILLS Conversational Spanish Photo Editing Brand Awareness Digital DesignAWARDS AND HONORSNational Honors SocietyBarista of the MonthJune 2019September 201821

SECURINGSTRONGREFERENCESA strong reference plays an important role in an employer or graduate school’s decision making process to make an offer.The reference check provides an opportunity for a former supervisor, colleague, professor, or other reference to attest toyour work ethic and provide a clear picture of who you are as a potential employee or graduate school student. Utilize thesesuggestions to ensure you select and secure references that make (and not break) your search.DOsVERIFY CONTACT INFORMATIONMAKE ASSUMPTIONSEnsure you have current information for allof your references before submitting yourreferences pageNever assume a former supervisor orfaculty advisor will serve as yourreference just because you have anestablished relationshipDIVERSIFYCHOOSE ANYONEConsider utilizing references from multiplecompanies or organizations to showcaseyour range of knowledge and skillsGIVE UPDATESInform your references about eachstep in your interview process so theycan anticipate when to receive areference checkREMEMBER YOUR ETIQUETTEFollow up with a thank you note toyour references to show appreciationfor their effortsMAINTAIN A PORTFOLIOKeep electronic copies of your referencecontacts and letters for future use22DON'TsEnsure your references have effectivewritten and verbal skills to communicateyour ability as a successful candidateFORGET TO ASKCommunicate with your references eachtime you apply for a new position orgraduate school to ensure they are stillwilling to support your candidacyPUSH FOR AN ANSWERProvide your references with enough timeto respond to your request to ensure theyare able to speak positively onyour behalfUTILIZE FRIENDS AND FAMILYReferences should consist of professionalconnections and not friends or family whohave not worked with you in a professionalsetting

REFERENCES CHECKLISTThe checklist below should be used as a guide when writing your references page.LAYOUT AND FORMAT Name font size is min

The Bowling Green State University (BGSU) Career Center Resource Guide is written and designed by the BGSU Career Center, 225 Bowen-Thompson Student Union, Bowling Green, OH 43402, 419-372-2356. This publication is created for educational purposes and internal use of the BGSU Career Center to assist BGSU students and alumni.