Test and Score Data Summaryfor theTOEFL ITP Test January–December 2014 Test DataThis edition of the TOEFL ITP Test and Score Data Summarycontains data on the performance of examinees who took aTOEFL ITP test between January and December 2014.www.ets.org/toeflitp
Copyright 2015 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved.ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING., TOEFL, and TOEFL ITPare registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (E T S) in the United States and other countries.A single copy of this publication may be downloaded for individual use. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any formor by any means without permission in writing from Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ, USA. Violators will be prosecutedin accordance with all applicable copyright and trademark laws.Permission requests may be made online at www.ets.org or sent to Educational Testing Service, Office of the General Counsel,Attn: Permissions Administrator, Rosedale Road, MS 04C, Princeton, NJ 08541, USA.2
The TOEFL I T P TestThe TOEFL I T P testmeasures the Englishproficiency of testtakers whose nativelanguage is notEnglish. TOEFL I T Ptest questionsprimarily assessunderstanding of academic language. Test resultscan be used to make placement decisions, tomonitor progress, and to inform end-of-coursedecisions. For more details about the uses of the test:http://www.ets.org/toefl itp/use/.The TOEFL I T P test is administered in a paper formatwith an audio component. The test includes multiplechoice questions, each with four answer choices.The test consists of three sections: ListeningComprehension, Structure and Written Expression, andReading Comprehension. The Listening Comprehension section measures theability to understand spoken English in academicsettings. Test takers listen to recorded audio materialsand answer questions about what they heard. Therecordings include language features that are typicalof oral delivery. The questions about the recordingsask about the main ideas and important details, andboth explicit and implicit information. The Structure and Written Expression sectionmeasures recognition of correct and incorrectsentence structure in standard written English. Inthe Structure part, test takers read a sentence andchoose the correct answer choice to produce agrammatically correct sentence. In the WrittenExpression part, they select the underlined word orphrase that is grammatically incorrect. The sentencesare on general academic topics.3 The Reading Comprehension section measures theability to understand academic reading passages inEnglish. The topic and complexity of the passagesare similar to what is typical of academic textbooks.Test takers read a variety of passages on academicsubjects and answer questions about each passage.The questions ask about information that is statedin or implied in the passage, and about the meaningof specific words used in the passage.The testing time is approximately two hours. Additionaltime is needed for test takers to be admitted to thetesting room, to enter their identification informationon their answer sheets, and to distribute and collect thetest materials.A team of language and assessment specialists developthe materials for the TOEFL I T P test. The test contentand specifications of the TOEFL I T P test are based onthe paper-based TOEFL test (TOEFL PBT). Testspecifications, test questions, and test forms arerigorously reviewed, following the E T S Standards forFairness and Quality. Test questions are carefullychecked to ensure that the content is appropriate,according to established E T S procedures.The TOEFL I T P test does not measure contentknowledge, but rather, the questions can be answeredbased on the materials presented. The focus is on thetest taker’s English language proficiency—the overallability to use English. This proficiency increasesgradually over time, and is generally achieved througha combination of practice and study.Additional information about the TOEFL I T P testcan be found at https://www.ets.org/toefl itp.
TOEFL I T P Test Data for 2014The tables below contain data from TOEFL I T P (Level 1) administrations in 2014, and the data were collectedfrom test takers worldwide who took the TOEFL I T P (Level 1) test between January and December 2014.Table 1 gives actual ranges of observed scores for the period from January 2014 through December 2014.Table 1. Observed Minimum and MaximumTOEFL I T P Section and Total ScoresSection1. Listening ComprehensionMin.Max.31682. Structure and Written Expression31683. Reading Comprehension3167310677TotalTable 2 presents means and standard deviations of section and total scores by gender for examinees testedbetween January and December 2014.Section 1ListeningComprehensionSection 2Structure andWrittenExpressionSection 3ReadingComprehensionTotal ScalesScoreTable 2. Means and Standard Deviations for TOEFL I T P Sections and Total Scores by 6.47.848.37.248067GroupFemaleFemales*Based on examinees who responded to a question about gender group membership.4
Tables 3 and 4 may be useful in comparing the performance on the TOEFL I T P test of a particular student withthat of other students from the same native country and with that of students who speak the same language. E T S,the creator of the TOEFL I T P test, does not endorse the practice of ranking countries on the basis of TOEFLI T P scores, as this is a misuse of the data. The TOEFL I T P test provides accurate scores at the individual level;it is not appropriate for comparing countries. Numerous factors contribute to these scores: the different numbersof students taking the test in each country, the age that English is introduced into the curriculum, and the numberof hours per week of English classes. Moreover, the TOEFL I T P test takers do not represent all English learnersin a country; generalizing about a country from this group is not 4747***5051Total Scale MeanSection 3ReadingComprehensionSection 2Structure andWritten ExpressionLanguageSection 1ListeningComprehensionTotal Scale MeanSection 3ReadingComprehensionSection 2Structure andWritten ExpressionLanguageSection 1ListeningComprehensionTable 3. TOEFL I T P Total and Section Score Means1 — All Examinees Classified by Native 470**514542480471***497528 Because of the unreliability of statistics based on small samples, means are not reported for some language subgroups.
514**502508537531AMERICAAnguillaAntigua and azilCanadaCayman IslandsChileColombiaCosta RicaCubaDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEl SalvadorFrench sJamaicaMartiniqueMexicoNetherlands AntillesNicaraguaPanama6Total Scale 5485045**52*52*46*465255*49515350**Section 3ReadingComprehensionAngolaBeninBotswanaBurkina FasoBurundiCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadComorosCongoCongo - Democratic Republic ofCote d IvoireDjiboutiEquatorial ReunionRwandaSao Tome and PrincipeSenegalSeychellesSierra LeoneSomaliaSouth AfricaSwazilandTanzania, United Republic ofTogoTunisiaUgandaZambiaZimbabweSection 2Structure andWritten ExpressionAFRICAGeographic Region andNative CountrySection 1ListeningComprehensionTotal Scale MeanSection 3ReadingComprehensionSection 2Structure andWritten ExpressionGeographic Region andNative CountrySection 1ListeningComprehensionTable 4. TOEFL I T P Total and Section Score Means1 — All Examinees Classified by Geographic Region and Native Country2ParaguayPeruPuerto RicoSt. Kitts and NevisSt. LuciaSt. Vincent and the GrenadinesSurinameTrinidad and TobagoUruguayVenezuelaVirgin Islands (British)Virgin Islands shBhutanCambodiaChina, People’s Republic ofHong KongIndiaIndonesiaJapanKazakhstanKorea, Democratic People’sRepublic ofKorea, Republic ofKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic akistanPhilippinesSingaporeSri LankaTaiwan (Republic of China)TajikistanThailandTurkmenistanUzbekistanViet mBosnia and HerzegovinaBulgariaCroatiaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFaroe IslandsFinlandFranceGeorgiaGermanyGreeceHoly See (Vatican City embourgMacedonia, Former YugoslavRepublic ofMaltaMoldova, Republic tinued)
LE EAST/NORTH AFRICAAlgeriaBahrainEgyptGaza StripIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIsraelJordanKuwaitLebanonLibyan Arab JamahiriyaOmanQatarSaudi ArabiaSudanSyrian Arab RepubicUnited Arab EmiratesWest BankYemen12Total Scale Mean5054*534651475256Section 3ReadingComprehensionTotal Scale Mean4953*524851445159Section 2Structure andWritten ExpressionSection 3ReadingComprehension5357*545257505559Russian rkeyUkraineUnited KingdomGeographic Region andNative CountrySection 1ListeningComprehensionSection 2Structure andWritten ExpressionGeographic Region andNative CountrySection 1ListeningComprehensionTable 4 ***487***496413**422*PACIFIC REGIONAmerican SamoaAustraliaFijiFrench PolynesiaGuamKiribatiMarshall IslandsMicronesia, Federated States ofNauruNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNiueNorthern Mariana IslandsPalauPapua New GuineaSamoaSolomon IslandsTongaTuvaluVanuatu Because of the unreliability of statistics based on small samples, means are not reported for some native country subgroups. Because of changes in region and/or country boundaries, certain countries may have been added or deleted since the previous table was published.Table 5 TOEFL ITP statistical data have been quite stable over the years, due to the consistently rigorous developmentstandards ETS implements with all its tests. However, score results for test-takers overall may vary slightly from yearto year. Therefore, ETS publishes a new percentile ranking table every year, using data from that year.Table 5. Percentile Ranks for TOEFL ITP Total Score7Total ScaleScorePercentileRankTotal ScaleScorePercentileRankTotal ScaleScorePercentileRankTotal 14131211109876543210
Bring the global standard inEnglish-language assessment to yourclassroom with the TOEFL ITP test.Used by more than 2,500 institutions in 50 countries, theTOEFL ITP Program offers colleges and universities, English languagelearning programs, and other organizations the opportunity toadminister a convenient, affordable and reliable assessment ofEnglish-language skills. The TOEFL ITP test can be used for placement,progress, evaluation, exit testing and other situations. By using theTOEFL ITP Program in your classroom, you can keep your students ontrack and have confidence in their real-world abilities.Copyright 2015 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING.and TOEFL ITP are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries. 31129
test materials. A team of language and assessment specialists develop the materials for the TOEFL ITP test. The test content and specifications of the TOEFL ITP test are based on the paper-based TOEFL test (TOEFL PBT). Test specifications, test questions, and test forms are rigorously reviewed, following the E T S Standards for Fairness and .