(Mid Island Emergency Coordinators & Managers)EmergencyPreparednessWorkbook2017

How to Use this Workbook1. Take the Emergency Preparedness Challenge! Find out how prepared you are!2. Get prepared using the 26 Weeks to Emergency Preparedness as a guide.3. Refer to Workbook Sections to find out how to prepare and respondappropriately in an emergency/disaster.4. Keep this workbook near your main phone for easy access in an emergency.5. Locate your Community Emergency Program information for specifics in yourcommunity (pages i-ii).Section 1 – Before and Emergency – Emergency Preparedness for You (page 1) Emergency preparedness suggestions to help you and your family become selfsufficient before an emergency/disaster.Section 2 – Emergency Preparedness for Your Home (page 19) Prepare your home for a variety of emergencies and reduce risks to make your home asafer haven before an emergency/disaster.Section 3 – During an Emergency – Responding Safely (page 41) Suggestions to help you and your family know how to respond appropriately duringemergencies/disasters and increase your ability to survive well.Section 4 – After an Emergency - Moving Forward (page 67) Suggestions for recovering and getting back on track after emergencies/disasters.Section 5 – Information Resources (page 77) Provides additional information resources that you may wish to pursue (anytime)AcknowledgementsOur sincere thanks to all the individuals, agencies, organizations and governmentauthorities for providing us with such valuable information resources including CapitalRegional District, Emergency Management British Columbia, Regional District of Nanaimo,Noah’s Wish, BCSPCA, the Ministry of Health, FEMA and Washington State EmergencyManagement Division along with many others. We are grateful to OpenClipart( for providing free images to enhance the emergencypreparedness message! We gratefully acknowledge the Mid Island Emergency Coordinators& Managers who worked tirelessly to make this project a reality.DisclaimerEvery reasonable effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this Workbook. Localauthorities assume no responsibility and disclaim any liability for any injury or damageresulting from the use or effect of the information specified in the manual.

Table of ContentsCommunity Emergency Program Information . iWe’re In This Together . iiiPersonal Preparedness is THE Foundation! . ivVolunteer Opportunities . vWorkplace Preparedness . viBritish Columbia Emergency Management System Fact Sheet . viiiTake the Emergency Preparedness Challenge! . ix26 Weeks to Emergency Preparedness . xBefore an Emergency – Emergency Preparedness for You .1Emergency Comfort Kits . 2Develop a Communication and Reunion Plan . 3Develop a Family Emergency Plan . 4C-MIST A Function-Based Needs Framework . 5Emergency Water Supplies . 7Emergency Food Supplies . 9First Aid Supplies . 11Home Emergency Supplies . 12Your Pets are Counting on You . 15Emergency Planning for Farm Animals . 16Emergency Preparedness for Your Home . 19Home Hazard Hunt (Risk Assessment). 20Making Your Home Structurally Safe. 22Securing the Water Heater . 25Securing Furniture and Its Contents. 26Natural Gas & Propane Safety . 28Electrical Safety . 29Shutting Off Water . 31Protecting Your Home from Fire . 32Fire Safety. 35Protecting Your Home from Forest Fire . 37Protecting Your Home from Flooding. 38Hazardous Materials Safety . 40During an Emergency – Responding Safely . 41Earthquakes . 42Evacuations/Sheltering In Place . 44Fires - Structural. 48Forest Fires . 50Floods . 51Hazardous Materials . 54Landslides . 55Pandemics (Disease Outbreaks). 56MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – Table of Contents

Power Outages. 59Tsunamis. 61Water Supply Interruptions . 63Winter Storms . 64After an Emergency - Moving Forward . 67Getting Back on Track . 68Health and Safety Guidelines. 69Emotional Responses in Emergencies . 72Helping Children Cope with Their Fears . 73Helping Pets Cope with their Fears . 74Recovery Resources . 75Information Resources . 77Useful Information & Resource Links. 78Local Community Emergency Services . 79Emergency Preparedness Glossary . 81MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – Table of Contents

Community Emergency Program InformationThe Mid Island Emergency Coordinators & Managers encompass an area from the Malahat toPort Hardy on Vancouver Island and across to Powell River and the Sunshine Coast. Someemergency programs are regional, others are individual municipalities. This list is provided toidentify where you can get more detailed emergency program information for your community.Community Information ResourcesAlberni- Clayoquot Regional DistrictWebsite: 1356BamfieldWebsite: www.communityemergency.mybamfield.caFacebook: Bamfield Community Emergency ProgramEmail: [email protected] RiverWebsite: 0-830-6702Comox Valley Regional DistrictWebsite: ency-program.htmlCowichan Valley Regional DistrictWebsite: [email protected]: Cowichan Valley Regional DistrictTwitter: @mycvrd250-746-2560City of NanaimoWebsite: /emergency-preparedness.htmlRegional District of Nanaimo (School District No. 69)Website: 2696ParksvilleWebsite: 513Qualicum BeachWebsite: River Regional DistrictWebsite: ncy-preparedness/MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – Community Information-i-250-390-6565250-954-4672250-752-6232

Community Information ResourcesQuadra IslandWebsite: quadraemergency.caFacebook: Quadra Island Emergency ProgramPhone250-285-2150Regional District of Mount WaddingtonWebsite: /Facebook: Regional District of Mount WaddingtonTwitter: @RDMW EMRegional District of Nanaimo (School District No. 68)Website: 2696250-390-6565Email: [email protected]: s/sayward-emergency-program/Email: hcona Regional DistrictWebsite: [email protected]: Strathcona Emergency ProgramTwitter: @SEP EPC / Instagram: @ SEP EPCSunshine Coast Regional DistrictWebsite: 887TahsisWebsite: -934-6344info/Facebook: Tahsis Emergency ResponseTofinoWebsite: . 708UclueletWebsite: 250-726-4780ucluelet-bcZeballosWebsite: m/250-761-4229Facebook: Zeballos EPCTwitter: @zebep1MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – Community Information-ii-

We’re In This TogetherEmergencies and disasters are opportunities for communities to work together to build backbetter! Sharing the responsibility for emergency management means we all win!MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – We’re In This Together!-iii-

Personal Preparedness is THE Foundation!When we all do our part to prepare for taking care of ourselves in emergencies or disasters,our ability to cope with trouble multiplies exponentially!ARE YOU READY?Read this workbook and complete the Household Emergency Plan!Neighbourhood Preparedness – Working Together to Thrive!From small events like power outages or windstorms to major events like forest fires andearthquakes, take time to check on neighbours and provide assistance as needed. Some day itmight be you, lying helpless on the floor unable to call for assistance!1.Get prepared and develop your household plan2.Meet your neighbours3.Identify a safe meeting place4.Assign responsibilities (training may be available)5.Map your street6.Keep in touch7.Review and update your neighbourhood plan annually (have a fun get together)Find out more through your Community Emergency Program (see pages i – ii)Volunteering with Your Community – Building Resilience!Ever wondered how you could help your community? Wonderful opportunities to volunteer!Community OrganizationOpportunities to helpEmergency Social/Support ServicesHelping those impacted by disaster!Search & RescueFinding lost and missing people!Volunteer Fire RescueFighting fires, saving lives!Citizen’s on PatrolHelp promote crime prevention!Community Recovery/ResilienceHelping with the aftermath of disasters!Find out more through your Community Emergency Program (see pages i – ii)Government – Coordination and Support!Local governments focus on coordinating the response and repairing/rebuildinginfrastructure. We NEED YOU! – when we all work together we can create communities thatwe all can enjoy and be proud of!Work together with us Strength, Resilience & Better Communities!MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – We’re In This Together!-iv-

Volunteer OpportunitiesInterested in Volunteering with your Community Emergency Program?Check out the opportunities outlined below.Emergency PreparednessNeighbourhood Emergency PreparednessPersonal Preparedness isthe foundation! Getprepared for your peaceof mind!NeighboursHelpingNeighboursLearn to help yourself andhelp others so that no oneis alone duringemergencies or disasters!Free courses may beavailable!Emergency Communications TeamDo you have your Amateur Radio Licence?Would you like to learn what it takes?Learn how to provide emergency communications services in yourcommunity? Check out your Community Emergency Communications Team!Emergency Social ServicesInterested in workingwith people in crisis?Emergency Servicesworkers listen, provideemotional support andwhere needed providereferrals to resourcessuch as food, clothing andlodging.Search and RescueDo you enjoy tramping inthe woods? Are you a bitof a detective? JoinSearch and Rescue andhelp to find the lost orsearch for evidence underRCMP direction.Community RecoveryCommunity!BetterTogether!Want a more long-termcommitment working withpeople impacted by adisaster? CommunityRecovery workers listen,provide emotional supportand connect people tocommunity resources torebuild their lives.Fire RescueAlways dreamed aboutbecoming a firefighter?You can make your dreama reality by joining a localvolunteer Fire Rescue inyour community.Connect with your Community Emergency Program (pages i – ii) for more information!MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – We’re In This Together!-v-

Workplace PreparednessEvery workplace in British Columbia is required to have an emergency plan. At its most basic,this must meet WorkSafeBC requirements by identifying potential hazards and providinginstructions and training to employees for emergency response and safe evacuation (OHSRegulation Section 5.97 – 5.102).Schools, with their additional responsibility for children need to haveemergency plans and regular drills. Find out from your local SchoolBoard or Ministry of Education what schools must do to keep yourchildren safe! Work with your local Parent Advisory Councils (PAC) tohelp your schools prepare for emergencies.Disaster Recovery Planning QuestionnaireWhen disasters happen, your business or agency may sustain direct damage such as fire,flooding or building damage. To increase the chances of your business recovering from adisaster and staying in business, check out these questions!Taking Care of Your Business!1. Does your business/organization have a business continuity or disaster recovery plan?How often do you review and test your plan?2. What are your most important business functions and howquickly can you resume following a disaster?3. Do you have a backup system for your information andrecords?4. Do you have backup power?5. Do you have a backup location where employees can work on key functions off site?6. Do you have supplies to operate the business manually in extended power outages?7. How current is your contact information for your employees, clients, suppliers andinsurance?8. Do you have access to multiple, reliable methods of communicating with your employees(emergency phone numbers, texting, social media, pagers, radios or website)?9. How will customers/clients/suppliers contact you after a disaster?10. Do your employees know the emergency plan? Are they trained and know their roles?11. Have you discussed emergency preparedness with your employees? Have you clearlyidentified your expectations? Do employees know your expectations and are theyagreeable to meet those expectations? If not, you need a plan B!12. How will you notify employees to return to work?13. Do you have basic food, water, first aid and sanitary supplies on hand for yourself andemployees?MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – We’re In This Together!-vi-

14. If you must evacuate, what critical business information or equipment needs to come withyou?15. Can you pay employees manually via cheques?16. Is there enough cash on hand for immediate needs?17. Is your bank prepared for emergencies? Will Internet bankingservices be available?18. How will you safeguard cash if bank deposits/security pickups are not available?Helping Your Community Recover!1. Is your organization able to offer goods and services at a discount or for free to assistothers in disaster recovery?2. Do employees have key skills that could assist with recovery efforts (construction,medical, counselling, etc.)?3. Would you be able to release employees to volunteer on recovery efforts? How manyhours may be available?4. Is your organization able to provide support outside the normal operations (i.e. trucks andpersonnel for deliveries, rooms for rent, transportation assistance, etc.)?If your answers concern you and you would like information on emergency preparedness orsome guidance in developing your Disaster Recovery Plan, please contact your local EmergencyProgram (see pages i-ii).MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – We’re In This Together!-vii-

British Columbia Emergency Management System Fact SheetEssentials of BCEMSVisionResilient communities across British Columbia.MissionTo facilitate the use of a proactive, collaborative, and integrated approachto emergency management to minimize loss and promote effective responseand recovery in BC.PurposeBCEMS is a comprehensive framework that helps ensure a coordinatedand organized approach to emergencies/disasters. It provides astructure for a standardized approach to developing, coordinating, andimplementing emergency management programs across the province.Guiding Principles Health and safetyShared responsibilityAll-hazards approachCollaboration and stakeholder engagementCommon approachClear communicationContinuous improvementFive Primary Management FunctionsBCEMS Response LevelsManagement"Decision s"Getters"Emergency Management CycleBCEMS Response Goals1. Ensure the health andsafety of responders2. Save lives3. Reduce suffering4. Protect public health5. Protect infrastructure6. Protect property7. Protect the environment8. Reduce economic andsocial lossesProvincial EmergencyCoordination Centre(PECC)Finance"Payers"Provincial RegionalEmergency Operations Centre(PREOC)Emergency Operations Centre(EOC – site support)Incident (Fire / Flood / ESS)(site)Be Prepared! Help Others! Together we are so much more!MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – We’re In This Together!-viii-

Take the Emergency Preparedness Challenge!Are You Prepared for Winter Storms, Blackouts, Flooding, Forest Fires and Earthquakes?Yes/No 1.Do you and/or your family members know how to keep safe in a disaster? 2.Have you identified any functional needs for your family – communications,medical, independence, supervision or transportation? (see pages 5-6) 3.Does each member of your family have a Grab ‘n Go kit? (see page x/2) 4.Does your family have a Communication and Reunion Plan in case you areseparated during a disaster? (see pages 3-4) 5.Do you know what plans your children's or grandchildren’s schools havedeveloped for protection and care of children during disasters? 6.Do you have at least 7 days of drinking water (31.5 litres or 7 gallons perperson) safely stored for your family? (see pages 7-8) 7.Have you collected and stored emergency supplies to provide for your familyand pets for an extended period of time? (see pages 9-14) 8.Have you conducted a Home Hazard Hunt? (see pages 20-21) 9.Have you conducted a FireSmart vulnerability assessment? (see pages 37) 10.Can you prepare meals if the power is out for an extended period of time? (seepage 12) 11.Does each member of your family know how to turn off home utilities such aswater, gas and electricity? (see pages 28-31) 12.In a sudden power outage, could you quickly locate a flashlight or home powerfailure lights? (see page 12) 13.Do you have a basic first aid kit and first aid training? (see page 11) 14.Do you know where to get local emergency information? (see pages i-ii) 15.Do you have a whistle to signal for assistance? 16.Is your workplace prepared in the event of a major disaster? (see pages vi-vii)How Did You Do? 16 out of 16 yes answers12 – 15 yes answers9 – 11 yes answers5 – 8 yes answers0 – 4 yes answers-Congratulations!A little more work to do hereYou are halfway thereThis weekend would be a good time to continue preparingPlease get started nowIf you answered "no" to any of these questions, now is the time to act.DISASTERS HAPPEN!! Don't wait until it is too late!For more information, please contact the local Community Emergency Program (see pages i-ii)MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – Emergency Preparedness Challenge-ix-

26 Weeks to Emergency PreparednessIdentify safe places in your home and on your property. Practice earthquake “drop,cover, and hold on” and fire evacuation drills using different escape routes. When thesmoke detector sounds practice evacuating promptly and safely (see pages 44-49).2.Identify a family meeting place outside your home and in your neighbourhood so you’llknow everyone got out safely! (see page 3)3.Arrange an out-of-area emergency contact, add family and emergency phone numbersand provide each person a list for their wallet or backpack. (see pages 3-4)4.Supply family members with a Grab ‘n Go Kit for their vehicles, work or school locations.Suggested Grab ‘n Go Kit (personalize for your needs & keep with you at all times)Bottled waterFlashlight/radioNutritious foods (dried fruits, granola bars, nuts or beef jerky)WhistlePersonal medicationsEmergency blanket and garbage bagsPersonal toiletriesExtra pair of eye glassesDust masks and glovesExtra money, coins, phone cardsFamily photos (recent)Book and/or gamePersonal papers (copies of insurance, emergency contacts, prescriptions & identification)1.Suggested Car Kit (**Keep up car maintenance & fuel so you don’t run out)Bottled waterFirst aid kit & manualNutritious foods (dried fruits, granola bars, nuts or beef jerky)Fire extinguisherComfortable, sturdy walking shoesFlashlight (extra batteries)Warm blanketFlares, candles w/matches & jarHeavy-duty work gloves (leather)Ziploc bags, toilet tissueDust masks and glovesHardhatChange of clothingLarge, sturdy backpackRoad map & compassDeck of cards, good bookShovel and sand, kitty litter or other traction aidsIce scraper and brushDuct tape and garbage bagsBooster Cables5.6.Learn about hazards. What hazards are you vulnerable to? Do a home hazard hunt tomake your home safer. Do a FireSmart assessment to understand fire vulnerability.Secure appliances and heavy furniture and move beds away from overhead objects. (seepages 20-40)Get a portable container with tight-fitting lids and wheels (i.e. storage bin, suitcase orgarbage) to use as your home emergency kit. Store near an exit, garage or storage shedand label. Make sure all family members know where the container is. (see pages 7-14)7.Stock your home with at least 7-day supply of water ( 30 litres or 7 gallons) per familymember and any pets. A strapped hot water tank can provide potable water. (see page 25)8.Add food items and supplies for pets to your emergency kit. (see pages 15)9.Get a portable radio for your emergency kit. Label with your local radio station.10.Stock your kit with packaged, canned or dried foods. Include a manual can opener &waterproof matches. If needed, include infant supplies - cloth & disposable diapers,bottles, formula, etc. Plan for a 7-day food supply per family member. (see pages 9-10)MIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – Emergency Preparedness Challenge-x-

11.Prepare a first-aid kit that includes prescription medications (blister packs work well),eyeglasses, bandages, sterile gauze pads, tape, scissors, tweezers, antibiotic ointment,and other items such as over-the-counter pain relievers. (see page 11)12.Give family members specific safety tasks to do. (i.e. turn off electricity, collect theemergency container, track down family members and make sure people with functionalneeds are provided for. Make sure someone is looking after any pets.13.Place flashlight & extra batteries, under beds along with sturdy shoes. (see page 12)14.Add some dried soups and other nutritious items to your emergency kit.15.Check your insurance policies and make list of your possessions (photos can help you withpotential claims) and add to your emergency kit. Store a copy with a trusted friend.16.Stock kit with large and medium-sized plastic garbage bags (orange or yellow bags makegood visible signals). Large bags can also be used as ponchos, ground covers or blankets.17.Add a change of clothing for each family member to your kit. Be sure to include seasonalclothing (winter/summer), heavy work gloves and sturdy shoes.18.Add additional canned or freeze-dried food like stews, tuna fish, baked beans andvegetables to your kit. Add reusable dishes and cups.19.Enroll a family member in a first-aid course. Place HELP/OK signs in window, cars & kits.20.Assemble important documents like wills, insurance papers, medical records, credit cardnumbers, inventory of possessions, identification, etc. Make copies and store originals ina fireproof/waterproof container or store with a trusted person that will be accessibleif your home is damaged. Keep recent photos of family and pets to help to reunite you.21.Add personal items such as toilet paper, handi-wipes, soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, comb,sanitary supplies, etc. to your emergency kit.22.Get strong garbage bags to use in your toilet if the sewer lines break or use a bucketwith a tight-fitting lid, and put it with your emergency kit. Use the bucket to store otheremergency tools like an axe, a folding shovel, rope and powdered lime for deodorizing.23.Add sleeping bags, blankets and sheets (emergency blankets take up less space) andconsider adding plastic emergency ponchos to your kit.24.Add more canned, freeze-dried, or dehydrated foods to your kit until you have at leasta 7-day supply for each family member. Add evaporated, canned or powdered milk toyour kit25.Add a pocket knife, cutlery, dishes, whistle and spare set of house and car keys aswell as items such as books, toys, cards and a family photo album to your kit.26.Meet with neighbours to discuss emergency preparations, plans for helping each otherand the possibility of sharing items such as generators.Now you and your family are personally prepared for most emergencies!Rotate supplies to keep them fresh. Use or donate to the local food bank!TOGETHER BUILDING COMMUNITY RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABILITYMIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – Emergency Preparedness Challenge-xi-

Personal NotesMIECM - Emergency Preparedness Workbook – Emergency Preparedness Challenge-xii-

Before an Emergency – Emergency Preparedness for YouTop 5 Recommendatio

Emergency preparedness suggestions to help you and your family become self-sufficient before an emergency/disaster. Section 2 - Emergency Preparedness for Your Home (page 19) Prepare your home for a variety of emergencies and reduce risks to make your home a safer haven before an emergency/disaster. Section 3 - During an Emergency - Responding Safely (page 41) Suggestions to .