2020EDITIONFundamental2BELIEFSSeventh-day Adventistsaccept the Bible as theironly creed and hold cer-tain fundamental beliefsto be the teaching ofthe Holy Scriptures.2

Seventh-day Adventists accept the Bible as their only creedand hold certain fundamental beliefs to be the teachingof the Holy Scriptures. These beliefs, as set forth here,constitute the church’s understanding and expression of theteaching of Scripture. Revision of these statements may beexpected at a General Conference Session when the church isled by the Holy Spirit to a fuller understanding of Bible truthor finds better language in which to express the teachings ofGod’s Holy Word.

228 Fundamental Beliefs1 The Holy ScripturesThe Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration. The inspiredauthors spoke and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. In this Word, God has committed to humanity theknowledge necessary for salvation. The Holy Scriptures are the supreme, authoritative, and the infallible revelationof His will. They are the standard of character, the test of experience, the definitive revealer of doctrines, and thetrustworthy record of God’s acts in history. (Ps. 119:105; Prov. 30:5, 6; Isa. 8:20; John 17:17; 1 Thess. 2:13; 2 Tim. 3:16,17; Heb. 4:12; 2 Peter 1:20, 21.)2 The TrinityThere is one God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, a unity of three coeternal Persons. God is immortal, all-powerful,all-knowing, above all, and ever present. He is infinite and beyond human comprehension, yet known through Hisself-revelation. God, who is love, is forever worthy of worship, adoration, and service by the whole creation. (Gen.1:26; Deut. 6:4; Isa. 6:8; Matt. 28:19; John 3:16 2 Cor. 1:21, 22; 13:14; Eph. 4:4-6; 1 Peter 1:2.)3 The FatherGod the eternal Father is the Creator, Source, Sustainer, and Sovereign of all creation. He is just and holy, mercifuland gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness. The qualities and powers exhibitedin the Son and the Holy Spirit are also those of the Father. (Gen. 1:1; Deut. 4:35; Ps. 110:1, 4; John 3:16; 14:9; 1 Cor.15:28; 1 Tim. 1:17; 1 John 4:8; Rev. 4:11.)4 The SonGod the eternal Son became incarnate in Jesus Christ. Through Him all things were created, the character of Godis revealed, the salvation of humanity is accomplished, and the world is judged. Forever truly God, He becamealso truly human, Jesus the Christ. He was conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. He lived andexperienced temptation as a human being, but perfectly exemplified the righteousness and love of God. By Hismiracles He manifested God’s power and was attested as God’s promised Messiah. He suffered and died voluntarily on the cross for our sins and in our place, was raised from the dead, and ascended to heaven to minister inthe heavenly sanctuary in our behalf. He will come again in glory for the final deliverance of His people and therestoration of all things. (Isa. 53:4-6; Dan. 9:25-27; Luke 1:35; John 1:1-3, 14; 5:22; 10:30; 14:1-3, 9, 13; Rom. 6:23; 1Cor. 15:3, 4; 2 Cor. 3:18; 5:17-19; Phil. 2:5-11; Col. 1:15-19; Heb. 2:9-18; 8:1, 2.)3

25 The Holy SpiritGod the eternal Spirit was active with the Father and the Son in Creation, incarnation, and redemption. He is asmuch a person as are the Father and the Son. He inspired the writers of Scripture. He filled Christ’s life with power.He draws and convicts human beings; and those who respond He renews and transforms into the image of God.Sent by the Father and the Son to be always with His children, He extends spiritual gifts to the church, empowersit to bear witness to Christ, and in harmony with the Scriptures leads it into all truth. (Gen. 1:1, 2; 2 Sam. 23:2; Ps.51:11; Isa. 61:1; Luke 1:35; 4:18; John 14:16-18, 26; 15:26; 16:7-13; Acts 1:8; 5:3; 10:38; Rom. 5:5; 1 Cor. 12:7-11; 2 Cor.3:18; 2 Peter 1:21.)6 CreationGod has revealed in Scripture the authentic and historical account of His creative activity. He created the universe,and in a recent six-day creation the Lord made “the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them” andrested on the seventh day. Thus He established the Sabbath as a perpetual memorial of the work He performedand completed during six literal days that together with the Sabbath constituted the same unit of time that we calla week today. The first man and woman were made in the image of God as the crowning work of Creation, givendominion over the world, and charged with responsibility to care for it. When the world was finished it was “verygood,” declaring the glory of God. (Gen. 1-2; 5; 11; Exod. 20:8-11; Ps. 19:1-6; 33:6, 9; 104; Isa. 45:12, 18; Acts 17:24;Col. 1:16; Heb. 1:2; 11:3; Rev. 10:6; 14:7.)7 The Nature of HumanityMan and woman were made in the image of God with individuality, the power and freedom to think and to do.Though created free beings, each is an indivisible unity of body, mind, and spirit, dependent upon God for life andbreath and all else. When our first parents disobeyed God, they denied their dependence upon Him and fell fromtheir high position. The image of God in them was marred and they became subject to death. Their descendantsshare this fallen nature and its consequences. They are born with weaknesses and tendencies to evil. But God inChrist reconciled the world to Himself and by His Spirit restores in penitent mortals the image of their Maker.Created for the glory of God, they are called to love Him and one another, and to care for their environment.(Gen. 1:26-28; 2:7, 15; 3; Ps. 8:4-8; 51:5, 10; 58:3; Jer. 17:9; Acts 17:24-28; Rom. 5:12-17; 2 Cor. 5:19, 20; Eph. 2:3; 1Thess. 5:23; 1 John 3:4; 4:7, 8, 11, 20.)4

28 The Great ControversyAll humanity is now involved in a great controversy between Christ and Satan regarding the character of God, Hislaw, and His sovereignty over the universe. This conflict originated in heaven when a created being, endowed withfreedom of choice, in self-exaltation became Satan, God’s adversary, and led into rebellion a portion of the angels.He introduced the spirit of rebellion into this world when he led Adam and Eve into sin. This human sin resulted inthe distortion of the image of God in humanity, the disordering of the created world, and its eventual devastationat the time of the global flood, as presented in the historical account of Genesis 1-11. Observed by the whole creation, this world became the arena of the universal conflict, out of which the God of love will ultimately be vindicated. To assist His people in this controversy, Christ sends the Holy Spirit and the loyal angels to guide, protect, andsustain them in the way of salvation. (Gen. 3; 6-8; Job 1:6-12; Isa. 14:12-14; Ezek. 28:12-18; Rom. 1:19-32; 3:4; 5:1221; 8:19-22; 1 Cor. 4:9; Heb. 1:14; 1 Peter 5:8; 2 Peter 3:6; Rev. 12:4-9.)9 The Life, Death, and Resurrection of ChristIn Christ’s life of perfect obedience to God’s will, His suffering, death, and resurrection, God provided the onlymeans of atonement for human sin, so that those who by faith accept this atonement may have eternal life, andthe whole creation may better understand the infinite and holy love of the Creator. This perfect atonement vindicates the righteousness of God’s law and the graciousness of His character; for it both condemns our sin andprovides for our forgiveness. The death of Christ is substitutionary and expiatory, reconciling and transforming.The bodily resurrection of Christ proclaims God’s triumph over the forces of evil, and for those who accept theatonement assures their final victory over sin and death. It declares the Lordship of Jesus Christ, before whom every knee in heaven and on earth will bow. (Gen. 3:15; Ps. 22:1; Isa. 53; John 3:16; 14:30; Rom. 1:4; 3:25; 4:25; 8:3, 4; 1Cor. 15:3, 4, 20-22; 2 Cor. 5:14, 15, 19-21; Phil. 2:6-11; Col. 2:15; 1 Peter 2:21, 22; 1 John 2:2; 4:10.)10 The Experience of SalvationIn infinite love and mercy God made Christ, who knew no sin, to be sin for us, so that in Him we might be made therighteousness of God. Led by the Holy Spirit we sense our need, acknowledge our sinfulness, repent of our transgressions, and exercise faith in Jesus as Saviour and Lord, Substitute and Example. This saving faith comes throughthe divine power of the Word and is the gift of God’s grace. Through Christ we are justified, adopted as God’s sonsand daughters, and delivered from the lordship of sin. Through the Spirit we are born again and sanctified; the Spirit renews our minds, writes God’s law of love in our hearts, and we are given the power to live a holy life. Abiding inHim we become partakers of the divine nature and have the assurance of salvation now and in the judgment.(Gen. 3:15; Isa. 45:22; 53; Jer. 31:31-34; Ezek. 33:11; 36:25-27; Hab. 2:4; Mark 9:23, 24; John 3:3-8, 16; 16:8; Rom.3:21-26; 8:1-4, 14-17; 5:6-10; 10:17; 12:2; 2 Cor. 5:17-21; Gal. 1:4; 3:13, 14, 26; 4:4-7; Eph. 2:4-10; Col. 1:13, 14; Titus3:3-7; Heb. 8:7-12; 1 Peter 1:23; 2:21, 22; 2 Peter 1:3, 4; Rev. 13:8.)5

211 Growing in ChristBy His death on the cross Jesus triumphed over the forces of evil. He who subjugated the demonic spirits during Hisearthly ministry has broken their power and made certain their ultimate doom. Jesus’ victory gives us victory overthe evil forces that still seek to control us, as we walk with Him in peace, joy, and assurance of His love. Now the HolySpirit dwells within us and empowers us. Continually committed to Jesus as our Saviour and Lord, we are set freefrom the burden of our past deeds. No longer do we live in the darkness, fear of evil powers, ignorance, and meaninglessness of our former way of life. In this new freedom in Jesus, we are called to grow into the likeness of Hischaracter, communing with Him daily in prayer, feeding on His Word, meditating on it and on His providence, singing His praises, gathering together for worship, and participating in the mission of the Church. We are also calledto follow Christ’s example by compassionately ministering to the physical, mental, social, emotional, and spiritualneeds of humanity. As we give ourselves in loving service to those around us and in witnessing to His salvation, Hisconstant presence with us through the Spirit transforms every moment and every task into a spiritual experience.(1 Chron. 29:11; Ps. 1:1, 2; 23:4; 77:11, 12; Matt. 20:25-28; 25:31-46; Luke 10:17-20; John 20:21; Rom. 8:38, 39; 2 Cor.3:17, 18; Gal. 5:22-25; Eph. 5:19, 20; 6:12-18; Phil. 3:7-14; Col. 1:13, 14; 2:6, 14, 15; 1 Thess. 5:16-18, 23; Heb. 10:25;James 1:27; 2 Peter 2:9; 3:18; 1 John 4:4.)12 The ChurchThe church is the community of believers who confess Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. In continuity with thepeople of God in Old Testament times, we are called out from the world; and we join together for worship, for fellowship, for instruction in the Word, for the celebration of the Lord’s Supper, for service to humanity, and for theworldwide proclamation of the gospel. The church derives its authority from Christ, who is the incarnate Word revealed in the Scriptures. The church is God’s family; adopted by Him as children, its members live on the basis ofthe new covenant. The church is the body of Christ, a community of faith of which Christ Himself is the Head. Thechurch is the bride for whom Christ died that He might sanctify and cleanse her. At His return in triumph, He willpresent her to Himself a glorious church, the faithful of all the ages, the purchase of His blood, not having spotor wrinkle, but holy and without blemish. (Gen. 12:1-3; Exod. 19:3-7; Matt. 16:13-20; 18:18; 28:19, 20; Acts 2:38-42;7:38; 1 Cor. 1:2; Eph. 1:22, 23; 2:19-22; 3:8-11; 5:23-27; Col. 1:17, 18; 1 Peter 2:9.)13 The Remnant and Its MissionThe universal church is composed of all who truly believe in Christ, but in the last days, a time of widespreadapostasy, a remnant has been called out to keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus. This remnantannounces the arrival of the judgment hour, proclaims salvation through Christ, and heralds the approach of Hissecond advent. This proclamation is symbolized by the three angels of Revelation 14; it coincides with the workof judgment in heaven and results in a work of repentance and reform on earth. Every believer is called to have apersonal part in this worldwide witness. (Dan. 7:9-14; Isa. 1:9; 11:11; Jer. 23:3; Mic. 2:12; 2 Cor. 5:10; 1 Peter 1:16-19;4:17; 2 Peter 3:10-14; Jude 3, 14; Rev. 12:17; 14:6-12; 18:1-4.)6

214 Unity in the Body of ChristThe church is one body with many members, called from every nation, kindred, tongue, and people. In Christ weare a new creation; distinctions of race, culture, learning, and nationality, and differences between high and low,rich and poor, male and female, must not be divisive among us. We are all equal in Christ, who by one Spirit hasbonded us into one fellowship with Him and with one another; we are to serve and be served without partiality orreservation. Through the revelation of Jesus Christ in the Scriptures we share the same faith and hope, and reachout in one witness to all. This unity has its source in the oneness of the triune God, who has adopted us as Hischildren. (Ps. 133:1; Matt. 28:19, 20; John 17:20-23; Acts 17:26, 27; Rom. 12:4, 5; 1 Cor. 12:12-14; 2 Cor. 5:16, 17; Gal.3:27-29; Eph. 2:13-16; 4:3-6, 11-16; Col. 3:10-15.)15 BaptismBy baptism we confess our faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, and testify of our death to sin and ofour purpose to walk in newness of life. Thus we acknowledge Christ as Lord and Saviour, become His people, andare received as members by His church. Baptism is a symbol of our union with Christ, the forgiveness of our sins,and our reception of the Holy Spirit. It is by immersion in water and is contingent on an affirmation of faith in Jesusand evidence of repentance of sin. It follows instruction in the Holy Scriptures and acceptance of their teachings.(Matt. 28:19, 20; Acts 2:38; 16:30-33; 22:16; Rom. 6:1-6; Gal. 3:27; Col. 2:12, 13.)16 The Lord’s SupperThe Lord’s Supper is a participation in the emblems of the body and blood of Jesus as an expression of faith in Him,our Lord and Saviour. In this experience of communion Christ is present to meet and strengthen His people. As wepartake, we joyfully proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes again. Preparation for the Supper includes self-examination, repentance, and confession. The Master ordained the service of foot-washing to signify renewed cleansing,to express a willingness to serve one another in Christlike humility, and to unite our hearts in love. The communionservice is open to all believing Christians. (Matt. 26:17-30; John 6:48-63; 13:1-17; 1 Cor. 10:16, 17; 11:23-30; Rev. 3:20.)7

217 Spiritual Gifts and MinistriesGod bestows upon all members of His church in every age spiritual gifts that each member is to employ in lovingministry for the common good of the church and of humanity. Given by the agency of the Holy Spirit, who apportions to each member as He wills, the gifts provide all abilities and ministries needed by the church to fulfill its divinely ordained functions. According to the Scriptures, these gifts include such ministries as faith, healing, prophecy, proclamation, teaching, administration, reconciliation, compassion, and self-sacrificing service and charity forthe help and encouragement of people. Some members are called of God and endowed by the Spirit for functionsrecognized by the church in pastoral, evangelistic, and teaching ministries particularly needed to equip the members for service, to build up the church to spiritual maturity, and to foster unity of the faith and knowledge of God.When members employ these spiritual gifts as faithful stewards of God’s varied grace, the church is protectedfrom the destructive influence of false doctrine, grows with a growth that is from God, and is built up in faith andlove. (Acts 6:1-7; Rom. 12:4-8; 1 Cor. 12:7-11, 27, 28; Eph. 4:8, 11-16; 1 Tim. 3:1-13; 1 Peter 4:10, 11.)18 The Gift of ProphecyThe Scriptures testify that one of the gifts of the Holy Spirit is prophecy. This gift is an identifying mark of the remnant church and we believe it was manifested in the ministry of Ellen G. White. Her writings speak with propheticauthority and provide comfort, guidance, instruction, and correction to the church. They also make clear that theBible is the standard by which all teaching and experience must be tested. (Num. 12:6; 2 Chron. 20:20; Amos 3:7; Joel2:28, 29; Acts 2:14-21; 2 Tim. 3:16, 17; Heb. 1:1-3; Rev. 12:17; 19:10; 22:8, 9.)19 The Law of GodThe great principles of God’s law are embodied in the Ten Commandments and exemplified in the life of Christ.They express God’s love, will, and purposes concerning human conduct and relationships and are binding uponall people in every age. These precepts are the basis of God’s covenant with His people and the standard in God’sjudgment. Through the agency of the Holy Spirit they point out sin and awaken a sense of need for a Saviour. Salvation is all of grace and not of works, and its fruit is obedience to the Commandments. This obedience developsChristian character and results in a sense of well-being. It is evidence of our love for the Lord and our concern forour fellow human beings. The obedience of faith demonstrates the power of Christ to transform lives, and therefore strengthens Christian witness. (Exod. 20:1-17; Deut. 28:1-14; Ps. 19:7-14; 40:7, 8; Matt. 5:17-20; 22:36-40; John14:15; 15:7-10; Rom. 8:3, 4; Eph. 2:8-10; Heb. 8:8-10; 1 John 2:3; 5:3; Rev. 12:17; 14:12.)8

220 The SabbathThe gracious Creator, after the six days of Creation, rested on the seventh day and instituted the Sabbath for allpeople as a memorial of Creation. The fourth commandment of God’s unchangeable law requires the observanceof this seventh-day Sabbath as the day of rest, worship, and ministry in harmony with the teaching and practiceof Jesus, the Lord of the Sabbath. The Sabbath is a day of delightful communion with God and one another. It is asymbol of our redemption in Christ, a sign of our sanctification, a token of our allegiance, and a foretaste of oureternal future in God’s kingdom. The Sabbath is God’s perpetual sign of His eternal covenant between Him andHis people. Joyful observance of this holy time from evening to evening, sunset to sunset, is a celebration of God’screative and redemptive acts. (Gen. 2:1-3; Exod. 20:8-11; 31:13-17; Lev. 23:32; Deut. 5:12-15; Isa. 56:5, 6; 58:13, 14;Ezek. 20:12, 20; Matt. 12:1-12; Mark 1:32; Luke 4:16; Heb. 4:1-11.)21 StewardshipWe are God’s stewards, entrusted by Him with time and opportunities, abilities and possessions, and the blessingsof the earth and its resources. We are responsible to Him for their proper use. We acknowledge God’s ownershipby faithful service to Him and our fellow human beings, and by returning tithe and giving offerings for the proclamation of His gospel and the support and growth of His church. Stewardship is a privilege given to us by God fornurture in love and the victory over selfishness and covetousness. Stewards rejoice in the blessings that come toothers as a result of their faithfulness. (Gen. 1:26-28; 2:15; 1 Chron. 29:14; Haggai 1:3-11; Mal. 3:8-12; Matt. 23:23;Rom. 15:26, 27; 1 Cor. 9:9-14; 2 Cor. 8:1-15; 9:7.)22 Christian BehaviorWe are called to be a godly people who think, feel, and act in harmony with biblical principles in all aspects ofpersonal and social life. For the Spirit to recreate in us the character of our Lord we involve ourselves only in thosethings that will produce Christlike purity, health, and joy in our lives. This means that our amusement and entertainment should meet the highest standards of Christian taste and beauty. While recognizing cultural differences, our dress is to be simple, modest, and neat, befitting those whose true beauty does not consist of outwardadornment but in the imperishable ornament of a gentle and quiet spirit. It also means that because our bodiesare the temples of the Holy Spirit, we are to care for them intelligently. Along with adequate exercise and rest, weare to adopt the most healthful diet possible and abstain from the unclean foods identified in the Scriptures. Sincealcoholic beverages, tobacco, and the irresponsible use of drugs and narcotics are harmful to our bodies, we are toabstain from them as well. Instead, we are to engage in whatever brings our thoughts and bodies into the discipline of Christ, who desires our wholesomeness, joy, and goodness. (Gen. 7:2; Exod. 20:15; Lev. 11:1-47; Ps. 106:3;Rom. 12:1, 2; 1 Cor. 6:19, 20; 10:31; 2 Cor. 6:14-7:1; 10:5; Eph. 5:1-21; Phil. 2:4; 4:8; 1 Tim. 2:9, 10; Titus 2:11, 12; 1Peter 3:1-4; 1 John 2:6; 3 John 2.)9

223 Marriage and the FamilyMarriage was divinely established in Eden and affirmed by Jesus to be a lifelong union between a man and awoman in loving companionship. For the Christian a marriage commitment is to God as well as to the spouse, andshould be entered into only between a man and a woman who share a common faith. Mutual love, honor, respect,and responsibility are the fabric of this relationship, which is to reflect the love, sanctity, closeness, and permanence of the relationship between Christ and His church. Regarding divorce, Jesus taught that the person whodivorces a spouse, except for fornication, and marries another, commits adultery. Although some family relationships may fall short of the ideal, a man and a woman who fully commit themselves to each other in Christ throughmarriage may achieve loving unity through the guidance of the Spirit and the nurture of the church. God blessesthe family and intends that its members shall assist each other toward complete maturity. Increasing family closeness is one of the earmarks of the final gospel message. Parents are to bring up their children to love and obey theLord. By their example and their words they are to teach them that Christ is a loving, tender, and caring guide whowants them to become members of His body, the family of God which embraces both single and married persons.(Gen. 2:18-25; Exod. 20:12; Deut. 6:5-9; Prov. 22:6; Mal. 4:5, 6; Matt. 5:31, 32; 19:3-9, 12; Mark 10:11, 12; John 2:1-11;1 Cor. 7:7, 10, 11; 2 Cor. 6:14; Eph. 5:21-33; 6:1-4.)24 Christ’s Ministry in the Heavenly SanctuaryThere is a sanctuary in heaven, the true tabernacle that the Lord set up and not humans. In it Christ ministers onour behalf, making available to believers the benefits of His atoning sacrifice offered once for all on the cross. At Hisascension, He was inaugurated as our great High Priest and, began His intercessory ministry, which was typifiedby the work of the high priest in the holy place of the earthly sanctuary. In 1844, at the end of the prophetic periodof 2300 days, He entered the second and last phase of His atoning ministry, which was typified by the work of thehigh priest in the most holy place of the earthly sanctuary. It is a work of investigative judgment which is part of theultimate disposition of all sin, typified by the cleansing of the ancient Hebrew sanctuary on the Day of Atonement. Inthat typical service the sanctuary was cleansed with the blood of animal sacrifices, but the heavenly things are purified with the perfect sacrifice of the blood of Jesus. The investigative judgment reveals to heavenly intelligences whoamong the dead are asleep in Christ and therefore, in Him, are deemed worthy to have part in the first resurrection.It also makes manifest who among the living are abiding in Christ, keeping the commandments of God and the faithof Jesus, and in Him, therefore, are ready for translation into His everlasting kingdom. This judgment vindicatesthe justice of God in saving those who believe in Jesus. It declares that those who have remained loyal to God shallreceive the kingdom. The completion of this ministry of Christ will mark the close of human probation before theSecond Advent. (Lev. 16; Num. 14:34; Ezek. 4:6; Dan. 7:9-27; 8:13, 14; 9:24-27; Heb. 1:3; 2:16, 17; 4:14-16; 8:1-5; 9:1128; 10:19-22; Rev. 8:3-5; 11:19; 14:6, 7; 20:12; 14:12; 22:11, 12.)10

225 The Second Coming of ChristThe second coming of Christ is the blessed hope of the church, the grand climax of the gospel. The Saviour’s coming will be literal, personal, visible, and worldwide. When He returns, the righteous dead will be resurrected, andtogether with the righteous living will be glorified and taken to heaven, but the unrighteous will die. The almostcomplete fulfillment of most lines of prophecy, together with the present condition of the world, indicates thatChrist’s coming is near. The time of that event has not been revealed, and we are therefore exhorted to be ready atall times. (Matt. 24; Mark 13; Luke 21; John 14:1-3; Acts 1:9-11; 1 Cor. 15:51-54; 1 Thess. 4:13-18; 5:1-6; 2 Thess. 1:710; 2:8; 2 Tim. 3:1-5; Titus 2:13; Heb. 9:28; Rev. 1:7; 14:14-20; 19:11-21.)26 Death and ResurrectionThe wages of sin is death. But God, who alone is immortal, will grant eternal life to His redeemed. Until that daydeath is an unconscious state for all people. When Christ, who is our life, appears, the resurrected righteous andthe living righteous will be glorified and caught up to meet their Lord. The second resurrection, the resurrection ofthe unrighteous, will take place a thousand years later. (Job 19:25-27; Ps. 146:3, 4; Eccl. 9:5, 6, 10; Dan. 12:2, 13; Isa.25:8; John 5:28, 29; 11:11-14; Rom. 6:23; 16; 1 Cor. 15:51-54; Col. 3:4; 1 Thess. 4:13-17; 1 Tim. 6:15; Rev. 20:1-10.)27 The Millennium and the End of SinThe millennium is the thousand-year reign of Christ with His saints in heaven between the first and second resurrections. During this time the wicked dead will be judged; the earth will be utterly desolate, without living humaninhabitants, but occupied by Satan and his angels. At its close Christ with His saints and the Holy City will descendfrom heaven to earth. The unrighteous dead will then be resurrected, and with Satan and his angels will surroundthe city; but fire from God will consume them and cleanse the earth. The universe will thus be freed of sin and sinners forever. (Jer. 4:23-26; Ezek. 28:18, 19; Mal. 4:1; 1 Cor. 6:2, 3; Rev. 20; 21:1-5.)28 The New EarthOn the new earth, in which righteousness dwells, God will provide an eternal home for the redeemed and a perfect environment for everlasting life, love, joy, and learning in His presence. For here God Himself will dwell withHis people, and suffering and death will have passed away. The great controversy will be ended, and sin will be nomore. All things, animate and inanimate, will declare that God is love; and He shall reign forever. Amen. (Isa. 35;65:17-25; Matt. 5:5; 2 Peter 3:13; Rev. 11:15; 21:1-7; 22:1-5.)Copyright 2020, General Conference of Seventh-day adventist.org11

3 2 28 Fundamental Beliefs 1 The Holy Scriptures The Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration. The inspired authors spoke and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.