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Manufacturing & Construction Equipment &Wisconsin's Employment of Minors LawsWisconsin's employment of minors laws prohibit the use of certain potentially hazardousequipment by minors under the age of 18. This document provides a list of equipment commonlyused in manufacturing and construction jobs and explains when minors may use such equipment.Notes: The list is not exhaustive. If you have questions about a particular piece of equipment,please contact the Department's Equal Rights Division. Minors 15 and under may not be employed in "manufacturing, mining, or processingoccupations." This includes occupations that require the performance of any duties inworkrooms or workplaces where goods are manufactured, mined, or otherwiseprocessed. See Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(13). The Student Learner Exemption: A "student learner" is a student of an accredited schoolwho is employed on a part–time basis to obtain both scholastic credit and employmenttraining under a bona fide written school-work training program agreement.oA student learner is permitted to do some work that is otherwise prohibited if thestudent learner is performing service within a bona fide school-work trainingprogram sponsored by an accredited school authorized and approved by the state department of public instruction, the technical college system board, or the department's youth apprenticeship program.oEach school-work training agreement shall: include the name of the student learner; be signed by the parent, employer, and school principal; be kept on file by both the school and the employer; and shall provide all of the following: That the work of the student learner in the occupation declaredhazardous under ss. DWD 270.12 and 270.13 is incidental to thestudent learner's training, and shall be intermittent and only forshort periods of time (i.e., for 5% or less of the total work hours); direct and close supervision of a qualified and experienced person. safety instructions will be given by the school and correlated by theemployer with on-the-job training. a schedule of organized and progressive work processes to beperformed on the job.http://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/ERD-17607-E-P (N. 06/2017)

Manufacturing & Construction Equipment &Wisconsin's Employment of Minors LawsPage 2Type ofEquipmentOkayunder16?Okay16 andover?Okay forStudentLearners?CommentsAcetylene torchNoYesYesOkay for 16-17 year-olds; no restrictions.Assembly, HandYesYesYesNo restrictions.Automatic Shape& SandNoYesYesProhibited under 16; allowable undersection DWD 270.14(3), the "studentlearner" exemption, assuming studentmeets all requirements therein. Thisincludes Youth Apprentices.CNC RouterNoYesYes(1)Okay for 16-17 year-olds when there isfull automatic feed and ejection.(2) Okay for student learners.Cleat bender,manualYesYesYesOkay, but not on construction site under 16.Cleat bender,power-drivenNoYesYesProhibited under 16.DeburringMachineNoYesYesProhibited under 16.Demo HammerYesYesYesNot prohibited. However, note thatdemolition work is never allowed to thoseunder 18 years of age. See § DWD270.12(28).Drawer ClampYesYesYesNot prohibited.Drill, Cordless;Drill, RadialNoYesYesOkay for 16-17 year-olds; no restrictions.http://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/

Manufacturing & Construction Equipment &Wisconsin's Employment of Minors LawsPage 3Type ofEquipmentDrill PressFlangingmachines(snaplock,pittsburg, pipelock)Okayunder16?NoNoOkay16 andover?YesNoOkay forStudentLearners?CommentsYesOkay for 16-17 year-olds. See § DWD270.13(15)(b)1. Prohibited for youngerminors.YesProhibited generally (§ DWD 270.12(19).allowable under § DWD 270.14(3), the"student learner" exemption, assumingstudent meets all requirements therein.This includes Youth Apprentices.ForkliftNoNoNoSee § DWD 270.12(12). The forklift is thepiece of equipment most commonlyinvolved in industrial injuries. No minor,including student learners, may use themunder any circumstances.Framing ClampTableNoYesYesOkay for 16-17 year-olds; no restrictions.Grinder, Hand,Bench, or TableNoYesYesMachinery listed under § DWD 270.13(15),prohibited under 16.Hammer drillNoYesYesMachinery listed under § DWD 270.13(15),prohibited under 16.Hydraulic PressNoYesYesOkay for 16-17 year-olds; no restrictions.Impact guns;corded andcordlessNoYesYesOkay for 16-17 year-olds; no restrictions.http://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/

Manufacturing & Construction Equipment &Wisconsin's Employment of Minors LawsPage 4Type ofEquipmentOkayunder16?Okay16 andover?Okay forStudentLearners?CommentsIron WorkerNoYes/NoYesProhibited generally as a metal-formingmachine. Okay for 16-17 year-olds ifequipped with full automatic feed andejection. Allowable for student learners.Jib HoistNoNoNoProhibited under § DWD 270.12(12). Nostudent learner exception.Laser CuttingMachineNoYes/NoYesThe hazardous employments listed in thechild labor regulations do not address laserequipment directly. The Division has longconsidered them to be analogous to sometypes of welding tools. Welding ispermitted for minors 16 and over as long aslead is not used in the welding process.Given these considerations, there is nothingin the child labor law that would prohibitthe use of laser equipment by a 16-17-yearold.Laser, PRCNoYes/NoYesSee above comments. Additionally, thispiece of equipment must have automaticfeed and ejection.LatheNoYesYesSee § DWD 270.13(15).Lift, walk behindNoNoNoHoists and hoisting apparatuses areprohibited with very few exceptions. See§ DWD 270.12(12).http://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/

Manufacturing & Construction Equipment &Wisconsin's Employment of Minors LawsPage 5Type ofEquipmentOkayunder16?Okay16 andover?Okay forStudentLearners?CommentsOverhead craneNoNoNoHoists and hoisting apparatuses areprohibited with very few exceptions. See§ DWD 270.12(12).Packaging, handYesYesYesNo restrictions. Note that minors under 16cannot work in "manufacturing orprocessing" occupations. See § DWD270.13(13).PaintingYesYesYesNo restrictions.Painting, HandYesYesYesNo restrictions.Parts washingmachineYesYesYesNo restrictions. Care needs to be taken withliquids used to clean metal parts.Pipe threaderNoYesYesOkay for 16-17; no restrictions.PlanerNoNoYesProhibited except for student learners.Plasma, handheld toolNoYesYesOkay for 16-17; no restrictions.Plasma table,computerizedNoYesYesOkay for 16-17; no restrictions.PortabandNoNoYesProhibited generally (§ DWD 270.12(25));Okay for student learners if all conditionsare met. See § DWD 270.14(3).http://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/

Manufacturing & Construction Equipment &Wisconsin's Employment of Minors LawsPage 6Type ofEquipmentOkayunder16?Okay16 andover?Okay forStudentLearners?CommentsPress Brake,regardless ofsizeNoNoYesPress brakes are named specifically asprohibited under § DWD 270.12(19). Okayfor student learners if all conditions aremet. See § DWD 270.14(3).Pressure washerNoYesYesSee § DWD 270.13(15)Punch Press,Rouselle / TarPac 66 / TurretPress [Euromac]NoYes/NoYesPunch presses are prohibited for 16-17year-old minors unless they have automaticfeed and ejection, and they have guards tokeep hands and fingers out. Okay forstudent learners. See § DWD 270.12(19).Router w/ tableNoYesYesOkay for 16-17; no restrictions.NoYesYesOkay for 16-17; no restrictions.Sander; beltsander; profileor edge sanderSaws: includingdouble rip saw,single rips aw,up-cut chop saw,table saw, bandsaw, horizontalband saw,sawzall, skillsaw,reciprocatingsaw, etc.Screw gunNoNoYesProhibited generally, see § DWD270.12(25). Okay for student learnersunder conditions set forth in § DWD270.14(3).NoYesYesOkay for 16-17; no restrictions.http://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/

Manufacturing & Construction Equipment &Wisconsin's Employment of Minors LawsPage 7Type ofEquipmentShaperShears,including powershears, jumpshearsOkayunder16?Okay16 andover?Okay forStudentLearners?NoYes/NoYes(1)Okay for minors 16 and over when thereis full automatic feed and ejection.(2) Okay for student learners.YesProhibited generally, see § DWD270.12(19). Okay for student learnersunder conditions set forth in § DWD270.14(3)NoNoCommentsSheet metalbrakeNoNoYesProhibited generally, see § DWD270.12(19). Okay for student learnersunder conditions set forth in § DWD270.14(3)SkyjackNoNoNoHoists and hoisting apparatuses areprohibited to all minors. § DWD 270.12(12)TaperingmachineYesYesYesNo restrictionsYes(1)Okay for minors 16 and over when thereis full automatic feed and ejection.(2) Okay for student learners underconditions set forth in § DWD 270.14(3)YesProhibited generally, see § DWD270.12(19). Okay for student learnersunder conditions set forth in § DWD270.14(3)Tenoner, SingleEndTube BenderNoNoYes/NoNohttp://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/

Manufacturing & Construction Equipment &Wisconsin's Employment of Minors LawsPage 8Type ofEquipmentOkayunder16?Okay16 andover?Okay forStudentLearners?CommentsUnique DoorMachineNoYes/NoYes(1)Okay for minors 16 and over when thereis full automatic feed and ejection.(2) Okay for student learners underconditions set forth in § DWD 270.14(3)VacuumYesYesYesNo restrictionsWelders(robotic, MIG,TIG, spot, wirefeed, wire)NoYesYesWelding okay per § DWD 270.13(15).For additional information, please contact us.STATE OF WISCONSINDEPARTMENT OF WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENTEQUAL RIGHTS DIVISIONLABOR STANDARDS BUREAUPO Box 8928Madison, WI 53708Phone: (608) 266-6860TTY: (608) 264-8752819 N 6th St, Rm 723Milwaukee, WI 53203Phone: (414) 227-4384TTY: (414) 227-4081E-mail: [email protected] Department of Workforce Development is an equal opportunity employer and serviceprovider. If you have a disability and need this information in an alternate format or need, ittranslated to another language, please contact us.Federal laws may also impact these issues. For information about federal law, contactthe US Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division, at (608) 441-5221.http://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/

Wisconsin's Employment of Minors Laws Wisconsin's employment of minors laws prohibit the use of certain potentially hazardous equipment by minors under the age of 18. This document provides a list of equipment commonly used in manufacturing and construction jobs and explains when minors may use such equipment. Notes: The list is not exhaustive