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Professional Engineers Registration ation2022professional engineers board Singapore52 Jurong Gateway Road #07-03 Singapore 608550

Page 1Professional Engineers Registration ExaminationPractice of Professional Engineering Examination 2022Information for ApplicantsContentsPage1Introduction . 22Description of Examination . 23Eligibility to Sit for Examination . 24Fees . 35Date of Examination . 36Venue . 37Application . 38Structure of Examination . 49Passing Requirements Final Results and Notification . 410Examination Appeals . . .511Review Courses . . . .512Refund of Fees . .513Request for Accommodation 5Annex A: FORMAT, SYLLABUS AND SAMPLE QUESTIONSIPractice of Professional Engineering Examination - Part 1 (Common) . 6IIPractice of Professional Engineering Examination - Part 2 (Civil) . 11IIIPractice of Professional Engineering Examination - Part 2 (Electrical).19IVPractice of Professional Engineering Examination - Part 2 (Mechanical) 32VPractice of Professional Engineering Examination – Part 2 (Chemical) .43Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 2Professional Engineers Registration ExaminationPractice of Professional Engineering Examination 2022Information for Applicants1INTRODUCTIONThe mission of the Professional Engineers Board is to safeguard life, property, andwelfare of the public by setting and maintaining high standards for registeringprofessional engineers and by regulating and advancing the practice of professionalengineering.The Professional Engineers Board registers professional engineers in the branches ofcivil, electrical, mechanical and chemical engineering. A person applying forregistration as a professional engineer to the Professional Engineers Board is requiredto hold an approved degree or qualification listed in the Professional Engineers(Approved Qualifications) Notification and acquired not less than 4 years of relevantpractical experience. He is also required to sit and pass examinations prescribed bythe Board. In addition, the applicant is required to attend an interview.The following sections set out the requirements and details for the Practice ofProfessional Engineering Examination 2022 while details on other applicationrequirements are available on the PEB website at www.peb.gov.sg.2DESCRIPTION OF EXAMINATIONThe Practice of Professional Engineering Examination tests the applicant’s ability toapply his knowledge and experience in professional engineering practice, and hisknowledge of the rules and regulations regulating the practice of professionalengineering in civil, electrical, mechanical or chemical engineering.3ELIGIBILITY TO SIT FOR EXAMINATIONA person may apply to sit for the Practice of Professional Engineering Examinationafter he has(a)obtained not less than 2 years 6 months of practical experience inengineering work relevant to the branch of engineering that he seeks tobe registered in; and(b)sat for and passed the Fundamentals of Engineering Examination.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 34FEESThe fee for an application to sit for the Practice of Professional EngineeringExamination is 450.5DATE OF EXAMINATIONThe dates for the Practice of Professional of Engineering Examination 2022 are:a)b)c)d)6Civil Engineering – Part 1 on 19 May 2022, Part 2 on 20 May 2022Electrical Engineering – Part 1 on 19 May 2022, Part 2 on 20 May 2022Mechanical Engineering – Part 1 on 19 May 2022, Part 2 on 20 May 2022Chemical Engineering – Part 1 on 19 May 2022, Part 2 on 20 May 2022VENUEThe venue would be determined by PEB and successful applicants would be informedof the details of the venue.Due to current Covid-19 situation, the Practice of Professional EngineeringExamination may be conducted at physical location and/or virtually. Moredetails would be provided nearer the date of the examination.7APPLICATIONApplication and payment shall be made online at PEB’s website by 7 March 2022. Referto the Application Guide for submission of application. Applicants are advised to sendin their applications early to allow time for processing.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 48STRUCTURE OF EXAMINATIONA summary of the structure of the Practice of Professional Engineering Examination2022 is shown in the table below. The examination is ‘open book’ and further detailsare given in Annex A: Format, Syllabus and Sample Questions.SubjectsTime AllocatedPPE Part 1Common paper2 hrs 10 minsPPE Part 2Civil/mechanical/electrical/chemicalengineering4 hrs 10 minsFormat Answer 10 compulsoryMultiple ChoiceQuestions Answer 3 out of 5 essayquestions Answer 1 compulsoryquestion plus 4 out of 7questions(Note: For PPE 2022 Part 2 Civil, only answers based on Eurocodes will be accepted.Answers based on Singapore/British Standards will not be accepted.)9PASSING REQUIREMENTS, FINAL RESULTS AND NOTIFICATION(a)A candidate is required to take both Parts 1 and 2 when he sits for theexamination unless he qualifies for an exemption as described in (b)below. Examination results will be given to candidates on a Pass/Failbasis and no scores or marks will be given to candidates. To obtain a‘Pass’ in the examination, a candidate is required to obtain a pass scorein both Parts 1 and 2 respectively.(b)A candidate who has taken both parts when he sits for the examinationand obtains a pass score in only one of the two parts is deemed to havefailed the examination. However, if he sits for the examination again, hewould be granted an exemption from the part for which he has obtaineda pass score. This exemption shall be granted provided the candidatesits for the examination again within a 3-year period from the date ofresult. With the exemption, he would only need to take the part of theexamination for which he did not obtain a pass score. No exemption shallbe granted if he sits for the examination again after the exemptionperiod, in which case he is required to take both Parts 1 and 2.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 5(c)10Examination results will be mailed to the candidates within twelve weeksafter the examination.EXAMINATION APPEALSA candidate who has failed the examination may submit a written appeal to review hisperformance. The appeal is to be received by PEB within 2 weeks after date of resultsand late appeals would not be considered. The result of the appeal/review will be sentby written mail to the appeal candidate. The appeal candidate would not be able toreview his examination paper.11REVIEW COURSESThe Board does not endorse any review course or material provided as study aids.12REFUND OF FEESWhere an applicant who has been accepted is unable to sit for the examinationsubsequently, the Board may, at its discretion, refund 150 to the applicant if theapplicant submits a medical certificate by mail within 2 weeks after the examination.There will be no refund if the applicant sends a scanned copy of medical certificatevia email.13REQUEST FOR ACCOMODATIONA candidate who has disabilities may submit a written request for accommodation.The request is to be received by PEB not later than 6 weeks before the date ofexamination and late request would not be considered. PEB’s decision will beconveyed to the applicant by written mail not later than one week before theexamination date.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 6Annex A: FORMAT, SYLLABUS AND SAMPLE QUESTIONSIPractice of Professional Engineering Examination Part 1(Common)Professional conduct and ethics are important areas because most of thedisciplinary actions taken by the Professional Engineers Board are in the areaof ethics and not technical matters. Professionalism and ethics are closelyrelated and inseparably bound as professional status and recognition are basedon public interest. A professional engineer’s judgment and decisions can havegreat impact on public health and safety. He is expected to uphold the dignity,standing and reputation of the profession. He shall practise ethically in relationto his clients, employers, fellow professionals and the public at large.FormatThis is a common paper which has two sections on the Professional EngineersAct and Professional Conduct and Ethics. The paper comprises 10 multiplechoice questions (MCQs) and 5 essay type questions based on hypothetical casestudies. The candidates must answer all the 10 compulsory MCQs (25 marks)and can choose to answer any 3 out of the 5 essay questions (75 marks) duringthe 2 hrs 10 mins examination period.SyllabusThe paper will focus on the latest revisions of the following ProfessionalEngineers Act and Rules:-Professional Engineers Act-Professional Engineers (Code of Professional Conduct and Ethics) Rules-Professional Engineers RulesReferences will also be made to past disciplinary actions taken by theProfessional Engineers Board arising from complaints against professionalengineers.Questions will be set to test the candidates’ understanding and interpretationof the provisions in the act and rules as well as how they will tackle hypotheticalcases involving the clients, the employers, fellow professionals and the publicat large.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 7Sample Questions From Past Year Papers for Practice of ProfessionalEngineering Examination Part 1 (Common)Section A - Answer 10 Multiple Choice Questions – each at 2.5 marks(COMPULSORY)1Under what circumstances shall a professional engineer advise the clientto engage the services of experts and specialists?(a) The professional engineer shall give the advice when in his opinionand judgment such services are in the interest of his client.(b) The professional engineer shall give the advice when he feels suchservices will pass the responsibility to others.(c) The professional engineer shall give the advice when he canindirectly benefit from the appointment of experts and specialists.(d) The professional engineer shall give the advice when he considersthat in doing so the cost input of his company will be reduced.2A professional engineer may publicise his practice. However, in doing so,the professional engineer shall ensure that the publicity —(a) contains information that is related to all the projects undertakenby him or his company but without the consent of the clients.(b) contains only information beneficial to his business even though itis likely to diminish public confidence in the engineering professionor to otherwise bring the profession into disrepute.(c) contains only justifiable claims to expertise or specialization; makesno reference to past project information which constitutes a breachof confidentiality to the client; and does not compare or criticise thequality of services provided by any other professional engineer orallied professional.(d) contains information with material facts even if it may create anunjustified expectation about the results that can be achieved byhim.3Engineer A provides design, plans and specifications for a commercialbuilding to Developer P who submits them to the authority for approvalbut fails to pay Engineer A for the work performed. Thereafter,Developer P asks Engineer B to review, endorse and resubmit the plansto the authority for approval. Shall Engineer B agree to undertake theproject?(a) Engineer B shall not agree to undertake the project as he has anethical obligation to recognise and give credit to the creative worksof other engineers.(b) Engineer B shall agree to undertake the project as long as EngineerA does not complain.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 8(c)Engineer B shall agree to undertake the project as Engineer A doesnot know.(d) Engineer B shall agree to undertake the project as he is employedby the Developer.4Engineer C comes from overseas and is not a registered professionalengineer in Singapore. If he uses the abbreviation “Er.” or “Engr” as atitle before his name in Singapore, he is guilty of an offence and will beliable on conviction to —(a) a fine not exceeding 2,000 and, in the case of a second orsubsequent offence, to a fine not exceeding 5,000.(b) a fine not exceeding 10,000 or to imprisonment for a term notexceeding 6 months or to both.(c) a fine not exceeding 5,000 and, in the case of a second orsubsequent offence, to a fine not exceeding 10,000 or toimprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.(d) a fine not exceeding 10,000 and, in the case of a second orsubsequent offence, to a fine not exceeding 20,000.5Engineer D is a Professional Engineer specialising in structuralengineering design and has just inherited a plot of land from his uncle.He plans to build 6 units of terrace houses on the plot of land andengages an architect to proceed with the design. He intends to play therole of structural engineer himself. Is it in order for Engineer D to providestructural design for his own housing project?(a) It is in order for Engineer D to provide structural design for theproject since he is a qualified structural PE.(b) It is in order for Engineer D to provide structural design for theproject since he can save cost.(c) It is not in order for Engineer D to provide structural design for theproject since other structural engineers will be deprived a chanceto get involved.(d) It is not in order for Engineer D to provide structural design for theproject since he is acting as a housing developer as well.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 9Section B - Answer 3 Out Of 5 Essay Questions (each at 25 marks)Question 1Engineer A, on behalf of the engineering firm of which he is a principal,submitted a statement of qualifications to a developer for a mega project.In due course he was notified that his firm was on the "short list" forconsideration along with several other firms, but it was indicated to him thathis firm did not appear to have qualifications in some specialised aspects of therequirements, and that it might be advisable for the firm to consider a jointventure with another firm with such capabilities.Engineer A thereupon contacted Engineer B, a principal of a firm with thebackground required for the specialised requirements, and inquired if EngineerB’s firm would be interested in a joint venture if Engineer A was awarded thejob. Engineer B’s firm responded in the affirmative.Thereafter, Engineer C, a principal in a firm which was also on the "short list,"contacted Engineer B and indicated the same requirement for a joint venturefor specialised services, and also asked if B’s firm would be willing to engage ina joint venture if the C’s firm was selected for the assignment. Engineer B alsoresponded in the affirmative to Engineer C but did not notify Engineer A of hisresponse to Engineer C.Is it ethical for Engineer B to agree to participate in a joint venture arrangementwith more than one of the several since he did not make a full disclosure to allof the firms?Discuss the issues and comment on Engineer B‘s conduct with reference torelevant sections of the Professional Conduct and Ethics rules where applicable.Question 2Engineer A was retained by an architect to provide mechanical engineeringservices in connection with the design of an office building. Engineer Aperformed his services and thereafter a dispute arose between Engineer A andthe architect as to Engineer A's compensation for his services. The issue wasnever resolved.Several months later, the owner, who retained the architect on the project,requested that Engineer A provide him with a copy of the air-conditioningdrawings in order to perform certain work on the building project which did notinvolve issues of safety or health. The owner offered to pay Engineer A the costof reproduction and any administrative staff costs and to mediate the disputebetween Engineer A and the architect. Engineer A refused to provide the ownerwith a copy of the drawings and declined owner's offer to mediate the dispute.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 10Was it ethical for Engineer A to refuse to provide the owner with a copy of thedrawings and to decline owner's offer to mediate the dispute between EngineerA and the architect?Discuss the issues and comment on Engineer A’s conduct with reference torelevant sections of the Professional Conduct and Ethics rules where applicable.Question 3Engineer A was employed by an transportation agency to supervise and inspectthe signals and communication systems of a public transportation system. Thesystems were supplied and installed by Company B under a design-and-buildcontract. Close to the completion of the project, in one of his site inspectionrounds, Engineer A discovered that part of the signals cables installed wereundersized, untidy and would likely lead to failure in the train signals.He called for a meeting with the agency’s management and Company B’srepresentatives. The representatives disputed Engineer A’s claim and arguedthat as the systems were part of a design-and-build package, Engineer A didnot have the right to question what Company B did. Engineer A considered thatfollowing the discussions at the meeting initiated by him, he had fulfilled hisduties in informing the agency’s management and Company B’s representativeseven though his opinions were ignored. He then left the matter as it was andtook no further follow-up actions.Discuss the issues and comment on Engineer A’s conduct with reference torelevant sections of the Professional Conduct and Ethics rules where applicable.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 11IIPractice of Professional Engineering Examination Part 2 (Civil)The paper aims to examine the candidates on their proficiency in the practice ofcivil/structural engineering at a professional level. Candidates are expected tohave a good working knowledge and experience of civil/structural engineeringdesign and practices in Singapore. In particular knowledge is required in theareas of regulatory framework, submission and approval procedures, statutoryacts and regulations, practices guidelines and codes of practice.The examination will place emphasis on the Professional Engineer’s role inbuilding projects in the local context either acting as the Qualified Person for theproject or Professional Engineer for the civil and structural engineering works.FormatThis is a 4 hrs 10 mins paper and a candidate is required to answer 1 compulsoryquestion covering the design of concrete and steel structures and choose 4 outof 7 questions covering areas of design, codes of practice, acts and regulations,submission/approval procedures & site supervision. The candidates may bringalong their own reference materials and calculators as necessary.(Note: For PPE 2022 Part 2 Civil, only answers based on Eurocodes will beaccepted. Answers based on Singapore/British Standards will not be accepted.)SyllabusThe list of reference literature, codes, acts, regulations, etc., appended below ismeant as a guide and is not exhaustive. The latest Acts and Regulations,Publications and Civil Engineering Codes /Standards will apply. Acts and Regulations Professional Engineers Act and Regulations Building Control Act and RegulationsPublications URA- Planning Control Handbooks and Guidelines for Building Works SCDF- Code of Practice for Fire Precautions in Buildings- Handbook on Fire Precautions in Buildings- FSSD Fire Safety HandbooksProfessional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 12 LTA- Guidelines & Publications on Rapid Transit Systems- Building Works & Restricted Activities in Railway ProtectionZone- Street Proposals- Vehicle Parking- Other Guidelines and Standards NEA- Code of Practice on Environmental Health- Code of Practice on Pollution Control PUB- Code of Practice on Surface Water Drainage- Standard Specifications for Drainage Works- Code of Practice on Sewerage and Sanitary Works- Sewerage and Drainage Standard Drawings NParks- Procedures and Guidelines for Plan Submissions MOM- Workplace Safety & Health Act and Subsidiary Legislations BCA- National Productivity and Quality Specification (NPQS)- Guidelines and Handbooks on Civil Defence Shelters- Code of Practice on Buildable Design Civil Engineering Codes/Standards- Codes and Standards under Building Control Act andRegulations- Codes and Standards for Roads and Transit Systems to LTA'sRequirementsProfessional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 13Sample Questions From Past Year Papers for Practice ofProfessional Engineering Examination Part 2 (Civil)Section 1- Question 1 (20 marks) is COMPULSORYQuestion 1A segment of a long pipe rack system is shown in Figure Q1-1. The mainstructural system comprises columns spaced at 6m centre to centre supportinga central spine beam connected the columns. The cantilever beams that supportthe four water pipes are spaced at 2m centre to centre. The 500mm diameterwater pipes have a self-weight of 2 kN/m length and when the pipe rack systemis in operation the variable action is 2 kN/m length. The arrangement of piperack system with dimensions is shown in Figure Q1-2.The section of the cantilever beams and central spine beams are both UB305x165x40. The section of the columns is UC 203x203x60 (Class 1 section) of5m height. The columns are rigidly connected via baseplates to concretefootings. The bottom flange of the cantilever beams are welded to the topflange of the central spine beam. The client expects the pipe rack system to bedesigned to cater for any configurations in the use of the pipes during operationand during maintenance periods.All steel sections are grade 355 N/mm2. Steel section properties are providedin Annex. Refer to figure Q1-1 for additional information.Figure Q1-1 Isometric View showingProfessional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 14Question 1 (Cont’d)Cantilever BeamCentral Spine Beamwith Stiffener PlateColumnFixed end supportFigure Q1-2 Elevation view(a) Under a critical loading case when two pipes are removed for maintenanceon one side of the pipe rack, determine and sketch the ultimate bendingmoment and torsional moment diagram of the pipe rack system, includingthe central spine beam, cantilever beam and column(b) State the effective length (bucking length) to be considered for the designof the columns and the cantilever beams with explanation.(c)Check the adequacy of the column to SS EN 1993 using the critical loadcase in Q1 (a).(d) Suggest possible improvements with justifications to the pipe rack systemin a clear sketch.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 15Section 2 - Answer 4 Out Of 7 Questions (each at 20 marks)Question 2A new 10-storey commercial development is located in a built up area ofSingapore. The proposed grid is 8m x 8m. One side of the site boundary is 6mfrom the MRT 1st Reserve Line. Crown level of the existing 6m diameter MRTTunnel is at RL 85. There is a set back requirement of 5m from the boundary.Platform Level is RL 100. The soil investigation report is provided by URA duringland sale (Figure Q2-1).(a) Propose the foundation type, justify with preliminary calculations and givereasons for your recommendation.(b) State the consideration for Rail Way Protection Requirement and illustratewith diagrams.(c)List the structural submission requirements of BCA and LTA.Figure Q2-1Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 16Question 3While carrying out piling works for a single-unit housing development, it isreported by the Builder that there is an existing 200 mm diameter minor sewerpresent within the site as shown in Figure Q3. What is the immediate actionthat must be taken to safeguard the minor sewer?List down the proper procedures to be followed to prevent a similar situationfrom occurring in the future.It has been decided that the minor sewer shall be diverted to another locationwithin the site, avoiding the new proposed building. Sketch out a feasibleproposal for the diversion works within the site indicating the size, gradient andlevels of the proposed new sewer line.Figure Q3Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 17Question 4Your client's neighbor has a structure which encroaches into his premises(Figure Q7). He has obtained the Court's permission to demolish theencroachment on his land. You are required to submit the necessary StructuralPlans [ST] to BCA for approval. The ST submission should include provisionsfor demolishing the portion of the structure encroaching on your client's land.You may assume the following:The density of the soil is 18 kN/m2Surcharge load is 10 kN/m2The water table is constant at 1.3 m below ground levelThe coefficient for concrete cast on clayey sand is 0.4The coefficient of active earth pressure for clayey sand is 0.3(a)Show the approach you would take to ascertain the safety of theremaining structure after removal of the encroaching portion.(b)If you need to strengthen the partially demolished structure and yourclient insists that any strengthening works should be done only on hisneighbor's land, what would you recommend?Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 18Question 4 (Cont’d)Figure Q4Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 19IIIPractice of Professional Engineering Examination Part 2(Electrical)The paper aims to examine the candidates on their proficiency in the practice ofelectrical engineering at a professional level. Candidates are expected to have agood working knowledge and experience of electrical engineering design andpractices in Singapore. In particular knowledge is required in the areas ofregulatory framework, submission and approval procedures, statutory acts andregulations, practices guidelines and codes of practice.The examination will place emphasis on the Professional Engineer’s role inbuilding projects in the local context in relation to electrical engineering works.FormatThis is a 4 hrs 10 mins paper that examines candidates on technical competencyand understanding of standards and codes that are applicable in Singapore forthe discipline of electrical engineering.The paper consists of 2 Sections and 8 questions. Candidates must answerquestions in both sections (Section 1 and Section 2). Section 1 consists of acompulsory question on SS 638, statutory acts and regulations. Candidate isrequired to answer this compulsory question. Section 2 consists of 7 questions.Candidates shall choose to answer 4 out of 7 questions. The latest Acts andRegulations, Publications and Engineering Codes /Standards will apply.Syllabus Codes of Practice SS 638: Code of practice for electrical installations SS 626: Code of practice for design, installation andmaintenance of escalators and moving walks SS 650 - 1 : Code of practice for temporary electricalinstallations - Construction and building sites SS 650 - 2 : Code of practice for temporary electricalinstallations - Festive lighting, trade-fairs, mini-fairs andexhibition sites CP 88 - 3 : Code of practice for temporary electrical installations- Shipbuilding and ship-repairing yards SS 530: Code of practice for energy efficiency standard forbuilding services and equipment.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 20 SS 531-1: Code of practice for lighting of work places – Indoor. SS 531-2: Code of practice for lighting of work places – Outdoor. SS 531-3: Code of practice for lighting of work places - Lightingrequirements for safety and security of outdoor work places. SS 532: Code of practice for the storage of flammable liquids. SS 535: Installation, operation, maintenance, performance andconstruction requirements of mains failure and standbygenerating system. SS 538: Code of practice for maintenance of electricalequipment of electrical installations. SS 546: Emergency voice communication system in building. SS 550: Installation, operation and maintenance of electricpassengers and goods lifts. SS 551: Code of practice for earthing. SS 555-1 : Code of practice for protection against lightning –General requirement. SS 555-2 : Code of practice for protection against lightning –Risk management. SS 555-3 : Code of practice for protection against lightning –Physical damage to structures and life hazard. SS 555-4 : Code of practice for protection against lightning –Electrical and electronic systems within structures. SS 558: Code of practice for construction, installation, operationand maintenance of intruder alarm systems. SS 563-1: Code of practice for the design, installation andmaintenance of emergency lighting and power supply systems inbuildings. Part 1 : Emergency lighting. SS 563-2: Code of practice for the design, installation andmaintenance of emergency lighting and power supply systems inbuildings. Part 2 : Installation requirements and maintenanceprocedures.Professional Engineers Registration Examination PPE 2022

Page 21 SS 564-1: Green data centres - Part 1 : Energy andenvironmental management systems SS 564-2: Green data centres - Part 2 : Guidance for energy andenvironmental management systems SS 576: Code of practice for earthworks in the vici

professional engineers and by regulating and advancing the practice of professional engineering. The Professional Engineers Board registers professional engineers in the branches of civil, electrical, mechanical and chemical engineering. A person applying for registration as a professional engineer to the Professional Engineers Board is required