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AP Language and Composition Summer ReadingWelcome to AP Language and Composition. The AP English Language course emphasizes a mix of politics, history,social sciences, current events and non-fiction prose. This class is different from most English classes you have takenbefore; it will ask you to analyze writing, develop sound reasoning and argumentation, as well as examine the powerof language. This summer assignment offers you a chance to create a database of information you will use throughoutthe school year.You are required to actively engage in reading, writing and viewing prior to taking this class. You will compile aportfolio of writing in a three-ring binder based on your experiences as a reader and a writer, which is due the first dayof class and will be a significant portion of your 1st quarter grade. We will be referring to the summer reading textsthroughout the entirety of the course, so you are encouraged to annotate the readings and take detailed notes on allof the pieces, which will be valuable for in-class activities, comprehension, and retention. I look forward to teachingyou this year. If you have questions, please contact Mrs. McRae at [email protected] or me [email protected] RequirementsSelect ONE of the Required Texts:102 Minutes: The Untold Story of the Flight to Survive Inside the Twin Towers by Kevin Flynn and Jim DwyerISBN: 978-08050942131.2.Amazon: 13.67 free shipping on orders over SurviveInside/dp/0805094210/ref sr 1 1?ie UTF8&qid 1432823552&sr 81&keywords 102 minutes the untold story of the fight to survive inside the twin towersBarnes & Nobles: im-dwyer/1100550838?ean 9780805094213Join the Club: How Peer Pressure Can Transform the World By Tina RosenbergISBN: 978-03933418361.Amazon: 14.04 free shipping on orders over rmWorld/dp/0393341836/ref sr 1 1?ie UTF8&qid 1432823798&sr 8-1&keywords join the club2.Barnes & Nobles: -tina-rosenberg/1100291174?ean 9780393068580The Overachievers: The Secret Lives of Driven Kids By Alexandra RobbinsISBN: 978-14013090221.Amazon: 12.51 free shipping on orders over -DrivenKids/dp/140130902X/ref sr 1 1?ie UTF8&qid 1432823962&sr 81&keywords the overachievers the secret lives of driven kids2.Barnes & Nobles: -alexandra-robbins/1100551408?ean 9781401309022Faster: The Acceleration of Just About Everything By James Gleick1.Amazon: 14.11 free shipping on orders over boutEverything/dp/067977548X/ref sr 1 1?ie UTF8&qid 1432824125&sr 81&keywords faster%3A the accelerationISBN: 978-0679775485

2.Barnes & Nobles: gleick/1102785038?ean 9780679775485For ONE of the texts, complete the following assignments:I. Top Five Vocabulary WordsDirections- Select five examples of interesting diction in the text. For each word:1. Write the sentence, complete with page number citation in MLA format.2. Define the word. Some words have multiple definitions. Be sure to write down the definition that applies to thesentence you have selected.3. Discuss how the use of this word (in the context of the text) impacts the reader in a specific way. Pay particularattention to words with a specific connotation.4. Use this word in your own sentence.II. Top Five PassagesSelect the five most influential passages that illustrate interesting arguments in the text. For each passage:1. Write the sentence (or sentences), complete with page number citation in MLA format.2. Discuss the use of this sentence or sentences in the context of the text. Why did you select this passage? How doesa thorough understanding of this passage play an important role in understanding the author’s purpose?3. Label the tone of this passage. How does the author use specific strategies to create this tone?III. Argument EssayDefend or challenge an assertion the author makes in the book using applicable evidence and logical reasoning. Avoidsummary. You may use outside research material in addition to the text itself to help support your points, but be sureto cite properly using MLA format. Your paper should be 1-2 typed, double-spaced pages, in 12-point font.IV. Related Article (4 required)To begin to create a foundation of examples and ideas to support the arguments you will be asked to make, you needto read a quality news source, such as The New York Times, Time, Newsweek, or US News & World Report, throughoutthe summer. “The Week in Review” section of the Sunday New York Times provides an excellent look at the mainevents and arguments of the week. Any newspapers or magazines written in English will suffice to complete this partof the assignment, but be sure to use a variety of sources.1. For ONE summer reading text, collect 4 current event articles that relate to an issue in the text. You may select op-ed (opinion/editorial) pieces or news/feature articles, but you may not select more thanone piece by the same author. Be sure to select articles from a variety of newspapers and/or magazines.2. Copy or print out the piece.3. For EACH article, complete a Journalist Columnist Response form.

***It is important to note that a thorough understanding of current events gives students a strong advantage in thiscourse, so although you need to collect at least four articles, the more articles you read, the better.***FAQ: What to do if you are going to be away for the summer and will not have access to a national or internationalnewspaper or magazine written in English:1. Access articles online.2. Use the public library before you go and when you get home. They keep back issues for a certain time period.3. Ask a friend or family member to buy and save several issues of news articles for you to read when you come home.4. Subscribe to news magazines before you leave and catch up on reading when you get home.V. Related Visual (4 required)1. For ONE summer reading text, collect four visual sources that relate to an issue in the text. Visuals can be ads,cartoons, posters, photos, tables, graphs, charts, sculptures, paintings, etc.2. Copy or print out the piece.3. For EACH visual, complete a Visual Analysis Response form.Summer Reading DefinitionsThe following definitions will help you prepare for the writing component of this summer reading portfolio. You areencouraged to mark passages/page numbers that relate to these elements for future reference.An assertion is a statement, claim, contention, allegation, or declaration.Detail includes facts, observations, and incidents used to develop a subject or make an abstraction concrete. A lack ofdetail can also be a powerful tool to focus the reader’s attention on what isn’t said or shown.Diction refers to the writer’s word choices, especially with regard to connotation, correctness, clearness, andeffectiveness. A writer might describe an author’s diction as formal or informal, ornate or plain.Imagery is the verbal representation of the five senses. On a broader and deeper level, however, images can be usedas metaphors or symbols, and one image can represent more than one thing.Appeals:Writers and speakers appeal to ethos, or character of a person, to demonstrate that they are credible andtrustworthy.Writers and speakers appeal to logos, or reason, by offering clear, logical ideas.Writers and speakers appeal to pathos, or emotion, to engage an audience.Rhetoric is the study of effective, persuasive language use, including thinking, writing, and speaking strategies;rhetoricians analyze and evaluate what works and what does not work in a specific context.Syntax is the way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences. Syntax involves groups ofwords, while diction refers to the individual words.

Tone describes the author’s attitude toward his or her material, the audience, or both. Considering how a work wouldsound if it were read aloud can help in identifying an author’s tone. Some words describing tone are pedantic,accusatory, serious, businesslike, sarcastic, humorous, melancholic, dejected, authoritative, ironic, inquisitive,condescending, zealous, reverent, cynical, satirical, facetious, scornful, apathetic, candid, vibrant, whimsical, cryptic,pompous, sardonic, denunciatory, poignant, objective, didactic, nostalgic, zealous, contemptuous, urgent,sentimental, insolent, inflammatory, pensive, incredulous, self-deprecating, benevolent and somber. Of course, don’tjust limit yourself to these words. Find the best tone word to describe your passage.Definitions guided by:Swovelin, Barbara V. English Language and Composition: Preparation Guide. Lincoln: Cliffs, 1993.Shea, Renee, et al. The Language of Composition. Boston: Bedford / St. Martin’s, 2008.MLA Citations: An excellent resource for MLA citations can be found 1/AP Language and Composition Optional Book TalksAlthough we can discuss all AP Language materials at these informal meetings, we will have two focus texts for eachsession, so bring your books. We will meet in the media center.Monday, July 20th 11:00-12:30:102 Minutes: The Untold Story of the Fight to Survive Inside the Twin Towers by Kevin Flynn and Jim DwyerJoin the Club: How Peer Pressure Can Transform the World by Tina RosenbergTuesday, July 21st 11:00- 12:30The Overachievers: The Secret Lives of Driven Kids by Alexandra RobbinsFaster: The Acceleration of Just About Everything by James Gleick

Journalist Column Response (4 required)Name:Name of JournalistTitle of ColumnName of Newspaper Date column appearedThesis or main idea of column:Supporting reasons, examples, facts, details:1.2.3.Defend, challenge, or qualify the writer’s thesis:What is the tone of the article? How does the author convey this tone?Label three rhetorical devices you find in the article. (Consider techniques that add to the effectiveness of the article).QuoteDevice1.2.3.Select five specific words to define and add to your vocabulary.Word1.2.3.4.5.Definition

Visual Analysis Response (4 required)NameName of ArtistTitle of PieceName of Source DateArtist’s Topic:Artist’s Stance on the Topic:Supporting Evidence:1.2.3.Defend, challenge, or qualify the artist’s stance:Select five specific techniques that the artist employs. For each technique, explain how this device impacts the viewer.TechniqueImpact on the Viewer1.2.3.4.5.What is the tone of the piece? How does the artist create this tone?

102 Minutes: The Untold Story of the Fight to Survive Inside the Twin Towers by Kevin Flynn and Jim Dwyer Join the Club: How Peer Pressure Can Transform the World by Tina Rosenberg Tuesday, July 21st 11:00- 12:30 The Overachievers: The Secret Lives of Driven Kids by Alexandra Robbins