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University of Toronto Archivesand Records Management ServicesThomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009Harold Averill, Jan. 1997For additional information on how to use UTARMS’ finding aids, please see our guide. University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services 1997

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesContentsThomas A. Goudge fonds . 1Biographical note .3Scope and content.4Series 1: Personal and education .4Series 2: Correspondence .5Series 3: Notes .6Series 4: Lecture notes.7Series 5: Addresses .7Series 6: Manuscripts and publications .8Series 7: Annotated books .9Series 8: Card indices .9Appendix .10Series 6: Manuscripts and publications .102

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesBiographical noteThomas Anderson Goudge was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia on 19 January,1910. Hisundergraduate years were spent at Dalhousie University, where he was president of theArts Class of 1931, associate editor of the student newspaper, and full back of the Artsintramural football team. He was described in Pharos, the University yearbook, as aphilosopher, litterateur, and artist; several of his articles were published in campusjournals and his sketches illustrated the yearbook.He took his MA at Dalhousie in 1932, and the following year entered his doctoral studiesat the University of Toronto, majoring in modern philosophy under G. S. Brett. In 1934 hewas appointed interim lecturer in philosophy at Waterloo College, University of WesternOntario. In 1935, he was a fellow and assistant in Philosophy at Queen's University. In1936-1937 a fellowship from the Royal Society of Canada enabled him to spend a yearat Harvard, where he continued his research on the theory of knowledge of theAmerican philosopher, Charles Sanders Peirce, whose Collected Papers had just beenpublished. His research paper, "The theory of knowledge in C. S. Peirce," written in thesummer of 1936, became his doctoral thesis on his return to Toronto.By the time Goudge received his doctorate in May of 1937, he had published threescholarly papers. He accepted an appointment at Queen's for the academic year1937-38, when Professor Vlastos, with whom he had worked earlier, was on leave. In1938 he was offered a lectureship in philosophy at the University of Toronto and neverleft, despite attempts by other institutions to lure him away. In 1964 he was appointedchair of the department. On his retirement in 1976, he was appointed professoremeritus. He remained actively involved in his discipline until the end of the 1980s,when Alzheimer's disease began to take its toll.Professor Goudge became appreciated quickly for the clarity and probity of his writingsand was soon recognized as an outstanding scholar. He made important contributionsin two areas of philosophy -- the thought of C. S. Peirce and the philosophy of biology,on which he wrote numerous articles and two books, The Thought of C. S. Peirce (1950)and The Ascent of Life (1961). He was also much sought after as a speaker, both atacademic events and more informal gatherings. Following Professor Goudge'sretirement, his colleagues honoured him in a festschrift, Pragmatism and Purpose:essays presented to Thomas A. Goudge (1981).3

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesScope and contentDate range: 1873-1993Extent: 2.51 m (11 boxes) of textual recordsCorrespondence, diaries, course notes, research and lecture notes, card indices,addresses, manuscripts and publications documenting the career of Thomas A.Goudge as professor in and former chair of the Department of Philosophy at theUniversity of Toronto.Note: The titles of the files are, for the most part, those used by the creator.Access: OpenBoxes: B1996-0009/001 -/011Series 1: Personal and educationDate range: 1930-1972Extent: 0.13 m (boxes) of textual recordsScope and content: This series contains material relating to Professor Goudge's personallife and his education at Dalhousie, the University of Toronto, and Harvard.It begins with his personal journals for 1949-1950 and 1960-1972 and his "scrapbook" ofquotations and poetry that he assembled in 1933.Next is a file of course notes from his undergraduate program at Dalhousie (1930-31)and a copy of Pharos for his graduating year (1931). They are followed by researchpapers (1935, 1936) from his doctoral program at the University of Toronto, including theone on C. S. Peirce (1936) that became his doctoral dissertation; and course notes fromthe spring term at Harvard (1937), where he studied aesthetics under Professors DavidW. Prall, metaphysics under W. E. Hocking and Aristotle under J. D. Wild. The notes hetook from A. N. Whitehead on cosmology and the function of reason have not beenlocated.Access: OpenBoxes: B1996-009/001 (01)-(12)4

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesSeries 2: CorrespondenceDate range: 1934-1992Extent: 0.14 m (boxes) of textual recordsScope and content: This small series contains correspondence, largely of a professionalnature and substantially relating to Professor Goudge's activities at the University ofToronto. The topics range from his employment and honours bestowed on him, tomatters relating to his students and their academic work, to duties stemming from hissitting on the boards of academic journals. The arrangement is largely by these threegroups.The correspondence in the first files includes offers of employment generally (19341970), and employment at the University of Toronto along with annuities, academicleave, and honours, including Goudge's festschrift (1942-1981). Then come files on thesupervision of students and the appraisal of doctoral theses (1946-1981) and letters ofsupport for fellowships and scholarships (1967-1985). There is little correspondencerelating to the development of administrative policies at the University, though there is asubmission by Professor Goudge, in his capacity as chair of the Department ofPhilosophy, to the Macpherson Committee in 1966.One of Professor Goudge's long-time friends was A. G. Huntsman, Professor of MarineBiology, with whom he carried on a lengthy (1958-1970) correspondence onphilosophical issues relating to science and evolution. This file is followed by onecontaining Goudge's recollections of his association with A. N. Whitehead at Harvardand the University of Toronto in the 1930s. Professor Huntsman's personal records, whichare in the University Archives, complement this correspondence.The remainder of this series contains correspondence relating to Goudge's involvementwith the American Philosophical Association, the Charles S. Peirce Society, the 1979"Philosophy in Canada" conference, the Royal Society of Canada, and the journals,Dialogue, Encyclopedie Philosophique, Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Monist, andPhilosophy of the Social Sciences.Access: OpenBoxes: B1996-0009/001 (13)-(23)B1996-0009/002 (01)-(12)5

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesSeries 3: NotesDate range: ca. 1900-1991Extent: 0.52 m (3 boxes) of textual recordsScope and content: This series consists of notes taken for research purposes, addresses,and lectures that are not clearly identified with a particular project or event. They werecompiled from about 1932 to 1991, with an number of accompanying, heavilyannotated, articles that date from 1900.They begin with eight "philosophical notebooks" compiled in the 1940s and the 1950sthat cover topics from naturalism and Kant to the philosophy of biology. The remainingfiles document issues and individuals that were of continuing interest to ProfessorGoudge, along with topics that are more narrowly focused. Charles Peirce is especiallywell documented and Kant is also prominent. Over the years, Goudge assembledmaterial on other philosophers such as Henri Bergson, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, C. L.Lewis, Lloyd Morgan, Karl Popper, and A. N. Whitehead. Many of these individuals wereto appear as biographical entries in the Encyclopedia of Philosophy (1967).The majority of the files, however, document one of Professor Goudge's principalinterests, Darwin and evolution and a part of the ongoing debate on the philosophy ofbiology. A selection of file titles demonstrates the wide ranging nature of the debate:"aspects of explanation", "causality", "evolutionary theory and ethics", and the"controversy over sociobiology".Arrangement: Material that Professor Goudge wrote or assembled as a unit at aparticular time was periodically broken up and redistributed to files he created forprojects of the moment. For example, beginning about 1938 he wrote extensivelyabout various aspects of philosophy for use in his lectures and research. Over the years,these notes became scattered throughout the several dozen files that form this series.The only material that has been removed to other series are clearly identified drafts oflectures, addresses, and articles.Access: OpenBoxes: B1996-0009/002 (13)-(27)B1996-0009/003 (01)-(22)B1996-0009/004 (01)-(28)6

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesSeries 4: Lecture notesDate range: 1934-1982Extent: 0.16 m (2 boxes) of textual recordsScope and content: This series contains two types of lecture notes -- those delivered forregular philosophy courses in the Faculty of Arts and the School of Graduate Studies,and those delivered on occasion to students in other faculties such as Social Work andUniversity Extension.The principal courses represented from the Faculty of Arts are 243E -- The age of reason,17th century thought, 3j -- The philosophy of Emmanuel Kant, 3p --Epistemology and thephilosophy of reception, and 4e -- Post-Hegelian philosophy; there is also material forfour graduate courses.Arrangement: The arrangement is by course, beginning with regular program in theFaculty of Arts and the School of Graduate Studies. The special lectures delivered toother faculties and divisions follow.Any file may contain lecture notes, course outlines and bibliographies, and examinationquestions, but few have all categories. While the outside dates on the files are oftenwell-spaced, the lectures themselves usually cover only a short time frame. The greatestconcentration of lectures is for the 1960s and the 1970s.Access: OpenBoxes: B1996-0009/004 (29)B1996-0009/005 (01)-(22)Series 5: AddressesDate range: 1934-1988Extent: 0.10 m (1 box) of textual recordsScope and content: Professor Goudge was much in demand as a speaker, withinvitations coming from student clubs and organizers of special lecture series, andconferences, and other academic gatherings. The notes for and drafts of addresses,some with covering correspondence, in this series are representative rather than acomplete record of the formal and informal talks he gave over a period of more thanfifty years.The first two files consist of "philosophical papers" read to clubs and groups between1934 and 1977. Except for the talks he gave at the Huntsman Royal Lunch Club at the7

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesUniversity of Toronto (1963-1988), the remaining addresses are filed in chronologicalorder. Those that were delivered on several occasions are filed under the date of theearliest presentation. The most popular ones were on various aspects of evolution andinclude titles such as "ethics and evolution: a reappraisal" (1964-66), "genetic fallacy"(1965), and "on formalizing evolutionary theory" (1972). The papers presented atconferences were often published, the printed version of which may be found in SeriesV.Access: OpenBoxes: B1996-0009/006 (01)-(15)Series 6: Manuscripts and publicationsDate range: 1938-1987Extent: 0.30 m (2 boxes) of textual recordsScope and content: Professor Goudge's addresses and writings were noted for theirlucidity, and he was frequently approached to write book reviews, which oftenappeared as review articles, and articles for scholarly journals. Some of his writings alsoappeared as chapters in books, and he wrote two books, The Thought of C. S. Peirce(1950), which was reissued in paperback 1969, and The Ascent of Life: a philosophicalstudy of the theory of evolution (1961) which won him the 1961 Governor-General'sLiterary Award for non-fiction. In 1966, it appeared in Dutch as De wijsgerige aspectenvan de evolutie.The files in this series contain notes and covering correspondence relating to and draftsof articles and chapters of his books. Drafts of his books, except for a proof copy of TheThought of C. S. Peirce, are not to be found here, though there is correspondencerelating to their publications, reviews, and files on royalties paid.Arrangement: Files are arranged in chronological order.Access: OpenBoxes: B1996-0009/006 (17)-(25)B1996-0009/007 (01)-(27)8

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesSeries 7: Annotated booksDate range: 1873-1986Extent: 0.13 m (boxes) of textual recordsScope and content: Professor Goudge habitually annotated his books, and a selectionof these volumes were presented by Professor Goudge's family to the UniversityArchives.This series consists of a folder of photocopied annotations from books (1873-1986),where the annotations were largely confined to the boards, and four volumes thatwere annotated throughout: R. I. Aaron, The Nature of Knowing (1930), A. E. Taylor,Plato (n.d.), A. N. Whitehead, Science and the Modern World (1931), and J. L. Mackie,Ethics (1977).Access: OpenBoxes: B1996-0009/008 (01)-(05)Series 8: Card indicesDate range: n.d.Extent: 0.96 m (11 boxes) of textual recordsScope and content: Professor Goudge compiled card indices of topics in which he wasinterested. Two separate indices are represented here.The first index, in boxes 009 and 010,is comprised of notes on Charles S. Peirce that aregrouped by subject and date. The index begins with a number of uncategorizedentries. The first category, "Methods of inquiry: scientific method", covers Peirce'swritings on that subject between 1877 and 1902. This is followed by "Abstractions",which addresses his writings on that topic between 1867 and 1906. Other topics in box009 include "community reality and logic", "probability and inference", and "thoughtand thinking". The final entry for the box is "nature and method of philosophy". Box 010begins with "phaneroscopy and the categories" and proceeds through "instincts" and"critical common-sensism" to "God and religion". The box ends with "autobiographicalreferences".The second index is a single box [box 011] with topics relating to evolution, thereferences being drawn from a wide variety of sources. There is not specific order tothe arrangement. The first topic is "evolution and the mind". Others range from "genes"and "natural selection" to "trends and rates of evolution". The last topic in this index is"non-Darwinian interpretations".9

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009University of Toronto ArchivesAccess: OpenBoxes: B1996-0009/009 - /011AppendixSeries 6: Manuscripts and publicationsFile numberB1996-0009/006 (17)B1996-0009/006 (18)B1996-0009/006 (19)B1996-0009/006 (20)B1996-0009/006 (21)B1996-0009/006 (22)B1996-0009/006 (23)B1996-0009/006 (24)B1996-0009/007 (01)B1996-0009/007 (02)B1996-0009/007 (03)B1996-0009/007 (04)B1996-0009/007 (05)B1996-0009/007 (06)B1996-0009/007 (07)10File titleCorrespondence -- requests for offprints andacknowledgement of receipt of sameReview articlesReview articles"The conflict of naturalism and transcendentalism in Charles S. Peirce."Correspondence reThe Thought of C. S. Peirce. Proofs, chapters 1-5The Thought of C. S. Peirce. Proofs, chapters 611The Thought of C. S. Peirce. Correspondence republishing; reviewsThe Thought of C. S. Peirce. Correspondencewith Dover Press re republication"What is population?," Philosophy of Science,22, 4 (October, 1955), 272-279"Progress and evolution," in Studia Varia(1957), 86-94. Notes, correspondenceLetter of 11 April, 1957 re paper presentedfor publication"The genetic fallacy," Synthese, 8 (1961).Correspondence, abstract, proofsThe Ascent of Life: a philosophical study ofthe theory of evolution. Selected bibliographyTh Ascent of Life: a philosophical study of thetheory of evolution. Correspondence reGovernor-General’s Literary Award for nonfictionThe Ascent of Life: a philosophical study ofthe theory of evolution. Reviews and noticesDate 19621981

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009File numberB1996-0009/007 (08)B1996-0009/007 (09)B1996-0009/007 (10)B1996-0009/007 (11)B1996-0009/007 (12)B1996-0009/007 (13)B1996-0009/007 (14)B1996-0009/007 (15)B1996-0009/007 (16)B1996-0009/007 (17)B1996-0009/007 (18)11University of Toronto ArchivesFile titleThe Ascent of Life: a philosophical study of thetheory of evolution. Sales and royalties (19671980); correspondence re Dutch edition andCanadian paperback edition (1962-1981)The Ascent of Life: a philosophical study ofthe theory of evolution. Sales and royaltiesStudies in the Philosophy of Charles SandersPeirce. Second Series (1964). Reviews of thisvolume which includes chapter by Goudge"The origin of living things," Encyclopediaof the Philosophy of Art (1965).Notes forarticle"Another look at emergent evolutionism,"Dialogue, IV, 3 (December,1965), 273-285.Draft, correspondence, offprintArticles for The Encyclopedia of Philosophy(1967) on Henri Bergson, Ludwig vonBertalanffy; Samuel Butler; Charles RobertDarwin; Erasmus Darwin; "Emergentevolutionism"; Asa Gray; Thomas Henry Huxley;Chevalier de Lamarck; Pierre Andre, Lecomtedu Nouy; "Origin of Life"; Jacques Loeb; C.Lloyd Morgan; George John Romanes; JanChristian Smuts; Pierre, Teilhard de Chardin;Jakob Johann, Baron von Uexkull; Alfred RusselWallace; and Joseph Henry Woodger"A century of philosophy," Dalhousie Review,47, 4 (1968), 537-49, with background material"Evolutionism: the history of a family ofideas," The Dictionary of the History of Ideas(1969). Notes"Mental evolution: a philosophical enquiry."Chapters 1-3, longhand MS"Mental evolution: a philosophical enquiry."First draft of typescript"Mental evolution: a philosophical enquiry."Preliminary draft copy of typescript [seconddraft]Date 0-196819671970-1971197197-

Thomas A. Goudge fondsB1996-0009File numberB1996-0009/007 (19)B1996-0009/007 (20)B1996-0009/007 (21)B1996-0009/007 (22)B1996-0009/007 (23)B1996-0009/007 (24)B1996-0009/007 (25)B1996-0009/007 (26)B1996-0009/007 (27)12University of Toronto ArchivesFile title"Ryle's collected papers," Dialogue, XI, 4(1972), 596-601. Offprint, with draft, notes, andbackground material"Pragmatism's contribution to an evolutionaryview of mind," The Monist, 57, 2 (April, 1973),133-150. Offprint, correspondence"I:Descartes or Darwin? Mental evolution andthe body-mind problem; II: Darwin'sevolutionary theory of morals." Longhand MS.Also, typescript of "Descartes or Darwin?", withcovering correspondence"Neodarwinism, mental evolution, and themind-body problem," Basic Issues in thePhilosophy of Science, ed. William R. Shea(1976), 91-105. Notes, draft, correspondence,offprint"Peirce and Rescher on scientific progress andeconomy of research," Dialogue (June, 1981).Notes, correspondence"Ryle's last thoughts on thinking," Dialogue,21 (1982), 125-132. Draft, offprint, pressclipping"History of philosophy and scholarship inCanada since 1950," article for New CanadianEncyclopedia. Correspondence, drafts, pressclipping"Complex disguises: reason in Canadianphilosophy," Dialogue, 22 (1983), 339-346.Correspondence, drafts, offprintReview of Peirce, Semiotic, and Pragmatism:Essays by Max H. Fisch. (1986). Drafts,correspondenceDate 1976-19821982-19831982-19831985-1987

By the time Goudge received his doctorate in May of 1937, he had published three scholarly papers. He accepted an appointment at Queen's for the academic year 1937-38, when Professor Vlastos, with whom he had worked earlier, was on leave. In 1938 he was offered a lectureship in philosophy at the University of Toronto and never