CALIFORNIA SAFETY MANUALCODE OF SAFE WORK PRACTICESACCIDENT PREVENTION RULES(RED BOOK)Western Line Constructors Chapter, Inc.N.E.C.A., Inc.andLocal Union No. 47 and 1245 of International Brotherhoodof Electrical Workers AFL-CIOAmended July 1, 2020(Trademark)1

Table of ContentsSection 1.0 - General Rules. .381.39Scope . 5Education . 5Knowledge . 5Enforcement . 5Emergencies . 5Amendments . 5Interpretation . 5Supplementary Information . 6Care in Performance of Duties. 6Qualifications for Duty . 6Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) . 6Intoxicants . 6Smoking . 7First Aid . 7What to Do When an Incident or Accident Occurs . 7Sight Protection . 8Protection from Dusts, Fumes, Vapors or Gases, and Wildfire Smoke. 8Poisons. 8Explosives . 8Lights. 8Gasoline . 8Fire Protection . 9Welding, Metalizing, Soldering and Use of Open Flames . 9Compressed Gases. 10Warning Signs, Guards, Barricades, Barriers, Etc. 10Use of Safety Devices. 11Removing Safeguards . 11Safety Belts, Life Lines, Railings, Etc. . 11Safe Supports . 11Ladders . 11Tools . 12Housekeeping . 12Lifting Material or Equipment . 13Packing, Unpacking, Storage, Loading and Unloading of Materials. 13Motor Vehicle Operation . 14Cranes, Hoists and Derricks . 14Tailboard Briefing . 18Clearances . 19Grounding for the Protection of Employees. . 19Section 2.0 - Electric Transmission and Distribution Overhead. . 20Energized High-Voltage Conductors or Apparatus - Journeyman Lineman . 20Energized Low-Voltage Conductors or Apparatus . 20Use of Cell Phones or Other Electronic Devices . 20Working Distance. 20Pole-Mounted Apparatus . 23De-Energizing, Grounding, and Bonding Lines and Equipment for Employee Protection . 232

202.21Use of Rubber Protective Equipment . 26Climbing Equipment . 27Working in Elevated Positions . 28Belts and Safety Straps and Harnesses . 29Hand Lines . 29Testing Poles and Stubs . 30Blasting Pole Holes . 30Setting or Removing Poles . 31Common Neutral Systems . 31Wire Stringing . 32Capacitors . 32Apparatus Leads . 32Banked Secondaries. 32Rubber Gloving to 21kV . 33Section 3.0 - Use, Maintenance and Care of Live Line Tools . 383.013.02Use . 38Care and Maintenance . 38Section 4.0 - Metal Tower Construction. 394. and Erecting. 39Stringing, Removing, and Handling Conductors . 39Rigging . 41Grips. 41Pulling Line. 41Clipping . 41Section 5.0 - Entering and Working in Underground Structures . 425. persons . 42Safeguards . 42Safe Work Practices . 42Working on Cable or Apparatus . 43Moving Cables . 44Static Charge on De-Energized Cables . 44Grounding Procedures . 44Section 6.0 - Civil Underground Operations . Underground Installations . 46Protection from Hazards Associated with Water Accumulation . 46Stability of Adjacent Structures . 46Protection of Employees from loose Rock or Soil. 47Inspections. 47Fall Protection. 47Access and Egress . 47Exposure to Vehicular Traffic . 48Exposure to Falling Loads . 48Warning Systems for Mobile Equipment . 48Hazardous Atmospheres. 48Chipping Procedures when Energized Cables are Present . 49Section 7.0 - Protection of Employees in Excavations . 507.01General . 503 of Sloping and Benching Systems. 50Design of Support Systems, Shield Systems, and Other Protective Systems . 55Materials and Equipment . 63Installation and Removal of Support. 63Sloping and Benching Systems . 64Shielding Systems. 64Soil Classification . 64Sloping and Benching. 67Section 8.0 - Energized Switchyards and High Voltage Substations . 698.01Work Near Energized Equipment and Facilities. 69Section 9.0 - Procedures for Helicopter Work . 719. . 71Equipment and Tools . 72Receiving Loads While Working Aloft . 73Cargo Loading and Handling . 74Helicopter Skid and Tower Aerial Hover Transfer . 75Working from the Helicopter Skid . 76Helicopter Rules for Human External Cargo (HEC) . 76Effective January 1, 1985Amended January 1, 1990Amended January 1, 1994Amended January 1, 2000Amended July 1, 2003Amended April 1, 2004Amended August 3, 2004Amended August 17, 2005Amended March 29, 2007Amended December 10, 2007Amended June 17, 2009Amended October 15, 2012Amended March 11, 2020(Trademark)4

Section 1.0 - General Rules1.01ScopeThese accident prevention rules shall be complied with by every employee of the Company. Acceptance ofemployment by an employee constitutes acceptance of these rules. The employer shall reserve the right tosupplement these rules provided they meet and/or exceed the current rules in this document and the requirements persection 1.07 of this document.1.02EducationIn addition to any current: safety, accident prevention, and educational or training program, each supervisor orforeman shall make certain all employees under their jurisdiction are instructed and advised concerning theapplicable rules and their application.1.03KnowledgeEach employee of the Employer shall be required to know and understand the rules which apply to the work eachperson is performing.1.04Enforcement(a) Employees acting in a supervisory capacity either regularly or temporarily shall require all employeesworking under their jurisdiction to comply with all applicable safety instructions, safe practices, and safetyrules.(b) Any employee has the right to refuse to perform work that would violate this manual or any occupationalsafety or health standard or order where such violation would create a real and apparent hazard to theemployee or other employees.(c) Any safety device, tool or equipment which upon inspection is found unsafe or defective shall be removedfrom service.1.05EmergenciesIn the event of an emergency which may result in a serious personal injury, a supervisor, foreman or employee incharge may temporarily modify or suspend any of these rules as they may consider necessary to permit properhandling of the emergency. In any such case: the person so acting shall be fully accountable for their actions.1.06AmendmentsRevisions or amendments may only be made in the manner in which these rules were originally issued and shall beeffective on the date of their issuance.1.07InterpretationThis manual shall be interpreted to bring about maximum compliance and safe conduct and shall take precedenceover any conflicting instructions that are less stringent.In addition to its own accident prevention rules and safe practices, the employer and its employees in theperformance of their work are subject to the regulations of customer and governmental agencies including federal,state, county, and city. The employer shall ensure all applicable provisions of governmental regulations are5

complied with.1.08Supplementary InformationAdditional instructions and information relating to safe performance of work as issued through the medium ofletters, operating instructions, bulletins, etc., shall be used to supplement these fundamental accident preventionrules as necessary and shall be made available to all employees.1.09Care in Performance of Duties(a) Each employee shall use reasonable care in the performance of their duties and act in such a manner as toensure at all times maximum safety to themselves, their fellow employees and the public.(b) Employees shall not engage in practical jokes, scuffling, "horse play", or the urging of persons to takeunnecessary chances.1.10Qualifications for Duty(a) No employee shall attempt work for which they are not mentally and physically fit.(b) Any employee in charge having reasonable grounds to suspect an employee under their supervision iseither mentally or physically unfit for duty, shall prohibit such employee from working until satisfactorymedical, or other evidence indicating fitness for duty is obtained.1.11Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)The employer shall assure that all required safety devices and safeguards, whether employer or employee provided,including personal protective equipment for the eyes, face, head, hand, foot, and extremities (limbs), protectiveclothing, respiratory protection, protective shields and barriers, comply with the applicable OSHA standards and aremaintained in a safe, sanitary condition.(a) Each employee shall wear a long sleeve shirt (sleeves rolled down and/or buttoned), long pants and workboots at all times.(b) Employees exposed to the hazards of flames or electrical arcs shall wear approved flame resistant (FR)long sleeve shirts (sleeves rolled down and/or buttoned) or other FR clothing as required. Syntheticclothing (For example: acetate, nylon, polyester and rayon) other than FR designated clothing, will not beused under any circumstances. All undergarments worn will be made of natural fibers.(c) Employees working in areas where there is a possible danger of head injury from impact, falling or flyingobjects, electrical shock and burns, or where specifically posted, shall be protected by the appropriate classhard hat ANSI Z89.1. (Class E)1.12Intoxicants(a) Use of intoxicants or illegal drugs by any employee during working hours is prohibited, any violation willbe sufficient cause for dismissal.(b) Any employee reporting for duty while under the influence of intoxicants or illegal drugs shall not beallowed to assume their duties.6

1.13Smoking(a) Employees shall not smoke in proximity to flammable liquids, explosives or gases, or where "No Smoking"signs are displayed.(b) Matches, cigars, cigarettes, tobacco or other substances must not be discarded while still burning exceptwhen placed in a proper receptacle or otherwise disposed of safely.(c) All matches or other sources of ignition shall be removed from the person of any employee before enteringan explosive or combustible area.(d) Smoking shall not be permitted in areas indicated as danger zones or areas closed by federal, state, countyor city officers.(e) Smoking shall not be permitted in fire areas and/or during Red Flag conditions except in designatedsmoking areas or in a 10’ clearing which is void of all grasses and vegetation.1.14First Aid(a) Employees shall maintain current certification in both First Aid and CPR. Certifications must be equal tothat provided by the American Red Cross, Coyne First Aid or MSHA and may not be obtained through anon-line provider.(b) Employers shall provide First Aid kits which meet area regulatory requirements and shall be maintainedand readily available to all employees.1.15What to Do When an Incident or Accident OccursThe following rules covering the reporting and preliminary investigation of all incidents or accidents shall be strictlyobserved:(a) Injury to Employees.(1) When possible, at least one employee should stay with the injured person to render first aid suchas; controlling bleeding, applying artificial respiration and treating for the symptoms of shock,until medical attention is available.(2) When a serious injury to or death of an employee occurs while on duty, the first employee havingknowledge shall seek the help of Emergency Medical Services by the fastest means ofcommunications available.(b) Incident or Accident Investigation.(1) No equipment, machinery, tools or evidence of the incident or accident, shall be removed from thesite, unless a hazard or dangerous situation exists, until the Employer can secure accuratemeasurements, photographs and/or other vital information regarding the incident or accident.(2) It is the employers’ responsibility to notify the union of all serious incidents, accidents or fatalitieswithin 24 hours.(c) Automobile Incidents or Accidents.7

In all incidents or accidents involving the operation of an Employer vehicle, the Employee (driver) shallfollow all federal, state and local laws, as well as employer rules and policies.1.16Sight ProtectionApproved eye-protective devices are provided on jobs that require eye protection. Such devices should fit properly,be kept clean at all times, and shall be worn when an employee is engaged in, or in the vicinity of work involvingjobs where there is danger of eye injury and shall meet ANSI Z87.11.17Protection from Dusts, Fumes, Vapors or Gases, and Wildfire Smoke(a) Where it is impracticable to eliminate harmful quantities of dusts, fumes, vapors or gases, every employeein the zone of contamination must be protected in a manner that will ensure a supply of clean air.Otherwise, only approved respiratory equipment used by properly trained and qualified employees shall beused.(b) When work is performed in areas where it can reasonably be anticipated that employees will be exposed towildfire smoke, the supervisor in charge of the job shall:(1) Determine whether there are harmful levels of air borne particulate matter in the area by checkingthe Air Quality Index (AQI) prior to the start of work and periodically during the job. (AQI levelscan be determined by checking the U.S. EPA AirNow website)(2) If the AQI for particulate matter is 150 or higher, employees must be provided respirators such asN95 masks for voluntary use.1.18PoisonsBefore handling poisonous, infectious, or corrosive substances, such as acids, solvents, leads, etc., employees shouldthoroughly familiarize themselves with the hazards involved and utilize all necessary precautions, protective devicesand/or equipment.1.19ExplosivesOnly authorized and experienced employees shall handle explosives, and then only in accordance with approved andlawful methods.1.20Lights(a) No artificial light, except an Employer issued light or an approved explosion-proof fixture, shall be usednear escaping gas, gasoline, or other flammable vapors, or when entering a room or enclosure suspected ofcontaining an explosive atmosphere.(b) Dark places, such as basements, cellars, etc., shall not be entered without proper light; the use of matches orother open flames is strictly forbidden.(c) When workers are working at night, adequate lighting shall be provided by the Employer.1.21Gasoline(a) Gasoline shall be stored, handled and transported only in approved containers, and extreme care must beused at all times to prevent ignition. In addition, employees shall familiarize themselves with and observelocal ordinances relative to such storage.8

(b) When pouring or pumping gasoline from one container to another, contact shall be maintained between thepouring and receiving containers.1.22Fire Protection(a) Employees shall be familiar with instructions relating to fire prevention and suppression, and with thelocation and use of all firefighting equipment in the location where they are regularly employed.(b) All fire apparatus shall be maintained in serviceable condition and accessible at all times.(c) Carbon tetrachloride fire extinguisher shall not be used.1.23Welding, Metalizing, Soldering and Use of Open Flames(a) Open flames shall not be brought near to, welding processes, brazing, flame cutting, or soldering done onany empty container, tank, or other vessel which has, or may have, previously contained a flammable orexplosive substance.(b) Welding processes, flame cutting, brazing, metalizing, soldering and the use of open flames on vesselssubject to possible ignition of contents, shall be done in accordance with approved procedures by fullyqualified personnel who shall observe the following additional precautions:(1) Keep away from vessel openings as far as possible.(2) Provide suitable fire protection equipment adjacent to the work.(3) Hazardous areas shall be designated by signs and protected by approved barricades as required.(c) It shall be the responsibility of the welder to see that, where practical, screens are properly placed toprevent eye injury to fellow workers and on-lookers. Helpers shall wear suitable eye protection whenassisting in welding.(d) Whenever lead, cadmium, galvanized or other toxic fume producing material is welded, burned orotherwise heated to such a degree that fumes from the metal or its fluxes are generated, the work shall beventilated so that the workers performing the operation are not exposed to hazardous concentrations offumes, or the workers shall be protected by approved respiratory equipment. If respiratory equipment isrequired to protect workers performing the operation, the following additional precautions shall beobserved:(1) Sufficient ventilation shall be provided for the protection of others to prevent accumulations ofharmful quantities of fumes in the work area; or(2) The operation shall be isolated; or(3) The work shall be performed outdoors, in such a location that fumes will not enter any building inharmful quantities.(e) The use of open flames in battery rooms is prohibited except under the direct supervision of qualified andexperienced personnel, and then only after the room has been well ventilated.9

1.24Compressed Gases(a) Oil or grease shall not be allowed to come in contact with valves, regulators, or any other parts of oxygencylinders or apparatus. (Oxygen contacting

(e) Smoking shall not be permitted in fire areas and/or during Red Flag conditions except in designated smoking areas or in a 10' clearing which is void of all grasses and vegetation. 1.14 First Aid (a) Employees shall maintain current certification in both First Aid and CPR. Certifications must be equal to