Transcription

U T A H N S’V I S I O NF O R2 05 0ENERGYYour Utah,Your Future

TA B L E O F C O N T E N T SIntroduction4Vision forEnergy5Where We AreToday9People andProcess13Utahns’ Values17ScenarioSummaries23Survey Results27RecommendedStrategies37

U T A H N S’V I S I O NF O R2050ENERGY

Y O U R 3U T A H , Y O U R F U T U R EPROCESSUTA H IS GR OW I NG .U TA H N S ’VA L U E S11 TOPICSUtahns’ values guided theselection of 11 topicscritical to the futureof Utah.TODAY2050There arethree millionpeople living inUtah.By 2050 there will be5.4 million—thepopulation will nearlydouble in 35 years!T H AT M E A N S2 x theHOMESJOBSSKIERSCARSSTUD E N TS F O O DOUR GOALH EL P U TAH N S C RE AT E AVIS ION FOR UTAH ’ S F U T U R EACTION TEAMSValues studies told us notjust what Utahns careabout, but why they careabout those things.Experts from across thestate studied the topics andhelped shape potentialscenarios for the future.SCENARIOS8 ACTION TEAMSOF 400 EXPERTS WORKED FOR 18MONTHS TO DEVELOP POTENTIALSCENARIOS FOR UTAH’S GROWTHACROSS EACH TOPIC.Y O U R U TA H , Y O U R F U T U R E S U R V E Y53,000 UTAHNSWEIGHED IN ON EACH TOPIC ANDEACH SCENARIO, TELLING USWHAT THEY WANT UTAH TOLOOK LIKE IN 2050.VISION FOR 2050A COMBINATIONO F S U R V E Y R E S U LT S , VA L U E S ,A N D AC T I O N T E A M I N P U TFORMED A VISION FORU TA H ’ S F U T U R E .

4U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YINTRODUCTIONEnerg y is a part of ourE N E R G Y I S E S S E N T I A L F O R P O W E R I N G A N D H E AT I N G U TA H ’ Sdaily lives, but Utahnsthat energy comes from can have significant impacts on household anddon’t take it for granted.Utahns want energ y thatH O M E S A N D B U S I N E S S E S . How much energy Utahns use and wherebusiness costs, on air quality and other environmental factors, and on thereliability of the energy supply. Utahns want low energy costs and cleanerair, so they can worry less about their health and finances, enjoy a higheris clean, affordable, andquality of life, and have peace of mind. They desire to be better stewardsreliable.limit their energy supply’s vulnerability to disruption and ensure Utah canof the environment by using fewer natural resources. They also want toproduce enough energy to meet its own needs.W H E N I T CO M E S TO E N E R G Y , U TA H N S WA N T TO B A L A N C EDIVERSITY IN SUPPLY, CLEANER SOURCES, HIGHERE F F I C I E N C Y , A N D L O W E R CO S T S . Currently, Utah uses natural gasfor home and water heating, while the majority of the electricity generationcomes from coal. However, as electricity generation moves away from coaldue to environmental regulations, use of natural gas will increase. Utahnswould like to draw from a diverse supply of energy sources, including morerenewable forms of energy, while still using natural gas to provide the baseload. In addition to diversifying Utah’s energy supply, Utahns want to meetfuture energy needs, improve air quality, and save money through moreconservation and energy efficiency in homes and buildings.

5YO U RU TA H ,YO U RF U T U R EVISION FORENERGY

6U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YTHE VISIONUtahns envision using energy that isclean, affordable, and reliable. They seea future where energy costs remain lowfor households and businesses. Theyalso envision clean energy production,using natural gas and renewable sourcesthat are produced responsibly. Utahnswant to use the state’s many and diverseenergy resources to supply its own energyneeds, without being susceptible todisruption. As Utah grows, Utahns envisiona significant portion of future energydemand being met through energyefficiency and conservation.

7GOALS1Significantly reduce the amount of energyconsumed by each Utahn.2Diversify energy sources by using Utah’smany resources.3Improve energy self-sufficiency as thepopulation grows.4Keep household and business energy costslow.5Limit environmental impacts of fuel andenergy production where feasible.6Limit the amount of air pollution caused byenergy production and consumption.7Build and maintain strong, diverseeconomies throughout the state, includingin energy-producing areas.

8U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YK E Y S T R AT E G I E S1Increase energy conservation and efficiency.2Transition to natural gas and renewablesources as coal is phased out due toenvironmental regulations.3Expand use of renewable energy sourcesbut not to a point where energy storage forrenewables dramatically increases cost.4Promote economic development andself-sufficiency by expanding responsibledevelopment of fossil fuel and renewableenergy sources.For more details on these and other strategies, see the Recommended Strategies section beginning on p. 37.

9B A C K G R O U N D:WHERE WEARE TODAY

10U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YENERGY HAS A WIDE-RANGINGlowest in the nation at about 10.72 cents per kilowattIMPACT ON UTAH’S PROSPERITY ANDhour (kWh). In comparison, the price for electricity isQUALITY OF LIFE.New York. Our comparatively low energy costs keep17.05 cents/kWh in California and 19.46 cents/kWh inhousehold costs low and make the state attractive toEnergy expenses contribute to Utahns’ cost of livingbusinesses and industries.and their ability to save money or spend it on otherneeds. Air quality and environmental health areAs Utah’s population doubles, its energy needs willaffected by energy production and consumption. Ifincrease. Utah will likely use significantly more naturalenergy supplies are not reliable, energy disruptionsgas for electricity, for space and water heating in homesare more likely to occur and have detrimental effectsand commercial buildings, and for industrial uses.on Utahns’ businesses and lives. In addition, energyHow much we diversify our energy mix and developdevelopment and production can provide Utah withalternative resources will affect energy reliability,more jobs and tax revenue.household costs, economic development, and, ofcourse, the environment.Utah is an energy-rich state. The state has reservesof natural gas and coal, as well as the potential togenerate renewable energy supplies from solar, wind,and geothermal sources. Because Utah produces moreenergy than it consumes, surplus energy is exported. In2011, 31% of all energy produced in Utah was exported,including 27% of the state’s generated electricity. TheUtah Office of Energy Development estimates that in2013, the market value of Utah’s energy sources andrenewable electricity was 5.3 billion.COALToday, most of Utah’s electricity is generated fromcoal-fired power plants, but Rocky Mountain Power isincreasing the use of other energy sources like naturalgas and renewables such as wind and solar. No coalfired power plant has been built in Utah in the lastquarter century. There are no plans to build any newcoal plants, and those that exist are planned to beretired or renovated to operate on natural gas. Powerplants fired by fossil fuels are currently the largestMost Utah communities are customers of Rockysource of carbon-dioxide (CO2) emissions in the U.S.,Mountain Power and receive their electricity fromaccounting for 38% of the U.S.’s total greenhousepower generation facilities in several states. Currently,gas emissions in 2013. Natural gas plants producethe price of residential electricity in Utah is among thesubstantially less CO2 emissions than do coal plants.

11N AT U R A L G A SThe natural gas industry in Utah is growing, partlybecause the electric power sector is transitioning awayfrom coal. Utah ranked tenth in the nation in naturalgas production in 2012. Of the natural gas consumedin Utah in 2013, the residential sector used 35%, electricpower generation used 25%, the commercial sectorused 21%, and the industrial sector used 19%. The priceof natural gas in Utah remains low compared to therest of the nation, with residential natural gas costingan average of 8.55 per thousand cubic feet in 2013.R E N E WA B L E SUtah has excellent potential to develop energyfrom a variety of renewable sources, many of whichare concentrated in the southern part of the state.Renewable energy sources currently provide asmall percentage of the state’s total net electricitygeneration—less than 4%—but Utah has a voluntaryRenewable Portfolio Standard, which says that by 2025,20% of retail electricity sales should come from costeffective, renewable sources. Utah has great solar resources, particularly in thesouthern part of the state. Today, solar energy isprimarily produced through distributed generation(meaning it is made at the same site it is used) in theform of solar panels on homes and other buildings.Though solar power currently represents a smallfraction of Utah’s electricity generation, there issignificant potential for larger, utility-scale projects.The Bureau of Land Management has identifiedthree solar energy zones suitable for energyproduction in Beaver and Iron Counties. Utah has several utility-scale wind projects. The bestwind resources are concentrated in the southwest,but other locations scattered throughout the statehave good, though limited, potential to producewind energy. Utah is one of just six states with developable, utilityscale geothermal resources. Utah currently has about70 megawatts of geothermal capacity installed.Drilling to confirm that the resources can bedeveloped into energy could be expensive, however,so future development may be modest. While hydroelectric facilities currently generate thelargest percentage of renewable energy used in Utah,new hydro projects are unlikely to be developedfurther because of environmental concerns. However,there is some potential for small “micro-hydro”projects to generate power in canals, water lines, orother water sources.NUCLEARThe Utah Office of Energy Development is evaluatingthe state’s potential to produce nuclear energy, whileconsidering factors such as safety, water needs, wastedisposal, size of the plant, rail access, transportation ofspent nuclear fuel, and public perception.

12U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YENERGY SOURCES AND CONSUMPTIONWhat energy sources we use in UtahWho uses our energy in Utah2%15%20%31%47%20%36%29%Natural GasResidentialCoalTransportationCrude OilIndustrialHydroelectric, wind,Commercialgeothermal, biomass, solarSource: U.S. Energy Information Administration

13H O WW EC R E AT E DAV I S I O N:PEOPLE ANDPROCESS

14U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YTO CREATE A VISION FOR THE FUTURE OF ENERGY IN UTAH, A TEAM OF EXPERTS GATHEREDOVER A TWO-YEAR PERIOD TO SHARE KNOWLEDGE AND EXTENSIVELY RESEARCH ANDDISCUSS OPTIONS. Members of the Energy Action Team were selected by Governor Gary Herbert and EnvisionUtah to represent a spectrum of professional experience and political affiliations. Team members included utilityexperts, legislators, and other energy specialists from across the state. From 2013 to 2015, the action team met toidentify Utahns’ choices related to energy, create scenarios for public input, and synthesize a vision for the future. Theprocess of creating this vision also included the following components:1 A 2014 values study. This study was conducted byhave. More than 3,000 people across Utah gave inputHeart Mind Strategies to identify (1) what factorsthrough the app, and the information gatheredUtahns view as affecting their quality of life the mostindicates that Utahns want to:and (2) the underlying emotions and values tied tothose factors. The study concluded that Utahns wantthe cost of energy to be low but are also concerneda)Lower carbon emissions.b)Increase energy efficiency and conservationmeasures.c)Set aside land for future substations, transmissionlines, and other infrastructure.d)Do more to reduce their personal use of energy.about how energy production and consumptionwill affect the air quality and environment. (Moreinformation on the values study can be found in theUtahns’ Values section on p. 17.)2 The “Build Your 2050 Utah” web app. This app allowed3 Analysis and projections. Using the best informationUtahns to identify what factors concerning energycurrently available, analysis was conducted to modelare most important to them and to visualize in anpossible effects resulting from changes to Utah’sinteractive module the effect certain decisions wouldenergy source mix.The action team used this information to create three different scenarios for the future of energy in Utah. The threescenarios differed in the amounts of natural gas, renewables, and nuclear power used to generate electricity. Thesevariations resulted in changes to household costs, pollutants, amount of water used, need for energy storage, andother outcomes. These scenarios (p. 23) were presented to the public in the Your Utah, Your Future survey in spring2015, and 52,845 Utahns weighed in.After receiving public input on the three energy scenarios, the action team met to frame a vision, including goalsand strategies, to achieve what Utahns said they wanted for energy in 2050.

15ACTION TEAMMEMBERSCHAIRSRONALD W.JIBSONRICHARDWA L J EPresident and CEO,Questar CorporationPresident and CEO,Rocky Mountain Power

16U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YRon AllenJeff DuncanCurt OdaUtah Public Service CommissionAnadarko Petroleum CorporationUtah House of RepresentativesRoger BarrusBryson GarbettChris ParkerUtah House of RepresentativesGarbett HomesUtah Division of Public UtilitiesMichele BeckJennifer GardnerSelma SierraUtah Department of CommerceUtah Office of Energy DevelopmentUtah State UniversityRobert BehuninDavid HinkinsAmanda SmithUtah State UniversityUtah SenateUtah Department of Environmental QualityJosh BrownDoug HunterTo d d S t e v e n sRio TintoUtah Associated Municipal Power SystemsRenewable Tech VenturesKen BullockScott JenkinsC h a d Te p l yUtah League of Cities and TownsUtah SenateRocky Mountain PowerBob DalleySamantha JulianK e v i n Va n T a s s e l lDeseret PowerUtah Office of Energy DevelopmentUtah SenateLincoln DaviesTammie LuceroA l a n Wa l ke rUniversity of UtahUintah County Economic DevelopmentUtah Science, Technology, and ResearchGene DavisLaura NelsonSarah WrightUtah SenateUtah Office of Energy DevelopmentUtah Clean Energy

17W H YE N E R G YM A T T E R S:U TA H N S ’VALUESIn 2014, Envision Utah conducted a statewidevalues study to identify (1) what factors Utahns viewas affecting their quality of life the most and(2) the underlying emotions and values tied tothose factors.

18U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YUTAHNS WANTENERGY THAT ISCLEAN, AFFORDABLE,AND RELIABLE.Utahns value low energy costs. Lowering household energy costs allowsUtahns to save money or spend more on other needs and to decrease theamount of time spent working to earn money to pay bills. Working less andsaving money, in turn, gives Utahns more time to do activities they enjoy,such as spending time with families and friends. Ultimately, affordableenergy contributes to Utahns having a higher quality of life and a greaterdegree of happiness and peace of mind.Utahns also value alternative or renewable energy sources that use fewernatural resources and contribute to cleaner air and a cleaner environment.Using renewable resources not only allows Utahns to feel like betterstewards, but clean air and a clean environment also contribute to betterphysical and mental health.In addition, rural residents link energy production to economicdevelopment and an affordable cost of living, which in turn lead to thedevelopment of stronger communities and increased opportunities fortheir children to stay in Utah. This also contributes to a sense of financialand personal security.

19ENERGY ANDPEACE OF MINDPEACE OF MIND/HAPPINESS/FREEDOMT I M E W I T H FA M I L Y A N D F R I E N D S /QUALITY OF LIFEDO OTHER THINGSLOWER ENERGY COSTS“Lower energy costs allow me to do otherthings with my time rather than work to paythe bills. This gives me time to spend withfamily and friends and improves my qualityof life, ultimately giving me a sense offreedom, happiness, and peace of mind.”

20U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YENERGY ANDS T E WA R D S H I PPROTECT PLANET/ENJOY LIFE/LONGEVITYB E T T E R S T E WA R D S / B E T T E RHEALTH/LESS WORRYU S E F E W E R N AT U R A L R E S O U R C E S /HEALTHY AIR AND ENVIRONMENT/ENJOY THE OUTDOORSM O R E A L T E R N AT I V E E N E R G Y S O U R C E S“I want alternative or renewable energysources that use fewer natural resources andhave less of an impact on air quality and theenvironment. This makes me feel like a bettersteward so I worry less about my health andthe health of my state.”

21ENERGY ANDRURAL SECURITYPERSONAL ANDFINANCIAL SECURITYSTRONG COMMUNITIES/C H I L D R E N S TAYAFFORDABLE COST OF LIVINGJOBS/ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTRELIABLE ENERGY SOURCES“I value energy sources that are reliable andprovide a source of economic development.Reliable energy leads to an affordable cost ofliving and strong communities, which give mea sense of personal and financial security.”(This value is particularly strong in ruralUtah.)

23C H O I C E SF O RT H EF U T U R E :SCENARIOSUMMARIESThe following scenarios wererenewables, and other outcomes.43% OF UTAHNS SELECTEDcreated by the Energy Action TeamBecause the action team could notTHE SCENARIO PRESENTEDto represent possible outcomes forforesee a future with significantIN ALLOSAURUS, BONNEVILLEenergy in 2050. The primary variablepower production from coal, noneTROUT, AND SEAGULL.that was modified in each scenarioof the scenarios included substantialwas the source mix for electricitycoal-fired electrical generation. Thegeneration. The percentage ofscenarios were presented to theenergy generated from naturalgas, renewables, and nuclearpublic as part of the Your Utah, YourFuture Survey in the spring of 2015.was adjusted in each scenario,The scenarios were titled Allosaurus,resulting in changes to householdBonneville Trout, Seagull, Quakingcosts, pollutants, amount of waterAspen, and Sego Lily (the stateused, need for energy storage forfossil, fish, bird, tree, and flower).

24U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YALLOSAURUS,BONNEVILLE TROUT,AND tural gas, some renewables30% less electricity use per person3% increase in household costBy 2050, the primary source of our increase from what we pay todayelectricity transitions from coal to naturalgas due to environmental rules concerning emissions from coal-fired power plants.Utahns use 30% less electricity per personthan today as a result of energy efficiency 29% decrease in air pollutants suchas NOx and SO2 (emissions primarilyoccur outside Wasatch Front.)produces about half of the electricity 76% decrease in the amount of waterused to produce electricityand solar, increase to about a fourth. Thisscenario reflects Rocky Mountain Power’s42% decrease in carbon dioxideemissionsand conservation measures. Natural gaswe use, and renewables, such as windHousehold costs remain low; only 3% Heavier reliance on one fuel source—most recent projections and is based onnatural gas—makes us susceptible tothe most economical resource mix.energy supply disruption and pricespikes

25QUAKING ASPENSCENARIONuclearRenewables22%Natural gas, renewables, nuclearNaturalGas20%22%30% less electricity use per person12% increase in household costBy 2050, Utah is as self-reliant as possible 12% increase from what we pay todayand produces most of the energy thatwe consume. Renewable energy sources, nuclear power, and natural gas eachproduce about a third of our electricity.Because we produce energy locally and 82% decrease in air pollutants suchas NOx and SO2 (emissions primarilyoccur outside Wasatch Front.)able to withstand fluctuations in energy 20% decrease in the amount of waterused to produce electricity30% less electricity per person than theyare today as a result of energy efficiency65% decrease in carbon dioxideemissionsfrom a variety of sources, we are bettersupply and cost. By 2050, Utahns are usingHousehold costs are slightly higher; and conservation measures.More diverse fuel sources make Utahless susceptible to supply disruptionand price spikes Transportation and storage ofhazardous nuclear waste required Land needed for new powertransmission line corridors

26U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YSEGO LILYSCENARIORenewables35%Renewables, natural gas, energy storageNaturalGas35%30% less electricity use per person58% increase in household costBy 2050, the amount of our electricity Household costs increaseproduced by wind, solar, geothermal,significantly; 58% increase from whatand other renewable sources increaseswe pay todayto about half, while natural gas provides the other half. Because renewable sourceslike wind and solar are intermittent (thewind doesn’t always blow and the sunemissions occur outside Wasatch Front.)energy through batteries, compressed More land needed for wind and solarfarmstechnology develops. By 2050, Utahnsare using 30% less electricity per person83% decrease in the amount of waterused to produce electricityrelatively limited, expensive, and inefficienttoday but may improve in the future as76% decrease in air pollutants suchas NOx and SO2 (emissions primarilydoesn’t always shine), we must store theair energy storage, etc. Energy storage is54% decrease in carbon dioxide More diverse fuel sources make Utahthan they are today as a result of energyless susceptible to supply disruptionefficiency and conservation measures.and price spikes. Land needed for new powertransmission line corridors

27YO U RU TA H ,YO U RF U T U R ESURVEYRESULTSIn April and May 2015, 52,845 Utahns shared their voice through the YourUtah, Your Future survey. Participants chose their favorite scenarios for energyand other topics. After choosing their favorite scenarios, survey participantshad the option to answer a series of questions to prioritize energy amongother issues, determine the most important outcomes of energy generation,and identify how willing they would be to accept certain tradeoffs for differentsources of energy. The survey results were cross-checked against a randomsample survey to ensure they represented the desires and opinions of Utahns.

28U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G Y123W H AT U TA H N S W A N TFOR ENERGYW H Y U TA H N SWA N T I TW H AT U TA H N S A R EWILLING TO DOMore Utahns chose the scenarioUtahns want energy that is clean,Utahns are willing to have a diversepresented in Allosaurus, Bonnevillereliable, and affordable. Utahnsenergy portfolio that balances allTrout, and Seagull than choseplaced most importance onthe benefits and concerns of energyany other scenario. This scenariominimizing air pollution, followedproduction. They are willing to useemphasized low cost and aby minimizing CO2 emissions andmore of Utah’s land for renewablereliance on natural gas, though itlimiting our vulnerability to supplyenergy production and for naturalalso included using substantiallydisruption. Though householdgas wells as long as it’s done inmore renewable energy thancost was a key factor in whichan environmentally responsibletoday. A significant numberscenario people voted for, limitingmanner. However, Utahns are notalso chose the Quaking Aspenhousehold costs was ranked thewilling to have more air pollutionscenario, which included anfourth most important outcomeand CO2 emissions, and they areenergy mix of not only natural gasby the 52,845 survey participants.very unwilling to be vulnerable toand renewables, but also nuclearRespondents to the random-energy supply disruptions or pricepower. Fewer were interested insample survey, however, rankedspikes caused by an over reliance onthe Sego Lily scenario, in whichlimiting household costs second,a single energy source. They are alsorenewables increased to about halfnot fourth.hesitant to incur significant energyenergy storage and thereforeRural residents were morehigher renewable energy production.significantly increasing costs.concerned about vulnerability toLastly, Utahns are unwilling to acceptsupply disruption than they werenuclear energy because of the risksabout any other outcome.of accidents and waste storage.of Utah’s energy sources, requiringstorage costs resulting from much

29W H AT U TA H N S W A N T43%36%23%Natural gas and renewables;3% cost increaseNatural gas, renewables, andnuclear; 12% cost increaseRenewables, natural gas, energystorage; 58% cost increaseAllosaurus, BonnevilleTrout, and SeagullQuaking AspenSego Lily

30U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YW H AT U TA H N S W A N T(RANDOM-SAMPLE RESULTS)53%30%17%Natural gas and renewables;3% cost increaseNatural gas, renewables, andnuclear; 12% cost increaseRenewables, natural gas, energystorage; 58% cost increaseAllosaurus, BonnevilleTrout, and SeagullQuaking AspenSego LilyA random-sample survey of 1,264 Utahns was also conducted as part of the 52,845 public responses. The publicresponses and the random-sample survey results were virtually identical across all topics. However, in the randomsample survey, the preference for the Allosaurus, Bonneville Trout, and Seagull energy scenario increased from 43%to 53%.In addition, in the larger outreach survey, rural residents chose the energy scenario in Allosaurus, Bonneville Trout,and Seagull in a greater amount (52%) than those in urban or semi-rural areas.

31W H Y U TA H N S W A N T I T( O R W H AT O U T C O M E S U TA H N S E X P E C T F R O M E N E R G Y )Survey participants were asked to allocate 100 points across these outcomes based on which they considered most important.22%19%17%Minimizing how much airpollution happens (primarilyoutside the Wasatch Front)when we produce electricityMinimizing how much carbondioxide (a greenhouse gas thatis implicated in climate change)is emitted when we produceelectricityLimiting our energysupply’s vulnerability todisruption16%15%12%Limiting how much eachhousehold needs to spend forenergyMinimizing how muchwater we use to produceelectricityEnsuring nuclear powerproduction doesn’t happenin Utah

32U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YW H AT U TA H N S A R E W I L L I N G T O D OT O I N C R E A S E N AT U R A L G A S P R O D U C T I O NMore land will need to be used for natural gas wells,which have environmental impacts.34%There will be more air pollution emissions in rural Utah (where theenergy is produced) than if we used other energy sources, but fewerthan today, because today we are primarily using coal for electricity.31%23%20%22%16%16%16%11%10%Not At AllSomewhatVeryNot At WillingThere will be more carbon dioxide emissions than if weused other energy sources, but fewer than today, becausetoday we are primarily using coal for our electricity.We will be vulnerable to supply disruption/pricespikes because of reliance on a single energy sourcethat is shipped throughout the country.34%30%31%20%24%23%15%10%8%4%Not At AllSomewhatVeryNot At Willing

33W H AT U TA H N S A R E W I L L I N G T O D OTO I N C R E A S E R E N E WA B L E E N E R G Y P R O D U C T I O NWe will need to use some of our land for renewableenergy production facilities like wind and solar farms,which will have environmental impacts.Household energy costs will increase.35%26%34%26%20%15%15%6%16%7%Not At AllSomewhatVeryNot At Willing

34U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YW H AT U TA H N S A R E W I L L I N G T O D OFOR NUCLEAR POWER PRODUCTIONThere will be some risk of a nuclear accident, as wellas the need to store nuclear waste.We will use more water to produce our electricity,which means we will have to spend more on waterstorage and delivery infrastructure, which createenvironmental impacts.37%30%25%25%20%17%12%14%Not At AllSomewhatVeryWillingWillingWilling12%9%Not At AllSomewhatVeryWillingWillingWilling

35W H AT U TA H N S A R E W I L L I N G T O D O T O I M P R O V EA I R Q U A L I T Y T H AT W O U L D A F F E C T E N E R G Y U S EBuild energy efficient homes and businesses with less pollutingappliances and higher upfront cost but with overall savings.47%25%19%4%5%Not At AllSomewhatVeryWillingWillingWilling

36U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G YO U T C O M E S U TA H N S E X P E C T F R O M P U B L I C L A N D ST H AT I M P A C T E N E R G Y P R O D U C T I O N22%18%17%Maintaining andimproving ecosystem/watershed healthEnsuring Utah canproduce enough energy tomeet its own needsEnsuring we haveaccess for lowimpact recreation*15%11%11%6%Maximizing statewidejobs/economicdevelopmentEnsuring public landsare available forgrazing/agricultureMaximizing ruralUtah jobs/economicdevelopmentEnsuring we haveaccess for highimpact recreation*For complete results, see Public Lands

37R E A L I Z I N GT H EV I S I O N :RECOMMENDEDS T R AT E G I E S

38U TA H N S ’ V I S I O N F O R 2 0 5 0 E N E R G Y1Continue to encourage and expand conservation andenergy-efficiency measures.a)b)c)d)2Encourage people to conserve energy by turning off lights,unplugging appliances, adjusting thermostats, etc.Reduce the amount of heat that is lost or gained throughwindows, doors, roofs, and walls.Improve energy efficiency of features in homes and businesses,including: Lighting fixtures and controls Heating and air conditioning systems Water heating systems AppliancesProvide incentives to residential, business, and industrialconsumers to take greater conservation and energy-efficiencymeasures.Continually implement, revise, and update the state’sstrategic energy plan.a)Continue to develop a broad and balanced mix of energy sourcesthat makes use of Utah’s many resources.b)Integrate and optimize approaches to balancing energyproduction and demand.c)Add

generate renewable energy supplies from solar, wind, and geothermal sources. Because Utah produces more energy than it consumes, surplus energy is exported. In 2011, 31% of all energy produced in Utah was exported, including 27% of the state's generated electricity. The Utah Office of Energy Development estimates that in