Basic Installation GuideThis guide is intended to serve as an on-site aid for installation of Quad-Lock InsulatingConcrete Forms. The instructions contained in this guide relate to typical building details andare not meant to replace applicable building codes, project engineering, or safety regulations.Prior to starting your project, confirm local building codes for cast-in-place concreteconstruction for your building type, as well as local safety regulations. For more detailedinstructions, consult the Quad-Lock Installation Manual and applicable building codes.Quad-Lock Building .comBIG-03
1.Getting Started: General Tips Footings poured to within 1/4" of level will make the job much easier. Use alaser level to confirm accuracy of footings. When pouring footings, trowel the edges smooth where track will be laid.Clean excess concrete from around cleats that may obstruct track; ensurefooting dowels are installed per plans. Pre-plan access points for utilities and services. Install sleeves throughfootings and walls where necessary prior to pouring concrete. Organize all ICF and other materials on site to avoid delays. Place panelsand ties within easy reach around the entire build area. Pre-position corner brackets and pre-bent corner rebar at each corner for use. Note exact wall elevations and plan how to achieve them with ICF panels bycutting the first or last course to shorter height.2.Recommended Tools 12" Sliding Compound Miter Saw Extendable Utility Knives Laser Level Cordless Impact Driver Measuring Tapes: 25 & 100 ft. Hand Saws Pruning Shears Rebar Cutter/Bender 6 ft. Level Circular Power Saw Metal Shears Concrete Drill or PAT Nail Gun Personal Protection Equipment
3.Prepare Site & Perform Building Layout Clear ALL excess material & debris from footing installation Check footing elevations with a laser level; Note elevation issues on thefooting with felt pen for later reference Do not install vertical rebar at this point. Pre-position PVC pipe “collars” (1 1/2" to 2" dia. x 2" to 3" high) over eachdowel for later use in securing vertical rebar. Lay out walls using chalk lines; Note: Mark only outside building line and allowfor ICF panel thickness! Check the layout for square by pulling diagonal dimensions Mark all window & door centers, dimensions & sill heights4.Place Door Bucks Locate and mark door openings on strip footing Prebuild Door Bucks - for larger openings use vertical braces @ 2 feet o/cand horizontal bracing at 2 to 3 feet o/c. Diagonal corner braces help keep thedoor buck square during pour. Add shear fasteners to 3 sides Set into position on strip footing, plumb, square and brace into position Nail 2x spacer at bottom of buckto maintain correct doordimension during pour8 foot wide garage door requires2 or 3 horizontal braces and verticalbracing spaced at 2 feet O/CSingle door requires 2 horizontaland 1 vertical brace
5.Set Metal Track Pre position metal track along the entire footing (2 rows of track) Place outside track on chalk line (“building line”) Fasten track to footing at each end AND every 16" [400 mm] in-between;Double-check all fastening when finished Either fasten with a PAT nail gun or use “drill and pin” method Cut wood spacers to correctly position inside track apart from outside track Lay inside track against spacers & secure to footing Continue to place track with spacers and secureWood Spacer WidthSee Table BelowSTEP A. Drill Guide HoleSTEP B. Secure FastenerQuad-Lock Track Spacer WidthQuad-Lock Tie -222" & 2"3 11/16"5 11/16"7 11/16"9 11/16"11 11/16"13 11/16"2" & 2"5 11/16"7 11/16"9 11/16"11 11/16"13 11/16"R-283" & 3"3 15/16"5 15/16"7 15/16"9 15/16"11 15/16"R-302" & 4"3 11/16"5 11/16"7 11/16"9 11/16"11 11/16"R-384" & 4"3 11/16"5 11/16"7 11/16"9 11/16"R-38 TMO2" & 2"7 11/16"9 11/16"11 11/16"13 11/16"2" & 2"9 11/16"11 11/16"13 11/16"3" & 3"7 15/16"9 15/16"11 15/16"R-43If the strip footing is out of level: Refer to Installation Manual
6.Install Outside Corner Panels Start with an Ultra and an Ultra Corner Panel (3.125" Thick) to form theoutside of the Corner Standing inside the corner, Ultra Corner Panel on the left overlaps the UltraPanel on the right. See graphic below. Place Outside Corner Bracket over the knobs.211" Cutting MarkSee note belowReinforcement dowelsomitted for clarityIn case the factory made notched Corner Panels are notavailable: Use two standard full length Ultra Panels From the right Panel. Cut off 1" from the mating end (to make it 47" long) Continue as described aboveRefer to Quad-Lock Installation Manual for Waste-minimized cornersand corner assembly with Regular (2.25" thick) and Plus (4.25" thick)Panels.
7.Install Inner Corner Panels Use two full length Ultra Panels and cut off (concrete cavity 4") from matingends of each panel Left panel overlaps the right, Secure with Inside Corner Bracket on top Ensure factory panel ends are directly opposite one anotherCut off ends closest to cornerOffcut length (Cavity 4")Ensure Panel endsare alignedReinforcement dowelsomitted for clarity8.Place Corner Plastic Ties and Flanges Insert full ties as close as possible to corner with both flanges in Inside CornerBracket Cut flanges from full ties and insert into outside panels slots starting fromcorner skipping every second slot
9. Build All First-Course Corners / T-WallsBuild all 1st course panels for the following:CornersT-WallsAngled CornersRadius Walls10.Non-90 Angles Determine degrees of angle Cut each corner panel at 1/2 the total degrees For the outside panels, make the cut so it passes through center of 1stinterlock knob Angle Brackets are for outside panels only Maintain 2" layout positioning between inside and outside panels to allow fortie placementPlace split ties (single legs)right next to full ties
11.Build Odd Wall Lengths to a Common Seam If wall length does not fit the 2" increment a common seam is necessary Set full panels from corner or angle/T-wall and work towards middle of wall Cut last panel to fit leaving a 1/4" gap which continues to top of wall Place all first course ties over all deep grooves and panel to panel joints 1/4" GapPanel to panel joint12.Common seam jointSecond Course Corners Cut a Corner Panel in half - use notched side on the left and the second halfon the right. Overlap left over right just like on the first course. Place full length panels over joints created by the panels on the first coursecreating a 24" running bond pattern Inner corner panel length: from a 24" long piece cut off (4" cavity). Place all corner brackets, ties and flanges as in first course.Reinforcementomitted for clarity
13.Reinforcing Bar As described in Step 3, place 2" to 3" long x 1.5"diameter PVC pipe pieces over footing dowelswhich serve to later secure vertical bar that willbe slid down into wall Place horizontal rebar into tie cradles withproper overlap. Typically 24" but confirm withbuilding authority or the Engineer of Record(EOR) Horizontal bars should alternate side to side tosecure vertical bar (to be dropped in)14.Plumbing Considerations Plumbing lines less than 3" in diameter (for Ultra Panels) are placed into cutEPS and secured with sprayfoam AFTER concrete pour and after bracing isremoved. For larger vertical vents or drain lines, create a chase-way by ripping an oversized PVC pipe in half, lengthwise. Secure one “C” shaped half vertically intothe wall cavity as you stack the panels using tie-wire. (See diagram below)Mark the position of the chase on the panel face with a marker pen. Through wall penetrations are accomplished with PVC sleeves larger than theline intended to pass through the wall. Cut out EPS on either side and placea PVC sleeve through. Secure in place with sprayfoam. 16 gauge protection plate is required for plumbinglines that have less than 1.5" of clearancefrom the face of the EPS panels.
15.Stack Walls Continue stacking walls to 4 foot level Repeat panel pattern from 1st and 2nd course:1st, 3rd, 5th. rows should have same panel lengths & lined up vertically2nd, 4th, 6th. rows should also be identical Check corners for plumb regularly Ensure that ties are placed at 12" o/c maximum:Over all panel to panel joints andOver all deep grooves Ties and flanges should line up vertically regardless of the odd or even course Collect scrap panels and cut to either 12" or 24" or 36" lengths. Use scrap panels throughout - be sure to straddle the joints with full ties.16.Brick Ties and Heavy Duty Attachment Points If Brick finish is specified, insert brick ties at correct spacing. Heavy duty attachment points (for garage doors, stair stringers, orpremanufactured window wells) can be achieved in of the two ways:A. Simpson ICFVL brackets are placed through the EPSB. By cutting out 7.5" diameter holes in Ultra EPS panels. These holes areclosed off with plywood and filled up with concrete during pour
17.Window Openings Determine elevations for window openings Prebuild all window bucks with internal bracing to prevent deflection Leave space in sill to pour and vibrate Set into position and check for level & square Secure buck with windlocks & 4" longscrews (for Ultra Panels) Place a vertical brace eitherdown the center or two atends for larger openings. See the following sectionregarding bracinginstallation.18. Plumb, Straight, Square & Level (PSS&L)At the 4 foot level:STOP ALL INSTALLATION Check all walls for:PlumbAlignmentSquareLevelAccurate Dimensions Make adjustments as necessary
19.Install Bracing Attach wood or metal braces to Quad-Lock tie flanges with #10 screws Fasten braces into metal track and into every tie (12" o/c) Space braces at 5 to 6 feet o/c starting at 2 to 3 feet from inside corners Secure diagonal brace legs to ground or slab Adjust walls into plumb by adjusting the diagonal leg Set scaffold boards and railing T-walls and corners do notrequire extra bracingLoosely screw throughtop of slots to allow wallto settle during pourWood Bracewith TurnbuckleMetal BracePreferredLeave 0.25" to 0.5" gap between bottom of braceand strip footing for even settling of wall20.Continue Stacking Walls Build walls around window and door bucks Add additional reinforcement required around openings as specified Add penetrations for utilities as required Place horizontal rebar per specifications
21.Top of Wall Remove interlock knobs from top panels. Insert 4 Wire Top Ties per panel pair: one at either end and two in between Place 2", or 4" metal track over the Wire Top Ties. If using 3" Track, use 1x2 or1x4 spreaders at 24" o/c instead of Wire Top Ties Cut and lap track at corners. Secure corner overlap with a self tapping screw.Avoid coinciding track endsPlace 2 Wire Top Ties close to corner1 foot O/C thereafter22.Secure Common Seams Check corners for plumb and secure Cut straps out of 1x4’s to 24" lengths Screw 1x4’s to plastic ties across theseam with two screws on either end Place straps at every row and on bothsides of wall Close off the gap with low expansionsprayfoam23.Re-Check PSS&L Install string line around top courseof panels, space out by 3/4" Stretch tight and measure gap with 1x4 Adjust bracing turnbuckles as needed Check wall dimensions and plumbat corners
24.Ledger Brackets, Bolts & Beam Pockets If using Simpson ICFVL ledger brackets, determine elevation, cut slots in EPSpanels and insert legs into wall cavity If ledger board is to be attached via bolts, cut out min. 7.5" diameter holes (orsquare/rectangular keeping the width at min. 7.5") and insert ledger boardwith bolts pre-assembled. Support with vertical 2xs and secure to Quad-Lockplastic ties If the wall terminates with a sill plate on top, bolts will be inserted afterconcrete pour Install beam pockets/block-outs as required25.Place Vertical Rebar Precut all vertical rebar and place around perimeter ofwall Slide vertical bars down between alternating horizontalbars. Fit bottom end of vertical bar into pre-positionedPVC holder installed around footing dowels Secure with tie wire to top horizontal bar26.Order Concrete & Pump Calculate concrete usage with the chartbelow and schedule concrete delivery Specify ICF type mix with 6" slump and compressivestrength as per engineering specifications. Order 3/8"maximum aggregate. Order pump with 3" hoseor make sure a hosereducer is availableWith Ultra Panels, One Cubic Yard of Concrete Covers:54 square feeton 6" concrete core40.5 square feeton 8" concrete core32.4 square feeton 10" concrete core
27.Pour Day Assign crew to handle pump, place concrete, run vibrator, spot bottom of wallfor pour height and possible problems, and check for quality control Equipment needed: Bolts for sill plate, 1.25" pencil vibrators, trowels, water forcleaning, personal protection equipment Have plywood and lumber or metal bracing available to repair problem areas Place 2 to 3 foot maximum on first lift all around the building. Successive liftsto be between 3 and 4 feet. Vibrate with 1.25" pencil vibrator, insert through lifts and keep for 1 to 2seconds every 8" o/c. DO NOT OVER-VIBRATE Vibrate or shake rebar to clear buildup of concrete Pay close attention to consolidation around doors and windows Check for plumb straight square and level; and re-align walls with bracingturnbuckles To make minor adjustments to elevation, raise track and pin to foam panels Screed away excess concrete and trowel smooth Set anchor bolts at specified centers Recheck and adjust alignment Clean concrete from walls with hose or pressure washer Clean concrete from all metal bracing and walking boards Crew members should thoroughly wash hands and exposed skin areas28.Remove Bracing After sufficient curing, remove vertical braces and window & door bracing Fill gaps and holes with spray foam where foam panels may have beendamaged Rasp foam to level any areas where bowing may have occurred due toexcessive vibration DO NOT BACKFILL before floor is installed
29.Damp Proofing & Water Proofing Confirm local code requirements for below-grade water management in yourspecific area. All below grade walls for occupied spaces MUST be damp proofed at aminimum. Potential for saturated soils and hydrostatic pressure MAY trigger arequirement for water proofing. A well-designed and constructed footing drain is critical. NEVER route waterrunoff from roof gutters into footing drains, but rather into separate “tight-line”drains.Damp Proofing Isolate damp soils from walls by applying a plastic dimpled drainage matlayer over your ICF walls. Terminate drainage mat at grade level using atermination strip supplied by the drainage mat manufacturer. Roll-on emulsion damp proofing products (if compatible with EPS) areacceptable when combined with fabric mesh to span joints between ICFpanels.INDENT SILL PLATE FROMEXTERIOR OF QUAD-LOCK BYSHEATHING THICKNESSPARGING WITH WIRE MESHSCREWED INTO QUAD-LOCK TIEFLANGESFINISHING STRIP FORDRAINAGE/PROTECTION BOARDQUAD-LOCK ULTRA PANELQUAD-LOCK PLASTIC TIEPRIOR TO BACKFILL SECUREDRAINAGE BOARD TO QUAD-LOCKPLASTIC TIE FLANGES WITHMANUFACTURER SUPPLIEDWASHERSPEEL&STICK MAY BE USED AT THISTRANSITION (SEE WATERPROOFING DETAIL ON NEXT PAGE
Water Proofing For self-adhesive (“peel & stick”) membranes, prime the surface of the ICFwith a primer recommended by the membrane manufacturer. Pay attentionto temperature and moisture conditions. Clean the footing surface and applyprimer to it as well Pre-cut self-adhesive membrane to fit VERTICALLY from grade level tofooting, plus enough to wrap over edge of footing. When primer is adequately dry, immediately apply membrane from top of walldown. Peel away backing paper as you go.INDENT SILL PLATE FROMEXTERIOR OF QUAD-LOCK BYSHEATHING THICKNESSPARGING WITH WIRE MESHSCREWED INTO QUAD-LOCK TIEFLANGESQUAD-LOCK ULTRA PANELQUAD-LOCK PLASTIC TIEREINFORCED CONCRETE COREREINFORCEMENT OMITTED FORCLARITYQUAD-LOCK PEEL&STICK OREQUIVALENT (3” OVERLAP)PEEL&STICK OVERLAPS THESTRIP FOOTING Quad-Lock recommends that self adhesive membranes be protected againstbackfill materials.
General ChecklistBuilding lines are snapped on footings;q Take into account the EPS panel thickness!Steel reinforcing details and specifications checked; Crew members briefed onq placement detailsq Wall elevations confirmed; Ensure adequate brace & scaffold height.q Metal track thoroughly checked for secure fastening around entire perimeter.Ensure Quad-Lock Full Ties placed 12" [305mm] OC, horizontally, vertically andq flanges in corners.q Walls aligned and plumb, checked for square.q Vertical bracing strong-backs placed at maximum 6 ft. intervalsBraces secured to each tie flange 12" o.c. with fasteners specified by braceq manufacturer.Common seams secured with plywood cleats after corners are plumbed. Sprayq foam remaining gaps.Window and door rough opening sizes confirmed; Double check rough openingq dimensions and elevations. Electrical and plumbing supply entry points locatedqqand sleeves placedFloor elevations and finishes accounted for in placement of door openingelevationsWindow/Door buck-outs pre-built; Include flashings, water-stops, or any elements left in the wall for prevention of water-intrusionq Panels secured to internal buck-outs with screws and Wind-Locks (both sides).Openings checked for plumb, straight, square and level; Openings braced hori-q zontally and vertically. Window sills open to allow concrete pour & consolidation(Always pour sills first!)q Door & window lintel dimensions and reinforcement confirmed; Rebar securedPRIOR TO CONCRETE POURConfirm compressive strength on concrete order (psi or KPa) from plans or engi-q neering specifications.q Concrete aggregate size confirmed: 3/8" (10mm)q Pumping equipment on site with max 3" [76mm] hose (preferred)Concrete mix ordered at low slump (3" to 4" [75mm to 100mm]) with water. Addq plasticizer to increase slump (recommended minimum slump 6" [150mm]) atqqtime of pour).Concrete truck delivery spaced to allow time for placement and initial set of 1stlift.Adequate labor available for pour. Have working vibrators and cords in placeprior to beginning pour.
TERMS OF SALE, WARRANTY, DISCLAIMERSAll sales of Quad-Lock Products are subject to the Terms and Conditions ofSale as published on Quad-Lock’s website located at www.quadlock.com/terms at the time of sale, are the official terms and conditions of sale betweenQuad-Lock and the Buyer and may be amended from time to time withoutnotice at Quad-Lock’s sole discretion.Quad-Lock Building .com
Basic Installation Guide Quad-Lock Building Systems 1-888.711.5625 [email protected] www.quadlock.com BIG-03 This guide is intended to serve as an on-site aid for installation of Quad-Lock Insulating Concrete Forms. The instructions contained in this guide relate to typical building details and