APPENDIX ANSF Directorates andManagement OfficesThe Directorate for Biological Sciences(BIO) supports research programs rangingfrom the study of the structure anddynamics of biological molecules, such asproteins and nucleic acids, through cells,organs and organisms, to studies of popu lations and ecosystems. It encompassesprocesses that are internal to the organismas well as those that are external, andincludes temporal frameworks rangingfrom measurements in real time throughindividual life spans, to the full scope ofevolutionary times. Among the researchprograms BIO supports is fundamentalacademic research on biodiversity, envi ronmental biology, and plant biology,including providing leadership for theMultinational Coordinated ArabidopsisGenome Project.The Directorate for Computer andInformation Sciences and Engineering(CISE) supports research on the theoryand foundations of computing, systemsoftware and computer system design,human-computer interaction, as well asprototyping, testing and developmentof cutting-edge computing and com munications systems to address complexresearch problems. CISE also provides theadvanced computing and networkingcapabilities needed by academicresearchers for cutting-edge researchin all science and engineering fields.The Directorate for Education andHuman Resources (EHR) supports a cohe sive and comprehensive set of activitiesthat encompass every level of educationand every region of the country. EHRpromotes public science literacy and playsa major role in the Foundation’s long-standing commitment to developing ournation’s human resources for the scienceand engineering workforce of the future.Focus is placed on programs that encour age the participation and achievement ofgroups underrepresented in science andengineering. NSF-supported educationand training programs cover a broad spec trum—from supporting students andteachers to creating new ways of teachingand learning to assisting school districtsand other systems forge greater gains inlearning.The Directorate for Engineering (ENG)supports research and education activitiescontributing to technological innovationthat is vital to the nation’s economicstrength, security, and quality of life. ENGinvests in fundamental research on engi neering systems, devices, and materials,and the underpinning processes andmethodologies that support them.Emerging technologies—nanotechnology,information technology and biotechnol ogy—comprise a major focus of ENGresearch investments. ENG also makescritical investments in facilities, networks,and people to ensure diversity and qualityin the nation’s infrastructure for engineer ing education and research.The Directorate for Geosciences (GEO)supports research in the atmospheric,Earth, and ocean sciences. Basic researchin the geosciences advances our scientificknowledge of the Earth, and advances ourability to predict natural phenomena ofeconomic and human significance, such asclimate change, weather, earthquakes, fishstock fluctuations, and disruptive events inthe solar-terrestrial environment. GEO alsosupports the operation of national userfacilities.

APPENDIXESThe Directorate for Mathematical andPhysical Sciences (MPS) supports researchand education in astronomical sciences,chemistry, materials research, mathematicalsciences and physics. Major equipment andinstrumentation such as telescopes and par ticle accelerators are provided to supportthe needs of individual investigators. MPSalso supports state-of-the-art facilities thatenable research at the cutting edge of sci ence and research opportunities in totallynew directions.The Directorate for Social, Behavioral, andEconomic Sciences (SBE) supports researchto build fundamental scientific knowledgeabout human behavior, interaction, andsocial and economic systems, organizations,and institutions. SBE also facilitates NSF’sinternational activities by promoting part nerships between U.S. and foreignresearchers, enhancing access to criticalresearch conducted outside the UnitedStates and increasing knowledge of mutu ally beneficial research opportunitiesabroad. To improve understanding of thescience and engineering enterprise, SBE alsosupports science resources studies that arethe nation’s primary source of data on thescience and engineering enterprise.The Office of Polar Programs (OPP), whichincludes the U.S. Polar Research Programsand U.S. Antarctic Logistical SupportActivities, supports multidisciplinaryresearch in arctic and antarctic regions.These geographic frontiers—premier natu ral laboratories—are the areas predicted tobe the first affected by global change. Theyare vital to understanding the past, present,and future responses of Earth systems tonatural and man-made changes. OPP support provides unique research opportunitiesranging from studies of the Earth ice andoceans to research in atmospheric sciencesand astronomy.The Office of Budget, Finance, and AwardManagement (BFA) is headed by the ChiefFinancial Officer, who has responsibilityfor budget, financial management, grantsadministration, and procurement opera tions and related policy. Budget responsi bilities include the development of theFoundation’s annual budget, long-rangeplanning, and budget operations and con trol. BFA’s financial, grants, and otheradministrative management systems ensurethat the Foundation’s resources are wellmanaged and that efficient, streamlinedbusiness and management practices are inplace. NSF has been acknowledged as aleader in the federal research administrationcommunity, especially in its pursuit of apaperless environment that provides moretimely, efficient awards administration.The Office of Information and ResourceManagement (OIRM) provides informationsystems, human resource management, andgeneral administrative and logistic supportfunctions to the NSF community of scien tists, engineers, and educators, as well as tothe general public. OIRM is responsible forsupporting staffing and personnel servicerequirements for staff members includingvisiting scientists; NSF’s physical infrastruc ture; dissemination of information aboutNSF programs to the external community;and administration of NSF’s sophisticatedtechnological infrastructure, providing thehardware, software and support systemsnecessary to manage the Foundation’sgrant-making process and to maintainadvance financial and accounting systems.

APPENDIXESAPPENDIX BNSF Executive Staff and OfficersOffice of the DirectorRita R. Colwell, DirectorJoseph Bordogna, Deputy DirectorNational Science BoardWarren M. Washington, ChairGerard R. Glaser, Acting Executive OfficerOffice of Equal Opportunity ProgramsAna A. Ortiz, Program ManagerOffice of the General CounselLawrence Rudolph, General CounselOffice of the Inspector GeneralChristine C. Boesz, Inspector GeneralOffice of Integrative ActivitiesNathaniel G. Pitts, DirectorOffice of Legislative and Public AffairsCurtis Suplee, DirectorOffice of Polar ProgramsKarl A. Erb, DirectorDirectorate for Biological SciencesMary E. Clutter, Assistant DirectorDirectorate for Computer andInformationSciences and EngineeringPeter A. Freeman, Assistant DirectorDirectorate for Education and HumanResourcesJudith A. Ramaley, Assistant DirectorDirectorate for EngineeringEsin Gulari, Acting Assistant DirectorDirectorate for GeosciencesMargaret S. Leinen, Assistant DirectorDirectorate for Mathematical andPhysical SciencesJohn B. Hunt, Acting Assistant DirectorDirectorate for Social, Behavioral, andEconomic SciencesNorman M. Bradburn, Assistant DirectorOffice of Budget, Finance, and AwardManagementThomas N. Cooley, DirectorOffice of Information and ResourceManagementNathaniel G. Pitts, Acting DirectorNSF OfficersChief Financial OfficerThomas N. Cooley, Office of Budget,Finance, and Award ManagementChief Information OfficerLinda P. Massaro, Office of Informationand Resource ManagementAffirmative Action OfficerAna A. Ortiz, Office of Equal OpportunityProgramsAPPENDIX CNational Science Board MembersDuring FY 2002Eamon M. Kelly (Chair1)President EmeritusProfessorPayson Center for InternationalDevelopment and Technology TransferTulane UniversityWarren M. Washington (Chair2)Senior Scientist and Head, ClimateChange Research SectionNational Center for Atmospheric ResearchAnita K. Jones (Vice Chair1)Quarles Professor of Engineering andApplied ScienceDepartment of Computer ScienceUniversity of VirginiaDiana S. Natalicio (Vice Chair2)PresidentThe University of Texas at El PasoJohn A. ArmstrongVice President for Science and TechnologyIBM (Retired)Nina V. FedoroffWillaman Professor of Life SciencesDirector, Life Sciences ConsortiumDirector, Biotechnology InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityPamela A. FergusonProfessor of MathematicsFormer PresidentGrinnell CollegeMary K. GaillardProfessor of PhysicsLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryUniversity of California–Berkeley

APPENDIXESM.R.C. GreenwoodChancellor University of California–Santa Cruz Bob H. SuzukiPresident California State Polytechnic University Stanley V. JaskolskiVice President Eaton Corporation (Retired) Richard TapiaNoah Harding Professor of Computational and Applied Mathematics Department of Computational and Applied Mathematics Rice University George M. LangfordProfessor Department of Biological Science Dartmouth College Jane LubchencoWayne and Gladys Valley Professor of Marine Biology Distinguished Professor of Zoology Oregon State University Joseph A. Miller, Jr.Executive Vice PresidentChief Technology OfficerCorning, Inc.Robert C. RichardsonVice Provost for ResearchProfessor of PhysicsDepartment of PhysicsCornell UniversityMichael G. RossmannHanley Distinguished Professor of Biological Sciences Department of Biological Sciences Purdue University Vera C. RubinResearch Staff, AstronomyDepartment of Terrestrial MagnetismCarnegie Institution of WashingtonChang-Lin Tien3NEC Distinguished Professor ofEngineeringDepartment of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of California–BerkeleyJohn A. White, Jr.Chancellor University of Arkanasas–Fayetteville Mark S. WrightonChancellorWashington UniversityRita R. Colwell (Member Ex Officio)Director National Science Foundation Marta Cehelsky4Executive OfficerNational Science BoardGerard R. Glaser5Acting Executive OfficerNational Science BoardMaxine SavitzGeneral Manager Technology Partnerships Honeywell Corporation (Retired) Luis SequeiraJ.C. Walker Professor Emeritus Departments of Bacteriology and Plant Pathology University of Wisconsin–Madison Daniel SimberloffNancy Gore Hunger Professor of Environmental Science Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology University of Tennessee 1Till May 8, 20022From May 8, 20023Deceased October 29, 20024Through July 13, 20025From July 14, 2002

PHOTO CREDITSOn the CoverMacGillivray Freeman FilmsPage 18PhotoDiscPage 1MacGillivray Freeman FilmsPage 19DigitalVisionPage 2MacGillivray Freeman FilmsPage 20National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationPage 3Sam KittnerPage 7Labrenz/NSF CollectionPage 21, topRobert Stein, Michigan State University, andAake Nordlund, Astronomy Observatory, Copenhagen University.Calculations performed at the National Center forSupercomputing Applications, Michigan State University, and theUniversity of DenmarkPage 8Adam Block/National Optical AstronomyObservatory/Association of Universities for Research inAstronomy/National Science FoundationPage 21, bottomPage 9National Optical Astronomy Observatory/Associationof Universities for Research in Astronomy/National ScienceFoundationPage 16PhotoDiscPage 17U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServicePage 22Illustration copyright 2002 Lynette CookSam Castro, University of Wisconsin–MilwaukeePage 23Maxine Brown, Electronic Visualization Laboratory,University of Illinois at ChicagoPage 32, leftArizona State UniversityPage 32, rightAaron Spitzer/RPSCFiltered sunlight gives off a blue aura inside a fumarole (an ice tube formedaround a volcanic steam vent) atop Mt. Erebus, the Earth’s southernmost activevolcano, in Antarctica. The United States maintains three research stations onAntarctica. Since 1956, NSF has supported American scientists in their researchon the Antarctic and its interactions with the rest of the planet. These investiga tors and supporting personnel make up the U.S. Antarctic Program, whichcarries forward the nation's goals of supporting the Antarctic Treaty, fosteringcooperative research with other nations, protecting the Antarctic environment,and developing measures to ensure only equitable and wise use of resources.Pictured above is a tiny, hollow iridium wire used as a reaction vessel formaterials research. The wire is only a single millimeter in diameter, thehollow just over half a millimeter. Inside is yttrium aluminum garnet(YAG), an important component of lasers. NSF-supported researcher,Paul McMillan and members of the Arizona State University’s MaterialsResearch Group are using the wire in their research into new chemistryprocesses that involve the use of immense amounts of pressure tocompress materials and alter their molecular structure. McMillan hopesthat his research will lead to a better understanding of these processes,which are similar to those occurring in rocks and minerals deep withinthe Earth and other planets.

Recent TrendsThe following table summarizes several of NSF’s key workload and financial indicators.For the period FY 1999–2002, NSF’s expenses, administrative and management costs, andcompetitive proposals and awards all increased, reflecting the increase in NSF’s budget.However, over this period, the increase in staffing has been minimal. NSF propertyincreased substantially because of the Antarctic South Pole Station modernizationmultiyear project that is under way. NSF’s total assets increased mainly because of alarger cash balance with Treasury, which is also related to NSF’s budget increase.% ChangeFY 1999–2002FY 1999FY 2000FY 2001FY 2002Budget (Obligations) 3,690.54 M 3,948.43 M 4,532.32 M 4,774.06 M29.4%NSF Expenses(Net of Reimbursements) 3,366.42 M 3,484.51 M 3.698.14 M 4,132.27 M22.7% 177.05 M 189.32 M 213.72 M 230.58 M30.2%Number of Employees(Full-time equivalent,includes OIG)1,1891,2001,2201,2424.5%Competitive 92510,40613.2% 94,000 105,800 113,601 115,66623.0% 101.47 M 167.36 M 203.24 M 224.14 M120.9% 4,573.00 M 5,140.31 M 6,001.90 M 6,713.15 M46.8%Administration & Management(Obligations)Competitive AwardsAverage Annual Award SizeAverage Annual Award Duration(In Years)Property (PP&E, Net ofDepreciation)Total AssetsNote: FY 2002 budget obligation of 4,774.06M does not include Trust Funds, H–1B Nonimmigrant PetitionerReceipts, and upward adjustments of undelivered orders.

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EHR promotes public science literacy and plays . ally beneficial research opportunities abroad. To improve understanding of the . science and engineering enterprise. The Office of Polar Programs (OPP), which includes the U.S. Polar Research Programs and U.S. Antarctic Logistical Support Activities, supports multidisciplinary