Department of EducationCareer and Technical Education SectionFamily and Consumer Science Education UnitCurriculum GuideCosmetologyGrades 10 to 122019 - 2025Care

Table of ContentsACKNOWLEDGEMENTS . 2PREFACE 3FOREWORD 4RATIONALE . 5OVERVIEW OF THE SUBJECT – COSMETOLOGY . 5COURSE OUTLINE 6INDUSTRY PARTNERS RECOMMENDATIONS . 7POTENTIAL NATIONAL/INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATIONS . 7OVERARCHING GOALS . 7GENERAL OBJECTIVES: . 8STUDENT COMPETENCIES . 8TEACHER’S ASSESSMENT . 9Cross-curricular Integration . 1021st Century Competencies . 10Bloom’s Taxonomy . 10-11Overview of Topics .12-16Scope and Sequence .17-22GRADE TEN – TERM ONE and TERM TWO . 23Topic 10.1.1 Introduction to Cosmetology 23-24Topic 10.1.2 Health and Safety .25Topic 10.2.1 Hair Services .26-28GRADE ELEVEN – TERM ONE & TWO – Cosmetology . 29Topic 11.1.1 Properties of The Hair and Scalp 29-30Topic 11.2.2 Thermal Hairstyling 30Topic 11.2.3 Nail Care .30-32GRADE TWELVE – TERM ONE & TWO – Cosmetology . 33Topic 12.1.1 Texture Services 33-35Topic 12.2.1 Hair Cutting .35-36Topic 12.2.2 Hair Coloring .36Topic 12.2.3 Histology of The Skin .36Topic 12.2.4 Facials and Makeup .37Topic 12.2.5 The Salon Business .37-38Facility/Equipment/Teacher Standards .39-40Appendix A: National Skills Standards for Cosmetology .41-42Appendix B: Workplace Skills for the 21st Century .43-45CosmetologyPage 1 of 461/28/2021

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSWriting Team: Cosmetology Teachers – (C.V. Bethel, C.I. Gibson, Doris Johnson and R.M. Bailey HighSchool)Advisory Team:Sharon Ferguson – Senior Education Officer (Family and Consumer Science Studies)Raquel Turnquest – Assistant Education Officer (Family and Consumer Science Studies)Cosmetology Teachers – (C.V. Bethel, C.I. Gibson, Doris Johnson and R.M. Bailey High School)Standards for this document are based on information from the following organizations:National Skills Standards forCosmetologyMilady’s Standard Cosmetology, (2012). Clifton Park, NY:Thompson Delmar Learning. ( StandardsBahamas Ministry of Education – Bahamas High School DiplomaMississippi Department of Education – Curriculum CosmetologyAustralian Curriculum (Skills Sequence)Workplace Skills for the 21st Century: Ministry of Labour and Social Development (Bahamas) & osmetologyPage 2 of 461/28/2021

PrefaceCosmetology Research SynopsisIndustry advisory team members from high schools throughout the Bahama Islands were askedto give input related to changes to be made to the curriculum framework.The 2011 Curriculum Framework “Cosmetology” Mississippi Department of Education andMilady’s were especially useful in providing insight into trends and issues in the field. Thesereferences are suggested for use by instructors and students during the study of the topicsoutlined.CosmetologyPage 3 of 461/28/2021

ForewordSecondary career-technical programs in the Bahamas are faced with many challenges resultingfrom sweeping educational reforms at the national level. Schools and teachers are increasinglybeing held accountable for providing true learning activities to every student in the classroom.This accountability is measured through increased requirements for mastery and attainment ofcompetency as documented through both formative and summative assessments.Each secondary career-technical course consists of a series of instructional units which focus ona common theme. All units have been written using a common format which includes thefollowing components: Unit Number and TitleSuggested Time on Task - An estimated number of clock hours of instruction that shouldbe required to teach the competencies and objectives of the unit. Competencies and Suggested Objectivesa) A competency represents a general concept or performance that students areexpected to master as a requirement for satisfactorily completing a unit. Studentswill be expected to receive instruction on all competencies.b) The suggested objectives represent the enabling and supporting knowledge andperformances that indicate mastery of the competency at the course level. Suggested Assessment Strategies - This section indicates strategies that can used tomeasure student mastery. Examples of suggested strategies could include rubics, classparticipation, reflection, and journaling. Again teachers should feel free to modify orenhance these suggested strategies based on local needs and resources.Workplace Skills, Technology Standards and Occupational Standards - This sectionidentifies the general workplace skills for all 21st Century workers. As identified & References - A list of suggested references is provided for each unit. The list includessome of the primary instructional resources that may be used to teach the competenciesand suggested objectives. Again, these resources are suggested and the list may bemodified or enhanced based on needs and abilities of students and available resources.CosmetologyPage 4 of 461/28/2021

RATIONALEThroughout history, people have practiced various forms of body care, grooming andenhancement for personal, social, cultural, and religious reasons. Some practitioners haveapplied their abilities in the workplace by providing professional cosmetology services to clients.The personal and professional care, grooming and enhancement of the human body is by thearray of industries including those that manufacture cosmetics and related equipment, tools,and supplies for personal and/or professional use, and those that provide professionalcosmetology services.Cosmetology, a strand in Career and Technology Studies, focuses on personal and professionalgrooming, body care and enhancement practices providing students with the opportunities toexplore and prepare for cosmetology related career options. Cosmetology programs in theBahamas, encourages the student centered process approach, which combines the developmentof thinking processes and practiced skills in concrete, realistic learning situations. Throughoutthe course students are encouraged to solve problems, make decisions and develop the abilitiesand flexibility needed to adapt quickly to new situations.PROGRAM DESCRIPTION – COSMETOLOGYCosmetology involves the science of improving beauty through the care and treatment of skin,hair, and nails. Students in the Cosmetology Program learn all aspects of hair, nail, and skin care.In addition to technical skills, students learn hands-on by participating in clinical experiences.During clinical, students practice their skills in our on-site beauty salon where they scheduleappointments with clients, sanitize equipment, perform services and keep accurate records.Students are required to receive 175 hours of theory (a minimum of 2-3 hours per weekthroughout the entire period of instruction, conducted by the instructor), 300 hours ofsupervised skill preparation and clinic, and 25 hours assigned at the instructors discretion asneeds of individual students dictate.CAREER PATHWAYS: Cosmetologist (Transition into the work force as an apprentice/shadowing) Nail Technician Salon Manager Salon Owner Make-up Artist Hair Stylist Mortuary Beautician EducatorCosmetologyPage 5 of 461/28/2021

Course OutlineCosmetology 1UNITUnit 1:TITLEOrientationUnit 2:Professional Image, Personality and Ethics20Unit 3:Effective Communication10Unit 4:Decontamination and Infection Control40Unit 5:Safety In The Salon10Unit 6:Draping, Shampooing, Rinsing and Conditioning40Unit 7:Tools and Equipment10Unit 8:Hairstyling (Wet & Dry)65Unit 9:Properties of Hair and Scalp60Unit 10:Thermal Hairstyling (Pressing & Curling)25Unit 11:Nails and Disorders10Unit 12:Manicuring and Pedicuring25Unit 13:Chemical Texture Services60Unit 14:Hair Cutting40Unit 15:Hair Coloring20Unit 16:Histology of the Skin15Unit 17:Facials and Massage20Unit 18:Facial Makeup10Unit 19:The Salon Business10CosmetologyPage 6 of 46HOURS101/28/2021

INDUSTRY PARTNERS RECOMMENDATIONSLowe’s Wholesale (Sales and Training)Commonwealth Drugs (Beauty Division)The Beauty Shack (Supplies and Equipment)POTENTIAL NATIONAL/INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATIONSCertification (Bahamas Vocational and Technical Institution)Cosmetology State Board License (USA)Beauty Therapy – City and Guilds (London England)OVERARCHING GOALSTo provide opportunities for students to develop knowledge, skills and attitudes that haveimmediate and future implications in their personal and family lives as well as key sectors in ourlocal and global economies. These include: To develop confidence and flexibility as they assume adult roles and responsibilitiesband move in the workplace and/or further education and training programs. To identify and access career opportunities in cosmetology and appreciate thepreparation needed to enter and progress in related fields. To apply the competencies related to resources, information, systems, and technologyin appropriate settings and situations. To understand employer’s expectations and appropriate work habits. To apply the essential knowledge and skills in cosmetology services to work-basedlearning experiences including, but not limited to cooperative education, job,shadowing, mentoring, and apprenticeship training.CosmetologyPage 7 of 461/28/2021

GENERAL OBJECTIVES: Demonstrate the principles of group participation and leadership related to citizenshipand career preparation. Demonstrate effective oral and written communication skills with individuals from variedcultures, including fellow workers, management, and customers. Estimate supplies, materials, and labor requirements for a work assignment. Read and interpret appropriate directions, ingredients and manuals. Safely handle tools, materials and equipment commonly employed in the field ofcosmetology. Demonstrate knowledge of new and emerging technologies that affect the field ofcosmetology services. Demonstrate knowledge of the concepts and skills in the workplace related to health andsafety in the workplace, as specified by appropriate government regulations.STUDENT COMPETENCIES:The student will: participate in lifelong learning to stay current with trends, technology, and techniquespertaining to the cosmetology industry. consult with clients to determine their needs and preferences. interact effectively with co-workers as part of a team. use the appropriate measures to ensure personal health and well-being. conduct a safe environment and taking measures to prevent the spread of infectious andcontagious disease. demonstrate the ability to keep a clean, orderly safe work area. provide basic skin care services. provide basic manicures and pedicures services. execute styling and finishing techniques to complete a hairstyle to satisfaction of theclient. provide a shampoo service while using a variety of products. execute a haircut in accordance with a clients needs or expectation. demonstrate the ability to apply chemicals safely. apply appropriate cosmetics to enhance a client’s appearance. maintain business records on client development, income, and expenses.CosmetologyPage 8 of 461/28/2021

TEACHER’S ASSESSMENT: Rubrics Monitor each student’s participation in group discussions. Evaluate students work for content, clarity, presentation Visual aids, and group participation. Assess each student for mastery of policies and procedures using written and practicalexams. Assess shampoo preparations for accuracy. Assess shampooing and rinsing procedures. Assess roller placement procedures. Evaluate each student’s manikin for accuracy. Assess student’s preparation for chemical texture services. Monitor student’s application techniques. Assess student’s preparation for hair coloring application. Monitor student’s hair cutting techniques. Evaluate each student’s definitions of terms and uses of tools for accuracy. Evaluate students as they perform procedures. Monitor for participation in role-play activities. Monitor student’s participation in class discussions. Evaluate each group’s work to ensure that each member participates in research, ideadevelopment and presentation. Evaluate the job opportunities in the 21st century.CosmetologyPage 9 of 461/28/2021

Cross-curricular IntegrationThe CTE curriculum is designed to create relevant and authentic learning opportunities forstudents while reinforcing their basic skills in Numeracy, Literacy and Science. Opportunities forcross-curricular linkages exist within all documents.21st Century CompetenciesThe curriculum is also designed for students to acquire and demonstrate competency in the 21stCentury Skills as defined by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development(OECD). They are as follows:-Critical thinking and problem solvingTeam workAdaptability and capacity for lifelong learningInitiative and entrepreneurialismEffective oral and written communicationAccessing and analyzing informationBloom’s TaxonomyThe curriculum outcomes are written to define the level of knowledge or skill required to meetthe outcomes as identified in Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning1 Remembering - recalling previously learned material2 Understanding - demonstrating knowledge of previously learned material3 Applying - solving problems by using previously acquired knowledge4 Analyzing - examining and finding evidence to support choices or decisions5 Evaluating - using a set of criteria to defend opinions6 Creating - using learned information to create alternative solutionsCosmetologyPage 10 of 461/28/2021

A list of the verbs matched to the level on the Taxonomy is shown in the following rSimplifyTest lateOriginateReorderBuildCompileDevelopMake ctureUNDERSTANDING ChangeAPPLYINGANALYZINGEVALUATINGCREATINGSample questions at each level of the EVALUATINGCREATINGCosmetologyCan you choose .?How would you show .?Can you name .?Can you match .?Can you select ?Can you list .?How do you show ?When was .?What did .?Will you state in your own words ?Can you demonstrate how .?Can you illustrate the meaning of .?Can you retell how .?How would you classify ?Can you transform the . to .?What facts would you select to show .?How would you organize to show .?How is .an example of .?How would you use .?What would happen if ?Can you illustrate how .?How would you classify .?What is the difference between ?What evidence can you list for .?Why do you think .?How does .compare to .?How is a . related to ?Do you agree .?What would you change to .?How could determine if .?Would it be better if .?How would you prioritize .?What do you think about .?Can you propose an alternative to .?Can you construct a model to change the ?Can you predict the outcome if ?How would you test .?Can you invent .?What would happened if .?Page 11 of 461/28/2021

OVERVIEW OF TOPICS1. INTRODUCTION TO COSMETOLOGY/CAREERS:Cosmetology, the art and science of beautifying and improving the skin, nails,hair, and the study of cosmetics and their application.Whether you like working with hair, skin, or nails, your certification providesyou with the opportunity to select a career path to suit you.Education and a personal desire for success will launch your career.The salon industry grosses over 50 billion a year in revenue.2. PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL IMAGE:Your professional image is comprised of much more than just your outer appearance.Your professional image is affected by your attitude, voice, smile, and outlook on life,inner health and well-being.A cosmetologist must maintain good health and personal hygiene to work efficiently,good health is a basic element for living.3. PROFESSIONAL ETHICS :Ethics is the study of standards of conduct and moral judgement. However,ethics goes beyond a set of rules and regulations. Ethics deal with proper conductand business dealings with employers, clients and co-workers, and with otherswith whom you come into contact. Ethical conduct helps you build a successfulbusiness.4. EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION:Communication is Key; you will interact with all kinds of people daily,It is essential that you send messages in such a waythat they are properly understood by the intended receiver.Our overall appearance, facial expressions, body language,posture and gestures make up 55% of the messages we send.Communication includes your listening skills, voice, speech, manner ofspeaking, and conversational skills.CosmetologyPage 12 of 461/28/2021

5. BACTERIOLOGY/SANITATION & STERILIZATION :Bacteriology, sterilization, and sanitation are subjects of practical importance to you as acosmetologist, because they have a direct bearing on your well-being as well as on yourclient’s welfare.Types and classifications of bacteria: (cocci, bacilli, spirilla, staphylococci, streptococciand diplococci).Bacterial growth and reproduction: (active or vegetative state, inactive or spore-formingstage).Bacterial infections: (local and general, HIV & AIDS). Immunity (natural, acquired, andartificial)Infection Control: (Contamination/decontamination, sterilization, disinfection).6. DRAPING:The comfort and protection of the client must always be considered duringcosmetology services. Protection of the skin and clothing assures clientsthat the cosmetologist is personally and professionally concerned about theircomfort and safety.Preparation procedures for draping clients includes; (wet hair services, chemicalservices and dry hair services.7. SHAMPOOING, RINSING AND CONDITIONING:Cleanliness is the key to attractive hair, proper analysis of hair and scalp is essential.Shampooing is the stylist opportunity to put the client at ease and prepare her for theservice she is about to receive. And if the experience is pleasurable, the client is morelikely to enjoy the rest of the service as well.8. SAFETY IN THE SALON:Learn to use products correctly and safely. Study the manufacturer’s educationalliterature and read warning labels. Always handle, mix and store products followingdirections of the experts. The experts include the manufacturer and federal and stateagencies.CosmetologyPage 13 of 461/28/2021

9. WETHAIRSTYLING & DRY HAIRSTYLING:Hairstyling is creating wearable art. While roller sets, pin curls, and comb-outs mayremind you of your grandmother’s visit to the salon, be assured that these stylingtechniques are very much a part of hairstyling today. In fact, the stylist who is skilled andversatile in wet styling techniques as well as other cutting and styling services will alwaysbe in great demand.10 PROPERTIES OF THE HAIR AND SCALP:All successful hairstyling services should be grounded in a thorough understanding of thegrowth, structure, and composition of the hair. Hair, like people comes in a variety ofcolors, shapes, and sizes. As a cosmetologist, you will need to know as much as you canabout hair and how to keep it healthy.11. THERMAL CURLING:Thermal waving and curling is the art of waving and curling straight or pressed hairWith thermal irons, either electrically heated or stove-heated, using specialmanipulative techniques.12. THE NAIL AND DISORDERS:The nail is the horny protective plate located at the end of the finger or toe. It is anappendage/attachment of the skin and is, therefore, part of the integumentary system.The nails protect the tips of the fingers and toes and reflect the general health of the body.13. MANICURING AND PEDICURING:Manicuring, once considered a luxury for few, is now a service to many. The word,“Manicure”, is derived from the Latin manus (hand) and cura (care), which means the careof the hands and nails. The purpose of the manicure is to improve the appearance of thehand and nails.CosmetologyPage 14 of 461/28/2021

14. CHEMICAL HAIR RELAXING:Chemical hair relaxing is the process of permanently rearranging the basic structure ofoverly curly hair into straight form. When done professionally, it leaves the hair straightand in satisfactory condition, to be set into almost any style.15. PERMANENT WAVING:Permanent waving is a two-step process. The first part of any perm is the physical changecaused by wrapping the hair on the perm rods. The second part involves the chemicalchanges caused by the permanent waving solution and the neutralizer. The ability tocreate a beautiful perm style will bring you professional satisfaction and help build aloyal following of satisfied clients.16. HAIR CUTTING:Great haircuts, or shapes, come about when you have a solid understanding of theimportantsteps of the haircutting process. The process begins with combing the hair. Next, the hairneeds to be parted, in order to create the uniform work areas on which you will beworking.It may be necessary to elevate, or raise, the hair while cutting to create a graduatedeffect or layers. The core of the process however has to do with understanding thephysics of hair.17. HAIR COLORING:Hair coloring is both the science and an art. A skilled haircolorist needs to becomean expert in the following processes: (depositing color on natural hair, depositing coloron previously colored hair, depositing on hair that has been lightened, lighteningand depositing color in one step). It is artistic, adventurous, and in great demand.CosmetologyPage 15 of 461/28/2021

18. HISTOLOGY OF THE SKIN:The skin is the largest and one of the most important organs of the body, and weighsonly six pounds. Skin acts as a barrier to keep out harmful bacteria, fungi, and viruses.Skin has three main layers, the epidermis (outermost layer), dermis (middle layer),and the subcutaneous tissue (the deepest layer).19. FACIALS:The cosmetologist does not treat skin diseases. However, the cosmetologistmust be able to recognize the various skin ailments and know when toadvise the client to see a physician for treatment.Facials treatment fall undertow categories: Preservative (maintainingthe health of the facial skin by using correct cleansing methods, increasingcirculation, relaxing the nerves, activating the skin glands and metabolismthrough massage. Corrective (correcting some facial skin conditions, suchas dryness, oiliness, blackheads, aging lines, and minor conditions of acne).20. FACIAL MAKEUP:For most clients, makeup application should be subtle. The main objectiveis to emphasize the client’s most attractive facial features while minimizingthose features that are less attractive. When applying makeup, you must takeinto consideration the structure of the face; the color of the eyes. Skin, andhair; how the client wants to look; and the results you can realistically achieve.Application will vary from client to client, based on your analysis of eachClient’s face and her individual needs.21. THE SALON BUSINESS:Starting your own business is an enormous responsibility and is not a step to be takenlightly.Much serious planning is necessary. You will need a thorough knowledge of businessprinciples bookkeeping, business laws, salesmanship, and psychology before you cantake on the role of salon owner and/or manager.CosmetologyPage 16 of 461/28/2021

Scope and Skills SequenceCosmetology – Grade 10FoundationYear (1) ofProgramYear (1) ofProgramYear (1) ofProgramYear (1) ofProgramYear (1) ofProgramYear (1) ofProgramOutline theorigins of thecosmetologyindustry.Describe theadvancementsmade in thenineteenth andtwentiethcentury,Name some of thepioneers of moderncosmetology anddiscuss their roles inits development.List types careersavailable incosmetologyIdentify &Explore thevariouscareers/jobsopportunities incosmetologyKnow theskills requiredfor variouscareers in thecosmetologyarea.Discuss theconcept ofwellness as itrelates to imageList the basichabits of dailypersonalhygieneExplain the conceptof dressing forsuccessIdentify the basicprinciples of soundnutrition andexerciseDemonstrateways to improveposture, bothstanding andsittingDefine EthicsRecognize theethicalpracticesassociated withCosmetologyCompile list ofethical codes andconductsIdentify desirablepersonal behaviorand characteristics.Talk aboutdesirablepersonalitytraits whenserving thepublic.Name thequalitiesneeded for apleasingpersonalityExplain theprocesses ofeffectivecommunicationList thequalities ofeffectivecommunicationUse appropriatetelephonetechniques/protocolHandle delicatecommunication withclientsConduct asuccessful clientconsultationRole playbuilding openlines ofcommunication with coworkers andsalonmanagersList the reasonsfor studyingbacteriology.Identify thetermsassociated withbacteriologyList the types andclassifications ofbacteriaDescribe howbacteria grow andreproduce.Identify therelationship ofbacteria to thespread ofdisease.Definehepatitis andAIDS and howthey aretransmitted.Explain thedifferencesbetweensanitation andsterilization.Identify andstate thevariousmethods ofsanitation andsterilization.Describe thedifferent types ofdisinfectants andhow they are used.Make clear how tosafely sanitize anddisinfect varioussalon tools andsurfaces.List precautionsused to preventthe spread ofdiseaseA.Orientation /History ofCosmetology &Career PathsB.Professional ImageC.Professional ImageCont’dD.EffectiveCommunicationEIntroduction cesCosmetologyPage 17 of 461/28/2021

G.Safety in the SalonIdentify andapply terms anddefinitions forsafety.Identify OSHAinspections andcitations.Identify accidentsincluding causesand prevention.Explain theimportance ofdraping the clientDemonstrate thevarious drapingtechniques basicon chemical,wet , and dryhairstylingIdentify thematerials used indrapingDiscuss reasonsfor hygienic careof hair and scalp.Explain thechemistry ofshampoo.Explain pH and itsimportance inshampoo selection.Test acidity andalkalinity ofshampooPlace tools,implements andequipment intocategoriesIdentify andlabel tools andimplements insalonsName largeequipment in thesalonDiscuss general safetyprocedures.Identify causes ofelectricalhazards.Demonstrateproper methodsfor moving heavyitems.List and identify thevarious types ofshampoos.Describe the usesand benefits ofvarious types ofshampoos andconditioners.Demonstrateproper selection ofshampoo andconditioner.H.DrapingI.Shampooing,Rinsing, andConditioningJ.Tools , Implementsand EquipmentK.Wet Hairstyling&Dry HairstylingCosmetologyDefine termsrelated to hairstyling.Identify safety,sanitation,precautions ofhair stylingSelect styles suitablefor facial types.Page 18 of 46Identify theimplements andsupplies used in wethairstyling.Prepare the hairfor wethairstyling1/28/2021Demonstratetechniques offinger waving, pincurls, rollersetting, and hairwrapping.

Scope and Skills SequenceCosmetology – Grade 11FoundationYear (2) ofProgramYear (2) ofProgramYear (2) ofProgramYear (2) ofProgramYear (2) ofProgramYear (2) ofProgramA.Introduction toProperties of TheHair and ScalpList terms related to Explain theproperties of the hairpurposes of hair.and scalp.Define what hair is.Describe thecomposition ofhair.Name and describethe structures ofthe hair root.Define thedivisions of hair.Identify thetypes of hairand scalptreatments

Cosmetology involves the science of improving beauty through the care and treatment of skin, hair, and nails. Students in the Cosmetology Program learn all aspects of hair, nail, and skin care. . Course Outline Cosmetology 1 UNIT TITLE_ HOURS Unit 1: Orientation 10 .