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Ministry of EducationThe Ontario CurriculumGrades 11 and 12Course Descriptionsand Prerequisites2000

Une publication équivalente est disponible en français sousle titre suivant : Le curriculum de l’Ontario, 11e et 12e année –Répertoire des cours, 2000.This publication is also available on the Ministry ofEducation’s website at http://edu.gov.on.ca.

IntroductionThis document contains the course descriptions for all Grade 11 and 12 courses, along withcourse lists (including course codes) and prerequisite charts, in the following disciplines:The artsBusiness studiesCanadian and world studiesClassical studies and international languagesEnglishEnglish as a second language andEnglish literacy developmentFrench as a second languageGuidance and career educationHealth and physical educationMathematicsNative languagesNative studiesScienceSocial sciences and humanitiesTechnological educationThe purpose of this document is to assist Grade 9 students and their parents in selecting theGrade 10 courses (for the 2000–2001 school year) that will put them on the right path to theirpostsecondary destination. The course descriptions are standard, one-paragraph descriptions thatsummarize what students will learn in each course. The descriptions are gathered here in aseparate section for each discipline, and each section is introduced by a course list and aprerequisite chart. (A prerequisite is a course deemed essential for the successful understandingand completion of a subsequent course.) The prerequisite charts diagram the relationships amongcourses.The policy regarding prerequisites is stated as follows in Ontario Secondary Schools, Grades 9 to12: Program and Diploma Requirements, 1999 (section 5.3.3):Courses in Grades 11 and 12 may have prerequisites as a requirement for enrolment. Allprerequisite courses will be identified in ministry curriculum policy documents, and nocourses apart from these may be identified as prerequisites. Schools must provide parentsand students with clear and accurate information on prerequisites.If a parent or an adult student requests that a prerequisite be waived, the principal willdetermine whether or not the prerequisite should be waived. A principal may also initiateconsideration of whether a prerequisite should be waived. The principal will make his or herdecision in consultation with the parent or adult student and appropriate school staff. Incases where the parent or adult student disagrees with the decision of the principal, theparent or adult student may ask the appropriate supervisory officer to review the matter.The fourteen curriculum policy documents outlining the curriculum expectations for all Grade 11and 12 courses, and including the course descriptions and information about prerequisitesprovided here, will be distributed to schools when they are finalized. The curriculum policydocument for interdisciplinary studies will be released at a later date. (Please note that theESL/ELD curriculum policy document released in March 1999 includes all the courses offered inthat discipline in the four years of secondary school.)3

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THE ARTSCourses in the Arts, Grades 11 and 12GradeCourse NameCourse TypeCourse MGrade 9 or 10 Dance,Open11DanceOpenATC3OGrade 9 or 10 Dance,Open12DanceUniversity/CollegeATC4MGrade 11 Dance,University/College orOpenDramatic Arts11Dramatic ArtsUniversity/CollegeADA3MGrade 9 or 10 DramaticArts, Open11Dramatic ArtsOpenADA3OGrade 9 or 10 DramaticArts, Open12Dramatic ArtsUniversity/CollegeADA4MGrade 11 Dramatic Arts,University/College orOpen12Dramatic ArtsOpenADA4OGrade 11 Dramatic Arts,University/College orOpenOpenAEA4OAny Grade 9 or 10course in the artsExploring the Arts12Exploring theArtsMedia Arts11Media ArtsOpenASM3OGrade 9 or 10 VisualArts, or Grade 10 MediaArts12Media ArtsOpenASM4OGrade 11 Visual Arts,University/College orOpen, or Grade11 MediaArts, Open5

GradeCourse NameCourse TypeCourse MGrade 9 or 10 Music,Open11MusicOpenAMU3OGrade 9 or 10 Music,Open12MusicUniversity/CollegeAMU4MGrade 11 Music,University/College orOpenVisual Arts11Visual ArtsUniversity/CollegeAVI3MGrade 9 or 10 VisualArts, Open11Visual ArtsOpenAVI3OGrade 9 or 10 VisualArts, Open12Visual ArtsUniversity/CollegeAVI4MGrade 11 Visual Arts,University/College orOpenNote: Each of the courses listed above is worth one credit.6

Prerequisite Chart for the ArtsThis chart maps out all the courses in the discipline and shows the link between courses and the possible prerequisites for them.It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.Visual ArtsVisual ArtsGrade 9, OpenGrade 11, University/CollegeVisual ArtsGrade 12, University/CollegeVisual ArtsVisual ArtsGrade 10, OpenGrade 11, OpenMedia ArtsMedia ArtsMedia ArtsGrade 10, OpenGrade 11, OpenGrade 12, OpenDanceDanceGrade 9, OpenGrade 11, University/CollegeDanceGrade 12, University/CollegeDanceDanceGrade 10, OpenGrade 11, OpenDramatic ArtsDramatic ArtsDramatic ArtsGrade 9, OpenGrade 11, University/CollegeGrade 12, University/CollegeDramatic ArtsDramatic ArtsDramatic ArtsGrade 10, OpenGrade 11, OpenGrade 12, OpenMusicMusicGrade 9, OpenGrade 11, University/CollegeMusicGrade 12, University/CollegeMusicMusicGrade 10, OpenGrade 11, OpenComprehensive ArtsGrade 9, OpenExploring the ArtsAny Grade 9 or 10 arts courseGrade 12, Open7

Course Descriptions for the ArtsDanceDance, Grade 11, University/College PreparationATC3MThis course emphasizes the development of technical, composition, and presentation skills in oneor more world dance forms. Students will acquire and refine dance skills; compose and presentincreasingly complex dance works; interpret and evaluate a variety of dance presentations; andstudy the historical development of various dance forms and the function of dance in specificcultures.Dance, Grade 11, OpenATC3OThis course will give students opportunities to express increasingly complex ideas throughmovement and to experiment with choreography. Students will develop technical skills; studythe historical development of various dance forms and the function of dance in specific cultures;evaluate dance works; and investigate ways in which the study of dance can prepare them forvarious careers.Dance, Grade 12, University/College PreparationATC4MThis course emphasizes the development of technical proficiency and the creation andpresentation of complex compositions. Students will acquire increasingly difficult technicalskills; assume leadership as dancers, choreographers, and production personnel; analyse andevaluate dance performances; and study historical and cultural aspects of dance, especially ofdance in Canada.Dramatic ArtsDramatic Arts, Grade 11, University/College PreparationADA3MThis course requires students to put together and perform dramatic presentations that deal with avariety of issues from the past and present. Students will analyse, interpret, and perform worksof drama from various cultures, including Western plays from around 1900. Students will alsodo research on different acting styles and conventions for their presentations, create originalworks, and analyse the functions of playwright, director, actor, technician, and audience.Dramatic Arts, Grade 11, OpenADA3OThis course requires students to put together and present dramatic works dealing with stories,personal experiences, and local issues. Students will do research on and study contemporarytheatrical forms, such as docudrama and forum theatre. They will interpret and present works ina variety of dramatic forms; create and script original works; analyse and reflect on dramaticworks; and develop their communication skills and other skills useful in a variety of careers.8

Dramatic Arts, Grade 12, University/College PreparationADA4MThis course requires students to experiment with forms and conventions in dramatic literature,and to create, script, and present original and adapted works. Students will do research ondramatic forms, conventions, themes, and theories of acting and directing from differenthistorical periods, and apply their knowledge of these in interpreting dramatic literature,including Canadian works and works from various cultures in the late twentieth century.Students will also examine the significance of dramatic arts in various cultures.Dramatic Arts, Grade 12, OpenADA4OThis course requires students to put together and present a variety of dramatic works. Studentswill present works by Canadian and other playwrights, and develop original material based onpersonal narratives, local community issues, or global concerns. They will have hands-onexperiences with various aspects of dramatic arts productions, including performance, set design,lighting, costumes, stage and technical management, administration, and marketing. Studentswill also explore possible careers related to the dramatic arts.Exploring the ArtsAEA4OExploring the Arts, Grade 12, OpenThis course emphasizes the acquisition and application of knowledge and skills related to thecreation, interpretation, and production of works involving dance, drama, media arts, music,and/or visual arts. Students will study, evaluate, create, and promote art works and productions,and will use a variety of established and experimental techniques and various technologies inindividual or group projects (e.g., the presentation of a theatrical scene or an art exhibit on awebsite.)Media ArtsMedia Arts, Grade 11, OpenASM3OThis course emphasizes the development of the knowledge and skills required for the productionof media art works (e.g., robosculpture, photocopy art, computer animation with synthesizedsound). Students will develop an appreciation of the history of media arts through analysingspecific works, and will create media art works using a variety of technologies (e.g., digitalcamera, photo-imaging software, computer-modelling software, synthesizer, videotape, multitrack sound recording).9

Media Arts, Grade 12, OpenASM4OThis course emphasizes the development of the knowledge and skills required for the productionof interactive media art forms (e.g., interactive art installations, interactive videos, simulations,network art works). Students will analyse and evaluate media art works, and will create theirown works using a variety of technical elements and processes (e.g., computer graphics, photoimaging, digital video production techniques, electroacoustics). Students will maintain aportfolio of their media art works.MusicMusic, Grade 11, University/College PreparationAMU3MThis course emphasizes the appreciation, analysis, and performance of various kinds of music,including baroque and classical music, popular music, and Canadian and non-Western music.Students will perform technical exercises and appropriate repertoire, complete detailed creativeactivities, and analyse and evaluate live and recorded performances. They will continue toincrease their understanding of the elements of music while developing their technical andimaginative abilities.Music, Grade 11, OpenAMU3OThis course develops students’ artistic knowledge and skills through the performance of musicand the preparation of music productions. Students will perform appropriate works, particularlyworks in contemporary popular styles. Independently and in groups, they will also plan, market,and produce music productions, making use of appropriate technology, and will evaluate theresults.Music, Grade 12, University/College PreparationAMU4MThis course emphasizes the appreciation, analysis, and performance of music from the romanticperiod and from the twentieth century, including jazz, popular music, art music, and Canadianand non-Western music. Students will concentrate on developing interpretive skills and theability to work independently. They will also complete complex creative projects in which theymake use of new technologies.Visual ArtsVisual Arts, Grade 11, University/College PreparationAVI3MThis course provides students with opportunities to further develop their skills and knowledge invisual arts. Students will explore a range of subject matter through studio activities, and willconsolidate their practical skills. Students will also analyse art works and study aspects ofWestern art history, as well as Canadian art forms and art forms from various parts of the world.10

Visual Arts, Grade 11, OpenAVI3OThis course focuses on studio activities in one or more of the visual arts. Students will create artworks that explore a wide range of subject matter, and will evaluate art works using specificcriteria. They will also examine historical and cultural contexts of Western art (includingCanadian art) and art from various world cultures to support their study of specific media.Visual Arts, Grade 12, University/College PreparationAVI4MThis course focuses on the refinement of students’ skills and knowledge in visual arts. Studentswill analyse art forms; use theories of art in analysing and producing art; and increase theirunderstanding of stylistic changes in Western art, Canadian (including Native Canadian) art, andart forms from various parts of the world. Students will produce a body of work demonstrating apersonal approach.11

BUSINESS STUDIESCourses in Business Studies, Grades 11 and 12GradeCourse NameCourse TypeCourse ceBAI3ENoneUniversity/CollegeBAT4MGrade 11 Introductionto 4EGrade 11 Introductionto Accounting,WorkplaceAccounting11Introduction toFinancial Accounting11Introduction toAccounting12Principles ofFinancial Accounting12Accounting for aSmall BusinessEntrepreneurial Studies11Introduction toEntrepreneurialStudiesCollegeBDI3CNone11The udies: VenturePlanningCollegeBDV4CGrade 11 Introductionto EntrepreneurialStudies, CollegeInformation Technology11InformationTechnologyApplications inBusinessOpenBTA3ONone12InformationTechnology inBusinessCollegeBTX4CGrade 11 InformationTechnologyApplications inBusiness, Open12

Grade12Course NameInformationTechnology inBusinessCourse TypeCourse CodePrerequisiteWorkplaceBTX4EGrade 11 InformationTechnologyApplications inBusiness, OpenInternational Business12Introduction toInternationalBusinessUniversity/CollegeBBB4MAny university,university/college, orcollege preparationcourse in businessstudies or Canadian andworld studies12Introduction y university,university/college, orcollege preparationcourse in businessstudies or Canadian andworld studiesWorkplaceBOG4ENoneMarketing1111Introduction toMarketingIntroduction to Retailand ServicesMarketingOrganizational iour andHuman Resources12OrganizationalStudies: Managing aSmall BusinessNote: Each of the courses listed above is worth one credit.13

Prerequisite Chart for Business StudiesThis chart maps out all the courses in the discipline and shows the link between courses and the possible prerequisites for them.It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.Introduction to InformationTechnology in BusinessIntroduction toFinancial AccountingPrinciples ofFinancial AccountingGrade 9 or 10, OpenGrade 11, University/CollegeGrade 12, University/CollegeIntroduction to BusinessAny university, university/college, or collegepreparation course in business studies orCanadian and world studiesIntroduction toInternational BusinessGrade 9 or 10, OpenIntroduction to MarketingGrade 11, CollegeGrade 12, University/CollegeOrganizational Studies: OrganizationalBehaviour and Human ResourcesGrade 12, University/CollegeIntroduction toEntrepreneurial StudiesEntrepreneurial Studies:Venture PlanningGrade 11, CollegeGrade 12, CollegeInformation TechnologyApplications in BusinessInformation Technologyin BusinessGrade 11, OpenGrade 12, CollegeThe Enterprising PersonInformation Technologyin BusinessGrade 11, OpenIntroduction to AccountingGrade 11, WorkplaceGrade 12, WorkplaceAccounting for aSmall BusinessGrade 12, WorkplaceIntroduction to Retailand Services MarketingIntroduction toInternational BusinessGrade 11, WorkplaceGrade 12, WorkplaceOrganizational Studies:Managing a Small BusinessGrade 12, Workplace14

Course Descriptions for Business StudiesAccountingIntroduction to Financial Accounting, Grade 11, University/College PreparationBAF3MThis course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting, withemphasis on accounting procedures used in service and merchandising businesses. Students willdevelop an understanding of the connections between financial analysis, control, and decisionmaking in the management of a business, as well as the effects of technology and globalizationon accounting procedures and the role of the accountant.Introduction to Accounting, Grade 11, Workplace PreparationBAI3EThis course introduces students to the use of accounting in business. Students will study varioustypes of businesses and business ownership, and ways in which accounting procedures areapplied in the different types of businesses with regard to recording transactions, preparingfinancial statements, and analysing the process of cash management. They will learn about risksrelated to credit sales and about the collection of debts, and will use accounting software.Principles of Financial Accounting, Grade 12, University/College PreparationBAT4MThis course emphasizes study of accounting principles related to financial statements. Studentswill learn about ways in which information in these statements is used in making businessdecisions, and about the effects on financial statements of using different methods of inventoryvaluation and adjusting and reversing entries. Students will also study various means of financinga business and ways in which the strength of a corporation can be determined through the readingof its annual report.Accounting for a Small Business, Grade 12, Workplace PreparationBAN4EThis course expands upon the fundamentals of accounting introduced in the Grade 11 course byexamining each component of the accounting cycle, with emphasis on practical application.Students will learn how accounting is practised in the workplace by acquiring an understandingof payroll systems, inventory, specialized journals, subsidiary ledgers, sales taxes, and cashmanagement, and will use accounting software programs.Entrepreneurial StudiesIntroduction to Entrepreneurial Studies, Grade 11, College PreparationBDI3CThis course focuses on ways in which entrepreneurs recognize opportunities, generate ideas, andorganize resources to plan successful ventures that enable them to achieve their personal goals bysatisfying the needs of others. Students will learn about values, traits, and skills most oftenassociated with successful entrepreneurial activity.15

The Enterprising Person, Grade 11, OpenBDP3OThis course examines the importance of enterprising employees to organizations affected byrapid change in an increasingly competitive marketplace. Students will learn about the skills andattributes of enterprising employees, the distinguishing features of enterprising workenvironments, and the challenges and rewards of becoming an enterprising person. They will alsohave an opportunity to participate in the entrepreneurial process by planning a venture.Entrepreneurial Studies: Venture Planning, Grade 12, College PreparationBDV4CThis course focuses on the application of entrepreneurial characteristics and skills. Students willlearn how to develop a venture plan. In making the plan, they will consider available resources,analyse the potential market base, identify legal requirements and available financing, evaluateall aspects of the plan, and identify the management skills and technology that would be requiredin carrying out their plan.Information TechnologyInformation Technology Applications in Business, Grade 11, OpenBTA3OThis course provides students with the opportunity to develop the information technology skillsand knowledge required in a business. Students will learn about the information technology workenvironment, use industry-standard software, conduct electronic research, investigate electronicbusiness, and explore occupations and postsecondary programs that require informationtechnology skills.Information Technology in Business, Grade 12, College PreparationBTX4CThis course provides students with the opportunity to develop further the information technologyknowledge and skills needed in the business world. Students will develop their understanding ofelectronic business environments, improve their skills in electronic research and in usingbusiness application software in the preparation of business documents, manage information, andapply project team management strategies.Information Technology in Business, Grade 12, Workplace PreparationBTX4EThis course provides students with the opportunity to develop essential skills in informationtechnology needed in the workplace. Students will learn about the impact of new technologies onbusiness operations, the place of information technology in the globalization process, and thedevelopment of new ways of doing business (e.g., use of web pages, electronic commerce).Students will use advanced software features and functions, manage information, conductelectronic research for business tasks, and develop project team management skills.16

International BusinessIntroduction to International Business, Grade 12, University/College PreparationBBB4MThis course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in theglobal economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Studentswill learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, andmanaging international business effectively.Introduction to International Business, Grade 12, Workplace PreparationBBB4EThis course provides an introduction to international business, including an investigation of theeconomic relationships that Canadian governments and Canadian businesses have developedwith other nations and the effects on productivity, prices, and variety of goods. Students willlearn about the requirements for competing in international markets, conducting business in othercountries, and pursuing careers in the field of international business.MarketingIntroduction to Marketing, Grade 11, College PreparationBMI3CThis course introduces the fundamental concepts of marketing, with an emphasis on in-depthanalysis of the influence of changes in the economy and global marketplace, trends and issues,and the impact of technology. Students will analyse the buying patterns of various consumers andthe effect of marketing strategies, and will engage in marketing research. Students will alsodevelop and present a marketing plan for a specific product.Introduction to Retail and Services Marketing, Grade 11,BMX3EWorkplace PreparationThis course focuses on developing knowledge and applying skills in the context of retail andservices marketing. Students will learn about the importance of customer service, analyse themethods used to maintain customer loyalty, examine ways in which product presentationinfluences buyers, and investigate the critical factors in inventory control, including the role oftechnology.Organizational StudiesOrganizational Studies: Organizational Behaviour and Human Resources,BOH4MGrade 12, University/College PreparationThis course focuses on ways in which organizations deal with issues affecting theircompetitiveness in a changing technological and global business environment. Students willanalyse various leadership techniques, and study various issues such as ethics in business, socialresponsibility, management of group dynamics, uses of information technology, workplace stressand conflict, motivation of employees, and globalization. Students will also investigate themanagement of a diverse workforce within an organization and the importance of strategicplanning.17

Organizational Studies: Managing a Small Business, Grade 12,BOG4EWorkplace PreparationThis course focuses on the core skills and concepts required to manage a small business.Students will deal with various aspects of operations management, such as inventory, marketing,financial issues, communication, and human resources. Students will also explore the challengesfacing small businesses, including hiring and training, motivating employees, and complyingwith legal requirements.18

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIESCourses in Canadian and World Studies, Grades 11 and 12GradeCourse NameCourse TypeCourse CodePrerequisiteEconomics11The Individual andthe EconomyUniversity/CollegeCIE3MGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orApplied11Making EconomicChoicesWorkplaceCIC3EGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orApplied12Analysing CurrentEconomic IssuesUniversityCIA4UAny university oruniversity/collegepreparation course inCanadian and worldstudies, English, orsocial sciences andhumanitiesGeography11The Americas:Geographic Patternsand IssuesUniversity/CollegeCGD3MGrade 9 Geography ofCanada, Academic orApplied11Physical Geography:Patterns, Processes,and InteractionsUniversity/CollegeCGF3MGrade 9 Geography ofCanada, Academic orApplied11Geographics: TheGeographer’s ToolkitWorkplaceCGT3EGrade 9 Geography ofCanada, Academic orApplied11Regional Geography:Travel and TourismOpenCGG3OGrade 9 Geography ofCanada, Academic orApplied19

GradeCourse NameCourse TypeCourse CodePrerequisite12Canadian and WorldIssues: A GeographicAnalysisUniversityCGW4UAny university oruniversity/collegepreparation course inCanadian and worldstudies, English, orsocial sciences andhumanities12World Geography:Human Patterns andInteractionsUniversityCGU4UAny university oruniversity/collegepreparation course inCanadian and worldstudies, English, orsocial sciences andhumanities12Environment andResourceManagementUniversity/CollegeCGR4MAny university,university/college, orcollege preparationcourse in Canadian andworld studies, English,or social sciences andhumanities12Geomatics:Geotechnologies inActionUniversity/CollegeCGO4MAny university,university/college, orcollege preparationcourse in Canadian andworld studies, English,or social sciences andhumanities12World Geography:Urban Patterns andInteractionsCollegeCGU4CAny university,university/college, orcollege preparationcourse in Canadian andworld studies, English,or social sciences andhumanities12Environment andResourceManagementWorkplaceCGR4EGrade 9 Geography ofCanada, Academic orApplied20

GradeCourse NameCourse TypeCourse CodePrerequisiteUniversityCHA3UGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orAppliedHistory11American History11World History to theSixteenth CenturyUniversity/CollegeCHW3MGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orApplied11Canadian History andPolitics Since 1945CollegeCHH3CGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orApplied11Canadian History andPolitics Since 1945WorkplaceCHH3EGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orApplied11Twentieth-CenturyHistory: Global andRegionalPerspectivesOpenCHT3OGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orApplied12Canada: History,Identity, and CultureUniversityCHI4UAny university oruniversity/collegepreparation course inCanadian and worldstudies, English, orsocial sciences andhumanities12World History: TheWest and the WorldUniversityCHY4UAny university oruniversity/collegepreparation course inCanadian and worldstudies, English, orsocial sciences andhumanities21

GradeCourse NameCourse TypeCourse CodePrerequisite12World History: TheWest and the WorldCollegeCHY4CAny university,university/college, orcollege preparationcourse in Canadian andworld studies, English,or social sciences andhumanities12Adventures in WorldHistoryWorkplaceCHM4EGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orAppliedLaw11UnderstandingCanadian LawUniversity/CollegeCLU3MGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orApplied11UnderstandingCanadian LawWorkplaceCLU3EGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury, Academic orApplied12Canadian andInternational LawUniversityCLN4UAny university oruniversity/collegepreparation course inCanadian and worldstudies, English, orsocial sciences andhumanitiesPolitics11Canadian Politics andCitizenshipOpenCPC3OGrade 10 CanadianHistory in the TwentiethCentury,Academic or Applied12Canadian and WorldPoliticsUniversityCPW4UAny university oruniversity/collegepreparation course inCanadian and worldstudies, English, orsocial sciences andhumanitiesNote: Each of the courses listed above is worth one credit.22

Prerequisite Chart for Canadian and World Studies – GeographyThis chart maps out all the courses in the discipline and shows the link between courses and the possible prerequisites for them.It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.Canadian andWorld Issues: A Geographic AnalysisGeography of CanadaThe Americas: Geographic Patternsand IssuesGrade 12, UniversityGrade 11, University/CollegeWorld Geography:Human Patterns and InteractionsPhysical Geography: Patterns, Processes,and InteractionsGrade 12, UniversityGrade 11, University/CollegeEnvironment andResource ManagementAny Grade 11 or 12 universityor university/college preparation coursein Canadian and world studies,English, or social sciences and humanitiesGrade 12, University/CollegeGeomatics:Geotechnologies in ActionGrade 9, AcademicGrade 12, University/CollegeGeography of CanadaWorld Geography:Urban Patterns and InteractionsGrade 9, AppliedAny Grade 11 or 12 college preparationcourse in Canadian and world studies,English, or social sciences and humanitiesGrade 12, CollegeGeographics:The Geogra

12: Program and Diploma Requirements, 1999 (section 5.3.3): Courses in Grades 11 and 12 may have prerequisites as a requirement for enrolment. All prerequisite courses will be identified in ministry curriculum policy documents, and no courses apart from these may be identified as prerequisites. Schools must provide parents