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SPECIAL STAINLESS STEELPRODUCED BY THE VOD PROCESSS P E C I F I C AT I O N S H E E Tî SPECIAL STAINLESS STEEL FOR SPECIAL PURPOSESVOD (Vacuum Oxygen Decarburizaton) is a process for refinement of stainless steel through reduction of carbon contentunder vacuum. The proces is based on oxidation of carbon which has to be reduced below 0.1 wt.% for better corrosionresistance of stainless steels.Molten steel is transferred from EAF into a separate vessel where it is heated by electric current and stirred with argon inertgas. Oxygen is blown on the top of steel in the vacuum chamber. Carbon is oxidized and carbon monoxide/dioxide is formed.Gases as nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen and carbon monoxide/dioxide are drained out of the vessel with vacuum pumps.Thermodynamical laws under vacuum allow that chromium is not oxidized or very small amounts go into slag as Cr₂O₃.This makes the VOD process a very good choice for the production of high-chromium steels with low carbon content.SCRAPEAFDESLAGGINGLADLE FURNACEVD/VODINGOT CASTINGFig.1: The process of production for a classically cast ingot produced by VOD method and optional ESR remeltingî MAIN APPLICATIONS applications at high temperatures and in oxidizing environments (e.g. power generation like turbine blades), applications where higher resistance to pitting and intergranular corrosion is required, chemical industry, nuclear power plants, tubing, construction of treatment plants and plants for energy and construction sectors, welding applications, aircraft applications.SIJ METAL RAVNE d.o.o.Koroška cesta 14, 2390 Ravne na Koroškem, Slovenia, EU 386 2 870 [email protected] (optional)

S P E C I F I C AT I O N S H E E TSPECIAL STAINLESS STEELPRODUCED BY THE VOD PROCESSî STEEL PRODUCTION AT SIJ METAL RAVNE via EAF-VOD ESRSIJ GRADE:SINOXX 3952SINOXX 4000SINOXX 4003SINOXX 4301W. 3EN 10088-3EN 10272EN 10269EN 10302SEW 3901.4000X6Cr13EN 10088-3-1.40031.4301AISI 410SEN 10088-3AISI 304/304LASTM A182-A182MASTM A276/A276MASTM A479/479MASTM A484 / A484MASTM A314-15ASTM A320/A320MAMS 5639AMS 5647UNS S30400UNS S30300AISI 303ASTM A582/A582MASTM A895-89AMS 5640F6NMX3CrNiMo13-4X4CrNi13-4X5CrNi13-4UNS 41500AISI 4152Main applications:AusteniticApplications: High-voltage electricalapparatus, Bolts and nuts, Transformertank, Generator, Preparation equipments,Chemical industry, Electronic equipment,Crude oil and petrochemical industries,Medical and pharmaceutical industry.FerriticConstruction of turbines, water and steamresistant ferritic steel components, partsfor water turbines, valves, diff. machineparts, comp. for petrochemical andshipbuilding industry. Machines and shipsengines (sweet water), paper-, textileand dairy machines, vapor - and waterarmatures.Soft annealedSolution annealed /QuenchedFerriticEN 10088-3EN 10088-3EN 10222-5EN 10272ASTM A182/A182MEN 10088-3EN 10272EN 10028EN 10222-5EN 10250-4EN 10088-3ASTM A240/A240MASTM A479/A479MSolution annealed /QuenchedHardened temperedSoft annealedThe products can be used to producecomponents and decorative elementsin the construction industry, or partsof vehicles in the communication andautomotive industries. Steel also foundin the food, mining and sugar industries.In addition, X2CrNi12 is easily weldable,has relatively good mechanical propertiesin annealed condition A, at room andelevated temperatures.Applications: Sugar Processing industries,Transport equipment such as rail wagonscarrying iron ores and coal, Mining &mineral processing, Oven & furnaces,Rail & hoppers, Railroad and roadvehicles, Shipping containers, Industrialapplications, Petrochemical industry,Agriculture industry, General engineeringindustriesAusteniticThe list is endless. Almost everyconceivable industry uses some of thismaterial in some way. Everything fromstovetops to ball point pen barrels toflatware to fasteners has been fabricatedfrom this alloy.AusteniticUsed in an incredibly wide variety of partsboth in screw and general machiningindustries. Applications include hardware,fasteners, valve parts, nozzles and trim.For the food processing industry, dairies,fotographic industry, for paint,soap, paperand textile production.EN 10088-3EN 10250-4EN 10088-3EN 10222-5EN 10250-4ASTM A182/A182MX8CrNiS18-91.4313ASTM A473-16AISI F304N1.4305Type ofstainlesssteel:ASTM A240/A240MX2CrNi12X5CrNi18-10SINOXX 4313Solution annealed /QuenchedSoft annealedX2CrNi18-9SINOXX 4305Heat treatement:MartensiticSteel is used for parts subjected to highmechanical stress in fittings and pumpconstruction, for compressors andturbines in hydroelectric power stations,and and refrigerating systems.

S P E C I F I C AT I O N S H E E TSIJ GRADE:W. Nr.:SPECIAL STAINLESS STEELPRODUCED BY THE VOD PROCESSEN/AISI/others:AISI F316/F316LSINOXX 4401SINOXX 4404SINOXX 4418SINOXX 4429SINOXX SINOXX 44621.4462ASTM A193/A193M10Х17Н13М2ТGOST 5632-72X2CrNiMo17-12-2EN 10088-3EN N18-14-3EN 10088-3EN 10272EN 10269EN 10302SEW 390X2CrNiMo18-14-3EN10088-3AISI F316LASTM A182/A182M08Ch21N6M2TGOST 5632-72F51F60UNS S31803UNS S32205ASTM A182/A182MASTM A276/A276MASTM A479/A479MX2CrNiMoN22-5-322054462 X0AISI 3213ASTM A182/A182MASTM A193/A193MASTM A276/A276MASTM A314-15ASTM A320/A320MASTM A479/A479MASTM A484/A484MEN 10088-3EN 10222-5B8MX6CrNiTi18-10X8CrNiTi18-10SINOXX 4541Standards:1.454108X18H10TASTM A182/A182MEN 10088-3EN 10222-5EN 10250-4EN 10088-3EN 10250-4EN 10222-5EN 10095ASTM A182/A182MASTM A276/A276MAMS 5645GOST 5632-72GOST 5949GOST 1049812X18H9TAMS 564512X18H10TGOST 5632-72Heat treatement:Solution annealed /QuenchedType ofstainlesssteel:Main applications:AusteniticWidely used in industry, it was initiallydesigned for paper mill machinery. Ithas been used in marine environmentsand a wide variety of general industrialcomponents. Component parts for thecellulose, paper, oil, soap and textileindustry, production of paints, meatprocessing industry, breweries, dairiesand for surgical instruments. Also forapplication in cold exstrusion, as a springsteel and steel for pressure purposes.AusteniticWidely used in industry, it was initiallydesigned for paper mill machinery. Ithas been used in marine environmentsand a wide variety of general industrialcomponents. Component parts for thecellulose, paper, oil, soap and textileindustry, production of paints, meatprocessing industry, breweries, dairiesand for surgical instruments. Also forapplication in cold exstrusion, as a springsteel and steel for pressure purposes.Soft annealedSolution annealed /QuenchedSoft annealedHardened temperedMartensiticIt is one of the better martensitic grades,showing sufficient corrosion resistance,good strength properties and highhardness with reduced carbon content.Applications: chemical industry, shipbuilding, mechanical engineering, aviationand aerospace.Solution annealed /QuenchedAusteniticApplications: High-voltage electricalapparatus, Bolts and nuts, Transformertank, Generator, Preparation equipments,Chemical industry, Electronic equipment,Crude oil and petrochemical industries,Medical and pharmaceutical industry.Solution annealed /QuenchedAusteniticComponents used in marine environmentsand chemical equipment. Suitable for anyapplication where 316 stainless is usedand stronger welds are desirable.Solution annealed /QuenchedDuplex(austenitic feritic)Solution annealed /QuenchedAusteniticChemical and oil processing industry.Highly resistant to stress corrosion inchlorine surroundings.Jet engine parts, furnace heattreated parts, expansion joints, turbosuperchargers, oil refiners, exhaustmanifolds and high temperature chemicalproduction equipment.

S P E C I F I C AT I O N S H E E TSIJ GRADE:W. Nr.:SPECIAL STAINLESS STEELPRODUCED BY THE VOD PROCESSEN/AISI/others:Standards:X5CrNiCuNb 16-417-4 PHAISI 630N700EN 10088-3EN 10250-4AMS 5643ASTM A564/A564MASTM A564/A564MASTM F899EN 10088-3EN 10088-3EN 10250-4ASTM A564/A564MASTM A484/A484MASTM F899-12bAMS 5643EN 10204EN 10088-3EN 10250ASTM A564/4564MASTM A564/A564MASTM A484/A484MASTM A705/A705MEN 10088-3AMS 5643EN 10088-3AMS 5622AMS 5659ASTM A564/564MASTM A564/A564MASTM A484/A484MAMS 5659P1070P930SINOXX 45421.4542DH1150M1150MUNS S17400X5CrNiCu15-515-5 PHN701UNS S15500SINOXX 4545SINOXX 4546SINOXX 454841.4548Solution annealed precipitationhardenedSolution annealed precipitationhardened1.45451.4546Heat treatement:XM-12ASTM A705/705MAMS 5629AISI 347HSA-182ASTM A276/A276MASTM A479/A479MASTM A484/A484MAMS 5646X5CrNiCuNb17-4X5CrNiCuNb17-4-417-4 PHN700T700EN 10088-3ASTM F899ASTM A564-13AMS 5643ASTM A564/A564MSolution annealed /QuenchedSolution annealed precipitationhardenedType ofstainlesssteel:Main applications:MartensiticprecipitationhardenedIt can be used for a variety of applicationsincluding oil field valve parts, chemicalprocess equipment, aircraft fittings,fasteners, pump shafts, nuclear reactorcomponents, gears, paper mill equipment,missile fittings and jet engine parts.* High temperature application – it issuited up to 350 C, just for short time itcan be used maximum 50 C bellow theprecipitation hardening temperature.* Application with condition H900 (PHat 482 C) – this heat treatment provideshigh tensile strength and high hardness forapplication where wear resistance is neededwith good corrosion properties. It is notsuited for subzero application.* Application with condition H1150 (PH at621 C) – this heat treatment provides veryhigh impact strength so the steel can beused up to -80 C.* Application with condition H1150D (doublePH at 621 C) – steel can be used up to -196 C,with good corrosion resistance.MartensiticprecipitationhardenedIt can be used for a variety of applicationsincluding oil field valve parts, chemicalprocess equipment, aircraft fittings,fasteners, pump shafts, nuclear reactorcomponents, gears, paper mill equipment,missile fittings and jet engine parts.* High temperature application – it issuited up to 350 C, just for short time itcan be used maximum 50 C bellow theprecipitation hardening temperature.* Application with condition H900 (PHat 482 C) – this heat treatment provideshigh tensile strength and high hardness forapplication where wear resistance is neededwith good corrosion properties. It is notsuited for subzero application.* Application with condition H1150 (PH at621 C) – this heat treatment provides veryhigh impact strength so the steel can beused up to -80 C.* Application with condition H1150D (doublePH at 621 C) – steel can be used up to -196 C,with good corrosion resistance.AusteniticHigh temperature gaskets and expansionjoints, rocket engine parts, aircraft collectorrings and exhaust manifolds and chemicalproduction equipment. Component partsfor the textile, food processing, paper,chemical and leather industry.MartensiticprecipitationhardenedIt can be used for a variety of applicationsincluding oil field valve parts, chemicalprocess equipment, aircraft fittings,fasteners, pump shafts, nuclear reactorcomponents, gears, paper mill equipment,missile fittings and jet engine parts.* High temperature application – it issuited up to 350 C, just for short time itcan be used maximum 50 C bellow theprecipitation hardening temperature.* Application with condition H900 (PHat 482 C) – this heat treatment provideshigh tensile strength and high hardnessfor application where wear resistance isneeded with good corrosion properties. Itis not suited for subzero application.* Application with condition H1150 (PH at621 C) – this heat treatment provides veryhigh impact strength so the steel can beused up to -80 C.* Application with condition H1150D(double PH at 621 C) – steel can be used upto -196 C, with good corrosion resistance.

S P E C I F I C AT I O N S H E E TSIJ GRADE:W. Nr.:SPECIAL STAINLESS STEELPRODUCED BY THE VOD PROCESSEN/AISI/others:X6CrNiNb18-10SINOXX 4550SINOXX 4571SINOXX 4773SINOXX 4910SINOXX 4980SINOXX E880SINOXX S370SINOXX S490SINOXX S69051.4550AISI 347H1.4910EN 10088-3EN 10222-5EN 10250-4ASTM A182/A182MASTM A276/A276MASTM A479/A479MASTM A484/A484MAMS 5646AISI 316TiASTM A182/A182MX6CrNiMoTi17-12-2EN 10088-3EN 10250-4EN 10222-5X8Cr30DIN 17145X3CrNiMoBN17-13-3EN 10088-3EN 10269EN 10302EN 10222-5EN 10272SEW 3901.45711.4773Standards:1.3980X5NiCrTiMoV26-15SEW SI 660UNS S66286EN 10269EN 10302EN 10088-3ASTM A638/A638MAMS 5732-1CH13N3GOST 5632-72-10Х15Н9С3Б1-Ш/10Ch15N9S3B1GOST 5632-72B8SASTM A193/A193MUNS S21800ASTM A276/A276MASTM A479/A479MASTM A484/A484MASTM A193/A193M--Nitronic 60ASTM A276/A276MASTM A479/A479MASTM A484/A484MAMS 5848Nitronic 50UNS S20910ASTM A276/A276MASTM A479/A479MXM-19ASTM A182/A182MASTM A240/A240MASTM A276/A276MASTM A479/A479MASTM A484/A484MType ofstainlesssteel:Main applications:AusteniticHigh temperature gaskets and expansionjoints, rocket engine parts, aircraftcollector rings and exhaust manifoldsand chemical production equipment.Component parts for the textile, foodprocessing, paper, chemical, and leatherindustry.Solution annealed /QuenchedAusteniticSINOXX 4571 is used in the constructionof apparatus for the chemical andpharmaceutical industries, adn for textilefinishing. Component parts for thecellulose, paper, textile, paint, rubber andmeat processing industry and for pumpcomponents. Steel grade with lowerpolishability.Soft annealedHeatResistantSteelAddition material for welding acc. to DIN8556-1, electrodes for salt bathes.Solution annealed /QuenchedAusteniticApplications: High-voltage electricalapparatus, Bolts and nuts, Transformertank, generator, preparation equipments,chemical industry, electronic equipment,crude oil and petrochemical industries,medical and pharmaceutical industry.Solution annealed edUsed as a steel for aviation and powerengineering for heavy-duty rotors, gasturbine blades, steam turbines, pressureequipment parts and reactors, jet enginesand rockets, exhaust systems. Also used incryogenics and cryotechnics.Quenched temperedMartensiticHeat treatement:Solution annealed /QuenchedSolution annealed /QuenchedSolution annealed /QuenchedAusteniticAusteniticThis steel is used in power generation.The steel is similar to AISI410 but withadded Ni.Applications: For the production offorgings, free forging manufactured, semirental (sheets, rods, ribbons), pipe blanks,pipes and forgings for the manufactureof parts and assemblies of power plantequipment (parts and units of steamgenerators in power machinery andcorrosion resistant to work in a steamenvironment and corrosion in liquid Pband Pb-Bi cooling). Maximum operatingtemperature of 550 C.Nitronic 60 is truly an all-purpose metal.This fully austenitic alloy was originallydesigned as a temperature alloy, andsubsequently has good high temperatureproperties. The oxidation resistance ofNitronic 60 is similar to Type 309 S.S., andfar superior to Type 304S.S. This gradeis best known for its wear and gallingresistance.Applications: fasteners, pins andbushings, wear rails, roller bearings, pumpcomponents, automotive valves, fastenergalling, pins, marine shafts, pin andhanger expansion joints for bridges.Solution annealed /QuenchedAusteniticApplications: valves fittings (particularstems due to the excellent alloytoughness), marine applications (includerod rigging using cold drawn lengths,tie-downs and fittings), pump shafts,sucker rods for oil rigs, fasteners, chemicalplants, spent nuclear fuel containers(casks), heat exchanger components,structural components.

S P E C I F I C AT I O N S H E E TSPECIAL STAINLESS STEELPRODUCED BY THE VOD PROCESSî DIMENSIONAL RANGERolled bars:ROUND: Ø 7-105 mm, SQUARE: 25-75 mm, FLAT: 40-150 mm width with 7-65 mm thickness,150-255 width mm with 7-50 mm thickness.Length: 3000-6000 mm. PEELED&POLISHED: Ø 16–80 mm, length: 2500–6000 mm.GROUND&POLISHED: Ø 7–80 mm, length: 2000–4000 mm.Forged bars:ROUND: ɸ 90–950 mm, length: 2000–10000 mm. FLAT: from 80x70 mm to 260x120 mm or 261x80 mm to 1600x550 mm.SQUARE: 80-850 mm. Length for flat and square: 2000–7000 mm.Surface:Black, sandblasted, milled, peeled, turned, ground.Additional offer:We also supply different open-die machined forgings and round profiles for various industry sectors(aerospace, oil&gas, energy, mechanical engineering, automotive, etc.)î BENEFITSFind out the benefits of special steels made according to VOD process from a classically cast ingot in comparison withcontinuous casting: possibility for the production of larger forging blocks, also from a 40 ton ingot, higher rate of hot forming, with better mechanical properties, finer grains and a homogeneous microstructurethroughout the whole product section, option to use EAF VOD ESR material with an even better micropurity, lower micro segregations and better mechanicalproperties, products made from these steels have a longer life period under extreme operation conditions of final product, inparticular due to a higher stability of material. You will enjoy lower cost of material and, which is the most important:satisfied customers!î DISCLAIMERThe name you can trustSIJ METAL RAVNE d.o.o.Koroška cesta 14, 2390 Ravne na Koroškem, Slovenia, EU 386 2 870 [email protected] ER . 02The information and data presented herein are typical or average values and are not a guarantee of the maximum orminimum values. Applications specifically suggested for material described herein are made solely for the purpose ofillustration to enable the reader to make his own evaluation and are not intended as warranties, either express or implied,of fitness for these or other purposes. There is no representation that the recipient of this literature will receive updatededitions as they become available.Unless otherwise specified, the registered trademarks are the property of SIJ Metal Ravne company.Copyright 2021 by SIJ Metal Ravne, d.o.o. All rights reserved.

AMS 5643 EN 10204 M1150M EN 10088-3 EN 10250 ASTM A564/4564M UNS S17400 ASTM A564/A564M ASTM A484/A484M ASTM A705/A705M EN 10088-3 AMS 5643 SINOXX 4545 1.4545 X5CrNiCu15-5 15-5 PH N701 EN 10088-3 AMS 5622 AMS 5659 process equipment, aircraft f