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Commonwealth AirTraining Plan MuseumVolume 39 No. 4Fall 2020lThey shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.At the going down of the sun and in the morningWe will remember them.

The Commonwealth Air Training MuseumMcGill Field, Brandon AirportBox 3 Group 520 RR 5Brandon, Manitoba R7A 5Y5Email - [email protected] Page – http://www.airmuseum.ca/President - John McNarryVice President - John RobinsonPast President - Jeff HarwoodTreasurer - Judith GriersonSecretary - Barb HendersonExecutive Director - Stephen HayterAdministrative Assistant - Kathryn SheppardDirectorsAngus Sneesby,Greg Sigurdson,Mark OdegardPeter MoodieCommittee ManagersBricks and Mortar - Gerry KempFlying Committee – Mark OdegardAdjutant - Judith GriersonFairey Battle - David JenkinsLadies’ Auxiliary – Marion DecosseArchives - Greg SigurdsonCONTACT Editor - Greg SigurdsonFront Desk –Museum Gift Shop - Jan McNarryDarkroom - Lyle GawletzMotor Transport - John McNarry, Grant ShawSecurity - John RobinsonWebmaster – Bill HillmanFoundationJudith Grierson, Jeff Harwood,Dave Shuttleworth, Clarence Davis,Elaine ChisholmCONTACTVolume 39 Issue 4Fall 2020Our Cover – This year heralds the 101 anniversary ofthe first Remembrance Day. Our cover follows this leadshowing a funeral photograph of Corporal DorothyWakefield, a member of the Royal Canadian Air Force,Women’s Division, who died while active in the air forcein 1945. We tell her story in this issue of CONTACT.The cover also features the fourth stanza of thepoignant Laurence Binyon poem celebrating the lives,and deaths of the men and women who served in thearmed forces of their respective countries. The words They Shall Grow Not Old were adopted as the title forour museum’s memorial book.Also related to Remembrance Day in this issue is thestory of a horrific crash of an RCAF aircraft in which 21airmen were killed.Readers who receive a printed copy of CONTACT inthe mail are reminded that we now charge a smallyearly fee to cover the costs of producing and mailingthe newsletter.For Annual Members, you will have to renewyour membership to continue receiving CONTACT in2021. Life Members will have to make a 20 donationto the museum to continue to receive the newsletter.We thank you for your generosity. Life Members arereminded that they can receive a digital copy ofCONTACT at no cost instead of a paper copy.Letters have been sent to our Life Members andother patrons asking for contributions to our annualappeal. Money donated will be used for essentialoperating costs at the museum. Please respondgenerously.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow oldDuring World War II,17035 women joinedthe Royal Canadian AirForce as members ofthe RCAF Women’sDivision. Tragically, 31of these died fromvarious causes while inservice to the RCAF.As non-combatants,the WDs did not diewhile engaged fightingthe enemy. In thiscase, they were victimsof road, flying and othertypes of accidents and natural causes. In remembrance,we look at the story of Dorothy Wakefield.army in 1945), Donald, George, Douglas, Ralph, Garthand Blaine, who with the exception of Wilfred, were livingat home with their parents when Dorothy died.The following information is available on thewebsite of the WWII Canadian Women’s Projectwhich holds more photos of Dorothy and atranscript of the RCAF Court of Inquiry intoCorporal Wakefield’s death. The web address islisted at the end of this article.Corporal Wakefield’s RCAF Training and Postings-Dorothy Wakefield was a Corporal in the RCAFWomen’s Division. She was a farm girl from ForrestManitoba, about 10 miles north of Brandon. Prior to herenlistment in December 1941 she was an employee atthe Brandon Mental Hospital. Her RCAF trade was chefwhich she practiced at No. 5 Radio School in ClintonOntario. Cpl. Wakefield was killed on May 11 1945 at theage of 25 when the bicycle she was riding, off-duty, wasstruck by an automobile. She is buried in the BrandonCemetery in Brandon Manitoba.Her body was brought home by her parents andreceived full RCAF honours as carried out by local airforce staff.Dorothy’s father and mother were Walter andIngrid Wakefield, immigrants from England. She hadthree sisters – Mrs. Kenneth Morley, Mrs. Harvey Nelsonand Grace Wakefield of Brandon. She also had sevenbrothers – Gunner Wilfred Wakefield (overseas with the-RCAF Recruiting Centre, Winnipeg: December11, 1941Canadian Women’s Auxiliary Force (CWAAF),No. 6 Manning Depot, Toronto: December 1941No. 4 Wireless School, Guelph, Ontario, Schoolof Cooking: January 4, 1942No. 10 Service Flying Training School, Dauphin,Manitoba: February 15, 1942Deer Lodge Hospital, Winnipeg, Manitoba,temporary duty: November 3 - 4, 1942No. 1 KTS (?), Trenton, Ontario: May 15, 1944No. 1 School of Cookery, Guelph: June 8, 1944No. 4 Wireless School, Guelph: August 26, 1944

-No. 5 Radio School, Clinton, Ontario: September22, 1944Corporal Wakefield’s name is inscribed on theWWII RCAF Memorial at the Commonwealth Air TrainingPlan Museum, the World War I and World War IIMemorial in Forrest Manitoba, and in the Book ofRemembrance in the Canadian Parliamentary Buildings.On October 6 2016 the 31 women killed whileserving with the RCAF during World War II werehonored with a memorial service at the CATP Museumattended by personnel from RCAF No. 17 Wing,Winnipeg, Manitoba Lieutenant Governor Janice Filmonand other dignitaries. For every woman who died, acurrent Royal Canadian Air Force woman attached aribbon to a display listing the names of the deceased.http://www.wwiicdnwomensproject.org/air force/Dorothy%20MariaWakefield.html?fbclid LLPZbgSIuvMThe Forrest World War I and World War II Memorial

Oxfords at No. 36Service Flying TrainingSchool – Royal AirForce – Penhold AlbertaIn July 1940, the governments of Canada and the UnitedKingdom agreed that the Royal Air Force would movefour Service Flying Training Schools to be operatedunder the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan.Before these schools started packing for the move toCanada, the British government requested that anadditional eight service flying training schools, two airobserver schools, one bombing and gunnery school, oneair navigation school, one general reconnaissanceschool, and one torpedo bombing school be allowed tomove to Canada as well. Both requests, which wereapproved, were the result of the growing danger in allareas in England thanks to the Luftwaffe and thebenefits of undertaking flying training in Canada – wideopen spaces, no air traffic congestion around theschools and areas where training would occur and nodanger from the enemy. Ultimately, 26 aircrew schoolsplus No. 31 RDF (Radio Direction Finding) School andNo. 31 Personnel Depot moved to Canada.The Airspeed Oxford was the RAF favourite fortraining at the Service Flying Schools.

Lest We Forget – Remembrance Day 2020In 1919, the British Commonwealth’s King George Vthdesignated November 11 as Remembrance Day. It is aday when we pause to remember and honor the menand women who have served in the Armed Forces, andcontinue to serve, during times of war, conflict andpeace. Most communities host a ceremony wherecitizens observe military honors and a moment of silencefor those who gave their lives in service to theirrespective countries.While the Commonwealth Air Training Museumis primarily focused on events which occurred tomembers of the Royal Canadian Air Force during WorldWar II, an incident which occurred almost a year afterthe end of the wardeservesattention onRemembranceDay. It is aresidual eventrelated to theoperation of theBritishCommonwealthAir Training Planin Canada.OnSeptember 151946, at theformer site of No.38 Service FlyingTraining School inEstevanSaskatchewan, aDouglas C-47 Dakota aircraft was preparing for alanding on the station’s runway. It was carrying 21 RCAFairmen returning from a trip to the United States ArmyAir Force base at Minot North Dakota where they hadflown a number of Cornell aircraft. The Cornells hadbeen lent to the RCAF for use in the BritishCommonwealth Air Training. Under the agreementbetween Canada and the United States, the aircraft wereto be returned when they were no longer required fortraining purposes in Canada.Witnesses say they saw the Dakota coming infor a landing which was abandoned on the first try. Whileattempting to go around for a second try the aircraftcrashed when power was applied to the engines in orderto gain altitude for the go-around.’ The aircraft’s noseshot straight up causing the Dakota to stall, spin and fallto the ground where it crashed and burst into flames. Allaboard were killedThe airmen were on strength at No. 124(Communications) Squadron in Rockcliffe, Ontario ontemporary duty at Estevan. The RCAF recognized thatthose who died on the Dakota were killed in the line ofduty.Not only was this accident a profound tragedyfor the RCAF and members and friends of the airmen,but it deeply hurt the people of the Estevan area whohad become close to the personnel at the school duringthe war. Many relatives of the deceased attended themilitary service held in Estevan. The Funeral Partyincluded 150 members of the RCAF including officersand Air Vice Marshall K.M. Guthrie.A military service of remembrance wasconducted at the school with a full military service andparade with honors in which 20 flag-draped casketswere carried on seven military trucks. One of thecasualties (F/O Cowan) had been flown to his hometown by the RCAF as a close relative was not well andwanted to attend his funeral. A funeral cortege includingthe caskets,trucks, RCAFpersonnel withbrass band andciviliansproceeded tonearbyEstevan. Theband playedhymns andGeorgeFredericHandel’sFuneral Marchfrom Saul as itaccompaniedthe cortege.(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v 22BdaFiInrc ) The local newspaper estimated the cortege to befour miles long due to the large turnout by thecommunity in a show of respect and sympathy to thefallen.Upon arrival at the St. John the Baptist Church,a synchronous Catholic mass and Baptist funeral servicetook place. After the service, the funeral party arrived atthe Estevan railway station as the St. Giles AnglicanChurch bells tolled the grief of the community.Members of the Canadian Legion branches inEstevan and Bienfait participated in the military saluteand local school children attended the proceedings. TheLast Post and Reveille as well as a gun salute wererendered. The caskets were loaded on the train fortransport of the bodies to their respective homes.With a population of 3000, the town of Estevanprovided a remarkable amount of support including theprovision of dozens of floral tributes at the city’scenotaph as well assisting with arrangements andbilleting members of the RCAF party.

Medal and Distinguished Flying Cross whilecompleting two tours of duty with 48 sorties.He is buried in the Holden Cemetery inHolden AB. He piloted the Dakota aircrafton the first leg to Minot from Estevan.Flying Officer Ned Jordan was 27 yearsold when the accident occured. With almostfour years of service overseas, hecompleted 82 operational trips in J’’ forJig, a Bomber Command Lancaster. Hefinished his tour as a flight instructor. Hewas awarded the Distinguished FlyingCross. He had two brothers.Flying Officer William (Bill) Albert Perry was 28 yearsold when the accident occurred. Heenlisted in the RCAF on the second dayof World War II. He was a mechanic incivilian life. He served with CoastalCommand (Gander Newfoundland). Hewas married to Bernice Mae Rosette. Hehad a son Jack Perry. He is buried in theSt. James Cemetery in Kemptville ON.An inquiry determined that the cause of theaccident was an elevator control lock on the Dakota’sstarboard wing which had not been removed prior to theaircraft taking flight. The lock is a device routinelyattached to aircraft on the ground to prevent damage tomoving surfaces on the wing and tail caused by wind orprop-wash. The pilot had managed to fly from Minot toEstevan with this lock in place having had no troublewith it until he attempted to gain altitude for the secondlanding attempt.Ironically, 20 of the 21 casualties of this crashserved as pilots during World War II with more than halfstdecorated combat veterans. The 21 casualty was anaircraft mechanic, also a veteran of the war.The FatalitiesFlying Officer Henry (Harry) Hugh Cowan was 31years when the accident occurred. He isburied in the Beachwood Cemetery inOttawa Ontario. Enlisting in the RCAF onJune 25 1942, he was awarded theDistinguished Flying Cross (DFC) in thewar. He had five brothers and threesisters. He was married to MargaretBeatrice Cowan.Flight Lieutenant James (Jimmy) Stewart was 32years old when the accident occured. Hewas posted overseas and received theDistinguished Flying Cross in 1943. Hewas married to Evelyn Gladys Lees. He isburied in the Royal Canadian LegionCemetery in Little Mountain B.C.Flight Lieutenant Edward Chester Stewart was 28years old when the accident occured. He was a miner incivilian life. He was awarded the Distinguished FlyingFlying Officer Robert James McIntyrewas 23 years old when the accidentoccurred. He was a member of theManitoba Mounted Rifles when heenlisted. He is buried in the GreenwoodCemetery in Carman MB.Flying Officer Raymond (Ray) AvardBrandser was 23 years old when theaccident occurred. His home was GlenBain SK and he is buried in the HawleyCemetery in Minnesota.Flying Officer Max Thomas was 23 yearsold when the accident occurred. He lived inRock Glen SK and is buried in theWoodlawn Cemetery in Saskatoon SK.Flight Lieutenant Leonard (Len) Edgar Turtle was 24years old when the accident occurred. His home was inMarshall SK and he is buried in the Woodlawn Cemeteryin Saskatoon SK. He was married to Zola Maxine Jones.They had a daughter Eloise.Flying Officer H.C. Stephen Pond was 34 years oldwhen the accident occurred. He was born in LondonEngland and moved to Canada when hewas five months old. He was a trader inSummerside PEI when he enlisted in theRCAF. He is buried at the Mount RoyalCemetery in Montreal QC. He wasmarried to Constance Marie Pond. Hewas Captain of the Dakota aircraft and the oldestmember aboard when it crashed.Lest We Forget

MEN TAKE WINGA Story in Pictures of The Royal Canadian Air Force in TrainingGroundlingsTypical young Canadians, tractor-driver JackNelson, 23, Tinsdale, Saskatchewan; salesman BruceMurray, 20 of Fort Frances and radio ham’’ Bob Olsen21, of Toronto, join the R.C.A.F. Through exclusive AirForce photos, Maclean’s follow them from enlistment tograduation – gives a thorough picture of one of the war’swonders – the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan.Sequences on this and following pages showhow the 900,000,000 project turns out tens ofthousands of crack airmen yearly; how, starting fromscratch 21 months ago it pours from 81 schools and 100flying fields fighter pilots in 22 weeks; bomber observersin 27 weeks, radio-gunners in 24 weeks.The plan uses 1860 buildings, 800 miles ofpaved runways, a staff of 40,000, is still expanding.Elementary flying schools are run by civilians, flyingclubs under R.C.A.F. direction. Of all recruits, Canadiansnumber 73%, Anzacs 14.2%. Cities, towns supply 45%of men; farms, villages the remainder. Allmust have high school education.Ground School to Sky SchoolWith Air-crew band (flash) in caps,the three recruits separate on leavingManning Depot. To erstwhile swankyndEglinton Hunt Club, Toronto, go 2 . ClassAircraftmen Murray and Nelson to take InitialTraining course. To Wireless School goesAC2 Obee to sweat for 20 weeks on radio,signals, armament.At Eglinton, one of the seven InitialTraining Schools, Air University coursebegins. Here training includes groundinstructions, whirling flips in Link Trainerdummy plane, hours of studies in Air Forcelaw, maths, mechanics, armament, mapreading, signals, drill, exercises.Instructors and psychiatrists keephawk-like watch to check alertness,adaptability, initiative. Every response atcontrols in skittish Link Trainer is noted;experts check how it takes for fingers to turnblue, ears to pop in oxygen chamber highaltitude test. Their findings classify those fitto be pilots, those suitable as observers.Murray and Nelson rate high, are promotedto be Leading Aircraftman (LAC), getpropeller insignia on sleeves.Nine weeks after enlisting, LACs Murray andNelson move to giant Malton Airport nearToronto, Air Observers’ School receivedMurray. At No. 1 Elementary Flying TrainingSchool Nelson graduated to real planes –slow, durable Fleets, Moths.Toughest job is first solo after 10 to12 hours of dual instruction. Greatest moment is whenpupil takes off, comes wobbling in to safe landing. In 7weeks, pupil has flown 25 hours solo, stunts like aveteran, is ready for faster planes.Advanced FlyingFinal stage for pilots is Service Flying TrainingSchool, where fighter men fly speedy, roaring Harvards;bomber crews drone in bit twin-engined Ansons. Onethird become officers on graduation. 17% of remainder

get commissions overseas. Officers are picked by examstanding, initiative, leadership ability. Sandwiched with75 hours in air are classroom theory and mechanics inshops. Best fun is cross-country instrument flight withanother pupil; loneliest is night solo. Pilots pay fine:getting lost, 25 cents; sloppy parking, 10 cents.One flight goes up as another eats, sleeps. Mostwidely used planes for fighters are 170 m.p.h. Yale; 190m.p.h. Fleet Fort; 206 m.p.h. Harvard; for bombers, 5man 188 m.p.h. Ansons; recently added 4-man, 195m.p.h. U.S.-built Cessna Crane; for bombing, gunnery,257 m.p.h. Rolls-engined Fairey Battle; for wirelessnavigation 170 m.p.h., 6-man Noorduyn Norseman, theflying classroom.’’Defender of the CrewWireless Air Gunner recruits leave ManningDepot for 24 weeks instruction in (1) communications,(2) defense. At Wireless School they master radiomysteries – beams, codes, direction finders. In vast hallsa hundred wireless keys chatter in Morse; the flyingclassrooms’’ students learn air duties. WAGS,’’Wireless Air Gunners, share 20-week course with WOGS’’ Wireless Operators, Ground and WEMS,’’Wireless Electrical Mechanics.In final 4 weeks at Bombing and Gunner School,Bob Obee and fellow WAGS take to the air and pourbullets at speeding targets, become crack machinegunners. After graduation asSergeant Air Gunners withAG’s single wing, 20% willget commissions.Trainees pay rangesfrom 1.30 daily for AC2, to 2.25 for flying LAC,Sergeant Air Gunner gets 3.30; Flying Pilot Officer 6.25. Average school costs 1,250,000 less aircraft, has100 planes which eat 3,500gallons of fuel hourly.Bomber KingpinPicked for alertness,mathematics, Observers do14 weeks at Air Observers’School, concentrate oncalculation, navigation,meteorology, d-vo scopes,radio code, photography.Three-hour flights over 500600 mile courses testnavigation, theory, developaccuracy, prepare studentsfor Bombing and GunnerySchool. There, for 6 weeks,they swoop over Lake Erietargets, drop 11 1/2 poundsmoke bombs form 6-tonplanes, study bombheights,release apparatus, wind-drift.Graduated go to NavigationSchools for final month. Menwith O’’ Wing is kingpin ofCres; thirty per cent getcommissions.A full copy of this booklet, Men Take Wing’’ is postedat the end of this issue ofCONTACT.

A Christmas Message from Wing Commander H.G. Reid, Commanding Officer of No. 2Manning Depot, Brandon Manitoba in the school’s station Magazine The Airmen’sPost.;; Vol. 2 No. 10, December 1942.IN wishing you a merry Christmas and a Happy New Year I feel I can do sowith greater sincerity this year than any year since the war began. Despite thehard blows which the United Nations have taken during the past three yearsthey have at last turned from the road that is solely defensive and taken theone which leads to victory.We must harbour no illusions about the war being over. But we cannow feel with some degree of certitude that the course of this conflict has nowturned in our favor. The cessation of hostilities, when it oomes, will not likelywitness a repetition of first world war history when opposing political andmilitary leaders gathered to append their signatures to an armisticeproclamation. A post war period of political and social reconstruction willoccupy the attention of the United Nations before an end to hostilities islegally recognized. This is as it should be. For if the Axis were to suddenlycapitulate and a pseudo armistice was in the offing overnight, the kind ofpeace we are so ardently working for would not materialize. What we desire isa peace worthy of the tremendous and priceless sacrifices that have precededit. We are not prepared for that kind of peace yet.Justice, must of course, be the foundation of the peace which willeventually come. But the supreme aim will be to insure that that peace will beprotected by force as widely supported as possible. We in Canadamust be prepared to bear our share of this task.

l A Story i:n Pictures ofTheRoYAL CANADIAN Am FoRcEIn Training

., ., that %/itefJtitfm Alzatt Mtpefidlt ft m thbJ itrth -- Younq Conada hao taken wlnqs. Today. in thomany llylnq training school scattered across thocontlnontlrom Atlantic to Paclllc:. young monaro nardat work. the modem counterpartS ol tb""" oarllmConadlana who pioneered the Dornlnlolt.Tboy are tho lads who bavo accepted tho challenge- who havo ple.kod up tho torch from the bands whichhold It 10 high back in thoae lour latolul yeCB from1914 to 1918.Thoy have hoard tho call ol adventure and the callto ervlc&. From avery vocation, fzom every section are united; boundthey have come to the coloun : theywith a Ingle purpoee. They oller all tha( "freedomlhall not perl1h lram tblo earth.''There Is a place among them lor othen. There Isneed lor thoueands more who beUeve In the Conadianway of li ing. The Royal Cancdlcn Alt force na Miothoee men. It io the qateway to adventure and .-.ice.

MEN TAKE WING

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----------------------------------------· ------ A ircrew Pay theROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCETbe toUowing c:uo the IC4l.u o[ pay !or R.C.A.f. oiKHw atw us loqe Intho! AC2."'"""'""(upon tillat:nenU . . --. . . . . . - , . . . . -- . . . . Sl.30 per day.LAC, Airmcm PUot. A.i.t ObHrnt, ot W ()potcOo: (At:Gua.o rl tRo:- ved aoan af .ea tn:l !'!!:l. ] Is ccmmoa ) . . !.SO pet c!cy.U you ere 14loc1.od lc1 UUtnirKJ a.a pOo1 or cW oboerve:. oh&r comP.letin-g troi:itu;o1 CIJl (oJtJI;ll Traln.ln.9 Sebool. you wm be enU!lbd lo o apodal ollowa.a.ee of 75 ceot.per da:yo in cddition lo pay m.d cillowa:JJ Ii to whil:h yoa. ·ate r.ttilled o1 \he limll ltc tod. Tht. podal cllowQl'lc.e 11 paid cg.nUa ualy Jor lho whole po;rlod dlolrlngwhich you ore Wld811]0ing .Uyiug ttaining.0vfl a.-,.d. o.bov lbe c!clly tctn cl pc 'I yov :.c.ivet b acScUdo.n. your ::.oat. cs::.c!tlvl.llg q1.1art.1a: Yo\l are c1aO cloUted. oomp!o:.ly 01 the qov1mmo.nl'a o.xpeo.ae.Wbon you c:o mU.Iot'fl:! tt11 terg-.anll at the eonelu.t.Son of you: t:a.:iAin; unclurlhe Bril!lh Common r- hh Alr TralnJng P lan. yo\U' daUy ra1" of pay. l.ndw.tnq flr:inq pay. an a1 !ollawt:A.!:ttnUD. PUtr . . ·- . .

Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum Volume 39 No. 4 . showing a funeral photograph of Corporal Dorothy Wakefield, a member of the Royal Canadian Air Force, . school, and one torpedo bombing school be all