SAE Recommended Practices:NIOSH-AMD Committee UpdatesPresented by: Jim Green, NIOSH, Safety EngineerNew England Council for EMS, Newport, RINovember 23, 2015

Crash Testing – External Views

Frontal Crash Test – Interior View

Interior View – Patient Cot

Interior View – Improved Patient Cot

GSA, NFPA, CAAS, AMD, SAE, FMVSS,& ANSI : What do they all mean?Each of theseentities providesa family of testmethods coveringindividualcomponentswithin theambulanceANSI: American NationalStandards InstituteANSIFMVSS: Federal Motor VehicleSafety StandardsAMD: AmbulanceManufacturers Division ofthe National TruckEquipment AssociationFMVSSSAE: Society ofAutomotive EngineersInternationalAMDSAE

Specs and Standards TodayNFPA 1917Standard forAutomotiveAmbulancesEffective 20152nd EditionAMDFMVSSSAEChg. 8, eff. 7/1/2015ANSI

Specs and Standards TomorrowChg. 8, eff. 7/1/2015NFPA 1917Standard forAutomotiveAmbulancesEffective 20152nd EditionSociety of Automotive Engineers (SAE)New Recommended Practices(Test Methods)Developed Under Industry – GovernmentPartnership

SAE Documents Referenced So FarNFPA1917CAASGVS2016DocumentDocument NameGSA1822SAE J3027Patient LitterYesYesYesSAE J3026Seating andRestraintsYesYesYesSAE J2917Frontal Crash PulseYesYesYesSAE J2956Side Impact CrashPulseYesYesYesSAE J3043Equipment MountTestNoYesPartially

Equipment Mounting:Static and Dynamic Test OptionsSAE J3043 Published in July 2014Key Elements in RecommendedPractice Goal is to key equipment attachedto vehicle throughout crash Dynamic testing based onpublished pulses is an option Static test in lieu of dynamic test isalso an option Innovative conversion fromdynamic to static test loadingoffered

Outreach – Improving Awarenessof SAE J3043

Adoption of SAE J3043How Can the New England Council Members Help? Provide me with your contact information and I will sendyou an electronic version of FAQ handout Email any comments to [email protected] Distribute the FAQ one page enclosure to EMS providerswithin your state Make a decision to adopt a bumper-to-bumper standardthat includes SAE J3043

Summary – Pending SAE DocumentsDocumentDocument NameStatusSAE J3059Occupant ExcursionWith SAE for reviewSAE JXXXXInterior Surface SofteningJune 2016SAE J3058Cabinet TestingTesting Completed:meeting 10/14SAE J3057Modular Body TestTesting Completed:meeting 10/14SAE J3102Floor Sub-Structure TestTesting Completed:meeting 11/20

Mapping Occupant ExcursionSAE J3059: Submitted to SAE for Review & Approval

Sample: Head Excursion into Cabinet

Seating and Restraint Excursion DataMapping excursion goes hand-in-hand with the goals of theAmbulance Design Guidebook

Informational DocumentDevelopmentInterior Surface Softening

Interior Surface Delethalization:Patient to Overhead Cabinet Contact

Initial Data Review –Why is construction important?Head Injury Criteria (HIC 36) Values with FMVSS limit of 1000::0.25" Thick Composite wall over 2" x 2" x 0.125 " Aluminum StudsOn Stud Btw Studs On Stud Btw Studs On Stud Btw Studs15 MPH18 MPH21 MPHUnprotected934364171468025901025Standard Foam5361858244031410557Impaxx 300 30 mm300208547434729568Impaxx 300 40 mm355165475314577558Impaxx 500 40 mm420166595353941338

Cabinet Dynamic Testing – SAE J3058SAE J3058: Ready for AMD Member Review in Fall 2015Basic Testing ParametersManufacturer to determine cabinetloading capacity Utilized both front and sideimpact pulses Weights placed 4 inches fromeach door face Have now tested more than 30cabinets from 9 manufacturers Weights were directed at doorsurfaces and cabinets ends

Cabinet Contents Can Be A Hazard Too!Post crash(rollover)equipment andgurney positionsdrasticallychanged

Cabinet Dynamic Testing:4” behind door face

Cabinet Dynamic TestingAluminum Cabinet 20 lbs. of Shot BagsPULSESAE J2917CompartmentTop ShelfMid ShelfBottom ShelfTest Weight5 lbs.5 lbs.10 lbs.

Cabinet Dynamic Testing:Upgraded Cabinet 20 lbs. of Shot BagsPULSESAE J2917CompartmentTop ShelfMid ShelfBottom ShelfTest Weight5 lbs.5 lbs.10 lbs.

Modular Body Structural Integrity: TestMethodologySAE J3057: Ready for AMD Member Review in Fall 2015Key Elements in 2 PhaseRecommended Practice Phase 1 is a dynamic testwhere patient compartment isimpacted by 28,000 ft-lbf Phase 2 is a quasi-statictest evaluating side wall androof strength by loadingdamaged body at 2.5 x curbweight Doors must open after eachtest

Patient Compartment Integrity – SAE J3057Phase 1: Slowed Video ClipCart weight 14,170 lbs. with Impact Velocity of 7.69 mph

Phases 2 and 3:Quasi-Static Load on Side and RoofApplied Load Equals 2.5 timesGVWR first on one side thenvehicle rolled and load appliedto roof again all using the samepreviously impacted modularbody

Sub-Floor Structural Integrity:Test MethodologySAE J3102: Ready for AMD Member Review in Fall 2015Key Elements in thisRecommended Practice Testing can be completedstatically or dynamically Testing must be completedfor front, side, and rearloading Validates design for bothmodular body and van stylebodies

Sub-Floor Structural Integrity – SAE J3102 A rigid test device was used to pass loading into floorsub structure Loading in the frontal plane exceeded 18,000 lbs. Current AMD 004 Standard only requires 2,200 lb. pull

Contact InformationJim [email protected]: The findings and conclusions in this presentation have not beenformally disseminated by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Healthand should not be construed to represent any agency determination or policy.

NFPA 1917 Standard for Automotive Ambulances Effective 2015 2nd Edition Chg. 8, eff. 7/1/2015 AMD SAE FMVSS ANSI . Specs and Standards Tomorrow NFPA 1917 Standard for Automotive Ambulances Effective 2015 2nd Edition Societ