Transcription

ConstructionManualM 41-01.37June 2020Engineering and Regional OperationsState Construction Office

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) InformationTitle VI Notice to Public It is the Washington State Department of Transportation’s (WSDOT) policyto assure that no person shall, on the grounds of race, color, national origin or sex, as provided by TitleVI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or beotherwise discriminated against under any of its federally funded programs and activities. Any personwho believes his/her Title VI protection has been violated, may file a complaint with WSDOT’s Officeof Equal Opportunity (OEO). For additional information regarding Title VI complaint procedures and/orinformation regarding our non-discrimination obligations, please contact OEO’s Title VI Coordinator at360-705-7090.Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Information This material can be made available in an alternateformat by emailing the Office of Equal Opportunity at [email protected] or by calling toll free,855-362-4ADA(4232). Persons who are deaf or hard of hearing may make a request by calling theWashington State Relay at 711.

ForewordThis manual is provided for our construction engineering personnel as instructionfor fulfilling the objectives, procedures, and methods for construction administrationof Washington State transportation projects. This manual contains two kinds ofinstructions depending on the subject matter and the nature of the work. In one case,where the activity is the inspection of contract work that is critical from a structuralor operational viewpoint, the instructions prescribe detailed methods and procedures,or detailed performance measures, designed to assure the objective of a safe andadequate finished product. In other cases, typically in the areas of documentationand payment, the instructions are limited to describing the necessary objectives ofthe work without specifying the methods or procedures. The Construction Manual isintended as a reference book that is consistent with the language and intent of theStandard Specifications. In order to use this reference effectively, it is essential that theuser has a thorough understanding of the contract, contract plans, contract provisions,and the Standard Specifications, as well as this manual.Where specific methods and procedures are not included, the intent of this manual isto provide the project staff with a statement of the outcomes required and to allowthe Region Construction Management and the Project Engineer to devise proceduresaccordingly. This manual provides basic instruction for identifying policies or laws thataffect the construction administration work, however, the manual generally does notinterpret these policies or laws. Compliance with policies, laws, and regulations is theduty of the Project Engineer, who may call on others, especially those authorized toenforce laws and regulations, at any time for assistance. In order to respond to themany situations that may arise on different contracts with different types of work, theinstruction provided by this manual is general in character and is not to be construedas replacing, modifying, or superseding any of the provisions of the contract, contractplans, contract provisions, or Standard Specifications.Decisions to deviate from the instruction provided in this manual must be based onengineering judgment and supportable as representing the best interests of the publicand are to be made by the individual with appropriate authority.Comments about the manual are always welcome and will be consideredin future updates.Robert E. Christopher III, P.E.Director of Construction DivisionState Construction EngineerWSDOT Construction Manual M 41-01.37June 2020Page 3

ForewordPage 4WSDOT Construction Manual M 41-01.37June 2020

ContentsChapter 11-00Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1Agency Organization and Relations With Other Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1GEN 1-00.1Purpose and Scope of Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1GEN 1-00.2Definition of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1GEN 1-00.3WSDOT State Construction Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2GEN 1-00.4Region Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6GEN 1-00.5Relationship With Other Agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10GEN 1-00.6Relating to the Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12GEN 1-00.7Application of Contract Provisions, Plans, and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12GEN 1-00.8Emergency Work Performed Under the Contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15GEN 1-00.9Prime Contractors Performance Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15GEN 1-00.10 Stewardship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15GEN 1-00.11 Bridge and Structures Office Support on Design-Bid-Build ProjectsDuring Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-191-021-031-041-051-06Bid Procedures and Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21SS 1-02.2Plans and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21SS 1-02.4Examination of Plans, Specifications, and Site of Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21Award and Execution of Contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22SS 1-03.2Award of Contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22SS 1-03.3Execution of Contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22Scope of the Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23SS 1-04.3Reference Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23SS 1-04.4Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23SS 1-04.5Procedure and Protest by the Contractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37SS 1-04.6Variation in Estimated Quantities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38SS 1-04.7Differing Site Conditions (Changed Conditions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-42Control of Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43SS 1-05.1Authority of the Engineer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43SS 1-05.3Plans and Working Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-53SS 1-05.4Conformity With and Deviations From Plans and Stakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-61SS 1-05.7Removal of Defective and Unauthorized Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-64SS 1-05.9Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-66SS 1-05.10Guarantees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-67SS 1-05.14Cooperation With Other Contractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-67Control of Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-68SS 1-06.3Manufacturer’s Certificate of Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-68SS 1-06.6Recycled Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-69WSDOT Construction Manual M 41-01.37June 2020Page 5

Contents1-071-081-091-10Page 6Legal Relations and Responsibilities to the Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-71SS 1-07.1Laws to be Observed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-71SS 1-07.3Fire Prevention and Merchantable Timber Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-76SS 1-07.4Sanitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-77SS 1-07.5Environmental Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-78SS 1-07.9Wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-83SS 1-07.11Requirements for Nondiscrimination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-98SS 1-07.12Federal Agency Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-113SS 1-07.13Contractor’s Responsibility for Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-116SS 1-07.14Responsibility for Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-118SS 1-07.15Temporary Water Pollution Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-118SS 1-07.16Protection and Restoration of Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-119SS 1-07.17Utilities and Similar Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-123SS 1-07.18Public Liability and Property Damage Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-125SS 1-07.23Public Convenience and Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-126Prosecution and Progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-132SS 1-08.1Subcontracting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-132SS 1-08.3Progress Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-134SS 1-08.4Prosecution of Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-140SS 1-08.5Time For Completion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-141SS 1-08.6Suspension of Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-144SS 1-08.8Extensions of Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-145SS 1-08.9Liquidated Damages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-146SS 1-08.10Termination of Contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-149Measurement and Payment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-151SS 1-09.4Equitable Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-151SS 1-09.6Force Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-153SS 1-09.8Payment for Material on Hand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-163SS 1-09.9Payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-164SS 1-09.10Payment for Surplus Processed Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-177SS 1-09.11Disputes and Claims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-178SS 1-09.12Audits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-180Temporary Traffic Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-183SS 1-10.1General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-183SS 1-10.2Traffic Control Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-185SS 1-10.3Traffic Control Labor, Procedures, and Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-189SS 1-10.4Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-192SS 1-10.5Payment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-194WSDOT Construction Manual M 41-01.37June 2020

ContentsChapter 22-012-022-03Earthwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1Clearing, Grubbing, and Roadside Cleanup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .