INEFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSELPresented And Updated By:DAVID L. BOTSFORDLaw Office Of David L. Botsford1307 West AvenueAustin, Texas 78701(512) 479-8030(512) 479-8040 (facsimile)[email protected] Written By:RANDY SCHAFFERThe Schaffer Firm1301 McKinney, Suite 3100Houston, Texas 77010(713) 951-9555(713) 951-9854 (facsimile)[email protected] (email)34thState Bar of TexasANNUAL ADVANCED CRIMINAL LAW COURSEJuly 28-31, 2008San AntonioCHAPTER 32

DAVID L. BOTSFORDBotsford & Roark1307 West AvenueAustin, Texas 78701512/479-8030FAX: 512/[email protected]:BA, 1974, University of Connecticut, Cum Laude (Economics)JD, 1977, SMU School of Law, Order of the CoifGraduate, National Criminal Defense College, 1988LICENSURES:Supreme Court of United StatesSupreme Court of TexasUnited States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit , Ninth CircuitUnited States Tax CourtUnited States District Court, Western, Northern, Eastern & Southern Districts of TexasBoard Certified, Texas Board of Legal Specialization, Criminal Law (l983, recertified 1988, 1993,1998 & 2003)PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS & HONORS:State Bar of Texas (1977)Outstanding Criminal Defense Lawyer Of The Year, 1993 (Criminal Justice Section of State Barof Texas)Criminal Law Examination Commission (1985-2006) (drafting and grading of Criminal LawSpecialization Examination)Criminal Justice Section, Council Member (1997-2000; 2001-2003, 2006-present)College of the State Bar 1991Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers AssociationPresident (1996-1997)President-Elect (1995-1996)First Vice-President (1994-1995)Second Vice-President (1993-1994)Treasurer (1992-1993)Assistant Secretary-Treasurer 1991-1992)Amicus Curiae Committee (Member, 1979 to 1981, 1983 to 1985)(Chairperson, 1986, 1987, 1989,1990)TCDLA Presidential Award of Excellence 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993 & 1994Fellow & Super Fellow, Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Educational Institute 1990, 2005Director, Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Educational Institute 1990National Association of Criminal Defense LawyersTexas Association of Board Certified Specialists in Criminal Law, President (1991-1992)Listed in The Best Lawyers In America (since 1994)Listed in the National Directory of Criminal Lawyers (Barry Tarlow, Editor, 1993 Ed.)Listed as 1 of 5 "Top Notch” Lawyers in Texas Criminal Defense by Texas Lawyer (Oct. 2002)Listed as the “Go-To” Lawyer in Texas Criminal Defense by Texas Lawyer (October 2007)Listed in SuperLawyers by Texas Lawyer (2003 -present)PUBLICATIONS:Past speaker and author for the Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers (1978 to present), Criminal DefenseLawyers Project (1981 to present), Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Educational Institute (1982 topresent), State Bar of Texas (Advanced Criminal Law Course, 1978, 1979, 1986, 1990-2008), and theTexas District & County Attorneys Association's Annual Convention (1993, 1998 & 2001).

Ineffective Assistance of CounselChapter 32TABLE OF CONTENTSI.STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING INEFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL .A.General Principles .B.Guilt-Innocence Stage .C.Punishment Stage .1112II.GUILTY PLEA .A.Standard Of Review .B.Inadequate Explanations Of The Law .1.Application To The Facts .2.Application To Punishment Issues .a.The Range Of Punishment .b.Eligibility For Probation .c.Eligibility For Parole .d.Deportation Consequences .e.Right To Withdraw Guilty Plea .3.Application To Motion For New Trial .C.Incorrect Sentencing Information .1.Misrepresentations Regarding The Punishment To Be Assessed .2.Misrepresentations Regarding Other Charges .3.Misrepresentations Regarding Concurrent Sentences .D.Failure To Investigate .2222222333333334III.PLEA BARGAINING . 4IV.PUNISHMENT ELECTION . 4V.PROBATION APPLICATION . 4VI.CONFLICT OF INTEREST .A.Obligations Of The Trial Court .B.Obligations Of Counsel .C.Standard Of Review .4455VII.FAILURE TO FILE PRE-TRIAL MOTIONS .A.Suppress Illegally Obtained Evidence .B.Severance .C.Double Jeopardy .5555VIII. INADEQUATE TRIAL PREPARATION .A.Failure To Confer Adequately With The Defendant, Investigate The Facts, Or Prepare For TrialB.Failure To Interview Witnesses .C.Failure To Present Exculpatory Evidence .D.Failure To Investigate The Validity Of Prior Convictions Alleged For Enhancement .E.Failure To Investigate Jury Misconduct .556677IX.777777788888999999FAILURE TO OBJECT .A.Indictment .B.Voir Dire .C.Opening Statement .D.Evidence .1.Standard Of Review .2.Oral Statement .3.Invocation Of Constitutional Rights .4.Hearsay .5.Opinion .6.Prior Misconduct .a.Prior convictions .c.Using extraneous offenses to create a scenario not supported by the evidence .d.Pen packets .e.Character of the defendant’s associates .f.Defendant’s lifestyle and living conditions .7.Miscellaneous .E.Prejudicial References To The Defendant .i

Ineffective Assistance of CounselF.G.H.I.Chapter 32Jury Charge . 91.Failure to object to instruction not supported by the evidence . 92.Failure to object to erroneous instruction . 93.Failure to request instruction on defensive theory raised by the evidence . 94.Failure to request limiting instruction . 10Jury Argument . 101.Refusal to allow argument . 102.Failure to object to improper argument . 10Jury Note . 10Victim Impact Statement . 10X.INEPT TRIAL PERFORMANCE .A.Decision To Waive A Jury .B.Voir Dire .C.Ineffective Cross-Examination .1.Waiving cross-examination .2.Accepting the State’s theory of the case .3.Bolstering the prosecution witnesses .4.Failure to impeach .5.Eliciting hearsay .6.Eliciting the defendant’s oral statement .7.Eliciting extraneous offenses .8.Opening the door .D.Introducing Evidence For No Valid Purpose .E.Prejudicial References To The Defendant .F.Conceding The Defendant’s Guilt .1.By comment .2.By stipulation .3.By question .G.Argument .1.Waiver of argument .2.Offensive conduct .