Institutional Collection PlanSEQUOIA PARK ZOOJanuary 2005Revised 2009, 2013, 2018

IntroductionA zoo’s Institutional Collection Plan (ICP) is an analysis of the animal collection: current, future and some former species of significance, as itpertains to the zoo’s mission, goals, programs and master plan. It is used to provide the rationale for the existing animal collection as well as toguide the collection’s future development to achieve effective utilization of limited space and resources. This ICP should be used to help directresources and set priorities for these resources (including operational budgeting, fundraising, capital campaigns, etc.). Furthermore, this ICPprovides a focused direction for management of the zoo as well as a clear picture of planned collection activities to staff, volunteers, SequoiaPark Zoo Foundation board members, City officials, and to the general public.Prior to 2005, Sequoia Park Zoo managed its animal collection without a formal Institutional Collection Plan. Following the evolution ofindustry standards and complying with new accreditation requirements from the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), the zoo’s first ICPwas developed during the years 2004/05. The Zoo Curator/Supervisor received training for ICP development at an AZA workshop in the springof 2004. This document was originally developed by the Zoo Curator/Supervisor and the primary animal care staff. This document was revisedand updated in 2009, 2013 and 2017/18 by animal care staff, Animal Curator and Zoo Director. New to the 2018 revision is the addition of abotanical collection plan, which describes the gradual implementation of a Native Plant Landscaping Policy (see Table 4).While this plan provides clear guidance, it should be considered and used as a flexible document, allowing the zoo to respond to changes inpriority, availability, resources, professional captive animal management needs, staff interest and expertise and the programming needs of thecommunity.BackgroundSome of Sequoia Park Zoo’s current animal collection reflects a historic trend of exhibiting an eclectic variety of species, oftenopportunistically and without integration or theming. The past decades have seen a slow shift away from this management style. More exhibitsand areas of the zoo now contain species that relate to nearby species either zoo-geographically, taxonomically or by sharing a unifying theme.One defined theme area of the zoo is the Barnyard, where domesticated animals are featured for contact experiences, and wild species that usefarms as habitat are exhibited. Domestication and related topics are other central themes. A second area is the Nancy Hilfiker Aviary, wherebirds and bird-watching are the general themes, with broad global and taxonomic representation. Progress has been made on two additionalthemes with new and renovated exhibits: Biodiversity Hotspot – South America and Asian Forests. Native Predators zone was launched withthe opening of Watershed Heroes exhibits in 2014. Three older exhibits remain at the northern end of the zoo. This location is planned tobecome the future theme of Island Adaptations. A final theme of Prairie Keystone was eliminated from the revised 2017 master plan and thisICP.2

ICPs are typically designed to dovetail with a zoo’s active master plan document. Sequoia Park Zoo’s current facility master plan was firstdeveloped in 2006 and was based upon species identified in the ICP, using selection criteria described below. Due to its small size and limitedresources, Sequoia Park Zoo has restrictions that many larger zoos do not, which impact the ICP in significant ways. Current land space equalsapproximately 5 acres, all of which are developed. New exhibit areas are possible only if old exhibits are decommissioned and/or if additionaladjacent land is added from beyond the zoo’s current perimeter. Other limitations include operating budget, staff size/expertise, animaltransportation in and out of Humboldt County, veterinary expertise/availability, and quarantine/holding space. All of these conditions impactthe numbers and kinds of animals we can properly maintain, and all must be taken into account when considering acquisition of a new species.Emphasis on including compatible mixed species to existing or new exhibits is an effective way to add new interest, enhance quality of exhibitsand use resources efficiently.The ICP should always complement and support our zoo’s mission, which is stated as follows:Sequoia Park Zoo inspires conservation of the natural world by instilling wonder, respect and passion for wildlife.We fulfill our mission by: Creating intimate connections between people and animals Providing the highest standards of animal care and exhibitry Providing innovative educational experiences Partnering with other institutions to ensure sustainability of zoo and wild populations Providing a place for our community to meet, relax, and enjoy Appreciating and utilizing our unique redwood settingMethodologyThis ICP was developed using protocols from the ICP workshop and other zoological institutions’ ICP documents as examples. Zoo staffselected taxon criteria based on general industry standards and focused especially on the factors particular to Sequoia Park Zoo. See TaxonSelection Criteria document in appendix for detailed description. A basic decision tree flowchart was used for scoring taxa, and each species inthe zoo’s collection is sorted through the tree and given a score. Species receiving lower score values demonstrate a better “fit” for SequoiaPark Zoo than species receiving higher scores; however, these scores are only relative to each other and will not be the sole basis upon whichdecisions are made regarding long-term plans for each species. See Decision Tree diagram in appendix. Score values and action plans for3

current species are found in the “Results” section. Proposed new species are researched using a Species Worksheet document, which is thenused to score on the decision tree to help determine if the species will be acquired.This ICP is reviewed annually, and formally revised on a four-year cycle. First revision was completed 2009, second revision 2013, with minorchanges to selection criteria to more clearly define Conservation Education Value. In 2017, the ICP was revised and exhibitry value clarified toemphasize mixed species compatibility. The next scheduled revision: 2022.TerminologySex ratio code translates as in this example: 2.3.1 (two males, three females, one unknown sex).SSP – Species Survival Plan (a cooperative and highly managed captive breeding plan via accredited zoos, using three levels of red, yellow,green).NRRH – non-releasable rehabilitatedR - RescuedExhibit codes correspond to zoo exhibits as shown on map (see appendix).Scoring Results and PlansThe results of analyzing the current animal collection, recently eliminated and future planned species, and the existing animal exhibits using theselection criteria and decision tree are summarized in the following three tables, organized by species’ common names alphabetically, and byexhibit.4

Table 1: Existing Animal Collection Scores & Management PlansCommon Name /Scientific NameAfrican grayparrot/ PsittacuserithacusAlpaca / LamaPacos huacayaD-TScore2Zone/ExhibitCurrent sex ratio /status1.1ProgramNoAviary40.1NoBarnyard10Axolotl /AmbystomaMexicanumBanana slug /AriolimaxColumbianus141.0, intactNoK kitchentemp exhibit8Colony; breedingNoSoF3Bald eagle nasfasciataBlack widowspider /LatrodectushesperusBlack headedspider monkey /Ateles fuscicepsrufiventris10.2NRRH60.0.2NoAviary80.1, intactNoBarnyard2211.0 vas/neuter0.1 spayed nt PlanTimelineAcquired opportunistically for pet messaging,could do 0.2OngoingMaintain 0.2, or 1.1 (neutered), or 1.0(neutered) with llamas forcontact/display/theme. Contingent upon havingpasture space availableNo long-term plan for species; some potentialfor use in education programs;manage as is until phase-outMaintain colony of appropriate size/viability,replace colonies with collected groups asneeded; request permission from state to allowbreedingMaintain up to 4 individuals in current exhibitOngoingOpportunistic NRRH group for displaypurposes, managed as non-breeding.P-OMaintain 0.2 separately on exhibit as nonbreeding for display/theme purposesOngoingMaintain as holding group for senior animals’lifespan, acquire companion(s) for Jake iffeasible or relocate to appropriate facility,depending on SSP need.P-OP-OOngoingOngoing5

Table 1: Existing Animal Collection Scores & Management PlansCurrent sex ratio /status2.0 siblings, intactProgramZone/ExhibitStudbookE181.0, intact1.0 mountain sspNSoF612Colony, breedingNoSoF15.0, intactSSPyellowTABHE10/11Chilean flamingo /PhoenicopteruschilensisCoast garter snake/ ThamnophisElegans terrestrisGreater rhea /Rhea americanaCotton-toppedtamarin / SaguinusoedipusCrested screamer /Chauna torquata117.11, intactSSPgreenTABHE781.0, intactNo42.0, intact12.0, one intact oneneuteredSSPyellowSSPgreen33.2, intactSSPyellowDampwood termite/ Zootermopsisangusticollis6ColonyNoCommon Name /Scientific NameBush dog /Speothos venaticusCaliforniakingsnake /LampropeltisCaliforniaeCalifornia roach /HesperoleucussymmetricusChacoan peccary /CatagonuswagneriD-TScore1SoFTABHE10/11AV holdingTABHTABHE7SoFManagement PlanTimelineAcquire female for breeding, send Mato to NewEngland; maintain pack of 2 Maintain for display/theme and educationpurposesOngoingMaintain for education purposes; managepopulation size by culling/feeding outOngoingOngoingMaintain as bachelor group per SSP forOngoingdisplay/theme purposes, explore mixability withhoofstockAdvocate breeding to SSP if appropriate.Maintain for display/theme; breed to increaseOngoingflock size/surplus as per SSP, target 50-60Maintain for display/themeOngoingMaintain for display/theme. P.O. males, refer toSSP for femalesMaintain as bachelor or non-breeding pair inholding/display.New exhibit in MP zone TABHMaintain pair for display/theme/ mixed speciesBreed if placement likely. Look into egg sexingto produce sexes based on SSP needsMaintain breeding colony for display/themepurposesPO malesOngoingOngoingOngoing6

Table 1: Existing Animal Collection Scores & Management PlansCurrent sex ratio /status1.0, neuteredProgramZone/ExhibitManagement PlanTimelineNo 1.13 (flock),all intactNoMaintain for contact/theme/rodent controlpurposes if bird predation is controlledMaintain for contact /theme purposes;Manage non-breeding flock up to 15, multiplebreedsOngoing4free-rangewith bib/catioBarnyardfree-range41.2, neutered maleNoBarnyardMaintain small group for contact/display/themepurposes. Contingent upon having appropriatepasture spaceOngoing44.3 neuteredNoBarnyardMaintain for contact/display/theme purposesManageable non-breeding herd size of variety;Consider acquiring/breeding minor breedsOngoing21.1 (neutered male)RarebreedBarnyardMaintain for theme purposes astemperament/size/management allowsOngoing42.0, neuteredNoBarnyardPhase out due to temperament issues and exhibit PO40.2 intactNoBarnyardMaintain variety of 2-4 for contact/themeConsider acquiring/breeding minor breedsOngoing21-2 colonies, intactNoBarnyardOngoing41.2 intactNoAviaryMaintain for display/themeManage as display hive with second as back-upopportunisticallyMaintain trio non-breeding for display purposesCommon Name /Scientific NameDomestic cat /Felis catusDomestic chicken(various breeds) /Gallus gallusdomesticD-TScore2Domesticminiature donkey /Equus asinusdomestic miniatureDomestic goat(various breeds) /Capra aegagrushircusDomestic pig,small breeds / Susscrofa scrofadomesticDomestic rabbit /OryctolaguscuniculusDomesticDomestic sheep(various breeds) /Ovis aries ariesEuropeanhoneybee / ApismelliferaGolden pheasant /ChrysolophusPictusOngoingOngoing7

Table 1: Existing Animal Collection Scores & Management PlansCommon Name /Scientific NameGreen heron /ButoridesvirescensGuira cuckoo /Guira GuiraHouse mouse /Mus musculusD-TScore6Current sex ratio /status0.0.1, intactProgramNo40.4, intact2Llama / LamaGlamaIndian muntjac /MuntiacusmuntjakMGH Cockroach /GromphadorhinaPortentosaNicobar pigeon /CaloenasNicobaricaNorth Americanporcupine /ErethizondorsatumNorthern spottedowl / StrixoccidentalisNorthwesternsalamander /Ambystoma gracileZone/ExhibitManagement PlanTimelineAviaryOpportunistic NRRH for display purposes,consider small egret if not availableOngoingNoAviaryOngoingColony, intactNoBarnyard40.1, intactNoBarnyard41.0, neuteredNoAsianForests E216Colony, breedingNoLLMaintain group for display purposes; ConsiderbreedingMaintain colony for display/theme purposesManage appropriate size for exhibit 8-14 nonbreeding single sexMaintain 1-2 with alpacas forcontact/display/theme purposesMaintain for display/theme and mixed species.Consider Reeves as alternative. Exhibit sizemay be more appropriate for smaller species,unless exhibit expandedMaintain for education programs; feed outsurplus31.1 breeding pairNoAviaryPedigree unknown. Will have to increase flocksize to contribute to SSP/breeding.Ongoingor P-O20.1NRRHSSPyellowN PredatorsProgram animal mixed species with Spottedowl. Consider another 0.1.Ongoing20.1 intactNoN PredatorsMaintain opportunistically. Consider another0.1 or barred (program animal if appropriate forwelfare)Maintain for display/theme purposes; consideracquiring second for back-up; other nativespeciesOngoingthreatened80.0.1, intactNoSoF2OngoingOngoingOngoingOngoingOngoing8

Table 1: Existing Animal Collection Scores & Management PlansCurrent sex ratio /status0.3, intactProgramZone/ExhibitStudbook80.0.1, intactNoTABHE7SoF180.1 intactNoSoF734.2, intact or femalesimplanted as neededNoTABHE813.0SSPgreenNativePredators21.1, both neuteredNRRHBarnyard61.1, intactNon-breedingNRRHOff exhibitN PredatorsRed junglefowl /Gallus gallusRed panda /Ailurus fulgens81.1, intactno11.1, intact0.1 offspringSSPgreenRubber boa /Charina bottaeSalmonid species /Oncorhynchustshawytscha82.0, intactNo2Single aged groups,multiple speciesNoCommon Name /Scientific NameOrinoco goose /Neochen jubataCoast giantsalamander /DicamptodontenebrosusPacific gophersnake / Pituophiscatenifer cateniferPatagonian cavy /DolichotispatagonumNorth Americanriver otter / LontracanadensisRaccoon / ProcyonlotorRaven / CorvuscoraxD-TScore1Management PlanTimelineMaintain as mixed species with flamingo anddisplay/theme/grass control; add 0.1Maintain for display/theme purposesConsider acquiring second for back-upOngoingMaintain for display/theme purposesOngoingMaintain for display/mixed species/themepurposes not to exceed pasture capacityManage breeding for AZA zoo needsMaintain bachelor group until requestedotherwise as per SSP recommendationsOngoingMaintain for display and potential programanimalMaintain in holding until new exhibit in MPzone N nyardfree rangeAsianForestsE21SoF 8Maintain for theme/display; non- breedingMaintain for display, theme, mixed species;breed or hold as SSP and holding space allows;surplus offspringMaintain together for display/theme purposesOngoingNativePredatorsMaintain single aged groups from varyingspecies as available. Acquire from hatcheries asneeded for attrition. May cull due toovercrowding as permit allowsOngoingOngoing9

Table 1: Existing Animal Collection Scores & Management PlansCommon Name /Scientific NameScarlet ibis /Eudocimus ruberSpotted whistlingduck /DendrocygnaguttataStriped skunk /Mephitis mephitisVirginia opossum /DidelphisvirginianaWestern pondturtle / ActinemysmarmorataWhite-handedgibbon / HylobateslarYak, domestic /Bos grunniensgrunniensdomesticD-TScore3Current sex ratio /status0.3, intactProgram31.1, siblingsSSPyellowSSP red21.0, neutered?61.0 intactNRRH22.2SSPyellow11.0 vasectomy0.1 intactSSPyellow121.1, castratedNoZone/ExhibitManagement PlanTimelineMaintain as small flock; test for gender as perSSPBreed when non related individual available,Surplus other individualOngoingBarnyard 14AV 1 and 2Barnyard14/AV 1 and 2SoF 4Maintain for display and program animal.Alternate space with opossumMaintain solitary animal fordisplay/theme/program animal; Replace asneeded and availableMaintain for display/theme purposes; Considerconservation breeding programOngoingE4Maintain pair (highly bonded) for display Newexhibit in MP zone Island AdaptationsOngoingTBDOpportunistic acquisition/rescue; maintain asspace and plans allowP/OAviaryAviaryE16/17OngoingOngoingOngoing10

Table 2: Former and Future Animal Collection Scores & Action PlansCommon Name /Scientific NameAgouti or AcouchiAmerican blackbearArmadillo spAzure-wingedmagpieBadgerD-TScore32Sex ratio / statusProgramDepends on exhibitcapacity, tN PredatorsAviary3PrairieKeystoneTABHOff-exhibitor BYTBD2solitaryStudbookNRRHBinturongTBDBreeding pairBlack-footed ferret1Non-breedingBlack-tailed prairiedogBlue-grey tanager1Non-breeding colonySSPyellowSSPyellowNo1Breeding pairSSPBobcat22 – 3, researchneededBurrowing owl2Capybara4GroupCedar waxwingChilean rosehaired tarantula8100.1, No, due to NO tropical building in MPTBDAcquire from CADFW or AZA surplus;mix with coyotes2019 2021Phased-out due to incompatibility in aviary2005programPOBaird’s tapirBarn ngRemoved PK from Master planMore research needed to determine if mixableConsider for new BY exhibit and/or program ifaccess solved. Alternative is taxidermy animalin BYResearch if mixable or as program animal.Exhibit may rotate with Clouded leopard?PK removed from MPTBDNonePK removed from MP2005TBDnoneBreeding unsuccessful due to rodent intrusion;consider once AV mesh replacedAcquire when suitable exhibit availableTBDTBDTBDPK removed from MPTBDAcquire when suitable mixes species exhibitavailable. Hot water feature!Good species for AV until rodent intrusionMaintain for education programming, orsurplusTBDPO 2010201511

Table 2: Former and Future Animal Collection Scores & Action PlansCommon Name /Scientific NameChimpanzeeD-TScorePOSex ratio / statusProgram1.0SSPChinchilla6Non-breeding groupNoClouded leopard4TBDCommon peafowl4n/aSSPyellowNoCoyote2Non-breeding socialgroupDomestic cowDomestic dogDomestic goose2820.2NoZone/ExhibitE2Free rangeNoNativePredatorsBYRescue/ShelterBYfree rangeNoBYfree range4colonyNoBarnyardDomestic turkey(various breeds)European roller80.2, intactBarnyardfree-range40.1, intactRarebreedsNo21.01.0 or 0.1NoStudbookmewNativePredatorsE 17East Africancrowned cranePO1.1TimelinePhased out with attrition2007/PermanentTBDConsider exhibit near BY or for programTABH,animalprogramAsian forests Rotate with BinturongDomestic pigeonFerruginous hawkFisherPlanAviaryTBDPhased out due to incompatibility with otherexhibits (flamingo, etc.) and outdoor café;consider acquiring if above resolvedAcquire when suitable exhibit available as perfacility MPConsider mini breed for BY if grazing, housingappropriatePhased out with attrition; consider acquiring asadvisable (staff time, logistics). Considerwelfare if left alone for 14 hours dailyPhased out due to incompatibility withpublic/facility (no pool)Consider fancy breed or homing for interpretiveand programming purposes, turn-key groupneededPO due to aggression and safety issues withtoddlersMaintain as compatible mixed species asavailability allows; consider pairing/surplus.Not available, but did well in aviaryDifficulty managing/staff time; phased outAcquire when suitable exhibit available2008Phased out through attrition due toincompatibility with facility MP themes2006TBDnone2008None201420172006TBD12

Table 2: Former and Future Animal Collection Scores & Action PlansCommon Name /Scientific NameGiant anteaterGolden-crestedmynahGolden liontamarinGray foxGuanacoGuinea PigHooded pittaKeaKiwi, NI brownLampreyLong tailed weaselMalay arguspheasantManed wolfMountain lionNyalaPrehensile-tailedporcupineRainbow boaD-TScore1Sex ratio / statusProgramPOSSPyellowPMPPOSSP21 (neutered).16Single sex group upto 15NoNRRHNoNoZone/ExhibitTABHAV9SAH# lands?GroupPOWatershedHeroesSSPAV 91Breeding pairSSPyellowTABH2Up to 3, OE164Single individual81.0 intactSSPyellowNoTABH,programPlanTimelineMore research needed. Pacing, visibility, tempreq, and temperament are concerns.Phased out through attrition - incompatible inaviary for husbandry reasonsPhased out for alternate tamarin species forbetter theme fitWas PO due to exhibit loss (bushdog); potentialin native predatorsPhased out - incompatible for spaceExhibit in BY, program animalTBDPhased out through attrition - incompatible withhusbandry/bad luck!200720082009201420092018Consider as alternative to salmonid in 1 tank for Nonenative story?Phased out - incompatible temperament in2005aviaryBushdogs selected over maned wolf for canidTBDspecies in TABH, but consider if thoughtschangeAcquire when suitable exhibit builtTBDPhased out - Incompatible withspace/husbandry and master plan themeConsider with CTT exhibit or program animal2007TBDSurplus to private individual201513

Table 2: Former and Future Animal Collection Scores & Action PlansCommon Name /Scientific NameRed-breastedsapsuckerD-TScore6/POSex ratio / statusProgram0.0.1, intactNRRHRingtailTBDIndividualStudbookSocial groupSSPyellowSSPNoStudbookRing-tailed lemuror other lemur spRed-crested turacoRingneck doveSacred ibis11.1 breeding pairPO1Swift fox1Tree kangaroospeciesTammar wallabyTurkey Vulture1Hoffmans? Twotoed slothWestern bluebirdVampire batReptiles/birdsTBDBirds TBD774TBDTBD0.1, intact0.1, intactUp to 2Zone/ExhibitPlanTimelineAviaryOpportunistic NRRH for display purposes.Passed away, unable to replace2015NativePredatorsor programIslandAdaptationsAs available, when exhibit available in NPTBDAcquire when suitable exhibit available,consider walk throughPhased out – incompatible for mixed speciesReplaced with native for better messagingMaintained for display until attrition; Beautiful,possibly too large with the foliagePK removed from MPTBDAcquire when suitable exhibit availableTBDPhase-out by attritionConsider mixed with Raven, interpret Condor2014TBDNo tropical building in MPTBDOpportunistic display; attritionRemoved tropical building from MPConsider compatible species fitting themeNoneTBDNoneConsider compatible species fitting ndAdaptationsAsianForests201320052016TBD14

Table 3: Current Exhibits/Facility EvaluationExhibit(age)E1Current SpeciesBush dogsAssessment of Current UseFuture PlansTimelineOlder, naturalized anchor exhibit suitable formid-sized species; north wall technically nonAZA compliant but variance granted forspeciesChimp exhibit converted to “Bill’s Garden”memorial for story of SPZ history/chimpsMid-term exhibit for ICP speciesEventually replaced with IslandAdaptations/gibbon exhibitsMobile – currently in use behind primatesLikely cannot be moved againE3(1979)Raptor Mew - notpermanentlyoccupiedSpider monkeytroupeOlder naturalized exhibit; newer shift cageallows for appropriate servicing and switchingb/w exhibits; adequate until species P-OTBDPS1,2,3Primate shiftE4(1979)Gibbons3 interconnected holding units; used forshifting primates out of exhibits to cleanOlder naturalized exhibit; newer shift cageallows for appropriate servicing and switchingb/w exhibits; adequate until new exhibit as perMPTank display keeper kitchen adequateWorks well; Could use more land area; couldconsider native frog speciesExhibit adequate for current managementMid-term exhibit for ICP species:- Small arboreal carnivore; birdspecies or gibbon added spaceTo be replaced with Isl Adapt exhibitTo be replaced with Island AdaptationsexhibitTo be replaced with Island AdaptationsexhibitDiscontinue after phase outSame as currentTBDOngoing( 1982)E2Not occupied( 7,8(2005)SF10(2005)AxolotlSalamandersBanana slugsPond turtles, fishNative snakesTermitesNot suitable with multiple males; staff accesschallengingAdequate for current use; holding tanks usedfor rotation of extra snakes; signage restrictsspeciesAdequate for current use, sustainable popEliminated from future MP due tospace constraintsSame as currentSame as currentTBDUpondevelopment ofnew zoneOngoingTBDTBDOngoingOngoingSame as currentOngoingSame as currentOngoing15

Table 3: Current Exhibits/Facility EvaluationExhibit(age)E6(2014)E7(2011)Current SpeciesNorth AmericanRiver ottersFlamingo/ OrinocogeeseAssessment of Current UseExcellent dividable exhibit and holdingGood space for species; drain line must beserviced regularly; poor water pressure; feedingpond small for expanding flock sizeAV9Mixed bird species General avian and bird-watching theme(1992,Mesh eventually needs replacement,renovateddeteriorating in places on top due to tree2008)intrusion and vinyl coating erosion from humanaccess on topAV1,2,7,8 VariableInterconnected holding units; used for program(1992)animals, surplus, holding, sick, and breedingAV 3-6Cotton-top tamarins 4 interconnected holding units; used for CT(1992)Tamarin holdingE8Cavy/ SouthernGood space for species; inadequate grass;(2011)screamerscapacity limited to 10 ; mesh will not containnewborns; pond difficult to drain/cleanE9 (N/S) Not permanentlyHolding pens used to separate individuals(2012)occupiedduring breeding season or for medical recoveryE10/11Chacoan peccary/Large size and sun exposure; appropriateGreater rheaholding and intro capabilities; landscapinglimited; also used for BY exerciseBY1Domestic fowl/Adequate for housing/breeding mixed poultry(2003)backup rodentflock ; hutches appropriate for small mammalsholding(guinea pigs)BY 2-6Mixed herd ofAdequate for housing small herd; select for(2003)goats, sheeptemperament, variety, possible rare breedBY 7,8Domestic pig:Adequate for small-stature pig(s); select for(2003)Guinea hog & Kune temperament and rare breed storyKune pigBY 9-12 Mid-size domesticStalls adequate for small group of camelids,(2003)ungulatessmall equids, etc; pasture rotation for exerciseFuture PlansTimelineSame as currentOngoingSame as currentOngoingSame as current per MP;Select compatible species to add tovisitor experience and contribute tocaptive population sustainabilityOngoingMesh replacement as needed; prioritizebird breeding and program animalsWill return to avian holding once newCT Tamarin exhibit builtAdd better soil for pasture; addresspond drainOngoingSame as currentOngoingOngoingOngoingTo be replaced with Tropical AndesBiodiversity Hotspot exhibitOngoingSame as currentOngoingSame as currentOngoingSame as currentConsider surplus of Guinea hog forhousing constraintsSame as current; consider substratechangeOngoingOngoing16

Table 3: Current Exhibits/Facility EvaluationExhibit(age)BY13(2003)BY14(2003)Current SpeciesAssessment of Current UseNursery /specialcare/holdingNative nocturnalmammal-opossum,skunkMouse colonyClimate control; cabinet storage; counter notappropriate for all animalsSpecies can rotate; select for appropriate size &use of space; can be program animalSame as currentOngoingSame as currentOngoingAdequate for management of small colonyusing holding cages in service room to separateif neededBY16,Isolation/holdingAdequate for isolation/holding needs of18-19pens for variousbarnyard residents and others; outdoor stalls(2003)empty for quick emergency occupancyBY21Rabbit, domesticAdequate for day-use as exercise penBY22A Black widow spider Enclosure adequate for maintaining and(2003)servicing one spiderBY22B Cellar spiderNon-managed display for theme purposesBY23Rabbit, domesticAdequate for holding larger species of rabbitsBY24VariousVisitor-free area of CC with goat climbing(2017)structure for exercise, play and escapeBY25RaccoonsOpening 2018 – TBD; appropriate for this or(2018)other small animals fitting themeE12,13Quarantine/isolation Small but adequate for short term holding/Q;of larger ungulatesRed barn shelter can also house small animalsovernight; also used as exercise penE21Red panda/ muntjac Adequate for breeding panda pair or non(2009)breeding family group & solitary muntjac;E16Yak ; also used asLimited landscaping; provides some pasture,exercise pen for BY good sun exposure; has protected contacthoofstocktraining shiftE17YakForested small paddock adjacent to NaturePlay; rotated between yak and BY hoofstockE18,19,20 VariousSmall but adequate for short term holding/Q;transfer between exhibitsSame as currentOngoingSame as currentOngoingTBD-species to be phased outSame as currentOngoingSame as currentFuture site of Velutini Snack cartSame as currentOngoingTBDBY15(2003)Future PlansSame as currentSame as currentRe-grade to improve drainageOccupies part of future Asian ForestConsider expansion west and/or 2ndexhibit; replace metal siding with gOngoingFuture site of AF/NP as per MPFuture site of N Predators as per MPFuture site of AF/NP as per MPTBDOngoingTBDOngoingTBD17

Table 3: Current Exhibits/Facility 015)EO1EO2ACC1,2ACC3Current SpeciesSalmonidsBald eaglesNative owl & NAporcupine mixTarantulaMH ment of Current UseFuture Plans2 separate tanks connected by same system (5Kgals); manage for 2-3 mixed local speciesSpacious immersive exhibit; perch furniturereplacement tricky and debris removal -meshSpacious for 2-3 animalsSame; consider lampreys as alternativeAdequate for current useNeeds better temperature/humidity controlDoors loud, heavy; guillotine doors loud, slow;little natural lightSafety airlock addedProgram animalProgram animalAddres

provides a focused direction for management of the zoo as well as a clear picture of planned collection activities to staff, volunteers, Sequoia Park Zoo Foundation board members, City officials, and to the general public. Prior to 2005, Sequoia Park Zoo managed its animal c