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1903-2013CONTRACTORTechnical Installation GuidePaverTop SoilSand Setting BedEdge RestraintNO EXFILTRATIONCompactedAggregate BaseSeparation Fabric(Mirafi 500x)10" SpikeTOP SOILGEOGRID(where needed)Compacted SubgradeCLEANSTONEGEOGRID(where needed)

STRASBURG REDSRI 1SLATE GRAYSANDSTONEREDPEWTER BLENDHB BROWNHARVEST BLENDHADDON BLENDGREEN SLATEGRANITEGOLDEN MAPLEGOLDEN DAKOTAFOREST GREENEARTHDAKOTA BLENDCREAMCHESTNUTCHESAPEAKECHARCOALCANYON REDBROWNSTONEBROWNBLUESTONEBLUE SPRUCEAZALEA(PREMIUM COLOR)AUTUMN BLENDASH GRAYPAVERS6x96x9Coventry Stone ICoventry Stone II-IVCoventry Cobble &Estate CobbleCoventry BrickStoneCoventry Bullnose& BordersCoventry ECO Cobble & ECO Cobble KEY:SOO Special Order OnlySTA Standard Finish Only6x9 Available in 6” x 9” Only SAW Saw Cut Only6x6 Available in 6” x 6” OnlyColor Disclaimer: EP Henry Pavers and Walls are made fromnatural materials and variations in shade are normal. As shadingmay vary and photographs do not precisely reflect actual color,we urge you to view actual samples of products prior to makingyour selection by visiting an EP Henry Authorized HardscapingDistributor.This quick, cross-reference guide allows you to see colorchoices offered for our vast array of paver and wall products.As always, please visit your local EP Henry AuthorizedHardscaping Distributor to review colors in person.Color/Product Availability GuideECO PaverSOOECO BrickStoneBrickStonePEWTER BLENDHARVEST BLENDGRAYGRANITEEARTHDEVON BLENDDAKOTA BLENDCHESTNUTCHESAPEAKECANYON REDAUTUMN ll 6x96x9Old TowneCobble 6x66x6BullnosePaverDouble SidedCoventry WallOctaGrande Coventry Wall IIISymetry Coventry WallVillageSquare Coventry GardenWallBristolStone Brisa WallRusticHollandStoneStackedStoneWallSOO 6x9RusticCobbleStoneSOO6x9CobbleStoneTerraceWall HollandStoneTudor Wall &Double SidedTudor Wall 3 PieceModularSystemSOOSOOCoventry Wall PlusSAWSAWSAWFlagging ImperialRustic DoubleFace WallDevonStone Gaelic Diamond ProDiamond Pro / Vertica WallDevonStone Tennyson and SawCutMesa RetainingWallImperial Rustic& StandardBullnoseStoneWall SELECT

CONTENTS4567810121330PAVERS & SLABSPaver PatternsCircle & Fans PatternsPaver LightsPaver FAQ’sPaver AccessoriesPaver InstallationDevonStone PatternsDevonStone FAQ’sECO Paver aining Wall LightsWall AccessoriesCoventry Wall & Tudor Wall InstallationCoventry Wall III InstallationDouble Sided Coventry Garden Wall/Double Sided Tudor Wall InstallationCoventry Garden Wall InstallationEnglish Garden Wall InstallationTerrace Wall InstallationStoneWall SELECT InstallationMesa Retaining Wall InstallationDiamond Pro InstallationVertica Wall InstallationBrisa Wall InstallationRustic Double Face Wall InstallationStacked Stone Wall InstallationWall Installation DetailsStep DetailsGeogrid DetailsCurves, Caps & Transition DetailsWall FAQ’s231ADDITIONAL PRODUCT INFORMATIONColor Availability GuideProduct Line Overview14151617183www.ephenry.com

Paver Patternswww.ephenry.com/technicalRUNNING BONDSTACKED BONDMODIFIED HERRINGBONE SIDEWINDER100% All StylesCoventry Stone I and Old Towne Cobble Any combination of sizes, same direction100% All StylesCoventry Stone I andOld Towne Cobble 6"x6" or 6"x9"ECO Cobble and Coventry ECO CobbleCoventry Stone II (4 sizes in cube)Village Square 6”x6” or 12”x12”6”x12” Half Village SquareCoventry Stone III (3 sizes in cube)Coventry Stone IVECO Cobble and Coventry ECO Cobble Village Square 6”x6” or 12”x12”6”x12” Half Village SquareCoventry Stone I andOld Towne Cobble 60% 6"x9", 40% 6"x6"Village Square69% 6"x12" HVS, 31% 6"x6" VSVENETIAN PARQUETSymetry83% Symetry, 17% Symetry SquaresBrick Stone, Coventry Brick Stone,Historic Brick Stone 4”x8”Coventry Stone IVCoventry Estate CobbleBrick Stone, Coventry Brick Stone, HistoricBrick Stone 4”x8”ECO PaverCoventry Estate Cobble“I”CHECKERSGRAND PARQUETDIAMOND RUNPINWHEELCREATE YOUR OWNCoventry Stone I and Old Towne Cobble 70% 6"x9", 30% 6"x6"ECO Cobble and Coventry ECO Cobble 90 HERRINGBONESymetry66% Symetry, 34% Symetry SquaresRANDOM100% All StylesCoventry Stone II (4 sizes in cube)Coventry Stone III (3 sizes in cube)Coventry Stone IVECO Cobble and Coventry ECO Cobble Village Square 6”x6” or 12”x12”6”x12” Half Village SquareCoventry Stone I andOld Towne Cobble60% 6"x9", 40% 6"x6"Coventry Stone III100% Coventry Stone IIICoventry Cobble100% Coventry CobbleBristol StoneECO Cobble and Coventry ECO CobbleBrick Stone, Coventry Brick Stone,Historic Brick Stone 4”x8”ECO Paver100% Symetry Village Square81% 6"x12" HVS, 19% 6"x6" VSBorder Patterns45 HERRINGBONE100% All StylesCoventry Stone I and Old Towne Cobble Coventry Stone IVBrick Stone, Coventry Brick Stone,Historic Brick Stone 4”x8”6”x12” Half Village SquareECO Cobble and Coventry ECO Cobble Village Square25% 12"x12" VS, 50% 6"x12" HVS,25% 6"x6" VSSAILOR BORDERSOLDIER MITREDCORNERSAILOR/SOLDIER/SAILORSOLDIER MITREDCORNER/SAILORDOUBLE SOLDIER MITREDCORNERZIG ZAGDOUBLE SAILOR HALFRUNNING BONDCREATE YOUR OWNCREATE YOUR OWNBASKETWEAVE100% All Styles6"x12" Half Village Square Brick Stone, Coventry Brick Stone,Historic Brick Stone 4"x8" 4EP Henry: 1903 - 2013

Circle & Fans -5/8"mm7878mm3-1/16"3-1/16"Old TowneCobble & Coventry Stone I Circle /8"158 mm158 mm6-1/4"6-1/4"158 mm158 mm6-1/4"6-1/4"mm7878mm3-1/16"3-1/16"COURSE 9 - 54.3"CIRCLECIRCLESTARTERSTARTERSTONESTONE78 mm3-1/16"FANS193 mm7-5/8"130.5 mm5-3/16"118 mm4-5/8"Note: The first course centerstone mustbe hand-cut from a 6”x9” NGULARRECTANGULAR TANGULARSTONE8 - 48.0"COURSE 7 - 41.6"78 mm3-1/16"COURSE 6 - 35.3"COURSE 5 - 28.9"158 mm6-1/4"158 mm6-1/4"Coventry Stone I and Old Towne CobbleOne circle pallet 3 fansCOURSE 10 - 60.7"COURSE 4 - 22.6"COURSE 316.2"SMALLRECTANGULARSTONECOURSE 1 - 3.5"COURSE 29.9"Note: No extension kit is available forthis pattern; use a second circle orstandard pavers to extend this circle5www.ephenry.com

Paver Lightswww.ephenry.com/technicalGENERAL INSTALLATION1. Draft a lay-out of your project. Identifythe location of your outdoor powersource and where you would like yourPaver Light fixtures to be placed.2. Pre-assemble Paver Light fixtures withbulbs in and lead wire coming out.3. Connect your transformer and run thecable from transformer around theperimeter of your project. Make sureyour transformer is strong enough forthe number of lights you are using.4. Attach Paver Lights to the cable usingthe included solderless connectors.5. Test the system to make sure thatall of the lamps light when power isturned on.Let your EP Henry Hardscaping project shine day or night withPaver Lights. Durable, safe,and easy to install. Paver Lightsprovide beauty and safety in yourdriveway or walkway, on yoursteps, or around your patio orpool deck.Strong enough for most vehicularapplications, the Paver Light is a12-volt system based upon thesame principle as similar outdoorsystems. It comes with a sevenwatt bulb.6. Cover the cable with soil, landscape,and enjoy.These installation instructions are intendedto describe the general procedure forinstalling landscape lighting. To ensureproper safety, please refer to themanufacturer’s instructions accompanyingany lighting system you select for morespecific installation guidelines.Paver Lights areavailable in:8"BRICK STONE6EP Henry: 1903 - 20134"6"6"COVENTRY STONE I/OLD TOWNE COBBLE /VILLAGE SQUARE (6"x6")9"6"COVENTRY STONE I/OLD TOWNE COBBLE (6"x9")

www.ephenry.com/technicalWHY DO EP HENRY PAVERS MAKE THEIDEAL PAVEMENT?Our pavers are the ideal product for freezethaw environments. Proper installation of theproduct results in a pavement that is rigid, yetflexible. The joints between pavers allow thewalkway, driveway, and patio to move withoutcracking. In addition, they can be “unzipped”to allow for repairs or access to utilities. Unlikeasphalt, pavers are virtually maintenance-free.By definition, concrete pavers have a minimumcompressive strength of 8,000 PSI (about threetimes stronger than regular poured concrete) anda maximum water absorption rate of 5 percent.WHY ARE THEY CALLED INTERLOCKINGCONCRETE PAVERS?It is the system that makes them interlockingconcrete pavers, not necessarily the shape. Wheninstalled properly, the combination of the pavers,bedding sand, edge restraint, and joint sandcauses them to interlock, allowing them to workas a unified, flexible pavement.TELL ME MORE ABOUT THE DURAFACING PROCESS.Durafacing is the trade name EP Henry uses forour process of creating what is known in theindustry as a “face mix” paver. Durafacing is asophisticated process, requiring a higher levelof manufacturing equipment and skill, whichproduces an enhanced surface texture withexceptional strength. This technique came fromEurope which is where most paver technologyoriginated. Non -“face mix” manufacturers, whoclassify their products as “mono” or “one piece”pavers, counter with claims that “two piece” or“face mix” pavers will delaminate. This is simplynot true and EP Henry supports this with ourLifetime Warranty. For more information on EPHenry’s Durafacing process, visit ephenry.com.HOW DO I DETERMINE HOW MUCHMODIFIED STONE BASE MATERIALAND SAND I’LL NEED?As a rule of thumb, use a minimum of 6" of basematerial for walkways, 6"-8" for patios, and10"-12" for driveways. The sand setting bedshould be 1" thick. One ton of modified stone orsand will cover 100 sf at 2" thick. Using a 10'x10'(100 sf) patio as an example, you would need1 2 ton of sandfor the setting bed (1" thick)and three tons of modified stone for the base (6"thick). You’ll need some additional sand (about 5percent) or about two bags of Polymeric Sand forthe joints between the pavers.SOMEONE RECOMMENDED THAT I USE AFABRIC UNDER MY INSTALLATION. WHENAND WHERE IS IT USED?EP Henry recommends a geotextile separationfabric (e.g., Mirafi 500x) under all paverinstallations. The fabric is laid on top of thecompacted soil in the excavated area and keepsthe aggregate base material from working itsway into the soil subgrade. This is especiallyimportant where the soil contains a lot of clay. Ata cost of pennies per square foot, the separationfabric provides an insurance policy against basefailure.CAN EP HENRY PAVERS BE USED FORMY DRIVEWAY?Absolutely! For residential driveways, 10"-12"of compacted dense graded aggregated basematerial is recommended. A standard 23 8"thick paver can be used for light vehicular (carsand pickup trucks) applications. A Herringbonepattern is most suitable in these situations.Contact your local EP Henry AuthorizedDistributor or EP Henry’s Technical Manager forquestions on choosing the appropriate paver.TELL ME ABOUT THE SAND SETTING BED.The material for the bedding layer should becoarse concrete sand. Do not use stone dustor screenings; they do not allow the paversto “seat” properly and do not allow fordrainage. The sand should be an even 1" thicklayer. Do not compact the sand setting bed. Donot mix portland cement into the sand used forthe setting bed or the joints between pavers. Itdefeats the flexibility of the system, and it cannotbe cleaned off the surface of the pavers.HOW DO PAVERS COMPARE WITHPATTERNED OR STAMPED CONCRETE?Patterned concrete pavements are merely slabsof concrete that are embossed with a pattern.Therefore, they are prone to the same problemswith freeze-thaw cycles, namely cracking. Weguarantee that EP Henry Pavers won’t crack;you cannot obtain a similar guarantee forstamped concrete. Stamped concrete requiresexpansion joints every 10 feet or so, which arevery distracting in some patterns. Also, unlikeEP Henry Pavers, patterned concrete pavementsdon’t allow access to underground utilities or theability to make repairs. At virtually the same priceper square foot installed, EP Henry Pavers areclearly a superior choice.WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF SEALINGMY PAVERS?Depending upon the sealers, they can offer threeadvantages: they help resist stains, enhance thecolor, and bind the sand in the joints to makeit difficult for weeds to germinate. Sealers,however, are topical products and must bereapplied regularly (generally every 3-5 years).Sealers maybe water-based or solvent-basedas long as they are low VOC and compliant withgovernment regulations.WILL WEEDS GROW BETWEEN MY PAVERS?Weeds and grass result from seeds or sporesblowing into, and lodging in, the joint sand.This can be minimized by using a Techni-Sealpolymeric sand or by sealing the pavers with ajoint stablizing sealer or mixing a pre emergentgranular weedkiller in the joint sand. If weeds doappear, a spot vegetation killer (such as RoundUp ) can be used and will not damage the pavers.WHAT CAN I DO IF MY PAVERS ARE STAINEDOR DAMAGED?One of the advantages of pavers is that individualunits can be removed and replaced in thesesituations. Remove the sand around the paverand then use two flat head screwdrivers to lift thepaver out. Rocking the paver gently in a back-andforth motion will facilitate removal.HOW ABOUT USING EP HENRY PAVERSON MY POOL DECK?Not only do EP Henry Pavers make an attractivepool deck, but they also provide a slip-resistantwalking surface. Pavers actually are better thanpoured concrete around pools from the standpointthat the joints will take on moisture and leave thepavement cooler under foot. Like all products thatare used outdoors, lighter colors will tend to staycooler as they reflect the sunlight. Furthermore,Paver FAQsour Bullnose Pavers make a nice pool coping.Make sure the base material around the pool iswell compacted before installing pavers. Safetycovers can also be installed over pavers with theuse of special anchors.CAN I USE DE-ICING SALTS ON MY PAVERS?Yes, you can. EP Henry Pavers have a greaterresistance to de-icing salts than conventionalpaving materials due to their high cementcontent, strength, density, and low absorption. Bydefinition, paving stones meeting ASTM C-936 —the standard specification for unit concrete pavers— are considered de-icing salt resistant. EP HenryPavers exceed the requirements of ASTM C-936.Do not be mislead by claims of pavers beingguaranteed against de-icing salts. There is noconcrete product that is immune to the longterm effects of de-icing salts.I HAVE AN EXISTING CONCRETE WALKWAYTHAT’S IN PRETTY GOOD SHAPE. CAN I LAYPAVERS OVER IT?While not the preferred method, pavers can belaid on top of existing concrete walkways. Twoissues must be addressed. First, the grade willbe raised by about 3" (the thickness of the paversplus the bedding sand). This is particularly criticalif any doorways are involved. Second, if theexisting concrete slab should raise or drop withfreeze/thaw conditions, then the pavers will dothe same.HOW CAN I REMOVE MOSS OR MOLD FROMMY PAVERS?Try Clorox diluted in water (10 parts waterto one part Clorox). Be careful not to get it onother plant material. Keep in mind that there isnothing that will keep it from growing back if it’sin a shady, damp area. For a more permanentsolution, you will need to correct the moisture andshade problems that are encouraging the mossor mold.WHAT IS THE WHITISH DEPOSIT I SEE ONSOME PAVER INSTALLATIONS?You are probably referring to efflorescence, anatural and common occurrence in concrete andbrick products. Efflorescence is the result ofnatural salts in the materials used in productionmigrating to the surface of the pavers. This is nota defect nor harmful to the pavers, and will usuallyweather away with time. Althought it is best toallow a year or more for efflorescence to weatheraway, if you don’t want to wait for it to weatheraway, Techni-Seal offers an excellent cleaningproduct to remove it. Do not use efflorescencecleaners repeatedly. Once the pavers are cleaned,it is recommended that they be sealed.PAVERS WITHEFFLORESCENCECLEANED PAVERSEP Henry offers an extensive library oftechnical and construction informationat ephenry.com/technical7www.ephenry.com

Paver Accessorieswww.ephenry.com/technicalCleaning ProductsEP Henry offers a complete line of cleaners fromTechni-Seal to maintain the beauty of your pavers.PROFESSIONAL GRADE OIL & GREASEREMOVER Removes motor oil and other greasy stains Dissolves, dislodges, and encapsulates greasePAVER PRIMER Dislodges efflorescence and ground-in dirtEnsures even cleaning and brightens the colorConcentrated — one gallon cleans up to 200 sfAutomatic dilution with adaptable sprayer*Recommended PRIOR TO PROTECTORapplication*Sprayer available through EP Henry AuthorizedHardscaping Distributor PAVERS WITHEFFLORESCENCECLEANED PAVERSHC HARDSCAPE CLEANER Multi-surface cleanerDislodges ground-in dirtEnsures even cleaning and brightens colorConcentrated — one gallon cleans up to800 sf Recommended PRIOR TO PROTECTORapplicationPTR PAINT, TAR, ANDRUBBER REMOVER Effectively dissolves paint, tar or bitumen,rubber, and chewing gum Also available in five gallon containers toremove sealersRR RUST REMOVER Effectively removes stains caused by steel,rusted metal objects, fertilizer, etc. Won’t discolor paversAVOIDthehazeEP Henry: 1903 - 2013Seal ‘n Lock offers the following productswhich both seal pavers and bond joints in oneapplication. Benefits include improved structuralintegrity, decreased weed and insect infestationin sand joints, added protection against stains,and a beautiful finish to pavers.SUPER WETSuper Wet is a high solids, two-part water basedpure urethane sealer that penetrates the paversto provide a longer lasting protective barrier withsuperior joint stabilization (no need for polymericsand) resulting in a wet look. Super Wet is userfriendly and environmentally safe. The high solidscontent pure urethane wears evenly and lastslonger than solvent based sealers.NATURAL LUSTERNatural Luster is a high solids, urethane modifiedacrylic sealer (with an algae and mold inhibitor)that penetrates the pavers to provide a protectivebarrier with superior joint stabilization (no needfor polymeric sand) resulting in a natural luster.Natural Luster is user friendly and environmentallysafe.SealersSealing is recommended to preserve the originalbeauty of EP Henry Pavers and to resist stains.EP Henry is pleased to carry the Techni-Seal line of high performance sealers, offeringseveral options for protecting and maintainingthe beauty of your EP Henry Pavers. Dirt, stains,and efflorescence must be treated with theappropriate Techni-Seal cleaning product prior tosealing.Polymeric Sand forPavement JointsBENEFITS For pavers made of concrete,natural stone, etc. Applied dry — hardens afterbeing sprayed Inhibits weed growth Resists ants and other insects Resists erosion — water, frost, wind, streetsweepers, etc. Stabilizes paversTECHNI-SEALPOLYMERIC SANDDISCLAIMERPolymeric Sand must be installed per themanufacturer’s guidelines. The user shouldhave an up-to-date Techni-Seal technicalproduct data sheet and should view thevideo of the RG installation procedure at:www.techniseal.com. The misapplication ofTechni-Seal Polymeric Sand could generate apolymeric haze on the surface.8Dual Performance SealersTechni-Seal Polymeric Sand must NOT beapplied to wet or damp surfaces. Do NOTmix Techni-Seal Polymeric Sand with cement,sand or any other chemicals. Do NOT use onsubmerged or constantly wet surfaces. Use onpavers or slabs installed over a free drainingsand-setting bed and compacted denseaggregate base as ICPI recommends. It is notrecommended for use on concrete overlayconstruction or stone dust.

www.ephenry.com/technicalAdhesivesPAVER BOND POWERSEAL ADHESIVEAn easy to apply, quick curing, andflexible high strength adhesive forpaving stones, retaining walls, andother hard surface applications.TECHNI-SEAL CONCRETEADHESIVEPerfectly resist the elements includingfrost and rain:Today!“RG” — Super-adherent on dry, wet,or frozen surfaces; ideal for retainingwalls.Paver Edge RestraintThe purpose of Edge Restraintproducts is to restrain paver’s lateralmotion. Without a proper EdgeRestraint System, pavers are prone toshifting. EP Henry offers the Snap EdgePaver Restraint System.Note: See diagram of typicalinstallation on page 10.Tomorrow!THESeal ‘n LockAdvantageTHE ONLY ‘ALL IN ONE DAY’ PROCESSWe’ve recognized the need for change in theinterlocking paver sealing industry – not just insealing products, but in the overall applicationprocess. The increased demand for water-basedproducts with low VOC content, as an alternativeto solvent-based products, has generated a newtechnology – The Seal ‘n Lock SystemThe Seal ‘n Lock System The only ‘ALL IN ONE DAY’ process No paver whitening from trapped moistureFront Superiorjoint stabilizationSleeve NoHalftoxic odor Not harmful to vegetation Low VOC content - all 50 statesOrdinary Method Application can take two to five daysTurns pavers white from trapped moistureAdditional costly polymeric sand applicationToxic odor from solventsHarmful to vegetationHigh VOC contentADVANTAGES OF THE SNAPEDGE RESTRAINT SYSTEM:Paver AccessoriesSand StabilizersTECHNI-SEAL POLYMERICSANDSTechni-Seal offers two high qualityPolymeric Sand products for pavementjoints. Both resist erosion of joints,inhibit weed growth, and resist insectpenetration. They are available in twocolors: Tan and Granite Gray.“RG Plus” —Ideal for normal trafficareas including driveways, patios, andwalkways.“HP” — Specially formulated for widerjoints and heavier traffic areas, suchas sloped driveways, pool decks, andpublic areas. Also performs better incolder weather.Additional features: Premixed with sand so it’s ready forimmediate use Bonding commences upon sprayingwith fine mist of water “RG Plus” can be installed at 55 F orabove “HP” can be installed at 40 F orabove Will not stain pavers Complete installation instructions areon the back of the bag One piece system does it all; straight,Note: Please see Polymeric Sandcurves, or even a complete radius,disclaimer on page 8.without waste An 8’ piece transports easily andrequires no extra connectors Open base design allows for grassgrowth along paver edge creating astrong yet invisible edge Patented snap and spike togetherends for a secure connection andextra support Rugged injection molded plasticensures the strongest edge designedfor vehicular and patio/walkwayapplications Can be installed before or after thepavers have been laid Easy to install with common 8”-12”landscape spike Convenient and efficient packaging,easy to handleSeparation FabricMirafi 500x geotextile fabric isrecommended for use with all paverinstallations. Its primary purpose is tokeep the base material from workingits way into the soil underneath, thusreducing the possibility of settling.The material should be flat over theexcavated area, with as few wrinklesas possible, and turned up on the sidesto cover the sides of the stone basematerial. It will also prevent migrationof the bedding sand into cracks,joints, and weep holes in or next to thepavement.This product, which costs only penniesper square foot, is an inexpensiveinsurance policy for your pavement.Note: See diagram of typicalinstallation on page 10.A NOTE ABOUTPAVER ACCESSORIESEP Henry has researched manylines of accessory products for usewith our pavers and wall systems.While there may be other similarproducts on the market, pleasenote that EP Henry approves andrecommends using only thoseaccessory products shown inour catalog.(Go to www.ephenry.com/sealnlock for complete details)9www.ephenry.com

Paver Installationwww.ephenry.com/technicalNote to Homeowners: Prior to undertaking an installation yourself, it is recommended that you read these guidelines thoroughlyand attend a DIY seminar at your local EP Henry Authorized Hardscaping Distributor . A schedule of seminars and more detailedinstallation information can be found at ephenry.com.Interlocking concrete pavers are installedsuccessfully by professionals and do-ityourselfers alike. These instructions are designedto be a basic guide. Detailed instructions canbe obtained from EP Henry or your EP HenryAuthorized Hardscaping Distributor.MATERIALS NEEDEDStone Base: Should be 3 4" modified stone, alsoknown as 2A, or 3 4” quarry blend. A 1" depth ofcompacted base weighs approximately 1,000 lbs.per 100 sf. Always add 5 to 10 percent for edgesand miscellaneous areas.LAYOUT & PREPARATIONMeasure the area you intend to pave. Determinesquare footage (length x width square feet)adding 5 to 10 percent for cuts and extra paversthat might be needed later. Measure the linearfeet of all edges not up against a permanentstructure, such as a house, etc., to determinethe amount of edge restraint needed. Draw aplan on a piece of paper showing all importantdimensions. Mark the outline of your project withstakes every 4'-6' and at each corner. Thesestakes should be 8" outside of the planned edgeof the finished pavement.Bedding Sand: Coarse concrete sand isrecommended. At a depth of 1", this weighsapproximately 1000 lbs. per 100 sq. ft. Figure anextra 5 percent for jointing sand.EXCAVATIONPavers: Are typically sold by the square foot.Calculate the square footage needed for yourproject and add 5 to 10 percent for overage, cuts,waste, etc.In general terms, a minimum of 6" of compactedaggregate base is recommended for patiosand walkways, and 10" for residential drivewayswhere freeze-thaw conditions exist. Add 3" forthe depth of the bedding sand and the thicknessof a standard 23 8" paver to determine the totaldepth to excavate. Excavation should be 6" widerthan the finished pavement’s dimensions on sideswhere edge restraint is to be used.Edge Restraint: All exposed edges must berestrained.Separation Fabric/Geotextiles: Recommendedfor all installations and critical where clay typesoils are present. This will help maintain theintegrity of the base.TOOLS: Wooden stakes Wide blademason’s chisel 6'-8' 2"x4" or 2"x6" Mason’s string (twine) Stiff bristlestreet broom Small pry bar 3-5 pound hammer Hard tooth gardenrake 4' level 25' tape measure Flat shovel Wheelbarrow Diamond bladewet saw Chalkline 3-5 HP vibratingplate compactor Wire cutters (forcutting bands onpavers) 1" diameter sandscreed guides(galvanized steelor PVC)PaverTop SoilSand Setting BedEdgeRestraintCompactedAggregate BaseSeparation Fabric(Mirafi 500x)Compacted SubgradeTypical Installation Cross Section10EP Henry: 1903 - 201310" SpikeNote: Before digging, always call your local utilitycompanies to locate any underground lines.Slope and grade are important to ensure properrunoff. It is best to plan at least a 1 4" per footdrop, but try not to exceed 3 8" per foot.BASE PREPARATIONAs with any building project, the finishedpavement will only be as good as theconstruction of the base. For this reason, thisis the most important part of the installationprocess.First, run your plate compactor over theexcavated area, making sure that soil does notget stuck to the bottom of the plate tamper. Eachpass should overlap the previous one by about4". Compaction should be performed in onedirection (North-South), then a second time at aright angle (East-West) to the first compaction. Itis recommended that a separation fabric, such as Mirafi 500x, be laid down over the compactedsubgrade and returned up the sides of theexcavation.Now spread your stone base material out evenlyin a 2" layer. If the material is dry and dusty, usea garden hose to evenly moisten it down. Thishelps make the gravel easier to rake and fasterto compact. Starting around the outer perimeter,use the plate compactor to pack together thebase, again overlapping each pass about 4", andworking towards the center. You should make atleast two complete passes for each layer. Repeatthis process for each subsequent layer of basematerial until the final thickness is achieved.When finished with the base, it should be verysmooth and flat, and reflect the final grade ofyour pavers. If the surface deviation is greaterthan 3 8", then it should be filled in with basematerial. A deviation that is less than that shouldbe filled in with the screed material, which isalways coarse washed concrete sand for paverinstallations.SAND SETTING BEDNote: It is important to keep your sand dry.Always keep your sand covered in case of rain. Itis suggested that you only screed sand for areaswhere you will be laying pavers that same day.Do not attempt to level any area or surfaceirregularities with the sand. This will result in anuneven surface and unwanted settling. Lay thescreed guides (1" outside diameter electricalconduit, strips of wood or other suitable rigidmaterial) on top of the compacted base material4'-6' apart and parallel.Evenly distribute a quantity of bedding sandbetween the guides and drag the 6'-8' 2"x4" or2"x6" over the guides to create a smooth, evenlayer of sand, striking off any excess. When thepavers are set on the sand and compacted, the1" of sand will compress to 3 8" to 1 2’ thickness.Do not walk on or work from your sand. Fill voidsleft by the screed guides with sand and trowelthem smooth as you are laying the pavers.CONCRETE SANDVS. SCREENINGSFOR THE SETTING BEDAccording to the Interlocking ConcretePavement Institute (ICPI), coarse concretesand, i.e., sand used to make ready-mixedconcrete, is recommended for the settingbed. Do not use stone dust or screenings forthe setting bed. These materials do not drainwater and become soft over time. Pavers willnot seat properly in them when compacted.This will prevent interlock.For the best results in all applications, ICPIrecommends mason’s sand to fill the joints.This sand is finer than concrete sand. It isthe type of sand used to make mortar formasonry wall construction. Polymeric Sandsfor the joints are also acceptable as longas they are comparable to mason’s sand inparticle size.No

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