ABOUT THIS HANDBOOKThis handbook describes the requirements for obtaining and maintaining BCBA certification for anyone applyingbefore January 1, 2022. Candidates applying on or after January 1, 2022, should also reference the BCBA 2022Eligibility Requirements for the eligibility and examination requirements in effect at that time. If you are unsurewhether you are applying before or after 2022, review the eligibility and examination information in this handbook,the BCBA 2022 Eligibility Requirements document, and the Guidance for Those Applying for BCBA Certificationduring the 2022 Transition document.This handbook contains clickable images that link directly to BACB documents. New versions of the BCBA Handbookwill be published quarterly as needed. Applicants completing requirements in a future year should make note ofupcoming implementation dates for revised requirements. Please refer to the BACB Newsletter and the UpcomingChanges web page for the most updated information on our certification requirements.The BACB does not discriminate against any individual because of race, ethnicity, gender, age, creed, disability,religion, marital status, sexual orientation, or national origin. The BACB reserves the right to amend the proceduresoutlined in this handbook.For a complete list of updates included in this version of the BCBA Handbook, please see page 61.

TABLE OF CONTENTSContentsOverview. 1About the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. 1What Is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst?. 1Jurisdiction. 1Accreditation. 1Eligibility Requirements. 5Eligibility Options. 5Experience Requirements.13Applying for BCBA Certification. 24Submit Your Application.24Schedule Your Examination Appointment. 26Fees. 26Examination. 27Scoring.27Preparation.27Examination Outline. 29Examination Accommodations. 29Ethics Requirements and Testing .30General Rules for Taking the Examination.30What to Expect After Passing the Examination.34Certification Maintenance Requirements. 36Continuing Education.36Ethics and Self-Reporting.38Recertification.39Inactive Policy.41Supervision, Assessment, Training, and Oversight. 43Assessing, Training, and Supervising RBTs.44Supervising BCBA and BCaBA Trainees.46Supervising BCaBAs.46Board Certified Behavior Analyst-Doctoral (BCBA-D). 47BCBA-D Eligibility Requirements. 47Applying for the BCBA-D Designation.49Maintaining the BCBA-D Designation. 50Other Relevant Policies. 51Administrative Appeals.51Acceptable Signatures Policy.51Documentation Policy.51Submission of False, Forged, or Untrue Information to the BACB. 52Documents and Resources. 53Eligibility and Applying for Certification.53Coursework.53Experience.53Updated 05/2021, Copyright 2021, BACB All rights reserved.Behavior Analyst Certification Board Board Certified Behavior Analyst Handbook iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS Examination.53Continuing Education.53Ethics and Self-Reporting.53Voluntary Inactive Status.53Supervising, Training, and Assessing.54Administrative Appeals.54Requirements for Those Applying in 2022 or Later.54Glossary. 55Appendix. 59Application Processing Agreement. 59Version History and Updates. 61Version 2/18/2021 Updates.61Version 5/7/2021 Updates.61Updated 05/2021, Copyright 2021, BACB All rights reserved.Behavior Analyst Certification Board Board Certified Behavior Analyst Handbook iv

OverviewOverviewAbout the Behavior Analyst Certification BoardThe Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc. (BACB ) has been the leader in behavior analyst certification for overtwo decades. The BACB is a nonprofit corporation that was established in 1998 to meet professional certificationneeds identified by behavior analysts, governments, and consumers of behavior-analytic services. The BACB’smission is to protect consumers of behavior-analytic services by systematically establishing, promoting, anddisseminating professional standards of practice.In the profession of applied behavior analysis, the BACB’s primary role is to operate certification programs, whichinvolves responsibilities similar to regulatory boards. In this role, the BACB establishes practice standards, administersexaminations, and provides ethics requirements and a disciplinary system for each of its certification programs. Tolearn more about our role and limitations, read our blog post, The BACB: What it is, What it Does, and Why, and listento Episode 11 of our podcast, Inside the BACB.What Is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst?The Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) is a graduate-level certification in behavior analysis. Professionalscertified at the BCBA level are independent practitioners who provide behavior-analytic services.BCBAs may supervise the work of Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analysts (BCaBAs), Registered BehaviorTechnicians (RBTs), and other professionals who implement behavior-analytic services.Board Certified Behavior Analyst—DoctoralBCBAs with doctoral training in behavior analysis may receive the designation of Board Certified Behavior AnalystDoctoral (BCBA-D ). The BCBA-D is not a separate certification, and it does not grant any privileges above orbeyond BCBA certification. BCBA-Ds function in the same capacity as BCBAs (i.e., as independent practitioners whoprovide behavior-analytic services) and are required to meet all BCBA maintenance requirements.JurisdictionThe BACB currently accepts certification applications from individuals regardless of their country of residence.Effective January 1, 2023, only individuals who reside in the US, Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom* mayapply for BACB certification.AccreditationThe BCBA , BCaBA , and RBT certification programs are accredited by the National Commissionfor Certifying Agencies (NCCA), the accreditation body of the Institute for Credentialing Excellence(ICE). NCCA’s Standards for the Accreditation of Certification Programs were the first standardsdeveloped for professional certification programs to help ensure the health, welfare, and safety ofthe public. NCCA standards articulate the essential elements of a high-quality certification program.Consistent with these standards, the BACB’s certification requirements, examination content, andprocedures undergo regular review by subject matter experts in the discipline. To learn more aboutaccreditation, see ICE’s video, Value of Accreditation: Why it Matters.* Individuals who reside in the UK may continue to apply for BACB certification through 2025. This date may be moved earlierif the UK Society for Behaviour Analysis seeks national recognition for UK behavior analysts, develops its own credentialingsystem, and transitions current BACB certificants into the UK system.Updated 05/2021, Copyright 2021, BACB All rights reserved.Behavior Analyst Certification Board Board Certified Behavior Analyst Handbook 1

OverviewReasons for Becoming a BCBAThere are many benefits to obtaining BCBA certification, including: BCBA certification is the leading behavior analyst credential and is required by many funders andlicensure boards. BCBA certification is offered by the first certifying entity in behavior analysis, the BACB,which has been certifying behavior analysts for over 20 years. BCBA certification shows that you have met certain requirements that are critical in providing andoverseeing behavior-analytic services. BCBA certification provides increased consumer protection since you must meet certain eligibility andmaintenance requirements to obtain and maintain certification. BCBA certification makes it easier for employers, funders, and consumers, among others, to verify thatyou have certain knowledge, skills, and abilities and are not under disciplinary sanctions.You Want to Pursue Certification Now What?*So, you are interested in pursuing BCBA certification. What should you do now? Although the BACB cannotinstruct you on how to meet our requirements, the content in this section is intended to provide some guidancethat might be helpful as you start this journey.A Few Tips Before Getting StartedFirst, carefully review both the eligibility and maintenance requirements that are detailed in this handbook. Afterthis review, determine which eligibility option you plan to pursue. The majority of BCBA certificants apply underOption 1, so this section focuses primarily on that option. Second, determine when you might apply. Keep in mindthat it may take a few years to meet all of the requirements, so you might not qualify to apply until after January1, 2022. At that time, you must meet the eligibility and examination requirements described in the BCBA 2022Eligibility Requirements document. You should use the BCBA 2022 Eligibility Requirements document—not thishandbook—to ensure that you meet all of the requirements.Third, you will want to create a BACB account using these tips: Enter your full name exactly as it appears on your government-issued identification. If it does not matchexactly, you will not be able to take the examination. Name changes require review by BACB staff, so aname change could delay your ability to take the examination. Use a personal email address and not a work or school email address. Important notifications andreminders are sent to this address, so if you change employers or lose access to your school emailaddress, you will not receive reminders, correspondence, or password resets. Set up the profile yourself and do not share your account information with anyone else, including youremployer. This is your certification—no one else should be managing it for you. Update your information in your BACB account as soon as changes occur (e.g., name change,address change).Creating a BACB account will give you a BACB account ID number, which you will need to add to documents asyou work toward certification. Having a BACB account also means that you will receive important updates fromthe BACB.* This is not a comprehensive resource for all activities you will need to or should complete as you prepare for certification.Updated 05/2021, Copyright 2021, BACB All rights reserved.Behavior Analyst Certification Board Board Certified Behavior Analyst Handbook 2

OverviewConsiderations When Exploring Training OptionsYou only receive your initial training once. If possible, don’t pick your training out of convenience, expense,or geography. We recommend thoroughly researching the trainings before committing to one. While we can’tprovide guidance on where to receive your behavior-analytic coursework, here are some things to consider.Ideally, you should obtain your education in behavior analysis from a behavior-analytic degree program. There aremany benefits to this option. For instance, in most cases, you can meet all BCBA eligibility requirements in one placewhile also having engaging, non-classroom interactions with behavior-analytic faculty and students that will greatlyenhance your education and begin to develop your behavior-analytic social networks. Even if you don’t receive all ofyour supervised experience through the degree-granting program, your faculty will likely help you identify where youcan accrue your hours in an immersive behavior-analytic environment. If completing your education in a behavioranalytic degree program is a possibility for you, here are a few things to consider as you research programs.First, research the faculty members and determine whether the program’s interest(s) align with yours (see theABA Subspecialty Resources on the About Behavior Analysis web page for some of the areas in which behavioranalysis has been applied). Second, identify the program’s structure to determine how much time you willhave with your faculty and fellow students. Third, confirm that the program has a pathway to meet the BACB’scoursework requirements.You may obtain your behavior-analytic coursework through one of two sources: an Association for BehaviorAnalysis International (ABAI) accredited graduate program or a Verified Course Sequence. ABAI-Accredited Graduate Program: Behavior-analytic graduate programs that have been accreditedby ABAI have met ABAI’s accreditation standards, which include standards for the curriculum, faculty,and resources, among other areas. Accredited programs may be found on ABAI’s Accredited Programsweb page. Note: If you apply after January 1, 2022, using a graduate degree from an ABAI-accreditedprogram, both the coursework and degree eligibility requirements will be met. Verified Course Sequence: The other option for completing behavior-analytic coursework is through aVerified Course Sequence. A Verified Course Sequence is a set of courses that have been verified byABAI as having met the BACB’s behavior-analytic coursework requirements. Although some VerifiedCourse Sequences are embedded in an ABAI-accredited graduate program, many are not. VerifiedCourse Sequence status merely indicates that the content-hour requirements for certain behavioranalytic courses have been reviewed. Verified Course Sequences may be located using ABAI’s VerifiedCourse Sequence Directory.Finally, when determining where to obtain your coursework, you might also want to consider: Program Focus: Do you have any existing areas of interest? If so, does the program align with yourprofessional goals? Is the program led by faculty with similar interests? Will the program help facilitateexperience in areas that are meaningful to you? Program Size: Find out the size of each cohort and determine if the size is a good fit for you as a learner.This information can usually be found on the program’s website. Our university pass rate documents alsogive an idea of program size by looking at the number of candidates who took the examination from aninstitution each year (see the Sort by Volume section of the document). Program Structure: Courses are usually taught on campus, online, or in a combination of online andon-campus experiences (again, this information should be available on the program’s website). Considerwhat structure is the best fit for you as a learner. You might want to consider what has worked for you inthe past. Were you successful in online courses? Did you need or value in-person experiences? In whatsetting did you learn the most and feel the most engaged? Number of Faculty: Determine how many part- and full-time faculty are on staff, especially in relation tothe program size, to understand the student-to-faculty ratio. University Pass Rates: The BACB annually publishes examination pass rate data for universities withVerified Course Sequences. Passing the BCBA examination is not the most important part of yourtraining, but, at a minimum, your training should prepare you to pass the examination.Updated 05/2021, Copyright 2021, BACB All rights reserved.Behavior Analyst Certification Board Board Certified Behavior Analyst Handbook 3

OverviewOnce you have identified where you will get your behavior-analytic coursework, your faculty mentor/advisor,program chair, and/or Verified Course Sequence Coordinator will be your resource(s) to help you meet theBACB’s requirements along the way.Considerations When Identifying Practical Experience OpportunitiesHold on! Remember that qualifying behavior-analytic coursework needs to begin before experience, so makesure you get your coursework situation figured out beforehand. Once you have started your coursework,determine where you want to accrue your structured experience hours and whether it will give you the appliedexperience that will prepare you to practice independently after you are certified. For instance, consider thepopulation(s) and setting(s) where you want to ultimately provide behavior-analytic services. The BACB cannotprovide this guidance, so you should reach out to your Verified Course Sequence Coordinator, advisor, oremployer for guidance about where to accrue experience in your chosen area.When identifying supervisor(s) to oversee your experience hours, ensure that they are qualified to be yoursupervisor (see the Experience Requirements section). In addition, you should focus on finding supervisorswho have a successful track record of BACB supervision. You could do this in a number of ways, but here are afew ideas: Check on their certification status in the Certificant Registry to ensure that they are qualified to superviseand to see if they have any disciplinary sanctions. Look at how long they have been certified. We recommend identifying supervisors who have beencertified for at least a year, if not longer. Gather information from the supervisor and past supervisees about the supervisor’s style to make surethey are a good fit for you. Ask about their time and document-management systems. Caution: If you can’t produce all ofthe necessary documents to support your experience in the event of an audit, you might loseexperience hours, so you will want a very organized supervisor! Determine whether they are familiar with the BACB’s requirements. Consider whether they could customize the experience to your interests (while still meeting their ethicalobligations as a BCBA to stay within their area of competence).Once you have identified experience site(s) and supervisor(s), complete the Pre-Experience Checklist beforeyou get started with each experience site/supervisor. The BACB is not able to provide guidance beyond whatis in our experience requirements, as each situation is unique (e.g., whether a specific activity will qualify towardyour experience hours). Work together with your supervisor(s) to ensure that you are meeting the experiencerequirements while also meeting your professional goals.A Few Final TipsKeep this handbook handy. We will update the handbook quarterly as needed, so always make sure that you arereviewing the most current handbook to see what has changed since the last version.Get involved and engaged with your behavior-analytic community! This might include joining or volunteeringwith your local, regional, or national professional associations and groups focused in your area(s) of interest.You will likely learn a lot and have an opportunity to contribute to behavior analysis and its consumers.Having professional support is helpful at every stage of your career, so create opportunities to identify trustedcolleague(s), mentors, and/or groups now.Updated 05/2021, Copyright 2021, BACB All rights reserved.Behavior Analyst Certification Board Board Certified Behavior Analyst Handbook 4

Eligibility RequirementsEligibility RequirementsEligibility OptionsFor those applying before January 1, 2022, you have three options for applying forBCBA nceApplying on or afterJanuary 1, 2022?Overview of Eligibility OptionsOption 1: BehaviorOption 2: FacultyAnalytic CourseworkTeaching and ResearchGraduate degree inGraduate degree inbehavior analysis,behavior analysis,education, or psychology education, or psychologyOption 3: PostdoctoralExperienceDoctoral degree inbehavior analysis,education, or psychologyPostdoctoral experienceBehavior-analyticFaculty teaching andin applied behaviorcourseworkresearchanalysisPractical experience inPractical experience inPractical experience inapplied behavior analysis applied behavior analysis applied behavior analysisThe following pages provide further details for each eligibility option.Updated 05/2021, Copyright 2021, BACB All rights reserved.Behavior Analyst Certification Board Review the BCBA 2022Eligibility Requirementsto ensure that youmeet the eligibilityrequirements that are ineffect at that time. If youare unsure of when youwill apply (i.e., before orafter January 1, 2022),the Guidance for ThoseApplying for BCBACertification duringthe 2022 Transitiondocument mightbe helpful.Board Certified Behavior Analyst Handbook 5

Eligibility RequirementsOption 1: Behavior-Analytic CourseworkTo apply for BCBA certification via this option, you must have an acceptable graduate degree from a qualifyinginstitution, have completed acceptable graduate coursework in behavior analysis, and have completed a definedsupervised practical experience.(DEGREE BEHAVIOR-ANALYTICCOURSEWORK SUPERVISEDEXPERIENCE)PASSEXAMINATION CERTIFICATIONVersion 9/11/2019, Copyright 2019, BACB All rights reserved.DegreeYou must have a graduate degree (e.g., master’s or doctoral) in behavior analysis, education,or psychology from a qualifying institution. Degrees from programs in which you completed aVerified Course Sequence also qualify.Demonstrate that you meet this requirement when you apply by submittingan official transcript with a conferral date for your qualifying degree.Not sure if your degree qualifies?If you are uncertain whether your degree meets our current or upcomingrequirements, you can request a preliminary degree evaluation onlinebefore submitting a BCBA Certification Application. This will include a 100 fee that may be credited to your BCBA Certification Application whenyou apply.Updated 05/2021, Copyright 2021, BACB All rights reserved.Behavior Analyst Certification Board Does the BACBuse primary sourceverification of degreesand coursework?Yes! We rely on officialtranscripts to verify thatan applicant’s degreeand coursework meetour requirements for alleligibility options.Board Certified Behavior Analyst Handbook 6

Eligibility RequirementsBehavior-Analytic CourseworkYou must complete behavior-analytic coursework that meets the following requirements: The coursework was graduate level (i.e., master’s or doctoral) and from the qualifying institution in which youwere enrolled. You received academic credit for the coursework. The coursework reflects that you received a passing grade (“C” or higher in a graded course or “pass” in apass/fail system) in each course. The coursework covers all of the content areas and numbers of hours specified in this table:Fourth Edition Coursework RequirementsContent AreasEthical and Professional ConductNote: The content must be taught in one or morefreestanding courses.Concepts and Principles of Behavior AnalysisMeasurement (including data analysis)Experimental DesignIdentification of the Problem and AssessmentFundamental Elements of Behavior Change and SpecificBehavior-Change ProceduresIntervention and Behavior-Change ConsiderationsBehavior-Change SystemsImplementation, Management, and SupervisionDiscretionary Behavior-Analytic ContentTotalContent Hours*45 hrs45 hrs25 hrs20 hrs30 hrs45 hrs10 hrs10 hrs10 hrs30 hrs270 hrsCurious aboutVerified CourseSequence examinationpass rates?* For the purpose of establishing instructional requirements that can be applied globally, 1 semestercredit hour will represent 15 hours of classroom instruction, and 1 quarter credit hour will represent 10hours of classroom instruction. This conversion is based on US Federal Rule.Demonstrate that you meet the course

Ideally, you should obtain your education in behavior analysis from a behavior-analytic degree program. There are many benefits to this option. For instance, in most cases, you can meet all BCBA eligibility requirements in one place while also having engaging, non-classroom interactions with behavior