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Chapter-by-Chapter Bible StudiesHebrews“Jump Off The Fence!!!”Bible Studiesby Kathleen Daltonwww.kathleendalton.comAll Scripture quotations are from the New American Standard Bible, unless otherwise noted.Clip Art obtained with permission from FCIT: http://etc.usf.edu/clipart

“Jump Off the Fence!”A Chapter-by-Chapter Study of the Book of HebrewsHebrews“Jump Off The Fence!!!”Table of nJesus is BetterBetter Than AngelsBetter Than MosesBetter Than The SabbathBetter Than A High PriestJump off the Fence!!!Better Than MelchizidekBetter Than the Old CovenantBetter Than the Old TempleBetter Than the Old SacrificesJump off the Fence – Have Faith!Jump off the Fence – Be Strong!Jump off the Fence – Finish Strong!ScripturePageHebrews 1Hebrews 2Hebrews 3Hebrews 4Hebrews 5:1-10Hebrews 5:11-6:20Hebrews 7Hebrews 8Hebrews9Hebrews 10Hebrews 11Hebrews 12Hebrews 1334121925313744515661687682

Jesus is BetterHebrews“Jump Off The Fence!!!”IntroductionThe book of Hebrews gives every person, whether a sold-out believer in Jesus Christ, oran unbelieving, hesitant straggler still sitting on the fence, a chance to think again aboutJesus.Is He really all He claimed to be?Some of the readers of Hebrews – those who were already believers in Jesus - weregoing to need to make a course-correction or two, setting aside things which were beingtrusted more than Jesus.And some – those who had not yet put their faith in Jesus – were going to be challengedto “jump off the fence” – off the fence of religion, which is death - and, risking all, tobegin a brand new life with Jesus Christ.3

“Jump Off the Fence!”A Chapter-by-Chapter Study of the Book of HebrewsJesus is BetterHebrews Chapter 1- Questions1. If life is unstable, shaking, and colliding, what is the thing we need most? (Amos8:11&12)2. (:1) How did God speak to people “long ago”? What does the writer mean by “long ago”? Why does God even want to “speak” to people at all? Why do we want Him to “speak” to us?o Ps. 74:1-11o Ezekiel 7:263.(:2a) How has God spoken in “these last days”?4. (:2,3) List 7 descriptions of God’s Son found in these verses:1)2)3)4)5)6)7)5. Is there anything in that list you did not realize was true of Jesus?6. (:4) What is one more thing we can add to that list?7. (:5-14) Fill in the following chart from these verses:True of Jesus4True of Angels

Jesus is BetterAPPLICATION:8. For those who had already come to faith in Jesus, what one more thing did theyneed to know in order to ground them in their faith?9. For those who were still sitting on the fence, what one more thing did they needto know in order to bring them to a commitment to faith in Jesus?10. Are people in this day and age tempted to put faith in angels or anything else?5

“Jump Off the Fence!”A Chapter-by-Chapter Study of the Book of HebrewsJesus is BetterHebrews Chapter 1- Discussion NotesWe can only reach God if He reaches to us.It’s true and it’s timeless. Throughout history, the only way sinful man could everdream of connecting with Holy God is if God made a way.And God does. He always has.In Old Testament times He reached out with messages. He sent those messages throughthe patriarchs, through prophets, through signs and wonders, through special men of God,through priests, and through angels.The messages said: “I am here. I am Holy. I care about you. I require that you be Holy,too. I know you are a mess. I will someday come and help you with your mess. “The book of Hebrews was written to Jewish people who didn’t fully understand what hadhappened. Looking back now, we know they had just walked out of the Old Testamenttimes, and were standing in New Testament times.Many of them had heard the Old Testament messages of God from men and angels. Andthen they had seen and heard the story of Jesus – and they had realized that He was GodHimself, come to help them with their mess. They were Jews who had becomeChristians.But many of them had also heard the Old Testament truths and the story of Jesus, andnow were sitting on the fence, not sure whether or not they wanted to jump off that fenceand wholeheartedly commit their lives to following Him. They had seen the persecutionwhich could follow such a decision, and just weren’t sure .If they jumped off that fence they might be martyred. They might have to give up theirdreams for a normal life with a retirement cottage by the sea. They just might go hungry.They might see their children suffer. They might be fearful, cold, running for their lives.Would it be worth it? Was Jesus really better?6

Jesus is Better1. If life is unstable, shaking, and colliding, what is the thing we need most?Can you think of a time in your life when everything you depended on for your securitywas gone?I can.Ken and I were in our early thirties; we had 5 children – our oldest was 10 and ouryoungest was 1; we were homeless, and driving across country in a van about to berepossessed, aiming for my Dad’s home in Indianapolis, where we wereabout to descend on him for an undetermined amount of time until we “got back on ourfeet”.We were scared and confused – and of all the things we needed (shelter, food, clothing,jobs, etc.), there was one thing we had to have more than anything else in the world. Weneeded a word from God. We needed to know what He would have us do. We lovedHim and trusted Him – but we had never been in this place before, and our hearts criedout – mile after mile across Colorado, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois and Indiana – “tell us whatto do!!!”.When life is unstable, shaking and colliding, people desperately seek to hear from God.“’Behold, days are coming,” declares the LORD God, ‘When I will send a famine in theland, not a famine for bread or a thirst for water, but rather for hearing the words of theLORD. People will stagger from sea to sea and from the north even to the east; they willgo to and fro to seek the word of the LORD, but they will not find it.” - Amos 8:11&12“God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in manyportions and in many ways,” (1:1)2. (:1) How did God speak to people “long ago”?In order to answer that, let’s break this down into several questions: What does the writer mean by “long ago”?He’s talking about how God spoke to people in Old Testament times. Why does God even want to “speak” to people at all?Now there’s a good question. The Psalmist asked the same question: “When I consideryour heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which You haveordained; What is man, that You take thought of him?” Psalms 8:3&47

“Jump Off the Fence!”A Chapter-by-Chapter Study of the Book of HebrewsThe answer? He loves us. Don’t ask me why. Why do we want Him to “speak” to us?This is easier to answer. It’s because we need Him so much. We actually need Himmore than we need food and drink – we just don’t realize it.o Ps. 74:1-11 - In this passage, the Psalmist is remembering how it feltto have all of the precious things of life whisked out from under him,and then is recording the universal longing of every heart in verse 9:“There is no longer any prophet ”. In other words – with everythingelse gone in my life, I need a word from God – and where is the manwho can give it to me? Help .Help .I need a word from God.o Ezekiel 7:26 – The prophet Ezekiel echoes the same thought“Disaster will come upon disaster and rumor will be added to rumor,then they will seek a vision from a prophet, but the law will be lostfrom the priest and counsel from the elders.”“ in these last days has spoken to us in His Son ” (:2a)3. (:2a) How has God spoken in “these last days”?The author of Hebrews is referring here to the days just preceding the writing of thisletter in other words, the days when Christ was on the earth. Before that time – beforethe time of Christ - God spoke to people through men and angels, through prophets andpriests. But now He has done something even better; He has spoken through His Son,Jesus.“ in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heirof all things, through whom also He made the world. And He is theradiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, andupholds all things by the word of His power. When He had madepurification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.”(:2&3)4. (:2&3) List 7 descriptions of God’s Son found in these verses:1) He is heir of all things2) He was the One who made the world.3) He radiates God the Father’s glory4) He is the mirror for us to see the nature of God the Father5) He keeps all things held together by simply speaking6) He made the sacrifice which wiped out sin7) He is right now sitting down at God the Father’s right hand8

Jesus is Better5. Is there anything in that list you did not realize was true of Jesus?“ having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited amore excellent name than they.”6. (:4) What is one more thing we can add to that list?He is better than the angels. His name is more excellent than theirs. Now why wouldthis author need to say that?Because, remember, the Jews were used to hearing from God by way of angels. Look ata few of the times God spoke through angels: Genesis 18 – Three men (at least 2 are angels) visit Abraham Genesis 19 – Two angels rescue Lot from Sodom Genesis 28 – Jacob sees angels ascending and descending a ladder to heaven Exodus 12 – The angel of death passes over Egypt Numbers 22 – A wicked prophet is stopped by an angel II Kings 2 – Elijah the prophet is carried away in a fiery chariot attended byangels II Kings 6 – A fearful servant gets his eyes opened as he sees the angels ofGod protecting him and Elisha Job 1:6 – The angels present themselves before God after roaming throughoutthe earth. Psalms 78:25 – The miraculous manna was delivered by angels Zechariah, Daniel and Ezekiel all had messages delivered to them by angelsDue to these instances, and many others, the Jews highly regarded the word of angels tothe point that they may even have begun to be worshipful of angels. They needed to bebrought up short, to remember Who was more to be desired than angels.Someone greater than the angels had told the angels what to say so long ago, and now itwas time to listen to the One to whom the angels reported.Notice how the Son is compared to angels in the following verses:“For to which of the angels did He ever say, ‘You are my Son, today Ihave begotten You’? And again, ‘I will be a Father to Him and He shallbe a Son to Me.’ And when He again brings the firstborn into the world,He says, ‘And let all the angels of God worship Him.’ And of the angelsHe says, ‘Who makes His angels winds, and His ministers a flame of fire.’But of the Son He says, ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and therighteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom. You have loved9

“Jump Off the Fence!”A Chapter-by-Chapter Study of the Book of Hebrewsrighteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, Your God, hasappointed You with the oil of gladness a above your companions.And, ‘You Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and theheavens are the works of Your hands; they will perish, but You remain;and they all will become old like a garment, and like a mantle You will rollthem up; like a garment they will also be changed, but You are the same.And Your years will not come to an end.’But to which of the angels has He ever said, ‘Sit at My right hand until Imake your enemies a footstool forYour feet’? Are they not all ministeringspirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who will inheritsalvation?’”7. (:5-14) Fill out the following chart from these verses:True of Jesus:5 God calls Jesus His son (Psalms 2:7) (IISamuel 7:14)True of Angels:5 God never calls an angel His son:6 God tells the angels to worship the son(Psalms 97:7):6 God never tells the son to worship theangels:7 God makes angels into “winds” and“flames of fire” to minister to peopleThey are powerful, yes. (Psalm 104:4):8&9 But the Son sits on a throne. He isthe One to whom the angels answer.(Psalm 45:6) (Psalm 45:7):10 The Son is the One who made theheavens and the earth (Psalm 102:25):10 (implied) The angels were part of thecreation of the earth – He made them.:11&12 The earth the Son made will oneday be gone – but the Son will remain. Heis timeless. (Psalm 102:26&27):11&12 (implied) As part of the Son’screation, the angels depend on Him fortheir very survival.:13 The Son has been given the honor ofsitting at the right hand of God the Father.(Psalm 110:1):13 The angels have never been given thathonor.:14 (implied) the Son provides salvation –not the angels:14 The angels’ job is to care for those whowill come to belief in the Son.10

Jesus is BetterAPPLICATION:8. For those who had already come to faith in Jesus, what one more thing did theyneed to know in order to ground them in their faith?They needed to realize anew that Jesus was the pinnacle of authority and revelation.Men and angels who had passed on the messages from God in Old Testament times hadactually been sent by Jesus. There never had been any greater authority than the Son.The messages of the prophets and angels of old were not untrue when they were spokenso long ago, they were simply not yet completed. They pointed ahead to the Son whowould someday come and complete the picture. This letter was going to assure them thattotal commitment to Jesus Christ, the One spoken of by prophets and angels, was the bestpossible decision they had ever made.9. For those who were still sitting on the fence, what one more thing did they needto know?They needed to know the very same thing. The writer of Hebrews is about to unfold forthem the swelling comparison of “old” Judaism (which looked forward in faith to thecoming promised Messiah), and “new” life in Jesus Christ (which looked back in faith atthe Messiah who came, died on a cross, and rose from the dead). Old Judaism had togive way to new life in Jesus Chris

times, and were standing in New Testament times. Many of them had heard the Old Testament messages of God from men and angels. And then they had seen and heard the story of Jesus – and they had realized that He was God Himself, come to help them with their mess. They were Jews who had become Christians.