Biometric-EXP EVBB I O ME T R I C -EXP Evaluation Board U SER ’ S G UIDE1. IntroductionThe Silicon Labs’ Biometric-EXP Evaluation Board is a hardware plugin card for EFM32 Starter Kits (STK’s). TheBiometric-EXP is intended to demonstrate and evaluate the biometric applications of Silicon Labs Si7013 Humidityand Temperature Sensor and the Si1146 Proximity/UV/Ambient Light Sensor which is capable of monitoring pulserate and oxygen saturation (SpO2). A Biometric-EXP Software Demo is available to download to an EFM32Wonder Gecko STK through Simplicity Studio. The software is capable of displaying humidity, temperature, UV,pulse rate, and SpO2 readings on the Wonder Gecko STK display. In addition to the Silicon Labs sensors, it is alsonotable that the Biometric-EXP EVB contains a Silicon Labs’ TS3310 Boost DC-DC Converter.Figure 1. EFM32 Wonder Gecko STK (Left) Connected to a Biometric-EXP (Right)1.1. Key Features Si7013Humidity and Temperature SensorProximity/UV/Ambient Light Sensor capable of monitoring Pulse Rate and SpO2 6-pin ribbon cable connector for attaching a postage stamp board 20-pin expansion header Battery operated with low power optimizations for long battery life Demonstration software source code available USB debug mode allowing HRM and SpO2 samples to be transferred to a PC Windows GUI to visualize pulse signals and to record samples from USB debug mode Easy use through Simplicity Studio Si11461.2. Getting StartedThe first step to getting started with your new Biometric-EXP-EVB is to download Simplicity Studio simplicity studio software package contains all the tools, drivers, software examples, and documentationneeded to use the Biometric-EXP-EVB.You will need to connect the Biometric-EXP-EVB to the EFM32WG-STK3800 Wonder Gecko STK or theEFM32GG-STK3700 Giant Gecko STK. The demo code can be loaded using the USB cable and the J-Link debuginterface.Rev. 0.4 12/15Copyright 2015 by Silicon LaboratoriesBiometric-EXP EVB

Biometric-EXP EVB2. Loading the Demo Onto the Gecko Starter KitThe following steps will load the demo firmware onto the Gecko STK. This process requires Simplicity Studio whichis available for download at Use a USB mini type cable to connect the J-Link debug interface on the Gecko STK to the PC and set the3-position Power Source Select switch to DBG (right-most position).2. Launch Simplicity Studio.Figure 2. Simplicity Studio3. Click on Refresh Detected Hardware.4. Select the Gecko STK device, under Detected Hardware.5. Click on the Demos button on the top right of Simplicity Studio.2Rev. 0.4

Biometric-EXP EVB6. Select the Biometric-EXP demo from the list and click Start.Figure 3. Demo Selection DialogRev. 0.43

Biometric-EXP EVB3. Running the DemoA Silicon Labs EFM32 Wonder Gecko Starter Kit (EFM32WG-STK3800) and a Silicon Labs Biometric-EXP (seeFigure 1) is needed to run the Biometric EXP Demo.The Biometric-EXP demo application uses the Wonder-Gecko STK’s LCD to display sensor output and the twopush buttons, PB0 and PB1, to cycle through the modes of the demo. The full operation including startup isillustrated in Figures 4 and 5.3.1. Demo StartupUpon reset, the demo will first check whether PB0 is pressed then store the result. It will then search for asupported device on the 6-pin ribbon cable connector. If a Si1143-M01-PS or Si1147-M01-PS is detected, thedemo will automatically use that device for HRM measurements. In this case, the Si1146 sensor onboard theBiometric-EXP will not be utilized. SpO2 is not available with the Si114x-M01-PS EVB's. If a HRM-GGG-PS EVB isdetected, the demo will display ‘Error’. The Biometric-EXP demo does not support wrist-based heart ratemonitoring. Please contact Silicon Labs to inquire about our wrist-based heart rate monitor solutions.Following the search for a ribbon cable device, the demo will check the stored value of PB0 to enable or disable theUSB debug mode accordingly and display an USB On or USB Off message for one second. Refer to Section “4.USB Debug Mode” for details on USB debug mode. Lastly, the demo will display version information then start thedemo in Heart Rate Monitor mode.4Rev. 0.4

Biometric-EXP EVB5HVHW, & 5LEERQ &DEOH 'HYLFH 'HWHFWLRQ 3UHVVHG3% 3UHVVHG"1RW 3UHVVHG86% 21 86% 2)) 'LVSOD\HG IRU V'LVSOD\HG IRU V'HPR 9HUVLRQ(Displayed for 1 s) 50 9HUVLRQ(Displayed for 1 s)6WDUW HDUW 5DWH 0RQLWRU 'HPR 0RGH Figure 4. Biometric-EXP Demo Startup Sequence Flash Programmer DialogRev. 0.45

Biometric-EXP EVBHeart Rate Monitor ( i1146)8OWUDYLROHW 6HQVRU 6L 6S2 0RQLWRU 6L 8VH 3% DQG 3% WR F\FOH WKURXJK PRGHV RI WKH GHPR 7HPSHUDWXUH 6HQVRU ) 6L XPLGLW\ 6HQVRU 6L 7HPSHUDWXUH 6HQVRU & 6L Figure 5. Biometric-EXP Demo Modes*Note: SpO2 Monitor mode is not available when using Si1143-M01-PS or Si1147-M01-PS.3.2. Heart Rate Monitor ModeWhen heart rate monitor demo is idle, the LCD will show the word “Pulse” followed by a message instructing theuser to place his/her finger on the optical sensor. In idle mode, the sensor is not continuously sampling. Rather, itexecutes one sample every two seconds by performing a forced measurement. That sample is then analyzed todetermine if there is skin contact with the sensor. Only when the application detects skin contact does it beginsampling continuously and running the HRM algorithm. It will remain in run mode (continuous sampling) until skincontact is removed for greater than two seconds. This approach significantly reduces power usage when idle.When the application is acquiring the heart rate, it will display the word “Wait” on the LCD. It typically takes five toseven seconds to acquire a valid heart rate. Once a valid heart rate is measured, the display will show the heartrate. If the heart rate is not displayed within seven seconds, it is likely that the algorithm cannot get a valid pulserate. When this occurs, the user should remove his/her finger and try it again adjusting the position of the fingerand the finger pressure as needed.Proper finger position in relation to the sensor and LEDs as well as proper finger pressure is essential for accuratemeasurements. The finger should fully cover both LEDs and the sensor. As illustrated in Figure 6, the finger shouldbe lightly placed on the sensor. Too much pressure will restrict blood flow in the finger and, therefore, not allow thesensor to measure a heart rate.Figure 6. Proper Finger Placement6Rev. 0.4

Biometric-EXP EVB3.3. SpO2 Monitor ModeWhen SpO2 mode is active, the LCD will show “SpO2” followed by a message instructing the user to place his/herfinger on the optical sensor. Beyond that, SpO2 monitor mode mirrors the operation of the Heart Rate Monitormode as described in Section “3.2. Heart Rate Monitor Mode” . Please note that SpO2 mode is not available whenusing Si1143-M01-PS or Si1147-M01-PS devices via the 6-pin ribbon cable. Even more so than HRM, properfinger position and pressure is important to achieve a good SpO2 measurement. Refer to Figure 6 for an illustrationof proper finger position.3.4. Ultraviolet Sensor ModeWhen the UV sensor mode is active, the LCD will show “UV” followed by the measured UV index. In this mode, theUV reading is updated every two seconds.3.5. Temperature Sensor ModeIn the temperature sensor modes, the LCD will show the temperature in Fahrenheit or Celsius as indicated by an“F” or a “C” following the reading. In this mode the temperature reading is updated every two seconds.3.6. Relative Humidity Sensor ModeIn the relative humidity sensor mode, the LCD will show “RH” followed by the relative humidity reading. In thismodem, the relative humidity reading is updated every two seconds.Rev. 0.47

Biometric-EXP EVB4. USB Debug ModeThe Biometric-EXP demo firmware includes a debug mode that enables Heart Rate Monitor and SpO2 rawsamples from the sensor to be streamed to a host PC via the Gecko STK’s USB interface. Only HRM and SpO2data is available via the USB debug interface. UV, Relative Humidity, and Temperature data is not available.Enabling and connecting to USB debug mode is illustrated in Figure 7 and is described in the following sections.The J-Link USB mini connector is not used forthe Biometric-EXP demo debug interface. It is only usedto load firmware and for firmwaredevelopmentTo enable USB Debug Mode, hold downPB0 and press Reset. Continue holdingPB0 until the display shows USB ONThe Power Source Select Switch shouldbe set to USB to enable the debuginterfaceThe USB micro connector is used as theBiometric-EXP demo debug interface.Figure 7. Enabling and Connecting to USB Debug Mode4.1. Enabling USB Debug ModeIn order to maintain power efficiency of the demo, the USB debug mode is disabled by default. The LCD will show“USB OFF” during startup. To enable USB debug mode, the user must hold down button PB0 then press andrelease the Reset button. Both buttons are on the Gecko STK as shown in Figure 7. The user should hold downPB0 until the LCD shows “USB ON.” At this point, USB is enabled and the demo will run normally. To later disableUSB debug mode the user can press the Reset button without holding PB0.4.2. Connecting to USB Debug Mode on a PCPrior to using USB debug mode, the user must first install the Biometric-EXP Windows Evaluation Software. Thiswill install the Windows applications and drivers necessary to use USB debug mode. The Gecko STK has two USBtype connectors: a USB Mini type connector labeled J-Link on the short side of the EVB and a USB Micro typeconnector on the long side of the EVB. The USB Micro connector is used for the USB debug interface, as shown inFigure 7. In addition to using the correct physical interface, the Power Source Select switch must be set to USB(center position) for proper operation.USB debug mode utilizes a Virtual COM Port (VCP) interface to communicate between the Biometric-EXP demoand the PC. With the Windows software installed, USB debug mode enabled on the Wonder Gecko and a USBcable connecting the Wonder Gecko STK and the PC, the device will appear in Windows Device Manager as aCOM port as shown in Figure 8.8Rev. 0.4

Biometric-EXP EVBFigure 8. Biometric-EXP Virtual COM Port Device in Windows Device ManagerRev. 0.49

Biometric-EXP EVB4.3. Windows Applications for USB Debug ModeThe Biometric-EXP Windows Evaluation Software includes two Windows applications for evaluating anddebugging the Biometric-EXP Heart Rate Monitor and SpO2 functions. An installation program for the BiometricEXP Windows Evaluation Software is distributed with Simplicity Studio. It can be found in the Installers directorywithin the Simplicity Studio directory structure. Following installation, the software can be launched from theWindows Start menu.The Windows Graphical User Interface (GUI) demo provides a waveform display of the HRM data along with theHRM and SpO2 calculated values. The GUI demo also allows the user to record the streaming data to a file forfurther analysis. A screenshot of the GUI demo is shown in Figure 9.Figure 9. Windows Graphical User Interface DemoThe Windows Console Demo provides a running, once-per-second text output of many parameters that are usedwithin the HRM and SpO2 algorithms including the HRM and SpO2 results. This tool can be used for advancedanalysis of the HRM and SpO2 streaming data; however, the details of the parameters and how to use them toanalyze a HRM-SpO2 recording is beyond the scope of this document. A screen shot of the Console demo is showin Figure 10.10Rev. 0.4

Biometric-EXP EVBFigure 10. Windows Console DemoTo connect the console to the streaming output from the Biometric-EXP, the user can type –u COMx filename atthe prompt. In this command, COMx is the VCP COM port as shown in Figure 8, and the optional input filename specifies the file in which the streaming data is to be stored. Note that if filename is not provided, the consoleautomatically stores the data to a default file. This default file is overwritten each time the demo is run.The console also has the ability to playback recorded files. This is done by typing –f filename at the prompt. Inthis command, filename specifies the source file containing the saved recording.It is important to note that the USB debug interface is a one-way interface. Therefore, the applications can onlytake the streaming data as an input. They do not allow the user to control the Biometric-EXP software.Rev. 0.411

Biometric-EXP EVB5. Hardware Overview5.1. Block DiagramVmcuEXP Connector(JP3)EXP Connector(JP4)All other linesTS3310 DC-DCBoost ConverterI2C RibbonConnector(J6)5VI2C2RedI2C1Si1146 Proximity/UV/Ambient LightSensorIRSi7013 Humidity& TemperatureSensorFigure 11. Biometric-EXP Block Diagram5.2. Hardware ConnectorsAs illustrated in Figure 11 there are two separate I2C buses implemented on this board. The Si1146 is on its ownbus while the Si7013 and the I2C Ribbon Connector J6 are on the second bus. This allows for expansion boardsdesigned for the I2C Ribbon Connector to connect to the Biometric-EXP without the possibility of an I2C slaveaddress conflict between any potential Si1145/Si1146/Si1147 devices on the expansion board.Table 1 details the pinouts and signal function of the Biometric-EXP connectors JP3 and JP4.Table 1. Expansion Connectors (JP3 and JP4)Pin #12Biometric-EXP Signal DescriptionWonderGecko Signal1GNDGND2VMCU3Red LED D3PC04Not UsedPD05Green LED D3PC36Not UsedPD17Si7013 and I2C Ribbon Connector (J6) SDAPC4VMCURev. 0.4

Biometric-EXP EVBTable 1. Expansion Connectors (JP3 and JP4) (Continued)Pin #Biometric-EXP Signal DescriptionWonderGecko Signal8Not UsedPD29Si7013 and I2C Ribbon Connector (J6) SCLPC510Not UsedPD311Not UsedPB1112Enable TS3310 Boost DC-DC ConverterPD413Not UsedPB1214Si1146 and I2C Ribbon Connector (J6) INTPD515Not UsedPC616Si1146 I2C SDAPD617Si1146 I2C SCLPD718Not Used5V19Not UsedGND203.3 V3.3 VTable 2 details the pinouts and signal descriptions of the 6-pin I2C connector J6.Table 2. 6-Pin I2C Connector (J6)Pin #Signal Description1I2C SCL25V3I2C SDA4GND5INT6VMCURev. 0.413

Biometric-EXP EVB5.3. Hardware Component LayoutIR and Red LEDsSi1146 Proximity/UV/Ambient LightSilabs TS3310 DC-DCBoost ConverterSi7013 Humidity &TemperatureEXP connector forEFM32 STKI2C Ribbon CableConnectorFigure 12. Biometric-EXP Hardware Component Layout- /LQN 'HYHORSPHQW ,QWHUIDFH/&' 5HVHW %XWWRQ(;3 HDGHU&RLQ &HOO %DWWHU\3RZHU 6RXUFH 6HOHFW()0 :RQGHU *HFNR 0&8%XWWRQ 3% 86% 'HEXJ ,QWHUIDFH%XWWRQ 3% Figure 13. Wonder Gecko STK Component Layout5.4. Schematics, Assembly Drawings, and BOMThe schematics, assembly drawings and bill of materials (BOM) for the Biometric-EXP-EVB are available throughSimplicity Studio when the EXP documentation package has been installed.14Rev. 0.4

Biometric-EXP EVBDOCUMENT CHANGE LISTRevision 0.1 to Revision 0.2 Added "1.2. Getting Started" on page 1.Modified “2. Loading the Demo Onto the GeckoStarter Kit” to describe how to load the demo that isintegrated into Simplicity StudioAdded a comment in“3.2. Heart Rate Monitor Mode”describing the proper finger pressure.Added Figure 7, “Enabling and Connecting to USBDebug Mode,” on page 8.Added a comment in “4.3. Windows Applications forUSB Debug Mode” describing where to find theWindows software installation program withinSimplicity StudioRemoved the section describing how to import theproject source into Simplicity Studio. It is nowintegrated and imports seamlesslyRemoved the schematic as it is now a separatedocument in Simplicity Studio.Revision 0.2 to Revision 0.3 Removed the description(s) of operation with aHRM-GGG-PS EVB. The Biometric-EXP demo doesnot support wrist-based heart rate monitoring. Removed a comment indicating that the C sourcecode for the Windows Console Demo is supplied withthe installation. This source code is available by requestonly.Revision 0.3 to Revision 0.4 Removed HRM-SpO2 API Reference Manualreference.15Rev. 0.4 and Communitycommunity.silabs.comDisclaimerSilicon Laboratories intends to provide customers with the latest, accurate, and in-depth documentation of all peripherals and modules available for system and software implementers usingor intending to use the Silicon Laboratories products. Characterization data, available modules and peripherals, memory sizes and memory addresses refer to each specific device, and"Typical" parameters provided can and do vary in different applications. Application examples described herein are for illustrative purposes only. Silicon Laboratories reserves the right tomake changes without further notice and limitation to product information, specifications, and descriptions herein, and does not give warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of theincluded information. Silicon Laboratories shall have no liability for the consequences of use of the information supplied herein. This document does not imply or express copyright licensesgranted hereunder to design or fabricate any integrated circuits. The products are not designed or authorized to be used within any Life Support System without the specific written consentof Silicon Laboratories. A "Life Support System" is any product or system intended to support or sustain life and/or health, which, if it fails, can be reasonably expected to result in significantpersonal injury or death. Silicon Laboratories products are not designed or authorized for military applications. Silicon Laboratories products shall under no circumstances be used inweapons of mass destruction including (but not limited to) nuclear, biological or chemical weapons, or missiles capable of delivering such weapons.Trademark InformationSilicon Laboratories Inc. , Silicon Laboratories , Silicon Labs , SiLabs and the Silicon Labs logo , Bluegiga , Bluegiga Logo , Clockbuilder , CMEMS , DSPLL , EFM , EFM32 ,EFR, Ember , Energy Micro, Energy Micro logo and combinations thereof, "the world’s most energy friendly microcontrollers", Ember , EZLink , EZRadio , EZRadioPRO , Gecko ,ISOmodem , Precision32 , ProSLIC , Simplicity Studio , SiPHY , Telegesis, the Telegesis Logo , USBXpress and others are trademarks or registered trademarks of Silicon Laboratories Inc. ARM, CORTEX, Cortex-M3 and THUMB are trademarks or registered trademarks of ARM Holdings. Keil is a registered trademark of ARM Limited. All other products or brandnames mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective holders.Silicon Laboratories Inc.400 West Cesar ChavezAustin, TX 78701USA

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Wonder Gecko STK through Simplicity Studio. The software is capable of displaying humidity, temperature, UV, pulse rate, and SpO2 readings on the Wo nder Gecko STK display. In addition to the Silicon Labs sensors, it is also notable that the Biometric-EXP EVB contains a Silicon Labs’