U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 1 PageCaseworker HandbookTABLE OF CONTENTSOVERVIEW. 3RESTRICTIONS ON THE RELEASE OF INFORMATION . 4PERSONNEL POLICIES . 5Recruiting . 6The Marine Corps Reserve . 9Joining the Marine Corps Reserve . 9Service . Error! Bookmark not defined.Assignments . 14Reenlistment and Retention . 15Separation and Retirement . 19Records and Review Boards . 22Official Military Personnel Files . 26Corrections to Military Records . 28AWARDS, MEDALS AND UNIFORMS . 30LEGAL MATTERS AND MILITARY JUSTICE . 33FINANCIAL MATTERS. 38MEDICAL AND HEALTH CARE . 42The COSC Section of MR, M&RA . Error! Bookmark not defined.The HQMC COSC Team. Error! Bookmark not defined.Sexual Assault Prevention & Response (SAPR) Program . Error! Bookmark not defined.EMERGENCY SITUATIONS .47EDUCATION BENEFITS . 54FAMILY PROGRAMS . 57

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 2 PageCaseworker HandbookCASUALTY AFFAIRS. 59Notification Process . Error! Bookmark not defined.Funerals . 61Survivor Benefits . 63COMMUNITY OUTREACH . 69Doing Business with the Marine Corps . 69Photographs . 70Flags . 72Marine Corps InstallationsOther Historical Information and Publications . 74Marine Corps Participation in Community Events . 75Marine Corps Music and Ceremony UnitsAPPENDIX A: Web Resources . 87Recruiting and Enlistment ProcessingRecruit Training (Boot Camp)89Casualty Matters and Military BurialsMedical and Health Care888989Department of Defense, Wounded Warrior Care and Transition PolicyMilitary Records8990APPENDIX B: Regulations . 91APPENDIX C: List of Forms . 93APPENDIX D: TERMS AND ACRONYMS . 94

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 3 PageCaseworker HandbookOVERVIEWThe Marine Corps Office of Legislative AffairsThe Office of Legislative Affairs (OLA) provides liaison between the Marine Corps and Congress.Our Congressional Correspondence Section, located in the Pentagon, processes yourconstituent inquiries. Our House and Senate Liaison Offices are available to discuss your needsin person. Letters may be delivered to the House or Senate Liaison Offices for courier deliveryto the Pentagon.Please address constituent inquiries to:Marine Corps Office of Legislative AffairsATTN: Congressional Correspondence Section (OLAC)3000 Marine Corps Pentagon (Room 4C553)Washington, DC 20350-3000Phone: (703) 614-1738Fax: (703) 614-4172 (available 24 hours) All constituent requests should include a copy of the Privacy Act Statement.Contact information for our Capitol Hill offices are below:HouseRoom B-324Rayburn BuildingWashington, DC 20515(202) 225-7124SenateRoom SR-182Russell BuildingWashington, DC 20510(202) 224-4681Please visit our Web site for more galasst/Pages/home.aspx

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 4 PageCaseworker Handbook1. RESTRICTIONS ON THE RELEASE OF INFORMATIONPrivacy Act and Freedom of Information ActPlease address all questions concerning the Privacy Act and the Freedom of Information Act:Commandant of the Marine Corps (ARSF)Headquarters Marine Corps3000 Marine Corps PentagonWashington DC 20350-3000Privacy Act (phone): (703) 614-3689Privacy Act (e-mail): [email protected]: aspxFax: (703) 614-6287FOIA (phone): (703) 614-4008FOIA (e-mail): [email protected]: ax: (703) 614-6287Releasable InformationThe release of personal information to a Member of Congress on behalf of a constituentdepends on the person requesting the information. If the request is prompted by a written request for assistance by the individual towhom the record pertains, the requested information may be disclosed to therequesting Congressional office.However, if the request originated by a person other than the individual to whom therecord pertains, the law requires the individual’s written consent before disclosure(unless disclosure is permitted under the Freedom of Information Act). Congressionaloffices must obtain the individual’s written consent.

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 5 PageCaseworker Handbook2. PERSONNELLocating a MarineTo locate a separated or retired Marine contact the Marine Corps Separation & RetirementBranch (MMSR-6) at (800) 336-4649, via email: [email protected] or writethem atSeparations & Retirement Branch (MMSR-6)Headquarters Marine Corps3280 Russell RoadQuantico, VA 22134To locate an active Marine please Contact the Marine Corps World Wide Locator at phonenumber: (800) 268-3710 (option #1) or write to them atPersonnel Management Division Support Branch (MMSB-17)Headquarters Marine Corps2008 Elliot RoadQuantico, VA 22134-5030To locate Marines, a Social Security Number may be required. Base locators are also availableat all major USMC commands.Unit RostersUnit rosters may be requested in writing at one of the following addresses. Exact organizationand time period information are required. Rosters from the late 1700s to 1966 are available atthe USMC History Division phone number:Marine Corps History Division (HDR)Marine Corps University3078 Upshur AvenueQuantico, VA 22134 Rosters between 1967 and the present lists are available at the Personnel ManagementDivision Support Branch (MMSB-20):

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 6 PageCaseworker HandbookPersonnel Management Division Support Branch (MMSB-20)Headquarters Marine Corps2008 Elliot RoadQuantico, VA 22134-5030Joining the Marine CorpsThose interested in joining the Marine Corps can call 1-800-MARINES (627-4637) or visitthe Web site, for a local recruiter.Basic Enlistment Policies. Basic enlistment policies are as follows: Age: 17-28 Inclusive Citizenship: All applicants must be a U.S. Citizen or lawful admitted permanent residentalien and possess an I-551 commonly called a ‘Green Card”. Dependents: Sole parents or anyone applicant with custody of a child under 18 is noteligible for enlistment. Drugs and Alcohol: All applicants are screened for drugs and alcohol. Any applicant whotests positive is not eligible for enlistment. Conduct and Behavior: All applicants are screened for police involvement and anyassociation with aberrant activities. This includes Tattoos, Gang affiliation, and anyconvictions for any sexual related offenses. All applicants undergo a securityinvestigation at time of enlistment. Physical Aptitude: All applicants must meet the DoD prescribed physical standards. Thisincludes height, weight, medical history, eyesight etc. Terms of enlistment: All regular enlistments are for 4 or 5 years depending on theincentive program that they enlist for. All reserve enlistments are for 4 X 4, 5 X 3, or 6 X2 years depending on the reserve incentive that they enlisted for. Regular Incentive Programs: All regulars can enlist for an incentive as outlined inreference (b). This includes Enlistment Incentive Programs (EIP) which are job skilloptions, and Enlistment Bonus Programs (EBP) that offer monetary incentives to enlistinto a particular field. Applicants must meet the qualifications to voluntarily enlist intoone of forty-four options.

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 7 PageCaseworker Handbook Reserve Incentive Programs: All reserve applicants either enlist into the ReserveEnlistment Option Program (ROEP) for 4, 5 or 6 years of SMCR, or the Initial IncrementalActive Duty for Training for 6 years of SMCR. Other qualifications: All applicants who meet prescribed standards are acceptable forenlistment or reenlistment. No applicant will be refused enlistment because of race,color, religion, national origin, gender, or sexual orientation if the applicant is otherwisequalified per Marine Corps regulations. Recruit Training: Once a person enlists in the Marine Corps, they attend 13 weeks ofRecruit Training (“Boot Camp”) at Parris Island, South Carolina, or San Diego, California.Women recruit training is only conducted at Parris Island. After graduation from RecruitTraining, Marines attend Infantry training at either Camp Lejeune or Camp Pendleton.They are assigned to attend training in one of over 220 Military Occupational Specialties(MOS) such as infantry, aircraft mechanic, or communications.Enlistment Waivers. Marine applicants who have been convicted of a crime or have beendiagnosed with certain medical or mental health conditions may be eligible for a waiver.Obtaining such waiver generally requires demonstration that the individual has overcome theprevious problem and is suitable for service as a Marine. Should the behavioral, disciplinary orhealth problems addressed in the waiver reoccur after enlistment, the existence of a waivermay result in an expedited administrative separation (ADSEP).Delayed Entry Program (DEP). The Delayed Entry Program allows applicants to enlist in theRegular Marine Corps or Selected Marine Corps Reserve (SMCR) and delay their departure forrecruit training. Any no-prior service applicant is eligible to participate in DEP program. Anindividual with delayed entry status is a member of the Marine Corps Reserve. Before the startof recruit training, these individuals, commonly referred to as “Poolees”, are in the ReadyReserve category “L” and have no reserve participation requirements. Their recruiters remainin regular contact and invite them to participate in special activities. The activities are designedto provide advance orientation on Marine Corps operations, customs, and procedures.Officer Programs. To become a commissioned officer, one must possess a four-year collegedegree. These are a number of programs that lead to a commission as a second lieutenant inthe Marine Corps: Officer Candidate Class (OCC). Candidates who have already graduated college attendOfficer Candidate School (OCS) in Quantico, Virginia for 10 weeks.

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 8 PageCaseworker Handbook Platoon Leaders Class (PLC). College students attend either two 6-week or one 10-weeksession at Officer Candidate School, Quantico. Upon college graduation, they arecommissioned as second lieutenants.Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC). This program’s selectees are appointedmidshipmen in the U.S. Naval reserve and receive a four-year subsidized collegeeducation. Upon successful completion of the established course, accepted MarineCorps option students are appointed to commissioned grade in the Marine Corps.Enlisted Commissioning Program (ECP). Allows enlisted Marines with college degrees tobecome officers by completing a 10 week session of Officer Candidate School.Marine Corps Enlisted Commissioning Education Program (MECEP). Marines selected forthis program attend a 10 week session of OCS. Upon successful completion of OCS,Marines are ordered to one of over 60 colleges and universities with an NROTC unit topursue a baccalaureate degree. Upon successful completion of OCS and receipt of abaccalaureate degree, the MECEP student is commissioned a Reserve Marine Corpsofficer, and agrees to serve at least 4 years active duty.Service Academies. The Marine Corps commissions more than 200 Midshipmen from the NavalAcademy each year. Army and Air Force cadets may also request commissions as officers in theMarine Corps. You can learn more about the military service academies by contacting themdirectly:U.S. Military AcademyATTN: Public Affairs OfficeTaylor Hall, Bldg 600West Point, NY 10996-1788Phone: (845) 938-2006Web: Naval AcademyATTN: Public Affairs Officer121 Blake RoadAnnapolis, MD 21402-5000Phone: (410) 293-2291 / 2292Web: Air Force AcademyATTN: Public Affairs Officer2304 Cadet Drive, Suite 3100U.S. Air Force Academy, CO 80840-5016Phone: (719) 333-2990Web: Coast Guard Academy*ATTN: Public Affairs Officer15 Mohegan AvenueNew London, CT 06320-4195Phone: (860) 444-8270Web: Merchant Marine Academy**ATTN: Public Affairs Officer300 Steamboat RdKings Point, NY 11024Phone: (516) 773-5000

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 9 PageCaseworker HandbookWeb:* During peacetime, the Coast Guard operates under the Department of Homeland Security.The President may transfer the Coast Guard to the Department of the Navy in times of war ornational emergency.** The Merchant Marine Academy is operated by the Department of Transportation’s MaritimeAdministration (MARAD).The Marine Corps ReserveReserve duty exists to allow Marines to follow other careers while also remaining proficient intheir skills as Marines. Reserve duty Marines, depending on which part of the ReserveComponent they belong, must fulfill a certain amount of training during the year to includeAnnual Training (usually about 12-14 days long) and weekend drills (normally one weekend permonth for members of the Selected Marine Corps Reserve [SMCR]).The mission of the Reserve Component of the Total Force is “to provide trained and qualifiedunits and individuals to be available for active duty in time of war, national emergency, and atsuch other times as national security may require.” The Reserve Component complements thestructure and capabilities of the Regular Marine Corps. It is charged with providing the meansfor rapid expansion of the Corps during national emergency and allows sustainment by addingcapability, flexibility, and depth. The SMCR is comprised of 31,188 Marines, including 1,844officers and 29,344 enlisted members.Active duty is defined as full-time duty in the active military service of the United States. It is ageneral term applied to all active military service with either the Active or Reserve Component.The Commandant of the Marine Corps can issue Active-Duty Orders to a reservist orderinghim/her to active duty under 10 USC 10211, 12301(d), and 12310, to fill an Active Reserve (AR)billet.The Reserve Component consists of three elements: The Ready Reserve, the Standby Reserve,and the Retired Reserve.1. The Ready Reserve is comprised of members organized in units, or as individuals;both of which are subject to recall to active duty to augment the active forces in time ofwar or national emergency. The Ready Reserve consists of the Selected Marine CorpsReserve (SMCR) and the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR).

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 10 PageCaseworker Handbook2. The Standby Reserve consists of those reservists not in the Ready or Retired Reservewho are subject to recall to active duty in time of war or national emergency declaredby Congress. The Standby Reserve consists of the Active Status List (ASL) and theInactive Status List (ISL).3. The Retired Reserve consists of various types of retired Marines.Joining the Marine Corps Reserve. Enlistment in the Marine Forces Reserve occurs through aprocess similar to that for enlistment in the regular active Marine Corps. Recruits must take theASVAB, pass a comprehensive physical exam, and be sworn in. They may enter through a billetin the Delayed Entry Program (DEP). Reserve Recruits attend recruit training along with activeduty recruits, claiming the title United States Marine upon successful completion of thetraining. They then have a mandatory leave of 10 days (up to 24 if they volunteer for and areassigned to recruiter's assistance) before further training at the School of Infantry (SOI) andtheir designated Military Occupational Specialty (MOS). Only after completing the trainingprogram(s) does a Reserve Marine's enlistment begin to differ from that of an active dutyMarine.There is a program called the Select Reserve Incentive Program (SRIP), which providesenlistment bonuses for Reservists enlisting for needed MOSs. Half is payable upon completionof training and the other half is spread out over the term of enlistment. SRIP updates arepromulgated annually by MARADMIN which details the specific MOSs and bonuses availableReserve Duty. Reserve Marines enlist for eight-year terms. There are three options on howthese terms may be served, one of which is designated upon enlistment. “6x2” Under this option the Reservist spends 6 years in active drill and fulfills theremaining two in Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). This is the only option which makesReservists eligible for the benefits of the Montgomery GI Bill, and is also the mostcommon.“5x3” Under this option the Reservist spends 5 years in active drill and fulfills theremaining three in Individual Ready Reserve (IRR).“4x4” Under this option the Reservist spends 4 years in active drill and fulfills theremaining four in Individual Ready Reserve (IRR).The requirements for obtaining an officer’s commission in the Reserve Component are thesame as those in the Active Component. Veteran Marines wishing to do this go through aMarine Corps Prior Service Recruiter. The mission of the Prior Service Recruiter is to joinmembers from the Individual Ready Reserve to SMCR units close to their home.

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 11 PageCaseworker HandbookReserve Benefits—The Active Reserve Program. The Active Reserve Program consists ofMarines who serve in full-time active duty billets that provide support for the integration of theTotal Force. This program allows qualified Marines an opportunity to achieve a 20 year activeduty retirement. Marines in this program are managed under the same provisions that governActive Component Marines. By law, the AR Program’s authorized end-strength is 2,261Marines, consisting of 351 officers and 1,910 enlisted Marines. Service policy regarding theActive Reserve Program is contained in MCO 1001.52J. AR Marines receive the same benefitsas Active Component Marines.Selected Reservists. Reserve Marines participating in a drill status in the Selected Marine CorpsReserves including Individual Mobilization Augmentees are eligible for the following benefits: Commissary privileges (up to 24 visits a year)Exchange privilegesMedical coverage when injury or illness occur during participation or related travelDental care while on active duty for trainingPay and allowances for drills and annual trainingSpace Available (Space A) flying privilegesService Member's Group Life Insurance (SGLI)Earn points toward retirement pay at age 60Reserve I.D. CardsPromotion and advancement opportunitiesMorale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) privilegesFamily Member's Group Life Insurance (FSGLI)TRICARE Reserve SelectTRICARE Dental ProgramsMontgomery GI Bill - Selected Reserve / Post 9/11 GI BillReserve Educational Assistance Program (REAP)Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). Marines serving in the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) in a nonpay drill status are eligible for the following benefits: Commissary privileges (up to 12 visits a year if Annual Training or Additional DutyTraining is performed)Exchange privilegesMedical coverage for injury or illness occurring while in a duty status or during relatedtravelPay and allowances for annual training and additional duty trainingSpace Available (Space A) flying privileges

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 12 PageCaseworker Handbook Service Member’s Group Life Insurance (Mobilization Training Units (MTU) membersonly)Earn points toward retirement pay at age 60Reserve I.D. CardsPromotion and advancement opportunitiesMorale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) privilegesFamily Member’s Group Life Insurance (FSGLI)TRICARE Dental ProgramsReserve Educational Assistance Program (REAP)Standby Reserve-Active Status List (ASL). Standby Reserve Marines on the Active Status List(ASL) are eligible for the following benefits: Reserve participation in a non-pay status;Space Available (Space A) flying privileges;Retirement points credit;Reserve I.D. Cards; andPromotion and advancement opportunities.Standby Reserve-Inactive Status List (ISL). Standby Reserve Marines on the Inactive Status List(ISL) are eligible for the following benefits: Reserve I.D. Cards; andReserve status.Retired Reservists Awaiting Pay at Age 60. Marines who have received notification of eligibilityfor retired pay at age 60, but are not yet 60 years of age are eligible for the following benefits: Commissary privileges (unlimited)Exchange privilegesSpace Available (Space A) flying privileges within the continental United States on DoDaircraftRetention of rank as a member of the Reserve ComponentSurvivor Benefit Plan (Reserve Component)Reserve I.D. CardsMorale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) privilegesUniform privilegesReserve Component Survivor Benefit Plan (RCSBP)

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 13 PageCaseworker HandbookReserve Marines Receiving Retirement Pay. Reserve Marines currently receiving retirement payare eligible for the following benefits: Medical care on a space available basis;Commissary privileges;Exchange privileges;Retirement pay based on rank, longevity and established retirement points;Space Available (Space A) flying privileges;Retention of rank as a member of the Reserve Component;Retired I.D. Cards;Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) privileges;Survivor Benefit Plan (Reserve Component).The Reserve Component-Survivor Benefit Plan (REC-SBP). The Reserve Component-SurvivorBenefit Plan (RC-SBP) is a voluntary program. This is a voluntary, cost program offering retiredreservists an opportunity to ensure a survivor's annuity for their dependents and eligibility for aUniformed Services Identification and Privilege Card (DD Form 1173).When a reservist completes twenty qualifying years of service and is eligible to retire, he or sheis issued a Notification of Eligibility (NOE) for retirement pay at age 60. The NOE is a packageexplaining RC-SBP and the necessary application forms. These packages are sent certified mailreturn receipt requested and the reservist has 90 days from the date of receipt to return theRC-SBP election. Reservists may elect one of three options:Option A: If the Reservist attains age 60 and begins drawing retired pay, the Reservistwill have the option to make an SBP election. Provisions of the SBP can be found inMarine Corps Order P1741.11C. Spouse concurrence is required for any SBP electionother than maximum coverage.Option B: Reservists may elect to provide an annuity to survivors that become effectiveon the 60th anniversary of the Reservist's birth if death occurs before that date. Thesurvivor's annuity will be 55 percent of the Reservist's full retirement pay, or a lesseramount as designated by the reservist with spouse concurrence. The cost of the RCSBPis deducted from the Reservist's retirement pay.Option C: Reservists may elect to provide an immediate annuity for survivors beginningon the day after the date of death until age 60. The annuity payable is 55 percent of thebase amount (an amount chosen by the reservist between the minimum of 300.00 andthe maximum of full gross retired pay). Additionally, when the reservist starts to

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 14 PageCaseworker Handbookreceive retirement pay, the cost of participation in the RC-SBP will be deducted fromthat pay.AssignmentsPermanent Duty Station Changes. In general, Marines serve 36 months at a permanent dutystation before reassignment. Consistent with the needs of the Marine Corps, an attempt will bemade to satisfy Permanent Change of Station Orders (PCSO) requests of qualified Marines.Reassignments are subject to existing vacancies at requested locations, time on dutyrequirements at current duty stations and End of Active Service (EAS) dates. If a Marine's EASdoes not allow for a transfer, the Marine must agree to extend or reenlist.Humanitarian and Hardship Reassignments. Marine Corps authorities are aware of thehardships that confront Marine families and of the additional burden created by long absencesof service members from their families.Emergency leave frequently provides sufficient time to alleviate such hardships; however, whena Marine requires more time than leave can provide and has a reasonable chance of resolvingthe hardship if reassigned, a humanitarian reassignment may be requested from the Marine'scommand. Eligibility for humanitarian reassignment is determined on a situational basis. Thefollowing factors will be considered: A severe hardship exists, not normally encountered and resolved by other members ofthe Marine CorpsThe hardship occurred or has been excessively aggravated since the Marine has beenserving on active dutyThe problem affects the Marine's immediate family to include a spouse, child, stepchild,parent (including Mother/Father-in-law); sibling, stepparent or other person acting inloco parentis for a period of 5 years before the member became 21 years of age, or anylegitimate dependent of the MarineThere are no other family members or relatives nearby capable of providing necessaryassistanceThe Marine has made every reasonable effort to alleviate the hardship and it cannot bealleviated through leave (including emergency leave if the member is overseas),correspondence, power of attorney, or by other professional meansThe Marine’s presence is required for specific reasons other than for morale purposesaloneThe hardship is resolvable within a short time frame, normally within four months.

U.S. Marine Corps 2013113th Congress 15 PageCaseworker HandbookCircumstances that normally warrant special consideration include the recent death of aMarine’s spouse or child, or a recent divorce, when the Marine has been awarded custody ofthe children and requires time to arrange for their permanent care. The Marine must be ableto certify dependent care per Marine Corps Order 1740.13, Family Care Plans.Humanitarian Reassignment requests based solely on the following reasons are not consideredsufficient to allow a Humanitarian Reassignment and are generally not approved: The death of a parent where other family members are survivingThe threatened separation or thre

Marine Corps Enlisted Commissioning Education Program (MECEP). Marines selected for this program attend a 10 week session of OCS. Upon successful completion of OCS, Marines are ordered to one of over 60 colleges and universities with an NROTC unit to pursue a baccalaureate d