Transcription

Building Vocabulary—Word Families and Word Roots ListWhat Is Taught at Each Level?The following pages show a comprehensive listing of all word families, compounds, and rootsexplicitly taught in each level of Building Vocabulary. Many other roots are introducedthroughout the levels, but the word families and roots listed on the following pages are eachthe focus of a lesson. You will notice that some roots that are first taught in lower levels arerevisited in the upper levels and are taught with greater depth and complexity.The first column lists the sound/word family, compound, or root taught. When appropriate,the meaning for this word part is given in the second column (some word parts don’t carrymeaning; for example, the word families in Levels 1 and 2). Then, an example word is givenfor each word part. The sample words are intended to give you a sense of how the roots areused––this is not meant to be an exhaustive list of vocabulary words that should be taught.As students gain more proficiency with Building Vocabulary, they will come up with many morewords on their own.Use this list as a reference to see the word families and roots taught at each level. You mightalso wish to provide students with a copy of the list for the level of the Building Vocabulary kityou are using. Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary1

Level 1Sound/Word FamilySample am-anfan-ankbank-aplap-arcar-atcat-a n-ingring Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary2

Level 1 (cont.)Sound/Word FamilySample Word-inksink-iprip-itsit-i ow-o ejoke-uckluck-ughug-umgum-umplump-unsun-unkjunk Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary3

Level 2Sound/Word FamilySample Word-arecare-au/-awcaught, rmatter-ie (long e)field-ie (long i)pie-irefire-oispoil-oldhold-ollroll-oltbolt-oot (oo ught-owcow-oyboy-ueblue-ur/-irburn, firm-urepure Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary4

Level 2 (cont.)CompoundSample nowflakesomesomebodysunsunrisePrefixMeaningSample tincorrectmis-less, iformBaseMeaningSample Wordmot/movmovemotor, movieportcarryexport Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary5

Level 2 (cont.)SuffixMeaningSample Word-fulfull ofpowerful-lesswithoutharmless-lyin a way ormannerslowly Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary6

Level 3PrefixMeaningSample Wordbi-twobinocularsco-, con-with, togethercollect, connectex-outexceedil-, im-, in-not (negative)illegal, improper,inexperiencepre-beforeprequelre-back, againrevisesub-under, belowsubzerotri-threetriangleun-notunrulyuni-, unit-oneunique, uniteBaseMeaningSample Wordfin, finitend, limit, termfinal, infinitegram, graphwrite, drawparagraphmobil, mot, movmovemobile, motor,moveableportcarryimportvid, visseevideo, visualSuffixMeaningSample Word-ermorefaster-estmostsmartest-fulfull ofplentiful-lesswithouthairless-lyin a way ormannerhappily Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary7

Level 4PrefixMeaningSample Wordauto-selfautographcol-, com-with, togethercollection, composede-down, off fromdescentim-, in-in, on, intoimpose, inductinter-between, amongintervenemega-, pemulti-manymultivitaminper-through, thoroughlyperseverepoly-manypolygontele-far, from afartelescopetrans-across, changetransferBaseMeaningSample Wordaudi, audithear, listenaudience, auditionspec, spectwatch, look atspecimen, spectacleterrland, ground, earthterritorytrac, tractpull, draw, dragtrace, tractorvoc, voice, vokevoice, callvocal, invoice, provokeSuffixMeaningSample Word-able, -iblecan or able to be doneportable, audible-arium, -ary, -orium,-oryplace, roomaquarium, library,auditorium, laboratory-er, -orsomeone who does,something that doesteacher, instructor-ifyto makesimplify-ologiststudier of, expert inbiologist-ologystudy ofbiology Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary8

Level 5PrefixMeaningSample Worda-, ab-, abs-away, fromafar, abrasive, absentad-to, toward, toadhesivedi-, dif-, dis-apart, in differentdirections, notdissolve, differ, dismisssuper-, sur-on top of, over, abovesupersize, surviveBaseMeaningSample Wordaquawateraquaticchron(o)timechroniccour, cours, cur, cursrun, gocourier, course, concur,cursivedenttooth, teethdentistdictsay, speak, tellpredictduc, ductleadinductgrad, gressstep, gogradual, congresshydr(o)waterhydrantlect, leg, ligpick, readlecture, legible, eligiblemon(o)alone, only, onemonologueodonttooth, teethorthodontistpedfoot, feetpedalpodfoot, feetpodiumpon, pos, positput, placecomponents, compost,compositionruptbreakinterruptscrib, scriptwritescribble, scripturesed, sess, sidsit, settlesediment, session, residesolalone, only onesolitudestru, structbuildinstrument, constructtemportimetemporary Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary9

Level 5 (cont.)SuffixMeaningSample Word-ateto make or docreate-ationthe result of making ordoingequation-cracyrule bydemocracy-cratruler, one who believes inrule bydemocrat-phobeone who fearsagoraphobe-phobiafear ofclaustrophobia Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary10

Level 6PrefixMeaningSample Wordambi-around, on both sidesambidextrousamphi-around, on both sidesamphibianant-, anti-against, oppositeantonymante-beforeantecedentcircu-, circum-aroundcircumferencecontra-, contro-,counter-against, oppositecontradict, controversy,counterpointdia-through, across,thoroughdiameterob-up against, in the yl-, sym-, syn-with, togethersyllable, symbol,synthesisBaseMeaningSample Wordam(a), amatlove, friendamiable, amateuranthrop(o)human being,humankindanthropologybi(o)live, lifebiologycred, creditbelieveincredible, creditabledynampower, strength, strongdynamicfac, fact, fect, ficdo, makefacility, factory, infect,fictionforc, fortpower, strength, strongenforce, fortifygenbe born, give birth,producegeneratehumanhuman being,humankindhumanemiss, mitsendmissile, permit Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary11

Level 6 (cont.)BaseMeaningSample Wordnat, naturbe born, give birth,produceprenatal, naturalpeal, pel, pulsdrive, pushappeal, repel, repulsepend, pensweigh, hang, paypendant, suspensephil(o)love, friendphilosophysens, sentthink, feelsensitive, sentenceserv, servatsave, keep, serveserver, reservationtain, ten, tent, tinholdretain, tenant, contents,continentven, ventcomeconvene, adventvers, vertturn, changereverse, revertvit, vivlive, lifevital, revive Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary12

Level 7PrefixMeaningSample Wordcon-with, together, veryconnecte-, ef-, ex-out, veryemit, effective, exceedhypo-below, under,up from underhypothermiameta-across, changemetamorphosispara-aside, apartparanormalper-through, thorough,wronglypermeatese-aside, apartsecessionsub-below, under, up fromundersubmarinetra-, trans-across, changetravel, transposeBaseMeaningSample Wordaudi, audithear, listenaudience, auditoriumbellwarantebellumbene, bongood, wellbenefit, bonanzacid, ciscut, killgenocide, incisionclos, clud, clusclose, shutenclose, exclude,exclusiondei, divingoddeify, divinityfound, fund, fuspour, meltfoundry, refund, confuselaborworklaboriouslocut, loquspeak, talkelocution, eloquentluc, luminlightlucid, illuminatelud, lusplay, trickelude, illusionmal(e)bad, wrongmalevolentmatern, matr(i)mothermaternal, matrimonypacpeacepacify Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary13

Level 7 (cont.)BaseMeaningSample Wordpass, path, patisuffering, feelingpassion, sympathy,patientpatern, patr(i)fatherpaternal, patriotphotolightphotographplaccalm, pleaseplacatescoplookstethoscopesec, sectcut, slicesecede, sectionspec, spic, spectlookspecies, conspicuous,spectatortact, tang, ting, tigtouchintact, tangible,contingent, contiguoustend, tens, tenustretch, thinextend, tension,tenuousthe(o)godtheologytomcut, sliceanatomySuffixMeaningSample Word-ance, -ancy, -ence,-encystate or quality ofimportance, hesitancy,patience, fluency-ant, -enthaving the quality offragrant, potent-el, -il, -le, -(i)cle, -(l)etsmallmorsel, council, little,icicle, piglet-eous, -ious, -ose, -ousfull ofaqueous, spacious,verbose, populous Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary14

Level 8PrefixMeaningSample Worda-, an-not, withoutatheist, anemiaad-to, toward, add toadditiondi-, dif-, dis-apart, in differentdirections, notdivert, different, disdaindys-bad, improperdysfunctionepi-upon, to, in addition toepidermouseu-, ev-good, welleulogy, evangelistBaseMeaningSample Wordcap, capt, ceive, cepttake, seize, getrecap, captive, receive,receptionced, ceed, cessgo, move, yieldrecede, succeed, excessclinlie, leanreclinecub, cumblie, leanincubate, succumbfail, fall, fals, faultfalse, mistake, failfailure, fallible, falsify,defaultfer, latto bear, bring, goconfer, collategregflock, herdcongregateneonewneonatalnovnewnovelomniall, everyomnipresentpan(t)all, everypantomimepast, pastorshepherdpasture, pastoralphonvoice, call, soundtelephonesolut, solvfree, loosenresolution, resolvestrain, strict, stringtie, bind, squeezerestrain, restrict,stringenttrac, tract, treatpull, drawtrace, tractor, retreattrudpush, thrustintrudevertrueversion Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary15

Level 8 (cont.)BaseMeaningSample Wordvoc, vokvoice, call, soundvocalize, invokevolu, volut, volvrollvolume, revolution,revolve Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary16

Level 9PrefixMeaningSample Wordad-to, toward, add toadherecircum-aroundcircumnavigateco-, con-with, together, veryconcurhyper-above, overhyperactivehypo-under, belowhypothesissub-under, belowsubterraneansuper-above, oversupersedeperi-aroundperimeterBaseMeaningSample Wordagr, agrarlandagriculture, agrarianandr(o)man, maleandroidanimsoul, mind, breath of life animositycardi(o)heartcardiologycarnflesh, meatcarnivoreclaim, clamshout, cry, callexclaim, exclamationcorp, corporbodycorporal, incorporatecryph, crypt(o)hide, conceal, secretapocryphal,cryptographerdic, dictsay, tell, speakdedicate, dictationequequal, even, fairequalityfid, fidelfaith, trustconfide, fidelityflu, fluct, fluxflowfluent, fluctuate, refluxfract, frag, frangbreak, brokenfraction, fragment,frangiblegyn(o), gynec(o)woman, femalepolygynistintegrwhole, entireintegrategen, gener, genitproduce, give birthingenious, degenerate,congenitalmis(o)hatemisanthrope Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary17

Level 9 (cont.)BaseMeaningSample Wordphan, phas, phenshow, appear, seemepiphany, emphasize,phenomenalphile, phil(o)love, friendaudiophile, philanthropypsych(o)mind, soulpsychosomaticsang, sanguinbloodsangria, sanguinesecut, sequfollowprosecute, sequencetacit, ticsilent, unspokentaciturn, reticenttechn(o)skill, craft, le Word-itudestate or qualitysolitude-mentthing or objectsegment Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary18

Level 10PrefixMeaningSample Worda-, an-without, notamorphous, anarchydi-, dif-, dis-apart, in differentdirections, notdivulge, diffident,distortionob-up against, in the way,completelyobstructpara-alongside, contraryparadoxBaseMeaningSample Wordarch, archylead(er), first, oldestarchives, patriarchycentrcentereccentriccit, civcity, citizenuncivil, civilitycracy, cratrule, rulerplutocracy, autocratcri, critjudge, decidehypocrisy, critiquecyclcircle, wheelcyclicalduc, ductleadconducive, viaductergworksynergygram, graphwriteepigram, calligraphyjectthrow, casttrajectoryjudic, judgjudge, decidejudicious, judgmentallogword, speech, reasoning analogymeter, metrmeasurealtimeter, asymmetricalnomen, nomin, nounnamenomenclature, nominal,pronounod, (h)odroad, wayexodusonymname, wordpseudonympeal, pel, pulspush, driverepeal, dispel, impulsivepoint, punct, pungpierce, pointappointed, acupuncture,pungentpoli, poliscity, citizenmetropolitan,metropolis Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary19

Level 10 (cont.)BaseMeaningSample Wordrect, regrule, straight, rightdirection, deregulatescrib, scriptwriteascribe, manuscriptsens, sentthink, feelconsensus, dissentingtact, taxarrangetactical, taxidermythes, thetput, placehypothesis, synthetictopplace, locationtopographySuffixMeaningSample Word-ismbeliefchauvinism-istone who believesoptimist-ologistone who studiescardiologist-ologystudy ofgeology Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964) Building Vocabulary20

Level 11PrefixMeaningSample Worda-, ab-, abs-away, fromaverse, stanticlimacticapo-away, fromapologyin-notinnocuousin-in, on, intoincursionmeta-across, changemetamorphosistra, trans-across, changetrapeze, transcendBaseMeaningSample Wordannu, enniyearannualize, perennialcapit, cipitheadcapital, precipitouschrontimesynchronizecours, cur(r), cursrunconcourse, precursor,concurrent, cursoryfer, latbear, bring, goinfer, dilateformform, shapeconformi, itgoambience, circuitouslocut, loquspeak, talklocution, eloquentman(u), mainhandmanual, maintainmemormemory, remembercommemoratemnem, mnesmemory, remembermnemonic, amnestymorphform, shapemetamorphosismortdead, deathimmortalnasc, natborn, birthnascent, innatepher, phorbear, bring, goperiphery, euphoricpon, pos, posit, poundput, placeproponent, transpose,expository, compound Teacher Created Materials#12731 (i3964)