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Rosa ParksNeighborhood StudyUP 7700 – Capstone ClassSummer 2007Dept. of Geography & Urban PlanningCollege of Liberal Arts & SciencesPDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Presentation Outline Neighborhood Overviewn Location & Study Boundariesn Historyn Rosa Parks Neighborhood Today Strengths and WeaknessesnnnHousingSchoolsRecreation and Green Space RecommendationsnnnHousingSchoolsRecreation and Green Space ConclusionRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

NeighborhoodOverviewLocation & Study BoundariesRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

City of DetroitRosa Parks NeighborhoodRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Rosa Parks Neighborhood and Surrounding AreaRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Rosa Parks NeighborhoodRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Rosa Parks NeighborhoodRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

NeighborhoodOverviewHistoryRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Jewish CommunitynnnnSettled by Jewish Detroitersand Immigrants beginningin 1917Part of historic andcontinuing trend of Jewishcommunity movingnorthwest from downtownTried Stone is a formerJewish synagogue & school- Beth Tefilo Emmanuel &Taylor ShulNew St. Peter’s on Pingreeis a former Jewishsynagogue - Beth YehudaRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

African American CommunitynnnnnAs communityconditions change, thefinancial classes of theAfrican AmericanCommunity changed inneighborhoodBy 1967 populationdensity is 2x cityaverageBlack unemployment 2xthat of whitesPolitical & financialsectors unresponsive“The Strip” or “SinStreet”Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Detroit Race Riots-July 23, 1967, 3:45 AM at 12th& ClairmountnnnnnnnThe name “Race Riots” controversyBlind pig raided with violent police responseRage explodes over ongoing conditions andpolice treatment9 days of rioting across city43 dead, over 700 injured, over 50 million inproperty damageOne of most significant events in SE MichiganhistoryNeighborhood and regional psyche and land usestill affected todayRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

The RiotRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

The RiotRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Rosa Parks Neighborhood Circa 1970Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Rosa Parks Neighborhood TodayRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Rosa ParksNeighborhoodStrengths and WeaknessesRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Housing Strengths &WeaknessesRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Housing Strength: Condition76% fair - good conditionRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Strength: Brick ConstructionExamples of ExcellentCondition housing onperimetersRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Strengths: Strong Rental MarketGladstoneGladstone & WWBlaine & RPRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Strength: Available Parcels for Infill398 vacantparcelsBlainePhiladelphia St.Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Weaknesses: Housing Values59% of units valued less than 50,00035.0%City of Detroit30.0%Cluster 625.0%RP Neighborhood20.0%15.0%10.0%5.0%0.0% 15,000 15,000 29,999 30,000 49,999 50,000 69,999 70,000 99,999 100,000 - 200,000 199,9992000 US Census Bureau. Decennial Census. STF1-STF3Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Weaknesses: AffordabilityLow Income Households30.0%City of Detroit28.1%25.0%Cluster 6RP %9.1%5.0%0.0% 10,000 10,000 14,999 15,000 24,999 25,000 34,999 35,000 49,999 50,000 74,9992000 US Census Bureau. Decennial Census. STF1-STF3Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com 75,000

Weaknesses: TenureTwo Family Structure69.8% Renters4%29%Single FamilyTw o FamilyMulti Family67%2007 WSU MUP Class Physical Inventory2000 US Census Bureau. Decennial Census. STF1-STF3Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Weaknesses: Age of Housing11.0%15.6%1950 - 591940 - 4952.3%1939 or earlier2000 US Census Bureau. Decennial Census. STF1-STF3Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.comWeathering

Schools Strengths &WeaknessesRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

School Strengths- Schools in neighborhood areaHUTCHINS ntsnWellMaintainednSANDERSELEMENTARYnLarge SitenPossible ReuseWill Be ReusedRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.comCROSMANALTERNATIVE EDnOutstandingDesignnWell BuiltnLarge SitenGood ReuseCandidate

School Strengths- Schools in Neighborhood AreaThirkell MEAP ScoresGrade 3Grade 4StateThirkellGrade 500.20.40.60.81Percentage PassingnnnOutstanding Test ScoresGreat Enrichment & After School ProgramsOrganized Staff, Faculty & ParentsRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

School Weaknesses- DPS 13 Yr. EnrollmentTrendRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

School Weaknesses- Declining Enrollment CycleRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

School WeaknessesArea School MapNeighborhood SchoolsnElementary Was: Sanders Elementary – Inneighborhood Now: Thirkell Elementary – ½mile awaynMiddle School Was: Hutchins Middle School –In neighborhood Now: Durfee K-8 or McMichaelPK-8 – 1 mile awaynHigh School Was: Northern High School– 1mile away Now: Northwestern HighSchool– 2 miles awayNote: Sanders and Hutchins are not markedRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and GreenSpace Strengths &WeaknessesRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and Green Space StrengthsnSurrounding Neighborhoods nVirginia ParkBoston EdisonLaSalle GardenExisting Investment Plans for thearea Rosa Parks StreetscapeRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and Green Space StrengthsnnAvailability Open space- Opportunities for additional parks, gardens, andcommunity involvementExisting Parks and Recreational Opportunities Joseph Walker Williams Recreation CenterGordon PlaygroundHutchins PlayfieldRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and Green Space WeaknessesnCurrent ConditionOpen Space Poorly maintainedlandscapenn High grass and weedsNo grassNeighborhood looksunfriendlynnHomes not maintainedArea appearsabandoned and unsafeRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and Green Space WeaknessesnConditions- Parks andRecreation Facilities Gordon PlaygroundnBenches andequipment need repair JosephWalkerWilliams CenternnnEntrance of building isunclear to new visitorsBuilding appearsunusedExterior of buildingneeds improvementRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Rosa ParksNeighborhoodRecommendationsRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Target Existing Housing for Investment1) Clairmont: (RP to WW)2) Pingree: (RP to M10)3) Hazelwood: (14th to Byron)4) Philadelphia: (WW to Byron)Condition5) Taylor: (14th to RP)GoodFairPoor13524Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Target Vacant Parcels for New ConstructionnTaylor: (RP to Byron)nBlaine: (RP to Byron)nPingree: (WW to Byron)nPhiladelphia: (14th & RP)nEuclid: (RP to 14th)Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Organizational Recommendations- HousingnCreate a landlord association Obtainsa stake in the neighborhood Invests and manages difficult tenantsnBuild Social Capital Non-profitnnEmploys residents for housing repair & maintenance servicesDirects homeowners to Tredco/Patch approved contractors &landlords ncompanyoversee rental rates & reputationA Guarantor of home equity loansRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Organizational Recommendations- HousingPartner with existing CDCs / Programs / StakeholdersnVirginia Park CDC nCustodian of Virginia Park Urban Renewal PlanHenry Ford Non Profit Corp & Virginia Park CDC New housing planned for PhiladelphiannNew Center Council nRosa Parks StreetscapeWest Grand Boulevard Collaborative nLow to Moderate incomesBusiness corridor on WGBLISC Central Woodward Strategic Investment Area Assist CDCs in revitalization efforts and improve quality of lifeRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Organizational Recommendations- HousingDirect Homeowners to Gov’t backed lendingnCity of Detroit Planning & Development Housing Services DivisionnSenior Emergency Repair Program: n 12K MAXAges 65 Ages 55 & DisabledVery Low IncomeNo prior acceptance of grantsMinor Home Repair Program: FurnacesPlumbingRoofsElectrical SystemsStructural Repairs 15-24kSingle Family DwellingsWithin Boundaries of SponsoringOrganizationStructure must be feasible for repair(s)Lead Based Paint(MHRP ervices/default.htmRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Organizational Recommendations- HousingDirect Homeowners to Gov’t backed lendingnHUD Title 1 Ownership Programs FHA Title 1nnnnnSingle Family HouseManufactured HouseMulti Family Structures12 – 20 yr. Loan Terms 7.5 – 60k203K Improvement Programs HOME & CDBG fundsnnnnn1-4 unit family dwellingMeet Energy Cons StandardsAppraisalMinimum property standardsEstimate, Plan & review process LTV MAXhttp://www.hud.gov/offices/hsg/sfh/title/ti abou.cfmRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.comRepair – Modernize

School Recommendations- PhysicalAdaptively Reuse- Crosman Building - Senior HousingnnFormer Ypsilanti, MI HighSchoolNow Senior HousingnnFormer New ChicagoElementary School, NorthMemphis, TNNow Senior Housing &Community CenterRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

School Recommendations - PhysicalAdaptively Reuse- Sanders Building – Community Ctr.Salem Community Center;Salem, IL Former High SchoolCenter for CommunityCollaboration; Detroit Formerly Rose Elementary Now Home to Communitiesin Schools of Detroit &ARISE DetroitORDemolish for otherdevelopmentRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

School Recommendations- OrganizationalPrevent Further SchoolClosuresn Form strong, supportiverelationship with ThirkellElementary SchoolnIncorporate family friendlyhousing intoneighborhood housingstrategyRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

School Recommendations- OrganizationalCarefully ConsiderCharter SchoolsnnIf DPS trends continue to thedetriment of the neighborhoodand declining enrollmentcauses Thirkell Elementary tocloseDon’t initiate if it will be to thedetriment of ThirkellElementaryRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and Green Space- PhysicalRecommendationsnUtilize the Available Green Space forNeighborhood Beautification Community or Individual Gardens Additional ParksnEstablish programs to assistcommunity residents in maintainingproperty Tree PlantingRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and Green Space- PhysicalRecommendationsnImprove condition ofexisting parks andrecreation facilities JosephWalker WilliamsCenternnFaçade improvementsSignage GordonnParkWork with the city of Detroit,local organizations andsurrounding neighborhoodRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and Green Space- PhysicalRecommendationsRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Recreation and Green Space- OrganizationalRecommendationsnPartner with established organizations DetroitAgriculture Network Greening of DetroitnPartner with established beautificationefforts MotornCity MakeoverUtilize City of Detroit Resources 311Call Center City of Detroit Ombudsman OfficeRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Rosa Parks Neighborhood FinalRecommendationsDemolition of Dilapidated Buildingsn Home Improvement Loansn Strengthen Existing RecreationalProgramsn Hold City Services Accountablen Community Involvementn Adaptively Reuse of School BuildingsnRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

Thank YouLaMonica ArringtonMatthew BakaKatrina BalogLorrie BatesEric BorrellTrina EllisRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.comJeff GuntherPatrick HoweAlex HritcuSteven A. LambertBrian Vosburg

RecognitionReverend Wilsonn Joseph Luellen Jr.n TREDCO Boardn Professors Robin Boyle and Gary Sandsn Marilee Bylsma, Detroit Public Schoolsn Francis Grunow, Preservation Waynen Cecil Norde, Crosman Alternative H.S.n Russell Kramer, VP Henry Ford NonProfit HousingnRosa Parks Neighborhood Study - Summer 2007PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com

nOne of most significant events in SE Michigan history nNeighborhood and regional psyche and land use still affected today Rosa Parks Neighborhood Study -Summer 2007 Detroit Race Riots-July 23, 1967, 3:45 AM at 12th & Clairmount PDF