Call for Expression of InterestConsultancy: MATAI Baseline Survey in the FCTType of Contract: Short-termConsultancy InformationDepartment: Mobilizing Action Towards the Abolition of Infanticide (MATAI)Activity: Project Baseline SurveyBackground: ActionAid Nigeria (AAN) is an affiliate of ActionAid International, a global allianceof organisations working towards achieving a world without poverty and injustice in whichevery person enjoys the right to a life with dignity. As a large and visible developmentorganisation, ActionAid works in more than 39 countries spread across Africa, Asia, Europe andAmerica.At ActionAid Nigeria (AAN), we work within poor and excluded communities to promote therespect for the human rights of all. Our work extends beyond the people in these communitiesto relevant authorities with a view to empowering the people to take necessary action to endpoverty and social injustice. Since 1999, AAN has focused on social justice, gender equality andpoverty eradication using the Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA).The destruction of the life of a child, either during his/her birth, or within a few days afterhe/she has been born is inimical to the provisions of the law. The sanctity of life falls within thecontext of globally acceptable laws. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948,International Covenant on Civil, Political and Cultural Rights, 1966, United Nations Conventionof the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), 1990, African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 1981,African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, 1989, Convention on the Rights ofPersons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol, 2006, the EU Guidelines for the Promotion
and Protection of the Rights of the Child (2017), are international legal provisions that seeks toprotect the rights and sanctity of life. At the national level, Section 33 (1) of the Constitution ofthe Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, as amended, stipulates that “Every person has a right tolife, and no one shall be deprived intentionally of his life, save in execution of the sentence ofa court in respect of a criminal offence of which he has been found guilty in Nigeria”. The Child’sRights Act, 2003, domesticated the Convention on the Rights of the Child and serves as a legalinstrument for the protection of children’s rights in Nigeria and details associated withgovernment responsibilities. Section II of the Child Rights Act of 2003 provided that “no childshall be subjected to physical, mental or emotional injury, abuse, neglect or maltreatment,including sexual abuse as well as torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,among others”. The EU Strategic Framework on Human Rights and Democracy, adopted in June2012, committed to integrating all children’s rights standards and principles into the design,implementation, monitoring and evaluation of all its policies and programmes1. Article 2 (Nondiscrimination) of the EU guidelines affirms that ‘All children shall be protected from all formsof discrimination based on their and their parents’ race, colour, sex, language, religion, politicalor other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status’.The prevalence of harmful practices against children in Nigeria poses enormous challenges tothe realization of the rights of the child as stipulated in national, regional and global legalinstruments. The legendary efforts of Mary Slessor who pioneered the campaigns and advocacyfor the stoppage of killing of twins remains a reference point in the historical trajectory onchild’s rights promotion and protection in Nigeria. Infanticide being one of such practices isknown to be practiced in different parts of Nigeria, including Akwa Ibom State. However, theFCT by far has the greatest number of communities practicing infanticide and is the mostdocumented going by informal statisticsJustification: Although there is no documented quantitative data available on incidences ofinfanticide in Nigeria, assessments undertaken by ActionAid Nigeria together with theexperience of Vine Heritage Home have revealed it to be occurring across 64 communitiesidentified in the FCT. This practice involves the killing of infants during or shortly after birth,and young children; predominantly by members of the Bassa-Komo, Gbariyamma and1EU Guidelines for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of the Child (2017)
Ganagana tribal groups all within AMAC, Abaji, Kuje, Gwagwalada and Kwali Area Councils ofthe Federal Capital Territory (FCT).Currently, 57 communities are reported to be involved in the infanticide practice in these AreaCouncils which have well entrenched belief that twins and other multiple-birth babies, any childborn immediately after the twin, those born with albinism, down syndrome, cerebral palsy,babies who grow the upper teeth first or babies born with defects, and babies whose mothersdie while nursing them are evil and must be killed. In addition, any family who is ‘chosen’ bythe gods to donate a child for sacrifice to the god of fertility, usually has little option but to doso.Vine Heritage Home (VHH) started rescuing infants at risk of deliberate killings in area councilsthroughout the FCT in 2004 and is now the only recognized foster home in FCT dedicated to theprevention of infanticide. VHH has rescued and housed about 130 infants to date, who are nowbetween ages 0-25 years.The Nigerian government began investigating infanticide in 2013, starting off a campaign toeradicate the practice. The campaign includes building primary health care centres and primaryschools. The FCT Administration instituted a 30-man committee in September 2013 to probethe existence of such primordial cultural and inhuman practices in some FCT communities.Beyond the Committee investigation (the report of which has not been made very public), notmuch work has been done towards the abolition of infanticide in the FCT. Though the FCTAdministration has created Agencies and Departments for the promotion and protection ofChildren’s rights in the FCT, these government structures still have capacity gaps in the deliveryof their mandates, particularly in the implementation of the Child’s Rights Act and with specificreference to the abolition of infanticide practice in the FCT.ActionAid Nigeria will therefore need the services of a consultant with considerable experiencein project design, monitoring and evaluation and child protection systems to conduct a baselinesurvey using MATAI Project Impact and Outcome indicatorsThe MATAI Project Logical Framework: The project has a Logical Framework that guides thedirection of the project. The log frame is expected to provide the framework within which tomeasure the progress of the project. This would be achieved through a robust documentation
that captures the log frame’s output, outcome and impact indicators. The indicators will bemeasured against baselines where provided with milestones and targets giving indications ofprogress during the life of the projectAll the outcomes and outputs are in line with the three Strategic Objectives (SO) of the projectwhich are to Strengthen legal and policy frameworks that address infanticide practices in theFederal Capital Territory(FCT), Improve awareness in the FCT on infanticide practices, especiallyamong practicing communities and establish mechanisms to safeguard unborn babies andinfants susceptible to being victims of infanticide, as well as those that are currently ostracizedat Vine Heritage Home(VHH).Objectives: The overall objective of this activity is to provide baseline data that contribute tothe wider promotion of the rights of children and work to end violence against children in theFederal Capital Territory which is driven by harmful cultural and traditional practices. Specificobjectives of this activity are to establish baseline in the following:1. Determine the prevalence of infanticide practices in the FCT on, especially amongpracticing communities and ascertain the existence and functionality of child rightsstructures within these communities2. Identify and documents the mechanisms to safeguard unborn babies and infantssusceptible to being victims of infanticide, through the provision of quality maternal andchild healthcare.3. The baseline study will document on the status of infanticide practice in communitiesand implementation of the CRA in the FCT4. Suggest a robust and workable Monitoring & Evaluation mechanism for theimplementation of the MATAI project and monitoring of existing legal and policyframeworks that address infanticide practices in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).Key Deliverables: The consultant will:1. Produce a comprehensive report of the baseline following an agreed reporting templatewith AAN2. Develop a Fact Sheet/Policy Brief on the prevalence of infanticide following findings ofthe Baseline Survey
3. Develop a Power Point presentation and participate in the dissemination meetingwhere findings of the baseline will be discussed.4. Conduct and manage all data collection activities and processes aimed at collectingquality data on the prevalence of infanticide practice within the communities ofintervention5. In collaboration with the MATAI project, the consultant will identify appropriateresearch methodologies for conducting the baseline.Scope and Location: The research will take place within a sample size of the communities wherethe MATAI project is to be implemented (57 villages) within Gwagwalada, Kuje, Kwali, Bwari,and Abaji, Area Councils in the FCTLines of Reporting/Position in team: Consultant will work closely with the Social MobilizationManager and the Impact Assessment and Shared Learning Manager at ActionAid Nigeria, whowill provide technical oversight and confirm report satisfactory before final payment is made.Profile of Consultant Required: The selected consultant for this baseline survey is expected tohave the following:1. Recognised degree (Preferably post graduate degree)2. Monitoring and Evaluation background with an extensive experience in designing andoperationalising M&E systems3. Experience in Child Protection and End Violence Against Children (ENDVAC)4. Good understanding of maternal and child healthcare challenges in the FCT5. A good understanding of quantitative and qualitative research methodologies.6. Familiarity with survey design, data entry and analysis.7. Excellent research writing skills8. Must be result-oriented, a team player, exhibiting high levels of enthusiasm, tact,diplomacy and integrity;9. Excellent computer skills10. Experience in carrying out similar assignments
Final Report: The final baseline assessment report should include the following:a) Title Pageb) Executive Summary: maximum 1 page, clearly summarising the assessment and keyfindings in accessible languagec) Acronymsd) Table of Contentse) Purpose, Coverage, and Scope2f) Methodology: maximum 2 pages, detailing: data collected, how it was collected and bywhom, and sample size.g) Limitations of the Assessmenth) Analysis of the Findings: Maximum 16 pages including: the results of the assessmentaccording to the objectives of this EOI, combining qualitative and quantitative data,(disaggregated by sex, age, geographic location, level of education, and level of income);and a summary table providing detailed information about each indicator. The analysisshould be descriptive and clear to any reader of the document. The analysis shoulddifferentiate between the three programmes/grants.i) Conclusions: Summarize and interpret findings and highlight the key insights from thebaseline (2-3 pages).j) Options or Recommendations: Based on the findings, conclusion and about thegrant/programme design, this section may include any suggestions to, for example:a. Improve grant design, implementation approach or activities;b. Conduct additional studies to better understand the issue; andc. Improve gender-responsiveness.k)Annexes (raw data to be shared in a separate document/file with ActionAid Nigeria)Report Dissemination and Use: For purposes of validation and accountability, it is importantthat baseline findings are shared with the communities and other stakeholders who take partin the assessment. The research consultant(s) will develop a summary version of the report forpublic consumption and dissemination. The consultant is expected to and will be responsiblefor Ethical or any other form of approvals required for this surveySuggested Timeframe: Under the assumption that all necessary activities and contracts aresigned by May 16, 2019 the table below contains the expected duration of field work andother activities: -2The final report should not exceed 75 pages.
Suggestedtimeframea. Submission of Expression of Interest by Service Providers (Firms and May 16Individual) on or beforeb. Selection of Service ProvidersMay 20Taskc. Inception meeting with project managers and a review of key background May 22d.e.f.g.h.i.documents and existing data collection toolsDetailed inception report including detailed draft methodology and May 23sampling approach for quantitative data collection, quantitative andqualitative tools finalised in agreement with the programme teamsField WorkMay 27-30Data analysisMay 31Submission of Draft ReportJune 3Workshop to share the preliminary findings and revise draft reportJune 10Submission of final Report by the research consultant(s)June 17Application Methodology and Sequence: ActionAid invites interested individuals/researchfirms/companies to submit the following application documents: Expression of interest outlining how the consultant(s) meets the selection criteria andtheir understanding of the EOI and methodology; A proposed activities schedule/work plan with time frame; Copies of CVs of the staff who will undertake the Assessment; One recent example of similar baseline or end-line evaluation report; Financial proposal detailing consultant(s) itemized fees, data collection andadministrative costsSafety/Security/Consent: The security of community members, ActionAid staff, consultants,and baseline assessment team should always be of primary consideration. considering thecultural sensitivity involved in the baseline survey. Respondents should be reassured thatinformation provided will be kept anonymous and under no circumstances should intervieweesbe pressured to respond to all or certain questions if unwilling. Parental consent must beobtained before interviewing minors and permission obtained if photos are to be taken.Permissions must be documented using the Consent Form and not verbal. Furthermore,It is essential that we are to be able to demonstrate that all contributors have given informedconsent for their names, images and stories to be used. Ideally as earlier stipulated, this shouldbe in written form but where this is not practicable, (eg in a situation where the contributor isnot literate) a verbal consent on video camera will be taken and should include the explanationand request as well as the contributor’s consent. If the contributor is under the age of 18,written or on-camera verbal consent must be provided by a parent or legal guardian.If a survey data for a small sample of individuals is selected, the consultant shall request theexplicit consent of the individuals that will be traced during the period of the grant, as well as
some form of means of communication with the individual, such as email, or telephone. Thisdata shall be strictly secure and be only accessible to the consultant and the MATAI team.If written or video consent is not given by the contributors, ActionAid reserves the right to rejectthe Baseline Survey.Child Protection Policy: It is essential that during the period of engagement with thecommunity, the rights of children are protected ensuring that all actions taken are in the bestinterest of the child. Selected Consultant will be required to sign to a Child Protection Policy tobe adhered to throughout the period of this Baseline SurveyConsultant(s)/Consultancy firms are responsible for the adherence of their staff and serviceproviders to existing Child Protection laws while carrying out this assignmentTerms of Payment:PaymentEligibility1st PaymentAmountUpon successful completion of training of 50% of contract sumresearch assistants for the baseline survey(This will include perdiemsandtransportation)Final PaymentSatisfactory completion of the baseline report 50% of contract sumand dissemination of findingsTax: The consultant shall be responsible for the payment of tax and other statutory obligationsexcept for the Withholding Tax which will be deducted at a rate of five percent (5%) andremitted to the relevant authority. The consultant is expected to provide AAN with a TaxIdentification Number (TIN) for the purposes of this remittance.Confidentiality, Disclosure of Information: Information will be made available for theconsultant and his/her personnel, on a need-to-know basis. The consultant will undertake tokeep confidential the variety of information and other confidential materials to which thiswork gives access to.It must be understood that the Consultant shall, during and after the effective period of thecontract, treat as confidential and not divulge, unless authorised in writing by the ActionAid
Head of Programmes and with the consent of the ActionAid Country Director, any informationobtained during the performance of the contract.Ownership of Outputs: The outputs of this contract as shall be the property of ActionAidNigeriaPlace of Work/Administrative Support/Method of Application: The selected consultant willsign a contract with ActionAid taking responsibility for work materials, tools and facilities.However, where the need arises, support will be provided as necessary by ActionAid Nigeria.Interested consultants are expected to read the “profile of consultant required” and carefullyensure that they follow the “Application Methodology and Sequence”. They are alsoexpected to send applications to: [email protected] using the subject lineBaseline Assessment for MATAI Project in FCT not later than May 16, 2019Note: Only shortlisted consultants/organisations will be contacted.
Annex 1 – Strategic Objectives and indicatorsOVERAL OBJECTIVETo contribute to the protection and promotion of rights of childrenin NigeriaSO1: Strengthened legal and policy frameworks thataddress infanticide practices in the Federal CapitalTerritory (FCT).No. of policy actions taken bythe Federal Capital TerritoryAuthority (FCTA) towards theimplementation andmonitoring of the Child'sRights Act 2003.1.2 No. of Area Councilswith functional Child RightsImplementation Committees(CRICs) working towards theabolition of infanticide in theFCT.1.3. % of budget allocatedtowards the safeguardingvulnerable children includingthose affected by infanticide inthe FCT at the Area Counciland FCTA levels.1.4. % of budget releasedtowards the safeguardingvulnerable children includingthose affected by infanticide inthe FCT at the Area Counciland FCTA levels.SO2: Improved awareness in the FCT on infanticide practices, especially amongpracticing communities.2.1. No. of communitiesdemonstratingimprovedknowledge of safeguardingchildren in affected communities.2.2. No. of community-basedindividuals sustainability of theostracized children during theirstay in the challenging andrejectingthepracticeofinfanticide.2.3 No. of media organizations(print, electronic, social) raisingawareness on the phenomenonof infanticide in the FCT.2.4. No. of communities withChangeAdvocatesAgainstInfanticide (CAAI) practices2.5. % reduction in the number ofinfanticide victims2.6. No. of communities reportingincidences and attempt ofinfanticide to the Child Protectiondesk at the Area council.SO3: Mechanisms established to safeguard unborn babies andinfants susceptible to being victims of infanticide, as well asthose that are currently ostracized at Vine Heritage Home(VHH).3.1. No. of women havingaccess to quality health careservices thus reducing maternaland child mortality in practicingcommunities.3.2.No. ofcommunityadvocates taking actions tosafeguard children susceptibleto infanticide, thus, reducingthe number of infanticide casesin practicing communities.3.3. No. of ostracized childrenreceiving improved care andsupport from the Vine HeritageHome (VHH)3.4. An effective and efficientadministrative,casemanagement, financial andbusiness model systems for therunning and VHH, put in place.3.5. No. of physical structures inplace to aid the living,educational and/nutritional development ofostracized children in VHH.
Manager and the Impact Assessment and Shared Learning Manager at ActionAid Nigeria, who will provide technical oversight and confirm report satisfactory before final payment is made. Profile of Consultant Required: The selected consultant for t