Mandarin Chinese 1Reading Booklet&Culture Notes

Mandarin Chinese 1Travelers should always check withtheir nation’s State Department forcurrent advisories on local conditionsbefore traveling abroad.Booklet Design: Maia Kennedy and ‰ Recorded Program 2000 Simon & Schuster, Inc. Reading Booklet 2016 Simon & Schuster, Inc.Pimsleur is an imprint of Simon & Schuster Audio,a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. Mfg. in USA.All rights reserved.ii

Mandarin Chinese 1ACKNOWLEDGMENTSVoicesAudio ProgramEnglish-Speaking Instructor . . . . . . . . Ray BrownMandarin-Speaking Instructor . . . . . . . . Zhijie JiaFemale Mandarin Speaker . . . . . . . . Mei Ling DiepMale Mandarin Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . Yaohua ShiReading LessonsEnglish-Speaking Instructor . . . . . . . . . . Ray BrownMandarin-Speaking Instructor . . . . . . . . . Jay JiangAudio Program Course WritersMei Ling Diep Christopher J. GaintyReading Lesson WritersXinxing Yang Elizabeth HorberEditorsKimiko Ise Abramoff Beverly D. HeinleReviewerYaohua ShiProducer & DirectorSarah H. McInnisRecording EngineersPeter S. Turpin Kelly SauxSimon & Schuster Studios, Concord, MAiiiiii

Mandarin Chinese 1Table of ContentsIntroductionMandarin. 1Pictographs. 2Traditional and Simplified Script. 3Pinyin Transliteration. 3Readings . 4Tonality. 5Tone Change or Tone Sandhi. 8Pinyin Pronunciation Chart. 10Lesson One. 14Translations. 15Lesson Two . 16Translations. 17Lesson Three. 18Translations . 19Lesson Four. 20Translations . 21Lesson Five. 22Translations. 23Lesson Six. 24Translations . 25Lesson Seven. 26Translations . 27Lesson Eight. 28Translations . 29iviv

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Nine. 30Translations. 31Lesson Ten. 32Translations. 33Lesson Eleven . 34Translations. 35Lesson Twelve . 36Translations . 37Lesson Thirteen. 38Translations . 39Lesson Fourteen. 40Translations . 41Lesson Fifteen. 42Translations . 43Lesson Sixteen . 44Translations. 45Lesson Seventeen . 46Translations . 47Lesson Eighteen . 48Translations . 49Lesson Nineteen . 50Translations . 51Lesson Twenty . 52Translations. 53v

Mandarin Chinese 1To learn a language is to have one more windowfrom which to look at the world.Chinese proverbvi

Mandarin Chinese 1MandarinMandarin Chinese, also known as StandardChinese or Modern Standard Mandarin, is the soleofficial language of China and Taiwan, and one of thefour official languages of Singapore. Although thereare eight major Chinese dialects, Mandarin is native toapproximately 70% of the population. Chinese whoare educated through at least the primary gradesspeak Mandarin as well as the local dialects. However,due to the size of China and the ethnic diversity ofits inhabitants, hundreds of other dialects are spokenin different areas. The dialects spoken today arebased more on geography than on ethnicity. Forinstance, residents of Shanghai will speak Wu, andin some parts of China, particularly the central andsouthern areas, official business is transacted in thelocally dominant language. Although people fromdifferent parts of China generally do not understandone another’s spoken language, they all use Mandarincharacters (hanzi) for writing.Today’s Mandarin is closely based on “northernspeech” which was the lingua franca of the rulingclass, spoken in Beijing, the capital during the Mingand Qing Dynasties. After the Nationalists overthrewthe Qing Dynasty in 1912, government officials atfirst considered creating a new “national language”by adopting a mixture of dialects, but in the end itwas decided to retain Mandarin as the “NationalLanguage.” The Communists, who defeated the

Mandarin Chinese 1Nationalists in 1949, continued this policy, but theychanged the name and coined the term pu tonghua, or “common speech,” for “Mandarin.” This isthe word for Mandarin used throughout mainlandChina. In Hong Kong, however, as in Taiwan andmost overseas communities, guo yu, the older term,continues to be used.Pronunciation of the national language differsslightly geographically, and there are some significantregional vocabulary differences. The Nationalists,whose capital was the southern city of Nanjing, wereinfluenced by southern dialects, primarily Cantonese.The Communists, whose capital is Beijing, wereinfluenced by “northern speech.”PictographsIt is commonly thought that every Chinesecharacter is a picture, or “pictograph,” but only afew hundred of the several thousand characters aretrue pictographs. However, most of these are nowwritten in such a way that it is difficult to immediatelyguess their meaning. There is also a very small groupof characters called ideographs or ideograms, whichrepresent ideas or objects directly. All other Chinesecharacters are combinations of these pictographsand basic ideographs.2

Mandarin Chinese 1Traditional and Simplified ScriptIn 1949 China’s new government consideredinstituting an alphabet in place of the traditionalcharacters, as a refutation of traditional or “feudal”culture.Instead, they decided to simplify theexisting characters by reducing the number ofstrokes necessary to create them. By 1964, a list of2,200 simplified characters was created for use asa modified script. Further simplification was brieflyadopted, then abandoned, at the end of the CulturalRevolution in 1977.Presently, simplified characters are used inmainland China and Singapore, although thereis a movement for the restoration of traditionalcharacters, especially in southern China. Hong Kong,Taiwan, and many overseas Chinese communitiescontinue to use the traditional characters.Pinyin TransliterationIn this Introductory Reading Program you willlearn to read Hanyu Pinyin – pinyin for short. It’sthe official phonetic system for transcribing pronunciations of the Chinese characters into a Latinalphabet, and will give you a way to “read” anapproximation of the sounds in written form. InChina it’s often used in elementary schools as afirst step toward learning to read. It is also used3

Mandarin Chinese 1to alphabetically order dictionary entries, and it isused for entering Chinese text into computers aswell as communicating via email and text messaging. In many large cities, street signs are often displayed in both Chinese characters and pinyin to aidforeign visitors.ReadingsThere are twenty Reading Lessons in all.Although the pinyin alphabet may appear similarto the Latin alphabet, the sounds of some letters inpinyin are quite different. You will learn to soundout the pinyin starting with individual letters, thenletter combinations, words, then word combinationsand short phrases, building in length until youwill be sounding out complete sentences. Keepin mind that learning to read pinyin is not thesame as learning to read the hanzi. These lessonsare designed to give you an easy way to “read”the Chinese sounds, and the Simplified Chinesecharacters are displayed as well.Feel free to repeat each Reading Lesson untilyou feel comfortable proceeding to the next. Witha little effort, you will be astonished at how quicklyyou are able to sound out the Mandarin words. Apronunciation chart is included which is for reference4

Mandarin Chinese 1only, however, as all the information you need to dothe readings is contained in the audio.Although translations are included, the meaningsat this point are secondary, and we recommendthat you look at them only after first attempting tosound out the phrases with Mandarin pronunciation.Each item has been selected especially to give youpractice in the tones, the sounds, and the soundcombinations. You should read aloud, as directed,which will help to lodge the sounds in your memory.Before long you will be reading pinyin aloud withoutan American accent.TonalityChinese is a tonal language. This means that inaddition to the sounds of the consonants and vowels,the tone with which a syllable is pronounced helps todetermine its meaning. The Chinese languages arealmost exclusively made up of one-syllable words,composed of an initial consonant sound followed bythe syllable’s main vowel, sometimes in combinationwith another consonant or vowel. Longer words doexist, but almost all are compound words, formed bycombining one-syllable words.5

Mandarin Chinese 1The tone is determined by the pronunciationof the syllable’s main vowel. Each tone has a namewhich describes the motion of the sound: falling,rising, or even. With the tones, several meanings canbe assigned to any one syllable. For example, whenpronounced using a falling-rising tone, the word narmeans “where.” However, when pronounced withjust a falling tone, it means “there.”There are four main tones used in speakingMandarin - high, rising, falling-rising, falling - anda fifth, referred to as a soft or neutral tone. This lasttone is used for the second syllable in a set of doubledcharacters, as well as for the final syllable (or questionword) at the end of a query. This neutral tone doesn'thave a marker. For example, in the questions, ni ne?(How about you?) and hao ma? (OK?), the syllables neand ma are pronounced using this soft, falling sound,as if the sound is fading away. Here is an example ofone word with different meanings depending on thetone with which it is pronounced: 1st tone: highshī (poem) 2nd tone: risingshí (ten or time) 3rd tone: falling-risingshĭ (history) 4th tone: fallingshì (to be)6

Mandarin Chinese 1There are tonal markers to indicate the tones ofthe vowels. In these lessons, we will include themfor the four tones above the vowels they affect. Payclose attention to t he markers because they canchange the meaning of a word completely. It maytake a while before you hear the differences, andwe encourage you to repeat each lesson as often asnecessary, in order to both familiarize yourself withthe Mandarin sounds represented by the letters andto practice the tones.All tonal markers are placed above the singlevowels (a, o, e, i, u, ü). The chart that follows uses thevowel “a” as an example.Tone #English Name1.High-level tone - Starts withnormal vocal range of thespeaker and stays even.Rising tone - Starts atnormal vocal range, thenrises up.Falling-rising tone - Startsat normal vocal range, thenfalls down and rises up.Falling tone - Starts atnormal vocal range, thenfalls down. with “a”āáǎà

Mandarin Chinese 1In Mandarin the absence of a tonal marker above avowel, as in "a," indicates a neutral tone. This neutraltone starts with a slightly soft sound and is shorterthan the sounds of the tones listed above.Tone Change or Tone SandhiAlthough each Chinese syllable standing alonehas a specific tone, in the flow of speech the tone ofa syllable can change depending on the tone of thefollowing syllable. In some Chinese dialects, tonechange is common, and there are complex rulesgoverning it. In contemporary Mandarin, however,it is less common than in other dialects, and thereare only a few rules to remember. The first governsfalling-rising or 3rd tones when they are spoken insequence:1. When two falling-rising or 3rd tones occurtogether, the first falling-rising tone becomesa rising, or 2nd tone. The second remains afalling-rising or 3rd tone. For example, “very”and “good” are both falling-rising, 3rd tonesby themselves, but when spoken together ashen hao, the first word changes to a rising or2nd tone, while the second keeps its originalfalling-rising, 3rd tone.8

Mandarin Chinese 12. When three falling-rising tones are spoken oneafter the other, the first two become rising or2nd tones, while the third remains a fallingrising tone.3. When four falling-rising tones occur one afterthe other, the first three change to rising or 2ndtones, while the fourth remains a falling-risingor 3rd tone.In contemporary Mandarin, tone change is alsoassociated with two specific characters. The first ofthese is yi (one).1. When it is by itself or at the end of a word it is ahigh level or 1st tone.2. When yi comes before a falling or 4th tone, itchanges to a rising or 2nd tone, for example, yi(2nd) yue (4th ) (“one month”).3. When yi comes before any of the threeremaining tones (high, rising, or falling-rising), itchanges to a falling or 4th tone.The second character associated with tonechange in contemporary Mandarin is bu (means “no”or “not”).9

Mandarin Chinese 1When bu stands alone, it is a falling or 4th tone.4. It changes to a rising or 2nd tone only when itcomes before another falling or 4th tone.5. When combined with the 2nd and 3rd tones, buremains a falling tone.The various tone changes occur in speech only. Inwriting, the original tone is retained. In time, thesechanges will become automatic and natural.Pinyin Pronunciation Chart(where no sound is indicated, the sound matches English)LetteraSound“a” in “father”bc“ts” in “boots”ch“ch” in “church”de“ir” in “girl”fg“g” in “go”h10

Mandarin Chinese 1LetteriSound“ee” as in “feet” but after “r” sounds likethe “ir” in “shirt”jklmno“o” in “no”pq“ch” in “cheese”r“r” as in “war” or “run” (before an “i” itsounds somewhere between an “r” and “j”or the “s” in “leisure”)s“s” as in “seed”sh“sh” as in “shine”tu“oo” as in “boot”üsimilar to the “u” sound in “you”xthe sound in between “s” and “sh”wy“y” as in “yes”z“ds” as in “lads”zh“j” as in “jam”11

Mandarin Chinese 1LetterSound Combinationsai“eye”ei“ay” in “say”ao“ow” in “how”ou“o” in ��ua“wa” like the end of “aqua”uo“wo” in “won’t”üe“u” in “you” followed by the sound “e” - "ee"iaolike “meow”iou (iu) “eew”uai“why”uei (ui) “way”an“un” in “until”en“en” in “hen”in“een” in “seen”ün“une” in “tune”ang“ong” in “song”eng“ung” in “sung”ing“ing” in “sing”onglike “long,” except with the “o” pronounced“oh”12

Mandarin Chinese 1LetterSound Combinationsian“yan”uan“wan”uen(un)similar to “one”üan“u” in “you” plus “an”iang“young”iong“yong,” with the “o” pronounced “oh”uang“wong”uenglike “wor” in “work,” plus an “ng” at the endersounds like “are,” but is usually linked tothe previous word to form an “er” sound13

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson �o11.páo12.bō13.pō14.bá15.bà ba16.pó po17.pá pō18.bāo bāo19.bǎo bao20.pǎo �婆婆爬坡包包宝宝跑跑14

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson One Translations1.a sound of surprise, “Oh!”2.the number lie on one’s stomach4.a sound of doubt or surprise, “Oh?”5.mother-in-law / old woman6.a sound of agreement, “Ah, ok.” boil9.a cook on a slow fire11.a traditional Chinese pull up15.daddy16.a woman's mother-in-law / grandma17.climb a hill18.cute purse19.baby20.running15

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Two1.mō2.fó3.fǎ4.mā ma5.ēi6.bēi7.fēi8.méi9.bēi bāo摸佛法妈妈欸杯飞没背包10.ī11.pí pá12.mǐ13.péi14.piào15.māo16.māo pá pō.17.fēi biāo18.mā ma fā bāo.19.péi pei20.péi pei bà ba mā ma.(no Chinese ��发包。16陪陪陪陪爸爸妈妈。

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Two fly8.not9.backpack10.letter “i”11.pipa (Chinese lute) keep company14.handsome, beautiful15.cat16.The cat climbs a hill.17.darts18.Mama hands out accompany20.Keep dad and mom company.17

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Three1.táo2.dà3.dà mǐ4.ū(no Chinese character)5.dù6.mù肚7.fú8.tú9.dài10.ná lái ba.11.nǎi nai12.mù bǎn13.tài tǔ14.é15.dé16.tè17.tè dà18.nà me19.dà mǐ tè bái.20.nǎi nai tán pí 弹琵琶。18

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Three Translations1.pottery2.big3.white rice4.letter “u” support8.picture, drawing9.belt10.Bring it here.11.nanna (endearing term for grandmother)12.wooden board13.too unsophisticated14.goose15.get / obtain16.special17.especially big18.so19.Rice is especially white.20.Grandma plays the pipa.19

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Four1.ān2.dǎ léi3.ǚ(no Chinese character)4.nǚ5.nǚ / tǔ女6.nán nü7.lǚ8.bàn lǚ9.péi běn le.10.tā lè le.11.nǐ hǎo ma?12.lǐ mào13.tài nán le!14.lāo miàn15.nǐ lái la!16.liú17.diū18.pí bāo diū le.19.dì di pǎo lái le.20.bā ba mā ma ài ��妈妈爱你。20

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Four Translations1.peaceful2.thunder3.letter “ü”4.woman5.woman / soil6.males and females7.companion8.partner9.sustain losses / lose money10.He’s happy.11.How are you doing?12.manners13.It’s too difficult!14.noodles15.You’re here! lose18.(I) lost (my) handbag.19.Little brother ran over it.20.Mom and Dad love you.21

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson èng9.bǐng10.lào bǐng11.tài bàng le!12.kè táng13.tài píng14.dēng pào15.mèi mei16.gē ge bāng máng.17.kěn lào bǐng18.guō19.luó bo20.luó bo tè bié 萝卜萝卜特别大。22

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Five Translations1.older lift5.steel6.pit / room13.peace14.light bulb15.younger sister16.The older brother is eat a pancake18.pot19.radish20.The radish is very big.23

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Six1.hē2.hǎo3.nǐn hǎo!4.hē tāng5.jī6.jǐ gè7.lǐ jiě8.jiě ��10.jì huà11.jì lǚ12.mǎ hu13.dà jiā hǎo!14.hé jiā huān15.jīn tiān16.jiě jie guǎn dì di.17.pí bāo hěn hǎo kàn.18.nǐ hěn néng gàn.19.tā āi jī jiàn.20.bā ba tài bàng ��爱击剑。爸爸太棒了!24

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Six drink2.good3.Hello! (polite) drink soup5.machine6.a understand8.older 13.Hello everyone!14.happy family15.today16.Older sister is taking care of younger brother.17.The handbag looks very nice.18.You are very capable.19.She loves fencing.20.Dad’s great!25

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Seven1.dì di hěn bàng!2.qī3.qǐ4.qǐ lái5.xí6.xīn7.xià8.xī guā9.dàn 10.qù11.qián12.péi qián13.lǚ xíng14.jiān qiáng15.fú qi16.xià kè le.17.qiē dàn gāo18.tāng tài xī le.19.tā qù běi jīng le.20.jiě jie qiē le dàn 了蛋糕。

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Seven Translations1.The younger brother’s great! rise4.get lose travel14.strong15.lucky16.Class is cut a cake18.The soup is too thin.19.He went to Beijing.20.The older sister cuts the cake.27

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Eight1.zǔ guó2.zài nǎ li?3.zì4.zì jǐ5.zū fáng zi6.cí7.cí qì8.zuò cāo9.cān jiā10.sūn zi11.gào sù12.sī13.sī jīn14.zǐ xì15.mā ma de sī jīn16.zuò zǎo cāo17.cān jiā zuò zǎo cāo18.zā qǐ lái19.bǎ biàn zi zā qǐ lái20.qǐng nǐ gào sù �来请你告诉她。28

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Eight Translations1.homeland2.Where is it? a house6.porcelain (clay)7.porcelain (container) do scarf14.very careful15.Mom’s silk do morning participate in morning tie up19.braids tied up20.Please tell her.29

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Nine1.chéng jì2.zhǎng dà3.zhōng guó4.zhī5.zhī dào6.chī fàn7.shuì jiào8.shuǐ jiǎo9.zāi shù10.shì qing11.nǐ zhī dào le ma?12.nǐ chī fàn le ma?13.jǐ diǎn zhōng?14.xiān sheng15.xiān sheng shēng bìng le.16.bú shì tài guì17.xī guā hěn hǎo chī.18.sī jīn zhēn hǎo kàn.19.xiǎo māo zhēn kě ài.20.xiǎo dì di zhǎng gāo 小弟弟长高了。

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Nine Translations1.achievement, grow eat (in general) go to bed / to plant a tree10.affair, thing11.Do you know?12.Did you eat yet?13.What time is it?14.Mr. or Mister15.The man is sick.16.not too expensive17.Watermelon tastes very good.18.Scarves (are) really nice.19.The little cat is very cute.20.The little boy grew very tall.31

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Ten1.xī ān2.nóng cūn3.gōng fu4.rù5.chū rù6.rú guǒ7.ruì8.nèi róng9.rì10.rì zi11.shēng rì12.rén mín bì13.rén shān rén hǎi14.ěr duo15.èr shì sān16.qián tú17.xī ān shì gǔ dū.18.chū rù píng ān19.zūn zhòng lǎo rén.20.shuí shì nǐ mā 是你妈妈?32

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Ten Translations1.Xi’an (the capital of Shaanxi province)2.countryside3.kung leave and come hinese currency13.a huge crowd14.ear15.twenty-three16.prospects, future outlook17.Xi’an is an ancient capital.18.peace wherever you go19.Respect your elders.20.Who is your mother?33

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Eleven1.wú xī2.wú liàng3.wǒ de4.wáng5.wén zhāng6.wǔ shù7.tiào wǔ8.dǎ suàn9.dà wáng10.shuài jí le11.wǒ shì měi guó rén.12.kuài pǎo13.wo de biàn zi14.nǚ hái tiào wǔ15.nán hái xǐ huan wǔ shù.16.sūn wù kōng shì dà wáng.17.nǐ dǎ suàn zěn me zuò?18.xiǎo māo hěn hǎo wánr.19.nǐ de wén zhāng xiě de hǎo.20.wǒ ài wǒ de zǔ ��的文章写得好。我爱我的祖国。

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Eleven Translations1.Wuxi (a city in Jiangsu province) name / king5.article6.martial arts7.dance8.intend / plan9.a powerful king10.very handsome11.I am braid14.girl dancing15.Boys like martial arts.16.The Monkey King is the king.17.What do you plan to do?18.The little cat is fun to play with.19.Your article is very well written.20.I love my homeland.35

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Twelve1.huī2.wēi lì3.wěi dà4.méi gui5.zhuī6.tài guì le7.chī kuī le8.kāi huì9.chuī 会吹风10.wèi le11.wēi xiào12.guǐ dào13.guī lái14.pái duì15.xiǎo tuǐ16.wǒ huí lái la!17.wéi hù18.zhè tiáo sī jīn19.zhè tiáo sī jīn tài guì le!20.xiàn zài wǒ men kāi 现在我们开会。

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Twelve Translations1.ash2.power3.great (exceptional) chase6.too expensive7.lost8.a meeting9.wind order to11.slight smile12.railway come wait in line / line up15.lower leg, calf16.I’m back! defend, to protect18.this silk scarf19.This silk scarf is too expensive!20.We will start the meeting now.37

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Thirteen1.duō2.dōu3.tóu4.tóu qiú5.zhōu qī6.sī chóu7.luò tuo8.qí luò tuo9.bāo kuò10.huā duǒ11.gāo lóu12.gāo lóu dà shà13.bō luó14.shuǐ guǒ15.fù mǔ dōu hǎo.16.duó dé jīn pái17.bō luó shì shuǐ guǒ.18.wǒ xǐ huan chī píng guǒ.19.sī jīn shì sī chóu zuò de.20.dà jiā dōu lái le ��。丝巾是丝绸做的。大家都来了吗?

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Thirteen throw a ball5.period, ride a camel9.include10.flower11.high building12.high-rise buildings13.pineapple14.fruit(s)15.My parents are win a gold medal17.Pineapples are fruit.18.I like to eat apples.19.Silk scarves are made from silk cloth.20.Is everyone here?39

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Fourteen1.wēn shuǐ2.huáng hé3.huáng sè de píng guǒ4.shuāng5.zhuāng6.cūn zhuāng7.wāng yáng dà hǎi8.jué dìng9.chuāng �海决定窗户10.lǎo wēng11.wǎng luò12.shuāng shǒu13.guǎng chǎng14.wǒ kùn le.15.qíng kuàng16.jīn huáng sè17.shàng wǎng chá xún18.huáng hé de shǔi hěn huáng. �我睏了。情况shén me qíng kuàng?tā jué dìng qù běi �去北京。

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Fourteen Translations1.warm water2.the Yellow River3.yellow apple4.a pair5.a manor or an upscale shop6.a countryside village7.a large decide9.window10.old man11.internet12.pair of hands13.square / plaza14.I’m search online18.The water in the Yellow River is very yellow.19.What is happening?20.She decided to go to Beijing.41

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Fifteen1.míng bai2.yī fu3.yīn4.yīn tiān5.yì shuāng xié6.yìn7.dǎ yìn8.yé ye9.yì ��杯10.yāo qiú11.yín háng12.yīng gāi13.yīn shuǐ14.dà qiáo15.dà tīng16.dǎ tīng17.bō luó hěn yìng.18.yī fu shàng yìn le huā19.yé ye ài nǎi nai.20.xiàn shàng yì duǒ méi guì ��上一朵玫瑰花

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Fifteen understand2.clothes3.cloudy4.cloudy weather5.a pair of print (in general)7.print / type8.grandpa9.a cup / request11.bank12.should / must13.drinking water14.big ask about17.Pineapples are very hard.18.floral-patterned clothes19.Grandpa loves grandma.20.give a rose43

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Sixteen1.yǒu2.yòng3.yǒu yòng4.yóu yǒng5.péng you6.liàng7.yǒng gǎn8.xióng9.běi jí �10.kào yòu biān11.cháng jiāng12.cháng jiāng dà qiáo13.cài hěn xiāng.14.tiān liàng le.15.xiàng nán zǒu16.wǒ jiā yǒu huā yuán.17.chūn tiān yòu kāi huā le.18.nǐ yǒu shū bāo ma?19.xué zhōng wén yǒu yòng.20.tā hé péng yǒu yì qǐ yóu ��友一起游泳。

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Sixteen swim5.friend6.bright7.brave8.bear9.polar bear10.keep right11.the Yangtze River12.Yangtze River Bridge13.The food smells good.14.It’s morning.15.heading south16.My house has a garden.17.Spring is blooming again.18.Do you have a backpack?19.Learning Chinese is useful.20.He is swimming with friends.45

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Seventeen1.chūn tiān2.yūe3.yùe dú4.yè zi5.yuè liang6.yú7.dà yàn8.yuàn 也10.yáo yuǎn11.bái yún12.lán tiān bái yún13.yùe dú bào zhǐ14.wǒ yě qù.15.jīn wǎn yuè liang zhēn yuán.16.nín yuàn yì qù ma?17.yáo yuǎn de dōng fāng18.dà yàn fēi huí běi fāng.19.yú zài shuǐ lǐ .20.yóu lái yóu 东方大雁飞回北方。鱼在水里 游来游去。46

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Seventeen make an read4.leaf5.the moon6.fish7.wild be willing9.also10.distant11.white sky with white clouds13.reading a newspaper14.I’ll go too.15.The moon is very round tonight.16.Would you (polite) be willing to go?17.the distant East18.Wild geese fly back to the north.19.Fish in the water 20.are swimming.47

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Eighteen1.shàng hǎi2.guǎng zhōu3.cóng4.cóng shàng hǎi dàoguǎng zhōu5.lǚ yóu6.cháng chéng7.gù gōng8.měi guó9.cóng měi guó dàozhōng ��宫美国从美国到中国10.hěn yuǎn11.chéng fēi jī12.shí jǐ gè xiǎo shí13.jìu jīn shān14.nǐu yuē15.luò shān jī16.huá shèng dùn17.bō shì dùn18.hěn dà19.hěn piào liang20.wǒ hěn xǐ huān nǐu 喜欢纽约。

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Eighteen Translations1.Shanghai2.Guangzhou (a city in Guandong province)3.from4.from Shanghai to Guangzhou5.tourism, to travel6.the Great Wall of China7.the Forbidden City8.America / United States9.from the US to China10.very take an airplane12.more than ten hours13.San Francisco14.New York15.Los Angeles16.Washington, D.C.17.Boston18.very big19.very pretty20.I really like New York.49

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Nineteen1.zǎo cān2.wǔ cān3.wǎn cān4.nǐ chī zǎo cān le ma?5.wǎn cān chī shén me?6.wǎn cān yǒu yú hé shū cài.7.yǐn liào8.yào hē yǐn liào ma?9.chá10.lǚ chá11.lóng jǐng chá12.kā fēi13.jiā nǎi de kā fēi14.sù róng kā fēi15.jiǎo zi16.mǐ fàn17.qīng cài18.ròu19.niú ròu20.zhū �溶咖啡饺子米饭青菜肉牛肉猪肉50

Mandarin Chinese 1Lesson Nineteen Translations1.breakfast2.lunch3.dinner4.Have you had breakfast yet?5.What are we eating for dinner?6.We have fish and vegetables for

Mandarin Chinese . Mandarin. Mandarin Chinese, also known as Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Mandarin, is the sole official language of China and Taiwan, and one of the four official languages of Singapore. Although there are eight major Chinese dialects, Mandarin is native to approxim