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K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTGrade: 11/12Core Subject Title: Earth and Life ScienceSemester: 1No. of Hours: 80 hours (20 Weeks)Pre-requisite:Core Subject Description: This learning area is designed to provide a general background for the understanding of Earth Science and Biology. It presents the history ofthe Earth through geologic time. It discusses the Earth’s structure, composition, and processes. Issues, concerns, and problems pertaining to natural hazards are alsoincluded. It also deals with the basic principles and processes in the study of biology. It covers life processes and interactions at the cellular, organism, population, andecosystem levels.GRADE 11FIRST QUARTERDADSDADCONTENTCONTENT STANDARDI. ORIGIN ANDSTRUCTURE OFTHE EARTHThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:A. Universe andSolar System1. the formation of theuniverse and thesolar systemB. Earth and EarthSystems2. the subsystems(geosphere,hydrosphere,atmosphere, andbiosphere) thatmake up the Earth3. the Earth’s internalstructurePERFORMANCE STANDARDThe learners shall be able to:1. Conduct a survey to assess thepossible geologic hazards thatyour community mayexperience. (Note: Select thisperformance standard if yourschool is in an area nearfaultlines, volcanoes, andsteep slopes.)2. Conduct a survey or design astudy to assess the possiblehydrometeorological hazardsthat your community mayexperience. (Note: Select thisperformance standard if yourschool is in an area that isfrequently hit by tropicalcyclones and is usuallyflooded.)K to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 2016LEARNING COMPETENCIESThe learners:1. State the different hypotheses explainingthe origin of the universe.2. Describe the different hypotheses explainingthe origin of the solar -Ia-e-23. Recognize the uniqueness of Earth, beingthe only planet in the solar system withproperties necessary to support life.S11/12ES-Ia-e-34. Explain that the Earth consists of foursubsystems, across whose boundariesmatter and energy flow.S11/12ES-Ia-e-45. Explain the currentadvancements/information on the solarsystemS11/12ES-Ia-e-56. Show the contributions ofpersonalities/people on the understandingof the earth systemsS11/12ES-Ia-e-67. Identify the layers of the Earth (crust,mantle, core).S11/12ES-Ia-e-7Page 1 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTCONTENTCONTENT STANDARDPERFORMANCE STANDARDLEARNING COMPETENCIES8. Differentiate the layers of the Earth.II. EARTHMATERIALS ANDPROCESSESA. Minerals andRocksB. ExogenicProcessesC. EndogenicProcessesThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. the three maincategories of rocks2. the origin andenvironment offormation ofcommon mineralsand rocks3. geologic processesthat occur on thesurface of the Earthsuch as weathering,erosion, masswasting, andsedimentation(include the role ofocean basins in theformation ofsedimentary rocks)4. geologic processesthat occur within theEarth5. the folding andfaulting of rocksK to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 2016CODES11/12ES-Ia-e-8The learners:1. identify common rock-forming mineralsusing their physical and chemical properties2. classify rocks into igneous, sedimentary,and metamorphicS11/12ES-Ia-9S11/12ES-Ib-103. describe how rocks undergo weathering4. explain how the products of weathering arecarried away by erosion and depositedelsewhere5. make a report on how rocks and soil movedownslope due to the direct action ofgravity6. describe where the Earth’s internal heatcomes from.7. describe how magma is formed(magmatism)8. describe what happens after the magma isformed (plutonism and volcanism)9. describe the changes in mineral componentsand texture of rocks due to changes inpressure and temperature (metamorphism)SCIENCEEQUIPMENT1. Hand Lens, atleast 10xmagnification2. Rock SamplesBox, 24compartments1. Hand Lens, atleast 10xmagnification2. Rock SamplesBox, 1/12ES-Ic-17Page 2 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTCONTENTCONTENT STANDARDPERFORMANCE STANDARDLEARNING COMPETENCIES10. compare and contrast the formation of thedifferent types of igneous rocksD. Deformationof the Crust6. plate tectonics11. describe how rocks behave under differenttypes of stress such as compression, pullingapart, and shearing12. explain how the continents drift13. cite evidence that support continental drift14. explain how the movement of plates leadsto the formation of folds and faults15. explain how the seafloor spreadsE. History ofthe EarthIII. NATURALHAZARDS,MITIGATION, ANDADAPTATIONA. GeologicProcessesand Hazards7. how the planet Earthevolved in the last4.6 billion years(including the age ofthe Earth, majorgeologic timesubdivisions, andmarker fossils).The learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. the different hazardscaused bygeological processes(earthquakes,K to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 201616. describe the structure and evolution ofocean basins17. describe how layers of rocks (stratifiedrocks) are formed18. describe the different methods (relative andabsolute dating) to determine the age ofstratified rocks19. explain how relative and absolute datingwere used to determine the subdivisions ofgeologic time20. describe how marker fossils (also known asguide fossils) are used to define and identifysubdivisions of the geologic time scale21. describe how the Earth’s history can beinterpreted from the geologic time 6S11/12ES-Ie-27S11/12ES-Ie-28S11/12ES-Ie-29The learners:1. describe the various hazards that mayhappen in the event of earthquakes,volcanic eruptions, and landslidesS11/12ES-If-30Page 3 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTCONTENTB. HydrometeorologicalPhenomenaand HazardsC. Marine andCoastalProcessesand theirEffectsCONTENT STANDARDPERFORMANCE STANDARDvolcanic eruptions,and landslides)2. the different hazardscaused byhydrometeorologicalphenomena(tropical cyclones,monsoons, floods,and tornadoes oripo-ipo)3. the different hazardscaused by coastalprocesses (waves,tides, sea-levelchanges, crustalmovement, andstorm surges)LEARNING COMPETENCIES2. using hazard maps, identify areas prone tohazards brought about by earthquakes,volcanic eruptions, and landslides3. give practical ways of coping with geologicalhazards caused by earthquakes, volcaniceruptions, and landslides4. identify human activities that speed up ortrigger landslides5. suggest ways to help lessen the occurrenceof landslides in your community6. describe the various hazards that mayhappen in the wake of tropical cyclones,monsoons, floods, or ipo-ipo7. using hazard maps, identify areas prone tohazards brought about by tropical cyclones,monsoons, floods, or ipo-ipo8. give practical ways of coping withhydrometeorological hazards caused bytropical cyclones, monsoons, floods, or ipoipo9. describe how coastal processes result incoastal erosion, submersion, and saltwaterintrusion10. identify areas in your community prone tocoastal erosion, submersion, and saltwaterintrusion11. give practical ways of coping with coastalerosion, submersion, and saltwater intrusion12. cite ways to prevent or mitigate the impactof land development, waste disposal, andconstruction of structures on control coastalprocessesK to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August S11/12ES-Ii-40S11/12ES-Ii-41Page 4 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTCONTENTI. INTRODUCTIONTO LIFE SCIENCECONTENT STANDARDThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. the historicaldevelopment of theconcept of life2. the origin of the firstlife forms3. unifying themes inthe study of lifeII.BIOENERGETICSThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. the cell as the basicunit of life2. how photosyntheticorganisms capturelight energy to formsugar molecules3. how organismsobtain and utilizeenergyPERFORMANCE STANDARDThe learners shall be able to:value life by taking good care of allbeings, humans, plants, andanimalsThe learners shall be able to:make a poster that shows thecomplementary relationship ofphotosynthesis and cellularrespirationK to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 2016LEARNING COMPETENCIESThe learners:1. explain the evolving concept of life based onemerging pieces of evidence2. describe classic experiments that modelconditions which may have enabled the firstforms to evolve3. describe how unifying themes (e.g.,structure and function, evolution, andecosystems) in the study of life show theconnections among living things and howthey interact with each other and with theirenvironmentThe learners:1. explain how cells carry out functionsrequired for life2. explain how photosynthetic organisms uselight energy to combine carbon dioxide andwater to form energy-rich IIa-3S11/12LT-IIbd-4S11/12LT-IIbd-53. trace the energy flow from the environmentto the cells.SCIENCEEQUIPMENTS11/12LT-IIbd-61. Beral PipetteDropper, 1 ml.capacity2. Bromthymolblue, 100 ml /bottle3. Filter Paper,ordinary, 24" x24" sheet4. Glass Funnel, Ø50mm (TopInsideDiameter),75mm longStem5. Test Tube, Ø16mm x 150mmlong6. Wash Bottle,plastic, 250 ml.Page 5 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTCONTENTCONTENT STANDARDPERFORMANCE STANDARDLEARNING COMPETENCIESCODE4. describe how organisms obtain and utilizeenergy1.2.3.4.S11/12LT-IIbd-75.6.7.8.5. recognize that organisms require energy tocarry out functions required for lifeIII.PERPETUATIONOF LIFEThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. plant and animalreproductionThe learners shall be able to:conduct a survey of productscontaining substances that cantrigger genetic disorders such asphenylketonuria2. how genes workK to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 2016The learners:1. describe the different ways of how plantsreproduce2. illustrate the relationships among structuresof flowers, fruits, and seeds3. describe the different ways of howrepresentative animals reproduce4. explain how the information in the DNAallows the transfer of genetic informationand synthesis of proteinsSCIENCEEQUIPMENTAlcoholThermometer, 20ºC to 110ºCBeaker, 250ml., borosilicateBromthymolblue, 100 ml /bottleGraduatedCylinder, 10ml., soda limeTripod, Height:6"Litmus PaperStrips, blue,100's/vialLitmus PaperStrips, red,100's/vialYeast, granules,active dry yeast,100 grams j-14S11/12LT-IIej-15S11/12LT-IIej-16Page 6 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTCONTENTCONTENT STANDARDPERFORMANCE STANDARD3. how geneticengineering is usedto produce novelproductsLEARNING COMPETENCIESCODE5. describe the process of genetic T-IIej-196. conduct a survey of the current uses ofgenetically modified organisms7. evaluate the benefits and risks of usingGMOsIV. HOW ANIMALSSURVIVEThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. nutrition: gettingfood to cells2. gas exchange withthe environment3. circulation: theinternal transportsystem4. the need forhomeostasis5. salt and waterbalance and wasteremoval6. the immune system:defense fromdisease7. how hormonesgovern bodyactivities8. the nervous system9. the body in motionV. HOW PLANTSSURVIVEThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. plant form andfunction2. plant growthThe learners shall be able to:The learners:make a presentation of somediseases that are associated withthe various organ systems8. explain the different metabolic processesinvolved in the various organ systemsS11/12LT-IIIaj-209. describe the general and uniquecharacteristics of the different organsystems in representative animals10. analyze and appreciate the functionalrelationships of the different organ systemsin ensuring animal survivalThe learners shall be able to:design a setup on propagatingplants using other methods suchas hydroponics and aeroponicsK to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 20161. AlcoholThermometer, 20ºC to 110ºC2. Beaker, 250ml., borosilicate3. Beral PipetteDropper, 1 ml.capacity4. GraduatedCylinder, 10ml., soda lime5. Test Tube, Ø16mm x 150mmlong6. Wash Bottle,plastic, 250 ml.S11/12LT-IIIaj-21Dissecting SetS11/12LT-IIIaj-22Model, HumanTorsoThe learners:11. describe the structure and function of thedifferent plant organsSCIENCEEQUIPMENTS11/12LT-IVae-231. DigitalMicroscope2. Hand Lens, atleast 5xmagnification3. Microscope,CompoundPage 7 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTCONTENTCONTENT STANDARDPERFORMANCE STANDARDanddevelopmentVI.THE PROCESS OFEVOLUTIONThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. the evidence forevolution2. the origin andextinction ofspeciesVII.INTERACTIONANDINTERDEPENDENCEThe learnersdemonstrate anunderstanding of:1. the principles ofthe ecosystem2. biotic potentialandenvironmentalresistance3. terrestrial andaquaticecosystems4. how humanactivities affectthe naturalecosystemLEARNING COMPETENCIES12. explain the different metabolic processesinvolved in the plant organ systemsThe learners shall be able to:Design a poster tracing theevolutionary changes in a cropplant (e.g., rice or corn) thatoccurred through domesticationThe learners shall be able to:prepare an action plan containingmitigation measures to addresscurrent environmental concernsand challenges in the communityK to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 2016CODESCIENCEEQUIPMENT4. Petri DishS11/12LT-IVae-24The learners:13. describe evidence of evolution such ashomology, DNA/protein sequences, platetectonics, fossil record, embryology, andartificial selection/agriculture13. explain how populations of organisms havechanged and continue to change over timeshowing patterns of descent withmodification from common ancestors toproduce the organismal diversity observedtoday14. describe how the present system ofclassification of organisms is based onevolutionary 2LT-IVfg-27The learners:15. describe the principles of the ecosystem16. categorize the different biotic potential andenvironmental resistance (e.g., diseases,availability of food, and predators) thataffect population explosion17. describe how the different terrestrial andaquatic ecosystems are interlinked with -IVhj-30Page 8 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTGLOSSARYAbsolute DatingThe process of determining an approximate computed age in archaeology and geologyArtificial SelectionThe process in the breeding of animals and in the cultivation of plants by which the breeder chooses to perpetuate only those forms havingcertain desirable traits or characteristicsBioenergeticsEnergy transformations and energy exchanges within and between living things and their environmentsCalvin CycleThe term for the cycle of dark reactions in photosynthesisEmbryologyThe study of organisms at their early stages of developmentEndogenicRefers to internal processes and phenomena that occur beneath the Earth's surface, or any other celestial body’sGenetic EngineeringThe deliberate and controlled manipulation of genes in an organism, with the intent of making that organism better in some wayGenetically ModifiedOrganismAn organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. Organisms that have been genetically modifiedinclude micro-organisms such as bacteria and yeast, insects, plants, fish, and mammalsGeologic ProcessA natural process whereby geological features are modifiedHomologyThe study of likeness in structure between parts of different organisms (e.g., the wing of a bat and the human arm) due to evolutionarydifferentiation from a corresponding part in a common ancestorHydrometeorologicalHazardsThe process or phenomenon of atmospheric, hydrological, or oceanographic nature that may cause loss of life, injury or other healthimpacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damageMetamorphismThe process of dramatic changes in body form in the life cycle of some animalsPhysiologyThe study of the functions of living things and their partsPlate TectonicsThe branch of geology that studies the folding and faulting of the Earth’s crustPlutonismThe formation of intrusive igneous rocks by solidification of magma beneath the earth's surfaceRelative DatingA technique used to determine the age of fossils by comparing them with other fossils in different layers of rockK to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 2016Page 9 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTCode Book LegendSample: S11/12ES-Ia-e-1LEGENDLearning Area andStrand/ Subject orSpecializationScienceGrade LevelGrade 11/12Domain/Content/Component/ TopicCODEEarth ScienceESLife ScienceLTS11/12First EntryUppercase Letter/sDOMAIN/ COMPONENTSAMPLEEarth ScienceES-Roman Numeral*Zero if no specific quarterQuarterFirst QuarterIWeekWeeks one to fivea-eLowercase Letter/s*Put a hyphen (-) in betweenletters to indicate more than aspecific weekArabic NumberCompetencyState the differenthypotheses explainingthe origin of the universeK to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 20161Page 10 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUMSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECTReferences:Alberts, Bruce et. al. Molecular biology of the cell. (5th ed.). New York: Garland Publishing, 2007.Reece, Jane. B. et. al. Campbell Biology (9th ed.). Boston: Pearson, 2011.K to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 2016Page 11 of 11

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL – CORE SUBJECT K to 12 Senior High School Core Curriculum – Earth and Life Science August 2016 Page 1 of 11 Grade: 11/12 Semester: 1 Core Subject Title: Earth and Life Science No. of Hours: 80 hours (20 Weeks) Pre-requisite: Core Subject Descripti