Operations Research Systems Analysis(Functional Area 49) OverviewORSA Proponent Brief – August 20171

FA49 Proponent Vision“To help leaders makeinformed decisions”ORSA Proponent Brief – August 20172

Operations Research/Systems Analysis – FA49INTELLIGENCES: Logical-Mathematical, Interpersonal, LinguisticSKILLS:Functional Area 49 Operations Research/Systems Analysis officers (ORSAs) must be able to listen skillfully to theirstakeholders’ requirements and discern the issue(s) to be investigated and/or solved. They synthesize, organize, assess, and interpretqualitative and quantitative data in order to assist decision makers in addressing complex requirements. The FA49 officer is a mastercommunicator, who is articulate, diligent, accurate, tactful, and effective in both written and verbal form. A proficient FA49 officer is able tomake sense of complex systems by employing an interdisciplinary approach to problem-solving. ORSAs derive their recommendationsfrom careful analysis, novel thinking, and a design mindset. An ORSA is equally comfortable serving as an advisor, team member,organizer, or project manager. They are adept negotiators, facilitators, mentors, and counselors.KNOWLEDGE: The FA49 community consists primarily of individuals with academic degrees from analytically rigorous disciplines.Upon accession into FA49, developmental career planning will emphasize graduate study in an ORSA-related field. ORSA-specificprofessional military education will emphasize practical application of analytical tools, critical thinking, and straightforward communicationof complex results. 85% of Army ORSAs possess a graduate degree. FA49 selects officers from all operational backgrounds, whichenables the functional area to assist with problem-solving in every facet of Army and Joint operations. Our officers have demonstrated theability to serve successfully as tactical leaders. This tactical experience provides the common understanding necessary for FA49s tocommunicate effectively with Army leaders and decision-makers. RELEVANT EDUCATION: Operations Research; Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM); Economics; Business; RELEVANT TRAINING / EXPERIENCE: Operations Research/Systems Analysis – Military Applications Course (ORSA-MAC),Functional Area 49 Qualification CourseBEHAVIORS: (In addition to foundational) BALANCED (WORK/LIFE)COLLABORATIVECOMMITTEDCOOPERATIVE CUSTOMER-FOCUSEDDEPENDABLEDETAIL-FOCUSEDDILIGENT HARD-WORKINGINDEPENDENTINITIATIVEINQUISITIVE INTELLECTUALLY-CURIOUSPERCEPTIVEPRECISEPROACTIVE PROBLEM SOLVINGRATIONALRESPONSIBLETHOUGHTFULTALENT PRIORITIES: SOLVER: Able to choose between best practices and unorthodox approaches to reach a solution. Thinks outside the box.LOGICAL/ANALYTICAL: Uses reason and thinks in terms of cause and effect. Able to deconstruct and solve complex problems.DETAIL-FOCUSED: Thorough, perceptive, and precise in all matters. Possesses a keen eye – notices everything.COMMUNICATOR: Precise, efficient, and compelling in both written and spoken word.INNOVATIVE: Creative, inquisitive, and insightful. Easily identifies new solutions and catalyzes change.DOMAIN SPECIFIC EDUCATION: Focus on relevant disciplines listed above, with an emphasis on science, technology, engineering, andmath (STEM).

What ORSAs DoImplementation of Operations Research to help decision makingForecasting POM analysis to determine and justify Army funding Monthly manpower requirements & distribution (7-yearforecast ) USTRANSCOM mobility and feasibility requirements forinter-theater lift Battlefield analysis to predict attacksSimulations COMBAT XXI used for weapon systems and tacticsevaluationWargame simulations to prove/disprove forcestructure requirements for new weapon systemsCampaign Plan assessmentsOptimization Inventory distribution IAW Army guidance givenconstrains on time, budget, and distance Enlisted promotions given manning policies andconstraintsEvaluations and Studies Integration of women into combat armsLinking objectives to Measures of EffectivenessUsing assessments and survey data to focus effortsEvaluate the need for upgrades to equipmentORSAs encompass a wide variety of Problem-Solving Methods to help inform Decision Making!ORSA Proponent Brief – August 20174

How ORSAs do itORSAs help leaders make decisions: ORSA techniques are important decision support tools that provideleaders with analysis that is grounded in Operations Research Methods so that leaders have both aquantitative and qualitative basis for making decisionsExamples of OR MethodsY f(X1, X2, , Xn)Applied Probability & Stats Markov Chains Regression Design of Experiments Data Mining ForecastingModeling & Simulation Monte Carlo Methods Discrete Event Simulation Queuing Theory Campaign ModelingOptimization Linear Programming Nonlinear Programming Network Flows SchedulingDecision Analysis Decision Trees Value-Focused Thinking Analytical Hierarchy Process Game TheoryApplied to Resource AllocationInventory ManagementPersonnel AssignmentsRisk AnalysisOperational AssessmentsForecast DemandMulti-criteria DecisionsLogistics ModelingTest & EvaluationSupply Chain ManagementCost Benefit TradeoffCampaign Level ModelingPrioritize AlternativesTransportation NetworksPortfolio OptimizationPrediction ProblemsProject ManagementClassification ProblemsInvestment DecisionsFA49s must have a deep grounding in both analytical methods and functional knowledge inorder to help solve problemsORSA Proponent Brief – August 20175

Where ORSAs do itFt Sill – 7Ft Leavenworth – 5302 5 Fires Center – 7West Point – 31Ft Knox – 1714 12 0 HRC – 8 USAREC – 6 Cadet Cmd – 32627 18 TRAC – 530224 USMA – 31Germany – 125057EuropeKoreaNCR – 101 HawaiiMonterey – 913 4 TRAC – 6 NPS - 31321Ft Eustis– 13FA49 Auth DensitySmall ( 10)Medium (10-99)Large (100 or more)Total18 51CAA – 26G8 – 27G1 – 17JCS – 15G3 – 5OSD – 113White Sands – 381520 12 TRAC – 38COLLTCMAJCPTTotal4213324845468MacDill AFB- 13346 SOCOM – 9 CENTCOM – 4Ft Lee – 903628 ARCIC – 10 TRADOC – 3Date: 1 February 2017 ALU – 5 (2/3) TRAC – 4 (1/3)FA49s work across the Army and Joint community; both in small ORSA cells within commands and in large analytical agenciesORSA Proponent Brief – August 20176

2 yrsWhen ORSAs do it –FA49 Development Timeline11 yrs4 yrs17 yrs22 yrsVTIP Window6-14 YOS1BOLC23LT/CPT45CCC6CPT KD789FA49Assignm ent10ILE11121314FA49 Assignm entQCrs1516171819202122SSCFA49 Assignm ent232425FA49Assignm entORSA-MACACS (Fully Funded, Coop Degree, Degree Comp)Broadening (TWI, RAND, SAMS, Fellowships, etc)OperationalDomainInstitutionalDomainCPTKey Developmental Assignments Army Command Operating Force Staff/FOA/DRU EducationDevelopment / BroadeningAssignments Analytic Agency (CAA, TRAC) ATEC/OTC Analyst Personnel Analyst (G1, HRC,USAREC, Cadet Command) TRADOC CoE Analyst (Maneuver,Fires, Maneuver Support, Intel,Sustainment) USMA InstructorFunctional Training ACS (Masters) - Advanced CivilSchooling ORSA-MAC - ORSA MilitaryApplications CourseORSA Proponent Brief – August 2017MAJKey Developmental Assignments Army Command Operating Force Staff/FOA/DRU EducationDevelopment / Broadening Assignments Analytic Agency (CAA, TRAC) ATEC/OTC Analyst Congressional Fellowship COCOM Analyst Personnel Analyst (G1, HRC, USAREC, CadetCommand) TRADOC CoE Analyst (Maneuver, Fires, ManeuverSupport, Intel, Sustainment) Instructor (USMA, ORSA-MAC, Q-Course) Division/Corps/ASCC/TSC Analyst Joint Staff/OSD AnalystPME FA49 Qualification Course (Phase II) ILE - Intermediate Level Education (Phase I)Functional Training ACS (Masters) - Advanced Civil Schooling ACS (PhD) - Advanced Civil Schooling JPME II- Joint Professional Military Education ORSA-MAC - ORSA Military Applications Course SAMS - School of Advanced Military StudiesLTCKey Developmental Assignments Army Command Operating Force Staff/FOA/DRU EducationDevelopment / BroadeningAssignments Branch Chief Joint & Defense Analyst Lead Analyst RAND Arroyo Center Fellowship Senior Military Analyst Team Chief White House FellowshipCOLKey Developmental Assignments Ch Reqs/Assess, SOCOM Dep Dir, AMSAA Dep Dir, Center for Army Analysis Dep Dir, TRAC-FLVN Dep Dir, TRAC-WSMR Dir, Strat Plans, CENTCOM Army Command Staff/FOA/DRU EducationDevelopment / BroadeningAssignments Army Senior Fellows Program Army Senior Service College FellowshipProgram Army/Joint/Defense StaffPME SSC -Senior Service CollegesFunctional Training JPME II- Joint Professional MilitaryEducation ACS (PhD) - Advanced Civil SchoolingPME SSC -Senior Service CollegesFunctional Training JPME II- Joint Professional MilitaryEducation7

When ORSAs do it –FA49 Education Timeline2nd FA49 Job TDY-Return for Q-CourseEnroute to 2nd FA49 Job ILE (14 wks, satellite campus)or FA49 Q-Course (6 wks, ALU) ACS, if selected1st FA49 Job Apply for ACS Complete Calculus pre-requisites Enroll in co-operative degreeEnroute to 1st FA49 Job ACS (if selected)or ORSA-MAC (14 wks, ALU)and/or ILE (14 wks, Satellite Campus)FA49 Transfer Complete Basic Branchassignment Apply for ACS- Take the GRE- Complete Calculus pre-requisitesORSA Proponent Brief – August 2017Education Requirements1. Entry Level ORSA-MACor Proponent-ApprovedMasters Degree2. Intermediate Level ILE Common Coreand FA49 Qualification Course3. Prior to Promotion to COL Masters Degree8

Useful LinksFA49 Collaboration Site (milBook) n Resources Command - FA49 ons%20Research%20and%20Systems%20Analysis%20ORSA MAJ Nathan Riedel: 502-613-6686Senior Leader Development Office LTC Heather Jackson: 703-602-9635FA49 Proponent Office Stay tuned to MAJ Cardy Moten III: 703-695-3906 or Ms. Karen Miller: 703-6954721 (DSN 221)We are here to support you!ORSA Proponent Brief – August 20179

ILE (14 wks, Satellite Campus) 1st FA49 Job Apply for ACS Complete Calculus pre-requisites Enroll in co-operative degree Enroute to 2nd FA49 Job ILE (14 wks, satellite campus) or FA49 Q-Course (6 wks, ALU) ACS, if selected