Emergency PreparednessMerit BadgeThis is anEagle RequiredMerit BadgeProduced by:Scoutworkswww.scoutworks.weebly.comMay 20191

What You Need toComplete this Merit BadgeMerit Badge RequiredTroop RequiredClick on the link for instructions on how to fill it outBlue Card(from your Scoutmaster)Emergency Preparedness Pamphlet(from the troop library – Click Here)Emergency Preparedness Workbook(Click on the Workbook)Merit Badge Counselor2

The Merit Badge Pamphlet & WorkbookIMPORTANT NOTES!1. This presentation does not replace the Merit Badge Pamphlet.Read the Merit Badge PamphletAll of the answers can be found in the Emergency Preparedness Merit Badge Pamphlet.2. The Merit Badge workbook can help you complete your requirements but you still shouldRead the Merit Badge PamphletUse the WORKBOOK to record your answers. Use extra paper if needed.The work space provided for each requirement in the workbook should be used to make notes for discussingeach item with your counselor, use additional paper for providing full and complete answers.3. Youmust do each requirement to earn the Merit Badge.READ the Emergency Preparedness Merit Badge Pamphlet.3

Emergency PreparednessWhat is an emergency? Usually, it is something unforeseen, unexpected something thatrequires immediate action. It can be related to weather, such as a hurricane, a tornado, asnowstorm, or a flood. An emergency can be an accident, such as an explosion, a fire, or a caraccident.As a Scout, you should try to learn the actionsthat can be helpful and needed before anemergency - what preparedness is all about - aswell as during and after an emergency.Emergency Preparedness is recognizing whatemergencies are likely to occur and preparing ina way that will lessen or even prevent thenegative effects.Prepared for a Good Turn By Joseph Csatari4

First Aid FirstThe first requirement for this merit badge is to earn the First Aid meritbadge, because first aid is emergency preparedness in action.You need to be able to recognize what is wrong with a person and then react to the emergency with the correcttreatment until medical help arrives.You should know first aid so well that you would be able to react to any situation immediately.What would you do in these situations? Read about the four scenario's below in the E Prep Merit Badgebook starting on page 17 (PDF page 19). You are eating pizza with some friends. You are camping out with your patrol. You are horsing around with friends indoors on a rainy day. While skateboarding with a friend, his board hits a crack and he is thrown from it.Now look at the situations again, and ask yourself how you might have helped to prevent them - anotherimportant part of emergency preparedness.These emergencies call for immediate action. If you have already earned the First Aid merit badge, reviewthose skills so you will be prepared to use them in an emergency.5

Complete Requirement # 1Earn the First Aid Merit BadgeOnce completed arrange a meeting with your counselor6

Prepare, Respond, Recover, Mitigate and PreventIn many ways, the world you live in today is much safer than the world in which your parents and grandparentsgrew up. For instance, medical advances today give us better protection from some diseases that weredevastating in the past, such as smallpox. Weather forecasting technology allows for more accurate predictionsand better planning for inclement weather. Many institutions help us to be safer and deal with emergencies, too.The Occupational Safety and Health Administration helps ensure safe and healthful workplaces for employees inthe United States. The Federal Emergency Management Agency has the mission of helping citizens plan for andrespond to disasters and emergencies of all kinds. The American Red Cross works around the world to help peoplein need.But it is not enough to rely on medicine, technology, institutions, or the actions of others to keep us prepared andsafe. Look carefully at your home and your community, and educate yourself about potential dangers. As you workon requirements for the Emergency Preparedness merit badge, pay close attention to four things: preparedness,response, recovery, and mitigation and prevention.Read Pages 21 to 26 (PDF page 23 to 28) in the Emergency Preparedness Pamphlet7

The Four Aspects of Emergency PreparednessEmergency personnel, such as Red Cross and FEMA workers, use many of the same terms when talking aboutemergency management. That is just one reason it is a good idea to become familiar with such terms: if you findyourself working with emergency personnel, you will understand what your actions are helping to accomplish.1. Preparedness. When you take actions to prepare for emergencies, you recognize the possible threats fromnatural and other disasters. Making a plan and practicing it, assembling an emergency or disaster supplies kit, andinstalling warning devices are all actions you can take to prepare for an emergency.2. Response. In this phase of emergency management, you may be called upon to help with shelter, first aid, andother activities. On a personal level, your response to an emergency can take many forms, such as evacuating anarea. Your response can help reduce the occurrence of secondary damage.3. Recovery. After a disaster or other emergency, the goal is to try to get things back to “normal.” In addition torebuilding and repairing property, there is also work to be done to try to bring physical and emotional health back toa stable condition.4. Mitigation and Prevention. The word “mitigate” means “to lessen in force or intensity,” and “to make lesssevere.” Prevention goes hand-in hand with mitigation, as do response and recovery. It also can make thedifference between inconvenience and tragedy. Mitigation often involves managing risk – becoming aware of, andresponding to, risks and hazards. Mitigation efforts can even help prevent an emergency from happening.Read Pages 21 to 26 (PDF page 23 to 28) in the Emergency Preparedness Pamphlet8

Complete Requirement # 2aDo the following:2a. Discuss with your counselor the aspects of emergency preparedness:1. Prevention2. Protection3. Mitigation4. ResponseSee page 22 (PDF page 24) inthe Emergency PreparednessMerit Badge Pamphlet5. RecoveryInclude in your discussion the kinds of questions that are important to ask yourself as youconsider each of these. See pages 24 to 26 (PDF pages 26 to 28)9

Complete Requirement # 2b2b. Using a chart, graph, spreadsheet, or another method approved by your counselor,demonstrate your understanding of each aspect of emergency preparedness listed inrequirement 2a (prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery) for 10 emergencysituations from the list below. You must use the first five situations in boldface, plus any other fiveof your choice. Discuss your findings with your counselor.THESE 5 below and 5 more1. Home kitchen fire2. Home basement / storage room / garage fire3. Explosion in the home4. Automobile accident5. Food-borne disease (food poisoning)See Types of Emergencies starting on page 31 (PDF page 33) in the EmergencyPreparedness Merit Badge PamphletOnce 2a and 2b are completed arrange a meeting with your counselor10

Emergency Packs and KitsEmergency kits provide you with items that will make your life easier in the event of an emergency.Also, by assembling and maintaining these kits, you are thinking ahead about how to deal withpossible emergencies before they develop.Personal Emergency Service PackBe prepared for a mobilization call with a personal emergency service pack. You will be ready for many emergenciesif you use the checklist on page 27 (PDF page 29). of the Emergency Preparedness pamphlet.Family Emergency KitIf you have received a warning that requires you and your family toevacuate your home, you may have little time to throw together a fewitems or dash to a well-stocked emergency shelter. It would be better tohave a box or suitcase of emergency supplies and water on hand to meetyour family’s needs for a few days or, better, for a week. These itemscome in handy in an emergency even if you do not have to evacuate.Some families keep their supplies in a basement shelter area or in astorm cellar, if they have one. See checklist on page 29 (PDF page 31)of the Emergency Preparedness pamphlet.11

Complete Requirement # 2c2c. Meet with and teach your family how to get or build a kit, make a plan, and be informed forthe situations on the chart you created for requirement 2b. Complete a family plan. Then meet withyour counselor and report on your family meeting, discuss their responses, and share your familyplan.Make a PlanClick HereFamily Disaster PlanOnce completed arrange a meeting with your counselor12

Types of EmergenciesThere are many types of emergencies and many ways they can occur. Becoming familiar withemergencies and their circumstances can help you prepare, respond, recover, and mitigate andprevent. Knowledge of hazards and dangers can help prevent emergencies, too.Emergency in the HomeMost people think of their homes as a safe haven. While our homes are safe places, accidents can happen in ornear them. With good prevention techniques, many accidents can be avoided. Learn to recognize possible hazardsin your environment or unsafe behaviors. However, in the case of a true emergency, your response to theemergency situation can help to prevent injuries or even to save lives.Fire or Explosion“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” - so goes the old saying. And recognizing potentially hazardoussituations that might lead to fire or explosion is the first step on the road to prevention.Gas LeakGases can kill. The fumes from natural gas or propane leaks can cause explosions. Stoves that are left on but notlighted are especially hazardous. If anyone creates a spark in a fume-filled room, an explosion could happen.Gases, and related fumes such as carbon monoxide, can cause a person to stop breathing, followed byunconsciousness and death. Sources of dangerous fumes include bad connections for furnaces, ovens, stoves,clothes dryers, water heaters, and other gas appliances. Garages, basements, and kitchens are a home’s dangerspots.Read about Types of Emergencies starting on page 31 (PDF page 33) of the Emergency Preparedness pamphlet.13

Complete Requirement # 33. Show how you could safely save a person from the following:3a. Touching a live household electric wire3b. A structure filled with carbon monoxide3c. Clothes on fire3d. Drowning using non-swimming rescues (including accidents on ice)See page 73 (PDF page 75) in theEmergency Preparedness MeritBadge PamphletOnce completed arrange a meeting with your counselor14

Complete Requirement # 44. Show three ways of attracting and communicating with rescue planes/aircraft.See page 47 (PDF page 49) in theEmergency Preparedness MeritBadge PamphletOnce completed arrange a meeting with your counselor15

Complete Requirement # 55. With another person, show a good way to move an injured person out of a remote and/or ruggedarea, conserving the energy of rescuers while ensuring the well-being and protection of the injuredperson.See page 80 (PDF page 82) in theEmergency Preparedness MeritBadge PamphletOnce completed arrange a meeting with your counselor16

Community Emergency ServiceNational Incident Management SystemFEMA developed the National Incident Management System (NIMS).NIMS guides all levels of government, nongovernmental organizations (NGO), and the private sector to worktogether to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from incidents. NIMS provides stakeholdersacross the whole community with the shared vocabulary, systems, and processes to successfully deliver thecapabilities described in the National Preparedness System.NIMS is: A comprehensive, nationwide, systematic approach to incident management, includingthe command and coordination of incidents, resource management, and informationmanagement. A set of concepts and principles for all threats, hazards, and events across all missionareas (Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, Recovery) Scalable, flexible, and adaptable; used for all incidents, from day-to-day to large-scale Standard resource management procedures that enable coordination among differentjurisdictions or organizations Essential principles for communications and information management17

Community Emergency ServiceThe Incident Command SystemIn the event of a disaster, leadership for emergency management is assumed and maintained by local governmentofficials. However, due to differences between the structures of the many state, federal, and other responseagencies involved in response and recovery efforts, a standardized system for communication, command, andcontrol is required.The Incident Command System (ICS) is a standardized hierarchical structure that allows for a cooperativeresponse by multiple agencies, both within and outside of government, to organize and coordinate responseactivities without compromising the decision-making authority of local command. ICS ensures that the mostpressing needs are met, and that precious resources are used without duplication or waste.18

Complete Requirement # 6Do the following:6a. Describe the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and the Incident Command System (ICS).6b. Identify the local government or community agencies that normally handle and prepare for emergency servicessimilar to those of the NIMS or ICS. Explain to your counselor ONE of the following:1. How the NIMS/ICS can assist a Boy Scout troop when responding in a disaster2. How a group of Scouts could volunteer to help in the event of these types of emergencies.6c. Find out who is your community’s emergency management director and learn whatthis person does to prevent, protect, mitigate, respond to, and recover from emergencysituations in your community. Discuss this information with your counselo