Transcription

FIRST AID

BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICAMERIT BADGE SERIESFIRST AIDThe Boy Scouts of America is indebted to the AmericanRed Cross for its subject matter expertise, review,and other assistance with this edition of the First Aidmerit badge pamphlet.“Enhancing our youths’ competitive edge through merit badges”

First Aid1. Demonstrate to your counselor that you have current knowledge of all first-aidrequirements for Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class ranks.2. Explain how you would obtain emergency medical assistance from:(a) Your home(b) A remote location on a wilderness camping trip(c) An activity on open water3. Define the term triage. Explain the steps necessary to assess and handle amedical emergency until help arrives.115

4. Explain the universal precautions as applied to the transmission of infections.Discuss the ways you should protect yourself and the victim whileadministering first aid.5. Do the following:(a) Prepare a first-aid kit for your home. Display and discuss its contents withyour counselor.(b) With an adult leader, inspect your troop's first-aid kit. Evaluate it forcompleteness. Report your findings to your counselor and Scout leader.6. Describe the early signs and symptoms of each of the following and explainwhat actions you should take:(a) Shock(b) Heart attack(c) Stroke7. Do the following:(a) Describe the conditions that must exist before performing CPR on aperson. Then demonstrate proper CPR technique using a training deviceapproved by your counselor.(b) Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). Identify thelocation of the AED at your school, place of worship, and troop meeting place,if one is present.8. Do the following:(a) Show the steps that need to be taken for someone who has a large openwound or cut that is not bleeding severely.(b) Show the steps that need to be taken for someone who has a large openwound or cut that is severely bleeding.(c) Tell the dangers in the use of a tourniquet and the conditions under whichits use is justified.9. Explain when a bee sting could be life threatening and what action should betaken for prevention and for first aid.10. Describe the signs and symptoms and demonstrate the proper procedures forhandling and immobilizing suspected closed and open fractures or dislocations of the(a) Forearm(b) Wrist(c) Upper leg(d) Lower leg(e) Ankle11. Describe the signs, symptoms, and possible complications and demonstratecare for someone with a suspected injury to the head, neck, or back.12. Describe the symptoms, proper first-aid procedures, and possible preventionmeasures for the following conditions:116

(a) Anaphylaxis/allergic reactions(b) Bruises(c) Sprains or strains(d) Hypothermia(e) Frostbite(f) Burns—first, second, and third degree(g) Convulsions/seizures(h) Dehydration(i) Muscle cramps(j) Heat exhaustion(k) Heat stroke(l) Abdominal pain(m) Broken, chipped, or loosened tooth13. Do the following:(a) Describe the conditions under which an injured person should be moved.(b) If a sick or an injured person must be moved, tell how you would determine the best method. Demonstrate this method.(c) With helpers under your supervision, improvise a stretcher and move apresumably unconscious person.14. Teach another Scout a first-aid skill selected by your counselor.117

.First-Aid ResourcesFirst-Aid ResourcesScouting LiteratureBoy Scout Handbook; Fieldbook; Deck ofFirst Aid; Basic Illustrated WildernessFirst Aid; Emergency First Aid pocketguide; Be Prepared First Aid Book;Dentistry, Emergency Preparedness,Fire Safety, Lifesaving, Medicine, PublicHealth, Safety, and Wilderness Survivalmerit badge pamphletsVisit the Boy Scouts of America’sofficial retail website (with yourparent’s permission) at http://www.scoutstuff.org for a complete listing of all merit badgepamphlets and other helpfulScouting materials and supplies.BooksAmerican Medical Association Handbookof First Aid and Emergency Care,revised ed. Random House, 2009.Auerbach, Paul S. Medicine for theOutdoors: The Essential Guide to FirstAid and Emergency Medicine, 5th ed.Mosby, 2009.Backer, Howard, et al. WildernessFirst Aid: Emergency Care for RemoteLocations. Jones and Bartlett, 2005.Emergency Care and Safety Institute.Standard First Aid, CPR, andAED, 6th ed. Jones & BartlettLearning, 2011.Emergency Care and Safety Institute.Wilderness First Aid Field Guide.Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2011.First Aid, 6th ed. American Academy ofOrthopaedic Surgeons, 2011.Forgey, William. Wilderness Medicine:Beyond First Aid, 6th ed. GlobePequot Press, 2012.Gill, Paul G. Wilderness First Aid:A Pocket Guide. Ragged MountainPress, 2002.Isaac, Jeffrey. The Outward BoundWilderness First-Aid Handbook.Falcon Guides, 2013.Rickey, Brad, and Kurt Duffens. FastActPocket First Aid Guide. FastAct, 1999.Schimelpfenig, Tod, and Linda Lindsey.NOLS Wilderness First Aid, 3rd ed.National Outdoor Leadership Schooland Stackpole Books, 2000.Tilton, Buck. Backcountry First Aid andExtended Care, 5th ed. FalconGuides, 2007.FIRST AID93

First-Aid Resources.Weiss, Eric A. Wilderness 911: A Step-byStep Guide for Medical Emergenciesand Improvised Care in theBackcountry. The MountaineersBooks, 2007.American Red Cross2025 E St. NWWashington, DC 20006Toll-free telephone: 800-733-2767Website: http://www.redcross.orgWilkerson, James A., ed. Medicinefor Mountaineering and OtherWilderness Activities, 6th ed.The Mountaineers Books, 2010.Organizations and WebsitesAmerican Stroke Association7272 Greenville Ave.Dallas, TX 75231Toll-free telephone: rgAmerican Heart Association7272 Greenville Ave.Dallas, TX 75231Toll-free telephone: 800-242-8721Website: http://www.heart.orgNational Safety Council1121 Spring Lake DriveItasca, IL 60143-3201Toll-free telephone: 800-621-7615Website: http://www.nsc.orgAmerican Medical AssociationAMA Plaza330 N. Wabash Ave., Suite 39300Chicago, IL 60611-5885Toll-free telephone: 800-621-8335Website: http://www.ama-assn.orgThe American Red Cross producesseveral resources thatmay be of particular interest toScouts, Scout leaders, and meritbadge counselors.American Red Cross. First Aid/CPR/AED Participant’s Manual.Staywell, 2011.American Red Cross. Responding toEmergencies. Staywell, 2012.American Red Cross. Wilderness andRemote First Aid. Staywell, 2010.EMERGENCY REFERENCE GUIDEWilderness and Remote First AidBased on the Boy Scouts of AmericaWilderness First Aid Curriculum and Doctrine GuidelinesOffers Enhanced Content to Meet OSHA’sBest Practices for Workplace First Aid Training Programs94FIRST AID