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Relationship between cardiac biomarkers andmajor adverse cardiovascular eventsin DECLARE-TIMI 58Thomas A. Zelniker, David A. Morrow, Ofri Mosenzon, EricaGoodrich, Petr Jarolim, Avivit Cahn, Deepak L. Bhatt,Lawrence A Leiter, Darren K McGuire, John Wilding, Oleg VAverkov, Andrzej Budaj, Alexander Parkhomenko, Kausik KRay, Ingrid Gause-Nilsson, Martin Fredriksson, Anna MariaLangkilde, Itamar Raz, Marc S. Sabatine, Stephen D. [email protected]#AHA20

Dr. Zelniker reports research grants from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) and the German Research Foundation (DFG); honoraria from AstraZeneca and Boehringer Ingelheim, and grants to Brigham and Women’s Hospital from AstraZeneca and Bristol-Myers Squibb.Dr. Morrow reports: grants from Anthos Therapeutics, grants and personal fees from AstraZeneca, personal fees from Bayer Pharma, grants from Daiichi Sankyo, grants from Eisai, grants from GlaxoSmithKline, personal fees from InCarda, grants from Medicines Company, grants andpersonal fees from Merck & Co, grants and personal fees from Novartis, grants from Pfizer, grants from Quark, grants from Regeneron, grants and personal fees from Roche Diagnostics, grants from Siemens, grants from Takeda, and grants from Zora Biosciences outside the submitted work.Dr. Morrow is a member of the TIMI Study Group which has received institutional research grant support through Brigham and Women's Hospital from:Abbott, Amgen, Aralez, AstraZeneca, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Inc., BRAHMS, Daiichi-Sankyo, Eisai, GlaxoSmithKline, Intarcia,Janssen, MedImmune, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, Poxel, Quark Pharmaceuticals, Regeneron, Roche, Siemens, Takeda, The Medicines Company, Zora Biosciences. Ofri Mosenzon declares advisory board membership from AstraZeneca, Novo Nordisk, Eli Lilly, Sanofi, Merck Sharp & Dohme,Boehringer Ingelheim, BOL pharma; Speaker’s bureau honorarium from AstraZeneca, Novo Nordisk, Eli Lilly, Sanofi, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Jansen; and research grants from Novo Nordisk and AstraZeneca. Erica Goodrich is a member of the TIMI Study Groupwhich has received institutional research grant support through Brigham and Women's Hospital from:Abbott, Amgen, Aralez, AstraZeneca, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Inc., BRAHMS, Daiichi-Sankyo, Eisai, GlaxoSmithKline, Intarcia, Janssen, MedImmune, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer,Poxel, Quark Pharmaceuticals, Regeneron, Roche, Siemens, Takeda, The Medicines Company, Zora Biosciences.Dr. Mosenzon declares advisory board membership from AstraZeneca, Novo Nordisk, Eli Lilly, Sanofi, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Boehringer Ingelheim; Speaker’s bureau honorarium from AstraZeneca, Novo Nordisk, Eli Lilly, Sanofi, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Jansen;and research grants from Novo Nordisk and AstraZeneca.Ms. Goodrich reports grants from AstraZeneca, during the conduct of the study; and is a member of the TIMI Study Group which has received institutional research grant support through Brigham and Women’s from: Abbott, Amgen, Anthos Therapeutics, Aralez, AstraZeneca, BayerHealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Daiichi-Sankyo, Eisai, Intarcia, MedImmune, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, Quark Pharmaceuticals, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Roche, Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, Inc., Takeda, The Medicines Company, Zora Biosciences.Dr Jarolim reports research support through his institution from Abbott Laboratories, AstraZeneca, LP, Daiichi-Sankyo, Inc., GlaxoSmithKline, Merck & Co., Inc., Roche Diagnostics Corporation, Takeda Global Research and Development Center, Siemens Healthineers, and WatersTechnologies Corporation; and consulting fees from Roche Diagnostics Corporation.Dr. Cahn reports grants from Novo Nordisk and AstraZeneca, personal fees from Novo Nordisk, AstraZeneca Abbot, Elli Lilly, Sanofi, Boehringer Ingelheim, Merck Sharp & Dohme, GlucoMe and Medial Early Sign.Dr. Bhatt discloses the following relationships - Advisory Board: Cardax, CellProthera, Cereno Scientific, Elsevier Practice Update Cardiology, Level Ex, Medscape Cardiology, PhaseBio, PLx Pharma, Regado Biosciences; Board of Directors: Boston VA Research Institute, Society ofCardiovascular Patient Care, TobeSoft; Chair: American Heart Association Quality Oversight Committee; Data Monitoring Committees: Baim Institute for Clinical Research (formerly Harvard Clinical Research Institute, for the PORTICO trial, funded by St. Jude Medical, now Abbott), ClevelandClinic (including for the ExCEED trial, funded by Edwards), Contego Medical (Chair, PERFORMANCE 2), Duke Clinical Research Institute, Mayo Clinic, Mount Sinai School of Medicine (for the ENVISAGE trial, funded by Daiichi Sankyo), Population Health Research Institute; Honoraria:American College of Cardiology (Senior Associate Editor, Clinical Trials and News, ACC.org; Vice-Chair, ACC Accreditation Committee), Baim Institute for Clinical Research (formerly Harvard Clinical Research Institute; RE-DUAL PCI clinical trial steering committee funded by BoehringerIngelheim; AEGIS-II executive committee funded by CSL Behring), Belvoir Publications (Editor in Chief, Harvard Heart Letter), Duke Clinical Research Institute (clinical trial steering committees, including for the PRONOUNCE trial, funded by Ferring Pharmaceuticals), HMP Global (Editor inChief, Journal of Invasive Cardiology), Journal of the American College of Cardiology (Guest Editor; Associate Editor), K2P (Co-Chair, 1 interdisciplinary curriculum), Level Ex, Medtelligence/ReachMD (CME steering committees), MJH Life Sciences, Population Health Research Institute (for theCOMPASS operations committee, publications committee, steering committee, and USA national co-leader, funded by Bayer), Slack Publications (Chief Medical Editor, Cardiology Today’s Intervention), Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care (Secretary/Treasurer), WebMD (CME steeringcommittees); Other: Clinical Cardiology (Deputy Editor), NCDR-ACTION Registry Steering Committee (Chair), VA CART Research and Publications Committee (Chair); Research Funding: Abbott, Afimmune, Amarin, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Bayer, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol-Myers Squibb,Cardax, Chiesi, CSL Behring, Eisai, Ethicon, Ferring Pharmaceuticals, Forest Laboratories, Fractyl, Idorsia, Ironwood, Ischemix, Lexicon, Lilly, Medtronic, Pfizer, PhaseBio, PLx Pharma, Regeneron, Roche, Sanofi Aventis, Synaptic, The Medicines Company; Royalties: Elsevier (Editor,Cardiovascular Intervention: A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease); Site Co-Investigator: Biotronik, Boston Scientific, CSI, St. Jude Medical (now Abbott), Svelte; Trustee: American College of Cardiology; Unfunded Research: FlowCo, Merck, Novo Nordisk, Takeda. Lawrence A Leiterhas received research funding from, has provided CME on behalf of, and/or has acted as an advisor to AstraZeneca, Bayer, Boehringer Ingelheim, Eli Lilly, GSK, Janssen, Lexicon, Merck, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi, and Servier. Darren K McGuire has received personal fees from AstraZeneca,Boehringer Ingelheim, Janssen, Lexicon, Merck & Company, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi, Eisai, Esperion, GlaxoSmithKline, Lilly USA, Pfizer, Metavant, Applied Therapeutics, and Afimmune. John Wilding reports grants, personal fees and other from AstraZeneca, other fromAstellas, personal fees and other from Boehringer Ingelheim, other from Janssen, personal fees and other from Napp, grants, personal fees and other from Novo Nordisk, personal fees and other from Mundipharma, other from Sanofi, grants and personal fees from Takeda, other from RhythmPharmaceuticals, other from Wilmington Healthcare, other from Eli Lilly.Dr. Averkov reports personal honoraria from AstraZeneca.Dr. Budaj reports personal fees and non-financial support from AstraZeneca, during the conduct of the study; personal fees and non-financial support from Bayer, personal fees and non-financial support from Bristol Myers Squibb/Pfizer, personal fees and non-financial support from SanofiAventis, personal fees from Eisai, personal fees from Novartis, personal fees from GlaxoSmithKline, outside the submitted work.Dr. Parkhomenko reports grants from Vifor, Amgen, grants and personal fees from AstraZeneca, personal fees from Servier, Bayer, outside the submitted work.Dr. Ray reports receiving lecture fees from Aegerion Pharmaceuticals, Kowa, Cipla, Algorithm, and Zuelling Pharma, grant support, paid to his institution, lecture fees, and advisory board fees from Amgen, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals/Sanofi, Daiichi Sankyo and Pfizer, lecture fees and fees forserving on steering committees for trials from AstraZeneca and Eli Lilly, fees for serving on steering committees for trials from Cerenis Therapeutics, the Medicines Company, and Esperion, advisory board fees from New Amsterdam Pharma, Akcea Therapeutics, Novartis, Silence Therapeutics,Bayer, and Daiichi Sankyo, lecture fees and advisory board fees from Takeda, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, consulting fees from Silence Therapeutics and Bayer, grant support and advisory board fees from Merck Sharp & Dohme, fees for serving on a clinical eventsadjudication committee from AbbVie, and fees for serving as principal investigator for a trial from Resverlogix.Dr. Gause-Nilsson, Dr. Fredriksson, and Dr. Langkilde are employees at BioPharmaceuticals R&D, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Sweden.Dr. Raz declares Advisory Board membership from AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly and Company, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novo Nordisk, Inc, Sanofi; Consultant fees from AstraZeneca, Insuline Medical, Medial EarlySign Ltd, CamerEyes Ltd, Exscopia, Orgenesis Ltd, BOL Pharma, Glucome Ltd,DarioHealth, Diabot, Concenter BioPharma, CuraLife Ltd; Speaker’s Bureau honorarium from AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly and Company, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novo Nordisk, Inc., Sanofi and Stock/Shareholder interests from Glucome Ltd, Orgenesis Ltd, DarioHealth, CamerEyes Ltd, Diabot, BOLPharma.Dr. Sabatine reports the following conflicts of interest: Research grant support through Brigham and Women’s Hospital from: Amgen; Anthos Therapeutics; AstraZeneca; Bayer; Daiichi-Sankyo; Eisai; Intarcia; Medicines Company; MedImmune; Merck; Novartis; Pfizer; Quark Pharmaceuticals;Takeda; Consulting for: Althera; Amgen; Anthos Therapeutics; AstraZeneca; Bristol-Myers Squibb; CVS Caremark; DalCor; Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories; Dyrnamix; Esperion; IFM Therapeutics; Intarcia; Janssen Research and Development; Medicines Company; MedImmune; Merck; Novartis.Dr. Wiviott reports grants from AstraZeneca, during the conduct of the study; grants from AMGEN, grants and personal fees from Arena, grants and personal fees from AstraZeneca, grants and personal fees from Bristol Myers Squibb, grants and personal fees from Daiichi Sankyo, grants andpersonal fees from Eisai, grants and personal fees from Eli Lilly, grants and personal fees from Janssen, grants, personal fees and other from Merck, grants from Sanofi Aventis, personal fees from Aegerion, personal fees from Allergan, personal fees from Angelmed, personal fees fromBoehringer Ingelheim, personal fees from Boston Clinical Research Institute , personal fees from 24 Icon Clinical, personal fees from Lexicon, personal fees from Servier, personal fees from St Jude Medical, personal fees from Xoma, outside the submitted work; and is a2member of the TIMIStudy Group which has received institutional research grant support through Brigham and Women’s Hospital from: Abbott, Amgen, Anthos Therapeutics, Aralez, AstraZeneca, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Daiichi-Sankyo, Eisai, Intarcia, MedImmune, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, QuarkPharmaceuticals, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Roche, Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, Inc., Takeda, The Medicines Company, Zora Biosciences.

Background Biomarkers of hemodynamic stress and myocardial injury areassociated with the risk of CV death and heart failure (HF) inpatients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Here, we explore the association between cardiac biomarkers(NT-proBNP and hsTnT) and ASCVD outcomes in patients withtype 2 diabetes (T2DM).3

Methods Nested biomarker study in DECLARE-TIMI 58 Patients with T2DM and either multiple risk factors (MRF) ( 60%) orestablished ASCVD ( 40%) Serum levels of NT-proBNP and hsTnT (Roche Diagnostics) weremeasured in all patients with available blood samples atrandomization (n 14,565) in the TIMI Biomarker Laboratory Primary Endpoint: Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, i.e.,the composite of myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and CVdeath) Multivariable adjusted Cox models & Spline regression models4

Baseline Biomarker Concentrations5

Baseline characteristicsby biomarker quartilesAll P-trend 0.056

Relationship between cardiac biomarkersand MACE within the placebo armNT-proBNPhsTnTAdjusted forclinical variablesAdjusted for clinicalvariables and hsTnTAdjusted forclinical variablesAdjusted for clinicalvariables and NT-proBNPClinical covariates: Adjusted for age, sex, race, smoking, baseline eGFR, BMI, T2DM duration, insulin use, history of CAD, MI,ischemic stroke, PAD, HF, dyslipidemia & hypertension7

Multimarker AnalysisAdjusted for age, sex, race, smoking, baseline eGFR, BMI, T2DM duration, insulin use, history of CAD, MI, ischemicstroke, PAD, HF, dyslipidemia & hypertension8

Risk of MACE by baseline biomarker levelsand stratified by treatment arm9

Conclusion In patients with T2DM both with and without ASCVD, higherbaseline NT-proBNP or hsTnT levels identified patients atincreased risk of MACE. The difference in MACE rates between dapagliflozin and placebotended to be more pronounced in ASCVD patients with higherbaseline NT-proBNP or hsTnT levels.10

COMPASS operations committee, publications committee, steering committee, and USA national co-leader, funded by Bayer), Slack Publications (Chief Medical Editor, Cardiology Today’s Intervention),