Transcription

501Sentence Completion Questions

501Sentence CompletionQuestions N E W YO R K

Copyright 2004 LearningExpress, LLC.All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions.Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York.Library of Congress Cataliging-in-Publication Data:501 sentence completion questions.—1st ed.p.m.ISBN 1–57685–511–2 (pbk.: alk. paper)1. English language—Examinations—Study guides. 2. English language—Sentences—Problems, exercises, etc. I. Title: Five hundred one sentence completion questions. II.Title: Five hundred and one sentence completion questions. III. Series: LearningExpress(Organization)LB1631.5.A17 2004428.1’076—dc222003027067Printed in the United States of America9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1First EditionISBN 1-57685-511-2For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at:55 Broadway8th floorNew York, NY 10006Or visit us at:www.learnatest.com

The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation, as well as educators and teachers whospecialize in language arts and math.LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing TeamLara BohlkeMiddle School Math Teacher, Grade 8Dodd Middle SchoolCheshire, ConnecticutElizabeth CheslaEnglish InstructorCoordinator of Technical and Professional Communication ProgramPolytechnic University, BrooklynSouth Orange, New JerseyBrigit DermottFreelance WriterEnglish Tutor, New York CaresNew York, New YorkDarren DunnEnglish TeacherRiverhead School DistrictRiverhead, New YorkBarbara FineEnglish InstructorSecondary Reading SpecialistSetauket, New YorkSandy GadeProject EditorLearningExpressNew York, New YorkMelinda GroveAdjunct ProfessorQuinnipiac University and Naugatuck Valley Community CollegeMath Consultant

Karen HunterProject EditorElkview, West VirginiaDiane KampfMiddle School English Teacher, Grade 7Robert Moss Middle SchoolNorth Babylon School DistrictNorth Babylon, New YorkAdjunct Assistant ProfessorSuffolk Community CollegeSuffolk, New YorkNoah KravitzCurriculum and Technology SpecialistNew York, New YorkKerry McLeanProject EditorMath TutorShirley, New YorkKimberly MorozEnglish InstructorWilmington CollegeNew Castle, DelawareWilliam ReccoMiddle School Math Teacher, Grade 8New York Shoreham/Wading River School DistrictMath TutorSt. James, New YorkColleen SchultzMiddle School Math Teacher, Grade 8Vestal Central School DistrictMath Tutor and Teacher MentorVestal, New York

ContentsIntroductionixChapter 11Chapter 29Chapter 317Chapter 427Chapter 537Chapter 647Chapter 755Chapter 865Chapter 973Chapter 1083Chapter 1191Chapter 12101Chapter 13109Chapter 14117Chapter 15127vii

501 Sentence Completion QuestionsChapter 16135Chapter 17143Chapter 18151Chapter 19159Chapter 20169viii

IntroductionWelcome to 501 Sentence Completion Questions! This bookis designed to help you prepare for the verbal and reading sections ofmany assessment and entrance exams. By completing the 501 sampleitems offered here and by studying their answer explanations, you willdevelop the skills necessary to tackle each type of sentence completionquestion. You will also improve your vocabulary and your process ofelimination skills.Sentence completions test your ability to use the informationfound in complex, but incomplete, sentences in order to correctlycomplete the sentences. Sentence completions test two separateaspects of your verbal skills: your vocabulary and your ability to follow the internal logic of sentences. These sentences are often quitecomplex. Fortunately, there are some strategies that will greatlyincrease your score on these questions. Each of these questions hasone blank (or, on some tests, two blanks) within a single sentence.Often the sentences are long and difficult to follow, but with practiceyou can learn to master them.ix

501 Sentence Completion QuestionsMany standardized tests—including high school and collegeentrance exams and civil service exams—use sentence completionquestions to test vocabulary and logic. Some of the “alphabet soup”of exams that contain sentence completions are the: SAT I examPSAT/NMSQT examGRE General testTOEFL/TOEIC examsISEEGRTYou might wonder what kinds of strategies you can use to mastersentence completions. When it comes to sentence completions, theword that does not appear is the key to the meaning of the sentence.The words that do appear offer clues to the missing word. If you canfind out how the words that appear are connected, you can find thecorrect answer. This means that you must know more than just themeaning of the words involved. You must also understand the logicof the sentence. Here is a sampling of strategies: Read the entire sentence saying “blank” for the blank(s).This gives you an overall sense of the meaning of thesentence and helps you figure out how the parts of thesentence relate to each other. If an answer occurs to youbefore you even look at the choices, you may have asynonym for the answer or the answer itself.Pay special attention to introductory and transitionalwords—but, although, however, yet, even though—becausethey are key to forming the logical structure of thesentence.Be sure your choice is both logical and grammaticallycorrect.If you don’t know some words, use elimination andeducated guessing, which means you are able to eliminatex

501 Sentence Completion Questionsone or more of the choices as definitely wrong; orguessing from context when you know a related word.There are several types of sentence completions: restatementcomparisoncontrastcause and effectHere is an example of a cause-and-effect sentence completionquestion:After a brief and violent that ousted the president, GeneralMonsanto declared himself the dictator of the country.a. nuanceb. coupc. solicitationd. upbraidinge. lamentThe answer is choice b. A coup (n.) is a sudden and decisive changeof leadership illegally or by force, a takeover. What (the cause) led thegeneral to declare himself dictator (the result)? Something brief andviolent, that ousted the president, a coup.Here is an example of a restatement question:The city council formed a committee to simplify several dozencity ordinances that were unnecessarily complicated andout-of-date.a. fecklessb. empiricalc. byzantined. slovenlye. pedanticxi

501 Sentence Completion QuestionsThe answer is choice c, byzantine, an adjective that means “highlycomplicated and intricate.” Here, you are looking for a restatementof the clue words complicated and out-of-date, and for something thatneeds simplifying.As you practice sentence completions, you may discover signal wordsand phrases—clues that help you choose the correct answer. Here arecommon signal words and an example for each kind of question:Restatement: namely, in other words, in fact, that isExample: The pickpocket was a trickster, in other words, a .(The answer, which restates “trickster,” might be knave orscoundrel.)Comparison: likewise, similarly, and, just as, as as, for example, as shown, as illustrated byExample: Anna was cleared of all charges; similarly, Sam was.(The answer compares to being “cleared of all charges,” so perhapsSam was vindicated.)Contrast: though, although, however, despite, but, yet; on the otherhand, but, however, despite, or on the contraryExample: Although the tiger is a solitary beast, its cousin the lion isa animal.(The answer is something that contrasts with “solitary,” such asgregarious or sociable.)Cause and effect: thus, therefore, consequently, and because andphrases such as due to, as a result, leads toExample: A truck stole her parking spot; consequently, Sally’slook showed her displeasure.(The answer would be a look caused by someone stealing Sally’sparking spot, maybe scowling or sullen.)xii

501 Sentence Completion QuestionsThe sentence completion question sets in this book increase in difficulty as you practice your way through them—from easy to intermediate to advanced. These divisions may reflect how challengingthe vocabulary is or how complex the sentence structure is or howchallenging the logic of the sentence is.The 501 Skill Builder in Focus exercises will help you prepare foran exam in several ways. First, you will become familiar with thequestion format. You will get used to identifying the relationships ofwords within a sentence. The more comfortable you are with thequestion format and the more familiar you are with the range of sentence completion types, the easier the verbal or reading section ofyour test will be.Second, your performance on these questions will help you assessyour vocabulary strengths and weaknesses. For example, you mayfind that you do very well with words that are cognates (words froma common original form, such as asteroid and astronomy), but not sowell on foreign words, such as ennui or angst.Third, you will learn, through practice, to spot and disregardwrong answer choices. You may also discover a pattern to your wronganswers. (Are you weak on cause-and-effect questions?)In addition to this book, look for other sources of vocabularygrowth: software, audio and online courses, and books. One helpfulresource is LearningExpress’s Vocabulary and Spelling Success in 20Minutes a Day, which helps boost your vocabulary and your verbaltest scores.You have already taken an important step toward improving yourscore. You have shown your commitment by purchasing this book.Now what you need to do is complete each exercise, study theanswers, and watch your ability to solve sentence completionsincrease. Good luck!xiii

Chapter 11. She hadn’t eaten all day, and by the time she got home she was.a. blightedb. confutativec. ravenousd. ostentatiouse. blissful2. The movie offended many of the parents of its younger viewers byincluding unnecessary in the dialogue.a. vulgarityb. verbosityc. vocalizationsd. garishnesse. tonality1

501 Sentence Completion Questions3. His neighbors found his manner bossy and irritating, andthey stopped inviting him to backyard barbeques.a. insentientb. magisterialc. reparatoryd. restorativee. modest4. Steven is always about showing up for work because hefeels that tardiness is a sign of irresponsibility.a. legibleb. tolerablec. punctuald. literale. belligerent5. Candace would her little sister into an argument by teasingher and calling her names.a. advocateb. provokec. perforated. lamentee. expunge6. The dress Ariel wore with small, glassy beads, creating ashimmering effect.a. titillatedb. reiteratedc. scintillatedd. enthrallede. striated7. Being able to afford this luxury car will getting a better-paying job.a. maximizeb. recombinantc. reiterated. necessitatee. reciprocate2

501 Sentence Completion Questions8. Levina unknowingly the thief by holding open the elevatordoors and ensuring his escape.a. coercedb. proclaimedc. abettedd. sanctionede. solicited9. Shakespeare, a(n) writer, entertained audiences by writingmany tragic and comic plays.a. numericb. obstinatec. dutifuld. prolifice. generic10. I had the experience of sitting next to an over-talkativepassenger on my flight home from Brussels.a. satisfactoryb. commendablec. gallingd. acceptablee. acute11. Prince Phillip had to choose: marry the woman he loved andhis right to the throne, or marry Lady Fiona and inherit the crown.a. reprimandb. upbraidc. abdicated. winnowe. extol12. If you will not do your work of your own , I have no choicebut to penalize you if it is not done on time.a. predilectionb. coercionc. excursiond. volitione. infusion3

501 Sentence Completion Questions13. After sitting in the sink for several days, the dirty, food-encrusteddishes became .a. malodorousb. prevalentc. imposingd. perforatede. emphatic14. Giulia soon discovered the source of the smell in the room:a week-old tuna sandwich that one of the children had hidden inthe closet.a. quaintb. fastidiousc. clandestined. laconice. fetid15. After making remarks to the President, the reporter wasnot invited to return to the White House pressroom.a. hospitableb. itinerantc. enterprisingd. chivalrouse. irreverent16. With her eyesight, Krystyna spotted a trio of deer on thehillside and she reduced the speed of her car.a. inferiorb. keenc. impressionabled. ductilee. conspiratorial4

501 Sentence Completion Questions17. With a(n) grin, the boy quickly slipped the candy into hispocket without his mother’s knowledge.a. jaundicedb. nefariousc. stereotypicald. sentimentale. impartial18. Her display of tears at work did not impress her new boss,who felt she should try to control her emotions.a. maudlinb. meritoriousc. precariousd. plausiblee. schematic19. Johan argued, “If you know about a crime but don’t report it, youare in that crime because you allowed it to happen.”a. acquittedb. steadfastc. tenuousd. complicite. nullified20. The authorities, fearing a of their power, called for amilitary state in the hopes of restoring order.a. subversionb. premonitionc. predilectiond. infusione. inversion21. The story’s bitter antagonist felt such great for all of the othercharacters that as a result, his life was very lonely and he died alone.a. insurgenceb. malevolencec. reciprocationd. declamatione. preference5

501 Sentence Completion Questions22. It is difficult to believe that charging 20% on an outstanding creditcard balance isn’t !a. bankruptcyb. usuryc. noviced. kleptomaniae. flagrancy23. The weather patterns of the tropical island meant touristshad to carry both umbrellas and sunglasses.a. impertinentb. supplicantc. preeminentd. illustrativee. kaleidoscopic24. Wedding ceremonies often include the exchange of ringsto symbolize the couple’s promises to each other.a. hirsuteb. acrimoniousc. plaintived. deciduouse. votive25. Kym was in choosing her friends, so her parties wereattended by vastly different and sometimes bizarre personalities.

Welcome to 501 Sentence Completion Questions! This book is designed to help you prepare for the verbal and reading sections of many assessment and entrance exams. By completing the 501 sample items offered here and by studying their answer explanations, you will develop the skills necessary to tackle each type of sentence completion question .