Transcription

501Synonym & Antonym Questions

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions501Synonym & AntonymQuestionsNEWYORK

Copyright 2002 LearningExpress, LLC.All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions.Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data:Dermott, Brigit.501 synonym and antonym questions / Brigit Dermott.— 1st ed.p. cm.ISBN 1-57685-423-X (pbk.)1. English language—Examinations—Study guides. 2. English language—Synonyms and antonyms—Problems, exercises, etc. I. Title: Five hundredone synonym and antonym questions. II. Title: Five hundred and onesynonym and antonym questions. III. Title.LB1631.5 .D47 2002428'.0076—dc212002004439Printed in the United States of America9 8 7 6 5 4 3First EditionISBN 1-57685-423-XFor more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at:55 Broadway8th FloorNew York, NY 10006Or visit us at:www.learnatest.com

The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team iscomprised of experts in test preparation, as well as educators andteachers who specialize in language arts and math.LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing TeamBrigit DermottFreelance WriterEnglish Tutor, New York CaresNew York, New YorkSandy GadeProject EditorLearningExpressNew York, New YorkKerry McLeanProject EditorMath TutorShirley, New YorkWilliam ReccoMiddle School Math Teacher, Grade 8New York Shoreham/Wading River School DistrictMath TutorSt. James, New YorkColleen SchultzMiddle School Math Teacher, Grade 8Vestal Central School DistrictMath TutorVestal, New York

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IntroductionWelcome to 501 Synonym and AntonymQuestions! This book is designed to help you preparefor the verbal sections of many assessment and entranceexams. By completing the exercises in this book you will also increaseyour vocabulary and refine your knowledge of words.Most standardized tests—including high school entrance exams,the SAT, civil service exams, and the GRE—use synonym andantonym questions to test verbal skills. These questions ask test takers to identify the word that is most similar or dissimilar to anotherword, effectively testing their knowledge of two words.The questions in this book, for the most part, are grouped into sections of questions that ask you to select a word’s synonym andsections that ask you to select a word’s antonym. There are two sections that include questions asking for either the synonym or theantonym.The questions increase in difficulty as you move through the exercises of each chapter. Because this book is designed for many levels

501 Synonym & Antonym Questionsof test takers, you may find that some of the more advanced questionsare beyond your ability. If you are using this book to study for a highschool entrance exam, you may get a number of questions that appearlater in a section wrong. Don’t worry! If you are getting the earlierquestions correct, you are probably in good shape for your test. However, if you are studying for a graduate level exam such as the GRE,the full range of questions presented is appropriate for your level.The questions in this book can help you prepare for your test inmany ways. First, completing these practice exercises will make youfamiliar with the question format. They will also get you thinking ofwords in terms of other words with similar or opposite meanings. Inthe test-taking environment it can be difficult to switch gears fromsynonym questions to antonym questions; completing these exerciseswill make these mental gymnastics more comfortable.Second, your performance on these questions will help you assessyour vocabulary level. For example, a word may be familiar to you—you may have seen it in print and have a general sense of what itmeans—but when tested, you may discover that you do not know theword’s precise meaning. These exercises will help you pinpoint thosefamiliar words for which you need to learn the exact definition. Inaddition, you will probably encounter words that are totally unfamiliar. By memorizing their definitions, you can add these words toyour vocabulary and call upon them at test time to improve yourscore.Third, many of the questions in this book, and on assessmentexams, test your ability to discern nuance of meaning. The questionmay ask you to identify the synonym for a secondary definition of acommon word—for example, “inclination or natural ability’’ is a secondary definition of the word “bent.’’ Also, the direction for theseexercises usually ask you to identify the word that is “most similar’’ or“most dissimilar’’ in meaning to the word in the question. This meansthat you may be asked to pick between degrees of meaning. Forx

501 Synonym & Antonym Questionsexample, “atrocious’’ means “utterly revolting’’; in this case, “revolting’’ would be a more accurate synonym than “unpleasant.’’Each question is fully explained at the end of the chapter. Theanswer keys give you not only the right answer but also the definitions of the word in the question and the correct answer. Use yourperformance to create a study guide. For example, make a list of allthe words that you missed and their definitions. Then study this listas a quick and concentrated method to improve your vocabulary. Insome cases, you will also benefit from looking up the definitions ofthe words that you selected incorrectly to ensure that you know theprecise meaning of these words. Then add these words to your studylist as well.You have already taken an important step toward improving yourvocabulary and your score. You have shown your commitment bypurchasing this book. Now all you need to do is to complete each 35to 40 question exercise, study the answers, and watch your vocabulary increase. You can even work in pencil and do the exercises againto reinforce what you have learned. Good luck!xi

1SynonymsWhich of these words is closest in meaning to the wordprovided?1. remote4. . detesta.b.c.d.arguehatediscoverreveal3. ldecidepreventdiscover5. kina.b.c.d.exulttwistfriendrelative6. pensivea.b.c.d.oppressedcagedthoughtfulhappy

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions7. banish13. simulatea.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.exilehatefadeclean8. frauda.b.c.d.14. charismamalcontentargumentimposterclowna.b.c.d.9. crushproudpulla.b.c.d.generalcheapfreshelderly17. qualmincredulousmerryrevoltingdizzya.b.c.d.12. indifferenta.b.c.d.dividedecidecutsquabble16. generic11. joviala.b.c.d.ghostforcecharmcourage15. apportion10. ityperseverescruple18. nfusedcautious

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions19. distort25. reveriea.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.wrongevildeformharm20. sumptuousa.b.c.d.26. lootdeliriousgorgeousperilousluxuriousa.b.c.d.21. reela.b.c.d.destructionwastespoilscavort27. loquaciouswhirlfishhitmistakea.b.c.d.22. alkativethirstybeautifulcomplicated28. chimneyprotestillusionpanache23. appall29. use24. 30. delicitidealunlawful

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions31. nabob34. 2. palla.b.c.d.35. stentorianlightsatiatecarryhorrora.b.c.d.33. thy

501 Synonym & Antonym QuestionsAnswers1. b. remote means faraway, or distant2. b. to detest means to feel intense or violent dislike, or to hate3. c. gracious means to be pleasant or considerate in socialinteractions4. a. to predict means to declare in advance or to foretell5. d. kin means people with common ancestors, or relatives6. c. pensive means moodily or dreamily thoughtful7. a. to banish means to drive out from home or country, or to exile8. c. a fraud is someone who is not what he or she pretends to be, oran imposter9. b. saccharine means overly sweet10. d. to drag is to pull, or to cause movement in a direction withapplied force11. b. jovial means good humored or merry12. a. to be indifferent is to be marked by impartiality or to beneutral13. b. to simulate is to assume the outward appearance of, or toimitate14. c. charisma is magnetic charm or appeal15. a. to apportion is to divide and share out16. a. generic means having the characteristic of a whole group,or general5

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions17. d. a qualm is a feeling of uneasiness about a moral issue, or ascruple18. d. wary means to be attentive especially to danger, or to becautious19. c. to distort means to twist out of a normal state, or to deform20. d. sumptuous means excessively costly, rich, or luxurious21. a. one meaning of reel is to move round and round, or to whirl22. b. inscrutable means not easily interpreted or understood, ormysterious23. c. to appall is to overcome with shock, or to dismay24. a. upright can mean either honorable or vertical; horizontal andsupine are both antonyms of upright25. c. a reverie means the state of being lost in thought, or adaydream26. c. loot means goods seized in war, or spoils27. a. loquacious means excessively talkative, or garrulous28. c. a chimera is a fabrication of the mind, or an illusion29. a. temerity means unreasonable contempt for danger orrecklessness, or audacity30. b. to educe means to develop something potential or latent; toelicit means to draw out something hidden or latent31. a. a nabob is a person of great wealth or importance, or a bigwig32. b. to pall can mean to deprive of pleasure in something bysatiating6

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions33. d. sacrosanct means the most sacred, or holy34. d. louche means not reputable, or indecent35. c. stentorian means loud and is usually used to imply a voice ofgreat power and range7

2AntonymsWhich of these words is most nearly the opposite of theword provided?36. withdrawa.b.c.d.reduceneedadvancewant37. secreta.b.c.d.friendlycoverthiddenovert38. 9. impartiala.b.c.d.hostilebiaseddislikeworried40. luminousa.b.c.d.cleardimbrittleclever41. awea.b.c.d.borrowshallowlowcontempt

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions42. pita.b.c.d.48. malodorousgrouppeakselectmarrya.b.c.d.43. rotunda.b.c.d.49. expoundroundunimportantthindulla.b.c.d.44. talenta.b.c.d.besmirchconfuseconfinecondemn50. piqueungratefulsilentshowinabilitya.b.c.d.45. llysmoothsoothe51. okewane46. brazen52. lackpovertyabundanceforeign47. expect53. iredarrogantpointyruddy

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions54. abridge60. . kindlea.b.c.d.61. approbatesmotherdetestenemydiscouragea.b.c.d.56. ter62. 7. unimportantrelevantseriousmeek63. .cautiousfortunateprovenintelligent58. zenith64. demura.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.worstapexnadirpast59. germanea.b.c.d.embracecrudeboisterousfalter65. b.c.d.11craftyfrugalsensibleinane

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions66. quiescenta.b.c.d.69. 7. sartoriala.b.c.d.70. .68. ardy

501 Synonym & Antonym QuestionsAnswers36. c. to withdraw means to remove or retreat; to advance is theopposite of retreat37. d. secret means hidden or covert; overt means open to view38. b. heartfelt means expressing genuine feeling, or sincere, soinsincere is its opposite39. b. impartial means to be without prejudice or bias, thereforebiased is the opposite40. b. luminous means radiating or reflecting light, or glowing; dimmeans dark or dull41. d. awe means a sense of deep respect or veneration; contemptmeans a lack of respect, or disdain42. b. a pit is a hole and a peak is the top of a hill or mountain43. c. rotund means rounded or plump, therefore thin is the opposite44. d. a talent is a special creative or artistic ability, therefore inabilityis the opposite45. a. common means ordinary or familiar; strange means unfamiliar46. a. brazen means to be defiant or insolent; bashful means to be shyor timid47. c. to expect is to wait for or to look forward to; to despair is tolose all hope48. c. malodorous means to have a bad smell; fragrant meanssmelling sweet or delicate49. b. to expound means to explain; to confuse, or confound, is theopposite of expound13

501 Synonym & Antonym Questions50. d. to pique means to excite or irritate; to soothe means to calm51. b. to abate means to reduce in degree or intensity; to augmentmeans to increase52. c. dearth means an inadequate supply or lack of something;abundance means an ample quantity, or wealth53. d. to be peaked is to appear pale or wan; to be ruddy is to have ahealthy, red complexion54. b. to abridge means to shorten and to extend means to lengthen55. a. to kindle means to start burning or ignite; to smother means tostifle or suppress56. d. meager means lacking in quality or quantity; copious meanspresent in large quantity, or abundant57. b. philistine is used disparagingly to describe a person guided bymaterial rather than intellectual valu