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TONY EVANSBEST- SELLI N G AUTH O RGod With UsThe God Who SavesLord God AlmightyThe Most High GodThe Lord our ProviderThe Lord my ShepherdThe Lord our WarriorThe Lord my BannerTHEThe God Who RulesThe Relational GodThe Creator GodImmanuelJesusEl ShaddaiEl ElyonJehovah JirehJehovah RohiJehovah TsabaJehovah NissiAdonaiJehovahElohim6-SessionBible StudYPOWER OF

LifeWay Press Nashville, TennesseeTONY EVANSB EST- SELLI N G AUTH O RGod With UsThe God Who SavesLord God AlmightyThe Most High GodThe Lord our ProviderThe Lord my ShepherdThe Lord our WarriorThe Lord my BannerThe God Who RulesThe Relational GodThe Creator GodTHEPOWER OFImmanuelJesusEl ShaddaiEl ElyonJehovah JirehJehovah RohiJehovah TsabaJehovah NissiAdonaiJehovahElohim

Published by LifeWay Press 2014 Tony EvansNo part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic ormechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system,except as may be expressly permitted in writing by the publisher. Requests for permission should beaddressed in writing to LifeWay Press ; One LifeWay Plaza; Nashville, TN 37234-0152.ISBN 978-1-4300-3145-1Item 005634003Dewey decimal classification: 231Subject headings: GOD \ NAMES \ CHRISTIAN LIFEUnless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are taken from the New American Standard Bible ,Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Usedby permission. (www.lockman.org) Scripture quotations marked NIV are taken from the Holy Bible, NEWINTERNATIONAL VERSION . Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984 by Biblica Inc. All rights reserved worldwide.Used by permission. Scripture quotations marked HCSB are taken from the Holman Christian StandardBible , Copyright 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission.Holman Christian Standard Bible and HCSB are federally registered trademarks of Holman BiblePublishers. Scripture quotations marked KJV are from the King James Version.To order additional copies of this resource, write to LifeWay Church Resources Customer Service; OneLifeWay Plaza; Nashville, TN 37234-0113; fax 615.251.5933; phone toll free 800.458.2772; order onlineat www.lifeway.com; email [email protected]; or visit the LifeWay Christian Store serving you.Printed in the United States of AmericaAdult Ministry PublishingLifeWay Church ResourcesOne LifeWay PlazaNashville, TN 37234-0152

ImmanuelJesusEl ShaddaiEl ElyonJehovah JirehJehovah RohiJehovah TsabaAdonaiJehovahElohimJehovah NissiContentsThe Author 4Introduction 5Week 1The Majest y of God’s Names 7Week 2Jehovah and Adonai 35The Lord our ProviderThe Lord my ShepherdThe Lord our WarriorWeek 6Immanuel 147God With UsWeek 5El Elyon and El Shaddai 119The God Who SavesLord God AlmightyThe Most High GodThe Lord my BannerWeek 4Jehovah Rohi and Jehovah Jireh 91The God Who RulesThe Relational GodThe Creator GodWeek 3Jehovah Nissi and Jehovah Tsaba 63

The Power of God’s NamesThe AuthorDr. Tony Evans is one of America’s most respected leaders in evangelical circles.He is a pastor, a best-selling author, and a frequent speaker at Bible conferencesand seminars throughout the nation.Dr. Evans has served as the senior pastor of Oak Cliff Bible Fellowship formore than 35 years, witnessing its growth from 10 people in 1976 to more than9,000 congregants with more than one hundred ministries.Dr. Evans also serves as the president of The Urban Alternative, a nationalministry that seeks to bring about spiritual renewal in America through thechurch. His daily radio broadcast, “The Alternative with Dr. Tony Evans,” can beheard on nearly one thousand radio outlets throughout the United States andin more than one hundred countries.Dr. Evans has authored more than 50 books, including OnenessEmbraced, The Kingdom Agenda, Marriage Matters, KingdomMan, Victory in Spiritual Warfare, God’s Unlikely Path to Success,and The Power of God’s Names. Dr. Evans, a former chaplainfor the NFL Dallas Cowboys, is currently the chaplain for theNBA’s Dallas Mavericks, a team he has served for more than30 years.Through his local church and national ministry, Dr.Evans has set in motion a kingdom-agenda philosophyof ministry that teaches God’s comprehensive ruleover every area of life, as demonstrated through theindividual, family, church, and society.Dr. Evans is married to Lois, his wife and ministrypartner of more than 40 years. They are the proudparents of four—Chrystal, Priscilla, Anthony Jr., andJonathan.4

IntroductionIntroductionLike any healthy Christian, you want to know God. You want to really knowHim, not just know about Him. And to increase your intimacy with God, you’veworked to encounter Him in several different ways. You’ve studied His Word.You’ve prayed. You’ve worshiped Him. You’ve built relationships with His childrenin the church. All these are good activities that can help you know God better.But let me ask you a simple question: Do you know God’s name? That’s nota trick question. As modern Christians, we have many ways of addressing God.We understand Him in terms of the Trinity—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. We recognize Him as our Creator. We speak the name of Jesus, and we proclaim Himto be Christ, our Savior and Lord. These titles certainly belong to God. However,many Christians today have little knowledge of God’s other names.In Scripture names often convey a sense of purpose, authority, nature, andcharacter. In fact, a name was often used in the Bible almost as an equivalent toa person or a thing. The name of a thing carried almost as much weight as thething itself. That’s why when Jesus said He’d made God’s “name known to them,and will make it known” (John 17:26), He was talking about more than just theword God. Having come to earth in the flesh, Jesus unveiled God’s heart, mind,will, character, and being—all through the revelation of His name.Because of God’s depth of character, He has a name to reflect His differentattributes and capacities for relating to humanity. If I wrote a week’s lessonson every name of God that appears in the Bible, this study couldn’t hold them.We’d need volumes of studies. That’s why I’ve decided to focus on several ofGod’s primary names that are recorded in His Word, including Elohim, Jehovah,El Elyon, El Shaddai, Adonai, Immanuel, and more.This study will show you that God has a name for any and every situationyou find yourself in. I encourage you to get to know the names of God, becausein knowing His character and in understanding His ability to act in your situation,you’ll learn to rest and discover peace and power in His covenant care.By learning God’s names, you can come to truly know Him.5

The Power of God’s NamesHere’s How It WorksThis Bible study book includes content for both individual and group study. Thebest way to learn God’s kingdom names and character is to engage in individual,daily devotions and to participate in a Bible-study group that includes videoteaching and discussion.Each week’s study begins with a suggested process for a group experience.Each group session should follow this general outline.Start. B egin each session with a brief time of discussion that helps youand your group get to know one another better and discuss what the Lord hastaught you during the previous week. Watch. Your group will watch a 30-minute teaching segment on DVDwhile completing the viewer guide provided in each group experience. Respond. U se the suggested questions to discuss the truths presented onthe DVD. Then close each group experience with prayer. Each session wrapsup with a key verse of Scripture to memorize and a specific challenge to tackleduring the next week.The teaching segment and group discussion will provide a foundation for yourindividual study throughout the week. Each day you’ll read a devotion thatfleshes out the Scriptures and ideas first presented in the group experience.You’ll also complete personal learning activities that will help you understandthe name of God selected for that week. If you complete each week’s personalstudy, you’ll arrive at your next group session ready to begin another discussionbased on the individual work you’ve done.Throughout these six sessions you’ll learn more about God by studying a varietyof His names in Scripture. As you examine the situations that gave rise toeach name, you’ll discover dimensions of God’s ways and character that Hechose to reveal to His people. Then you’ll be guided to respond to what Godis teaching you through your interaction with His names.If you want to explore the names of God further after completing this study,read Tony Evans’s book The Power of God’s Names (Harvest House Publishers,2014; ISBN 978-0-7369-3997-3).6

God With UsThe God Who SavesLord God AlmightyThe Most High GodThe Lord our ProviderThe Lord my ShepherdThe Lord our WarriorThe Lord my BannerThe God Who RulesThe Relational GodThe Creator GodImmanuelJesusEl ShaddaiEl ElyonJehovah JirehJehovah RohiJehovah TsabaJehovah NissiAdonaiJehovahElohimWeek 1THE Ma jesty OFGod’s Names

The Power of God’s NamesStartWelcome to this small-group discussion of The Power of God’s Names.To facilitate introductions and to focus on the theme of The Power of God’sNames, discuss the following questions as a group. What was your most common nickname when you were growing up? How do you feel about your name? Why? What can you share about the meaning or background of your name?What are some of the different names we use for God?What do you hope to learn or experience in this study of God’s names?To prepare for the DVD segment, read aloud the following verses.O LORD, our Lord,How majestic is Your name in all the earth,Who have displayed Your splendor above the heavens!From the mouth of infants and nursing babesYou have established strengthBecause of Your adversaries,To make the enemy and the revengeful cease.When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers,The moon and the stars, which You have ordained;What is man that You take thought of him,And the son of man that You care for him?Psalm 8:1-48

The Majesty of God’s NamesWatchComplete the viewer guide below as you watch DVD session 1.God’s names are designed to give us clues into His .Hallowed means set apart, unique, or .God wants His name to be held in the unique that it oughtto occupy in our lives and in our world.God’s name is powerful; His name is tremendous because His name and namesare .Elohim: The Creator GodElohim is —distinct from His creation; is responsible for; exists outside and ; is a ;and interacts with and .El means .We discover this great God in His genius.God has to bring out of chaos.We’ve been created in the of God. We’ve been designedto Him.God has built in what He’s going to do for us tomorrow by what He creates.Elohim is in His being and in His person.God rested because He was .There is a that belongs to the people of God.The powerful God, Elohim, is for whatever is takingplace in your life.Video sessions available for purchase atwww.lifeway.com /Godsnames9

The Power of God’s NamesRespondUse the following questions to discuss the DVD segment with your group.What did you appreciate most in Dr. Evans’s teaching? Why?How have you sought to hallow God’s name in private and in public?How has our culture used and abused God’s name?What does the name Elohim teach us about God?What are the implications of God’s using the name Elohim to introduce Himselfin His Word?Where have you seen evidence of God’s creative genius at work?Respond to Dr. Evans’s statement: “Elohim means you can rest and relax in thepower of God. It doesn’t mean you’re irresponsible; it doesn’t mean you don’tdo what God expects you to do. But it does mean you understand that thepowerful God, Elohim, is big enough for whatever is taking place in your life.”Application. Set aside a large block of time this week in which you do nothingbut rest. Use this time as an opportunity to intentionally affirm that Elohim is incharge and has things under control.This week’s Scripture memory.O LORD, our Lord,How majestic is Your name in all the earth,Who have displayed Your splendor above the heavens!Psalm 8:1Assignment. Read week 1 and complete the activities before the next groupexperience. Consider going deeper into this content by reading chapters 1–2 inDr. Evans’s book The Power of God’s Names (Harvest House, 2014).10

The Majesty of God’s NamesWeek 1The M a jest y ofGod ’ s NamesWhat’s in a Name?I’m sure you’ll agree with me that names are important. Names are useful becausethey allow us to label and remember the different people, places, and things weencounter each day. Names are also significant because they give us startingpoints for understanding and interacting with the world around us.For example, if I mention the city of Philadelphia, you may remember from historylessons in school that its name actually means the city of brotherly love. WhenI talk about the city of Jerusalem, Bible scholars know its name means the cityof peace. Even something as large and diverse as a city can be connected to asimple idea through the meaning of its name.If you’ve been to Philly or Jerusalem lately or even if you watch the news everyonce in a while, you understand that the current culture and climate of thosecities don’t always match up with their names. Even so, the names are stillimportant because they reveal how far those cities have moved away from theoriginal intentions of the people who founded them.Names are important. Names carry weight and meaning. But I need to makeit clear at the beginning of our journey together that this isn’t a study aboutnames in general. It’s not even a study about God’s names—not primarily.This is a study about God. Our goal is to increase our knowledge of God andto deepen our experiences with Him. We’ll use His names as an entry point toachieve that goal, but always keep in mind that God’s names are significantsolely because they’re connected to Him.As we get started this week, we’ll see that God’s names carry a weight andmajesty that far exceed any other name. And we’ll begin our focus on God byexploring Him as Elohim—God, our strong Creator.11

The Power of God’s NamesDay 1Introducing God’s NamesDo you like your name? I like mine. Over the course of my life, different peoplehave referred to me by a number of different names—Anthony, Tony, Mr. Evans,Dr. Evans, Pastor Evans, and more—but I’ve generally been happy with most ofthem. I’m comfortable with my name because it fits me comfortably.That’s not the case with everyone. In fact, I can remember that when I was young,some classmates always hated the first day of school. That’s because the firstday of school usually meant new teachers, and new teachers almost always usedthe official names recorded in their systems. The teacher would call out something like “Edward Robinson, are you present?” Then the kid would shoot hishand up and say, “I’m here, but please call me Eddie!”How do you feel about your name? Why?In what ways have those feelings changed throughout differentseasons of your life?Why Study God’s Names?Throughout this study we’re going to explore God’s names in several differentways and from several different angles. But I want to acknowledge at thebeginning that someone reading this study may be skeptical about such anexploration. That person may wonder, Why do we need to study the names ofGod? Is that really important? There are two main reasons the answer to thatquestion is yes.1. It’s important for us to study and learn about God’s names because we’reconnected with those names as followers of Jesus. I’m a Christian. I’minextricably linked to Christ and His name because of my status as a child ofGod. The same is true for anyone who considers himself to be a follower ofChrist—including you. As we explore the majesty and power of God’s names,we’ll more deeply appreciate the privilege of being known for all eternity asfollowers of Christ.12

The Majesty of God’s NamesHow would you summarize our culture’s understanding of andreaction to the name of Jesus?How does our culture understand and react to the term Christian?2. It’s also important for us to explore God’s names because they provideopportunities to learn more about God Himself. More importantly, experiencing the wonder and power of God’s names allows us to experience Godmore deeply.That’s really the heart of this study. I hope and pray as we take this journey toexplore the names of God and all the wonderful things they reveal, we’ll experience His presence in a real and meaningful way. Let that be your goal in theweeks to come.Why So Many Names?God has many names. We’ve already mentioned two common ways we referto Him in our culture today—Jesus and Christ—but that’s just scratching thesurface. In fact, there’s no way we could do justice in this study to even half ofGod’s names recorded in the Bible.For that reason I’ll focus our study on some of the primary names God usedto reveal Himself in Scripture—names like Elohim, Jehovah, Adonai, El Shaddai,Immanuel, and more. These will serve as a helpful introduction to God’s majestic,multidimensional name.What are the major names and titles you use to address Godor speak about Him?How do you decide which name to use in different situations?13

The Power of God’s NamesMaybe you’re curious about the large number of God’s names represented inScripture. Maybe you’re wondering, Why does God have so many names in thefirst place? Why can’t we know Him simply as God?One reason God gave us so many names to refer to Him is so that we can gaina better perspective on who He is. In other words, the reason we need so manynames is that one name by itself doesn’t fully describe God’s majesty and power.One name alone can’t fully communicate all of who He is.You can see this principle at work in the way our culture responds to superstarathletes. When an individual rises above the rest and becomes truly great, wetypically respond by giving him a nickname. That’s how a defensive tackle inthe NFL named Charles Edward Greene became Mean Joe Greene. He was toogood for just one name. That’s how Wayne Gretzky became The Great One inthe National Hockey League. And that’s why you rarely hear about a basketballplayer named Julius Erving; you hear about Dr. J instead.We use multiple names to highlight the unique attributes of people we considergreat. It’s appropriate, then, that God uses multiple names to communicate Hismany attributes and the majesty of His greatness to us.What attributes of God are most meaningful to you? Why?In over four decades of ministry and six decades of life, I’ve become increasinglyconvinced that God desires for us to know Him for all He truly is. As we understand and experience the many aspects of His goodness and power, our heartsare opened to worshiping Him.God wants us to come face-to-face with the many layers of His significance andidentity. His names reveal various facets of His character. In fact, throughout theBible, when God wanted to reveal a new part of His character to His people, Heoften did so by revealing a new name.14

The Majesty of God’s NamesThat’s what happened with Moses in his encounter with God at the burning bush:Moses said to God, “Behold, I am going to the sons ofIsrael, and I will say to them, ‘The God of your fathershas sent me to you.’ Now they may say to me, ‘Whatis His name?’ What shall I say to them?” God said toMoses, “I AM WHO I AM”; and He said, “Thus you shallsay to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ”Exodus 3:13-14What does the name I AM teach us about God and His attributes?Moses knew he couldn’t take command of the Israelites and lead them out ofEgypt based on his own name and his own authority. That’s why he needed toknow God’s name. Moses needed to connect himself to a specific attribute ofGod in order to display the power attached to God’s name.God responded to Moses by revealing one of my favorite names in Scripture:“I AM WHO I AM” (v. 14). We’ll go deeper into the meaning and power of thisname later in the study. For now simply understand that God told Moses all heneeded to know about Himself for Moses to respond in obedience, and He did itby revealing His name.Be prepared for a similar experience this week as we begin this journey toward amore meaningful experience with God and a deeper understanding of the powerof His names.15

The Power of God’s NamesDay 2The Majesty of God’s NameThe ability to name a child is one of the greatest privileges exercised by parents—and one of the greatest responsibilities. Names are significant, and I believeparents should make the most of the opportunity by blessing their children withnames that mean something, not just names that sound cool.You may have noticed that some parents name their children after celebritiesor other influential people. For example, in recent decades many parents havenamed their sons Michael Jordan in hopes of forging a connection between theirchild and Jordan’s athletic ability. Others have named their kids after Beyoncé orother famous people in an attempt to emulate their favorite celebrity. I’ve evenhad people from Africa send me photos of their children named Tony Evans!What are some of your favorite names? Why?What do you know about the origins or history of your name?Of course, being named after a person doesn’t mean you actually receive anytalents or abilities from that person. A person who’s been named Michael Jordancan be entirely clumsy and uncoordinated. The name alone contains no specialpower without the character and abilities to support it. Nomenclature doesn’tequate with substance.Remember that today as we explore the majesty of God’s name. His name isindeed great but only because it receives its substance from Him.How Ma jestic Is God’s NameThe beginning of Psalm 8 is one of the most popular and most frequently quotedverses in all Scripture about the splendor of God’s name:O LORD, our Lord,How majestic is Your name in all the earth,Who have displayed Your splendor above the heavens!Psalm 8:116

The Majesty of God’s NamesThe names of God reflect the majesty and glory that intrinsically rest within Him.His name is nothing short of pure majesty. Discovering and experiencing themanifestation of His names in your life will usher you directly into the presenceof our majestic God. That’s what this study is all about.What ideas or images come to mind when you hear the wordmajesty?My wife and I recently took a trip to Alaska with several hundred partners andministry supporters of our radio ministry, The Urban Alternative. Alaska is oneof our favorite places to visit, simply because of its relaxing nature and inspiringbeauty. Yet something special happened on this trip. Our cruise guide, whohad hosted well over 90 cruises in the same area, told us he’d never seen theweather so perfect. Each day the skies were clear and beautiful, giving us manyopportunities to marvel at the splendor of God’s creation.In fact, things were so perfect that our guide named that trip the atheist cruise.He said, “If someone was an atheist when they got on this cruise, they couldn’tbe by the time it was over.”When have you been most impressed or awed by the majestyof the natural world?This is the kind of majesty David wrote about in Psalm 8. Like my wife andme, David had been awed by the splendor of God’s creation. He responded byrecognizing his own smallness and insignificance in comparison to the majestyof God’s name expressed through creation:When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers,The moon and the stars, which You have ordained;What is man that You take thought of him,And the son of man that You care for him?Psalm 8:3-417

The Power of God’s NamesMaybe you’ve picked up this study and already believe you have it all together,resting in the reality of your success and achievements. If so, you may be able topronounce God’s names by the time you flip over the last page, but you won’texperience the power of His names in your life. Not if you’ve got an inflatedsense of your own worth.How would you honestly rate your sense of self-worth andimportance?12345678910I recognize my smallness. I feel very important.What elements of modern culture encourage us to inflate our ownsense of worth and importance?The majesty of God is reserved for those who know enough to know they don’tknow much of anything at all. In other words, you can’t know the splendor ofGod’s names until you come to grips with the smallness of your own.What experiences cause you to recognize the majesty of God?Hallowed Be God’s NameJesus’ words at the beginning of the Lord’s Prayer also address the importanceof God’s name:Our Father who is in heaven,Hallowed be Your name.Matthew 6:9The term hallowed comes from the Greek word we typically translate as holy.It means to be set apart or sanctified. In other words, God’s names are unique.They’re not for us to mix up with anyone else’s name or to treat lightly. God’snames are hallowed. They’re to be honored, respected, and treated with thereverence they deserve.18

The Majesty of God’s NamesFor example, if the president of the United States walked into the room, youwouldn’t address him in an informal way. You wouldn’t say, “What’s up, Dude?”The position of president demands a certain degree of recognition and respect.Who are some of the people you respect most in the world?Record at least three.1.2.3.In what ways does your manner of speaking with these peoplediffer from your manner of speaking with everyone else?Obviously, God’s names are to be treated with even higher respect than whatwe’d give to any person on earth. We’re commanded to hallow His names—notonly the verbalization of His names but also the way we think about and reflecton them.To hallow God’s names means to treat them as if they carry weight—as if they’resignificant. It means we recognize that God isn’t an ordinary Being and thatHis names aren’t ordinary names. We’re not flippant about them. Certainly weshouldn’t take His names in vain, as we’ll see tomorrow. But we can also hallowGod’s names simply by choosing to use them only in a way that communicatesreverence, respect, worship, and even fear.To know God’s names is to experience His nature, and that level of intimacy isreserved for those who are humbly dependent on Him. Because God doesn’tshare His glory with another (see Isa. 42:8), we must humble ourselves if wereally want to know Him. We must recognize our own insignificance before wecan experience the significance that comes only through Him.19

The Power of God’s NamesWhat steps have you taken to honor and revere God’s name?God’s name is majestic. It’s unique and set apart—something worthy of beinghallowed through our actions and attitudes. Only when we hallow God’s namecan we hope to truly experience its power.Conclude your study today by contemplating the majesty andholiness of God. Then speak with Him about it. Use His names withreverence and awe as you praise His majesty.20

The Majesty of God’s NamesDay 3Taking God’s Name in VainPeople who grew up in my generation were generally familiar with the TenCommandments. Even people who didn’t go to church could name most ofthem. And if you attended church in those days, as most people did, you wereespecially familiar with the Third Commandment:You shall not take the name of the LORD yourGod in vain, for the LORD will not leave himunpunished who takes His name in vain.Exodus 20:7We usually heard the commandments in the King James Version back then:Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thyGod in vain; for the LORD will not hold himguiltless that taketh his name in vain.Exodus 20:7, KJVFor my generation this was a rock-solid command. Saying anything that couldbe interpreted as taking God’s name in vain would most likely get your mouthwashed out with soap. It was serious business.How would you define what it means to take God’s name in vain?Where in our culture do you see God’s name being taken in vain?As we get ready to explore specific examples of God’s names, let’s first makesure we understand exactly what it means to take His name in vain. We alsoneed to understand the consequences of making that unwise decision.21

The Power of God’s NamesA Lack of SubstanceThe word we translate as vain in Exodus 20:7 literally means empty or withoutmeaning. It conveys the idea that something is without substance. Therefore,taking God’s name in vain has to do with using God’s name in a way that isn’tconsistent with the substance of His person and the weight of His character. It’sthe opposite of hallowing His name.In short, to take God’s name in vain is to strip away the value that belongs withGod’s name because it’s connected to Him.What emotions do you experience when you hear other peopletake God’s name in vain? Why?What situations tempt you to use God’s name in vain?Sadly, taking God’s name in vain is a common occurrence in the world today.Many people joke about God’s name and toss it around flippantly. Worse, theyfire it off in anger and use it as a curse. These are common examples of what ittraditionally means to take God’s name in vain.Bu

u s ElOHIM j E H OVAH A dOnAI j E HOVAH n IssI j E H OVAH TsABA j E HO VAH ROHI j E HOVAH jI R E H El ElyOn El s H AddAI jE s us I M MAnu E l . family, church, and society. Dr. Evans is married to Lois, his wife and ministry . up with a key verse of