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The Hermann Rorschach Archives andCollection BerneThe Rorschach Archives' GuideLocation: Rorschach ArchivesReference Nr.: RorschPrepared by Rita SignerEdited April 2013updated April 2020Berne2020The Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)1 / 20

Table of contentIntroduction . 3General Information . 4Use . 4Address . 4Inventory of the Archives . 51 Fonds Adolf Friedemann . 52 Fonds Arnold Weber . 63 Fonds Elisabeth Rorschach . 64 Fonds Emil Lüthy . 75 Fonds Emil Oberholzer . 86 Fonds G.A. Roemer . 97 Fonds Hans Behn-Eschenburg . 118 Fonds Gertrud Behn-Eschenburg . 129 Fonds Hermann Rorschach . 1210 Fonds Kenower W. Bash . 1311 Fonds Marguerite Loosli-Usteri. 1412 Fonds Max Müller . 1613 Fonds Olga Rorschach . 1714 Fonds Wadim Rorschach . 1815 Fonds Walter Morgenthaler . 1916 Fonds Wolfgang Schwarz . 20The Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)2 / 20

IntroductionThe Hermann Rorschach Archives and Collection is dedicated to one single man who,through his work, became world famous: the Swiss psychiatrist and creator of the testnamed after him: Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922).Initiated in 1957 by the Bernese psychiatrist Walter Morgenthaler (1882-1965) theinstitution, administered by the Institute of the History of Medicine of the University ofBerne (IMG), fulfils an important function in the international Rorschach research. It issponsored by, besides the IMG, the International Society of the Rorschach and VerlagHans Huber Hogrefe AG.The Hermann Rorschach Archives and Collection houses records and other items fromHermann Rorschach's estate as well as from the estates of his wife and children, of formerprofessional colleagues and of past presidents of the International Society of theRorschach. Its purpose is to preserve this inheritance for posterity, in as far as possible toextend it and to provide electronic finding aids.The fonds are being described progressively according to the standard ISAD(G) inthe Online Union Catalog Handschriften, Archive und Nachlässe HAN:https://aleph.unibas.ch/F/?func option-update-lng&file name findb&p con lng GER&local base rorschachA library with numerous publications from all over the world documents the receptionand further development of Rorschach's work.The Hermann Rorschach Archives and hach archives and collection/index eng.htmlOnline Union Catalog HANhttp://aleph.unibas.ch/F/?func option-update-lng&file name findb&p con lng GER&local base rorschachThe Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)3 / 20

General InformationReference CodeRef. Code: RorschISIL: CH-000956-2UseThe use of the Rorschach Archives and Collection for scientific purposes is open to all, butnotice is required in advance. Access to the fonds may be limited due to conservationalrequirements or for reasons of the protection of personal rights.AddressUniversität BernInstitut für MedizingeschichteArchiv und Sammlung Hermann RorschachBühlstrasse 26CH-3012 Bern ces/rorschach archives and collection/index eng.html#pane617186The Hermann Rorschach Archives and ach archives and collection/index eng.htmlOnline Catalog Rorschach Archives on Union Catalog HANhttp://aleph.unibas.ch/F/?func option-update-lng&file name findb&p con lng GER&local base rorschachThe Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)4 / 20

Inventory of the Archives1Fonds Adolf FriedemannRef. Nr.TitleExtentRorsch AF.Fonds Adolf Friedemann.2 cm.ContentThe small fonds contains some results obtained through a testdeveloped by a certain Mr. Theo Lüdi (L-Test) and through the Z-Test.Biogr.Adolf Friedemann was born on 26th May 1902. He studied psychologyand medicine in Berlin and Jena, finished his medical studies inFreiburg im Breisgau in 1915 and remained there as assistant andresident at the Neurological and Psychiatric Clinic of the University ofFreiburg until 1929. His interest in medical pedagogy manifested itselfearly, leading him to become Deputy to the Chief of the MedicoPedagogic Counselling Center in 1926. He moved nearby Switzerlandin 1930 and was scientific assistant to Prof. R. Staehelin at theUniversity Psychiatric Clinic of Basel, but a position of Senior Residentin the Neurological Division of the Hospital Berlin-Buch combined with aresearch appointment to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Brain Researchattracted him to Germany for two years until in 1933 he returned toSwitzerland. Here began his lifelong friendship with the psychoanalystand pioneer in the mental health movement, Heinrich Meng. He workedat the Cantonal Psychiatric Hospital of Bellelay from 1934 to 1949 andacquired there Swiss citizenship.In 1949 he was called to take charge of the Institute for Mental Hygienein the bilingual city of Biel. Here he could employ to the full hisdiagnostic skills in the Rorschach, the Szondi and the Pfister-HeissColor Pyramid Tests besides others, working principally with youngpeople and adolescents as fitted his inclination. When the firstInternational Rorschach Congress was held in Zürich in 1949Friedemann was one of the organizers, and at the second in Bern in1952 he was elected Secretary of the new International RorschachSociety. His old university, Freiburg, gave him a Lectorate for MentalHealth and Practical Psychology in 1954 and conferred the title ofProfessor on him soon thereafter. After he retired from the Institute forMental Hygiene in 1969 he devoted himself intensively to thedevelopment of group therapy on a psychoanalytic basis. From 1970 onhe took up lecturing on the Rorschach Test and other subjects at theSwiss University of Freiburg besides medical supervision at the OutPatient Service of its Institute for Mental Health.Devoted to the Rorschach Test throughout his professional life,Friedemann became Chairman of the Rorschach Commission of theSwiss Psychological Association, of which he was a founding member,in 1960 and remained in that position until 1975. From 1960 to 1981 hewas president of the International Rorschach Society. Friedemann’spublications on the Rorschach include studies on the diagnosis ofschizophrenia, on blind diagnosis by means of the test on itscomparison with the parallel Behn Rorschach series and the ZulligerTest as well as a number of remarks and notes. (Text from K. W. BashThe Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)5 / 20

in Journal of personality assessment vol. 46, 1982, p. 111-112).AcquisitionFinding aidsAction2Inventory not yet existing.Description: Recorded by Rita Signer / July 2007.Fonds Arnold WeberRef. Nr.TitleExtentContentArrangementRorsch AW.Fonds Arnold Weber.4 boxes (various sizes).The fonds contains among other things Rorschach protocols ofprofessional musicians and other talented persons recorded by A.Weber with elaborate summaries by H. Rorschach.Organised in 2 series: 1) Correspondence 2) Test protocols and notes.Biogr.Arnold Weber (1894-1976) was musician at first. In 1922 he beganpsychoanalysis with Hermann Rorschach, after Rorschach's death hecontinued with Emil Oberholzer. He then studied medicine, worked inthe psychiatric clinic Burghölzli in Zürich, later in the psychiatric clinicWaldau near Bern. In 1938 he qualified as university lecturer, in 1954he was appointed extraordinary professor for child psychiatry in Bern.As student he joined the Swiss psychoanalytic society. He worked aspsychoanalyst in a private practice and made full use of Rorschach'stest. In 1921/22 A. Weber sent H. Rorschach records of professionalmusicians and other persons for interpretation.AcquisitionDonated by Dr. med. Kaspar Weber (son of Arnold Weber) inSeptember 2000.Action3Legacy of Prof. Adolf Friedemann. Received in march 1982.Description: Recorded by Rita Signer / January 2012.Fonds Elisabeth RorschachRef. Nr.TitleExtentArrangementBiogr.Rorsch ER.Fonds Elisabeth Rorschach.2 boxes (13 cm).1) Biographical material 2) Correspondence 3) Various documents.Elisabeth Rorschach, the daughter of Hermann and Olga Rorschach,was born on 18th June 1917 in Herisau (Canton Appenzell A.Rh.),where her father had been employed since 1915 as a psychiatrist in theCantonal Psychiatric Clinic. Her parents called her Lisa, and she usedthis name herself throughout her life. She grew up bilingually (Germanand Russian) but, as she relates in her curriculum vitae, after the deathof her father in 1922 her ability to speak Russian had more and morediminished. When her father died Lisa was not even five years of age,and her younger brother, Wadim, just three. Her mother, herself amedical doctor, was compelled to provide for the family, and initially shecontinued the clinical work of her deceased husband. After two yearsThe Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)6 / 20

she moved with her two children to Teufen (Canton Appenzell A.Rh.).After her school years in Teufen and later at the Cantonal SchoolSt.Gallen Lisa Rorschach studied the English and Romance languagesand literature at the University of Zurich and there in 1947 completedher studies. Afterwards she lived for some time in Scotland beforesettling in Zurich, where, until her retirement, she taught at the BusinessCollege of the Commercial Association. In 1953 she took her agingmother into her flat in the outskirts of Zurich. She died unexpectedly onthe 15th August 2006 during a holiday in her beloved Appenzell.AcquisitionAction4Bequeathed to the Rorschach-Archives by Elisabeth Rorschach. 2006.Description: August 2011.Fonds Emil LüthyRef. Nr.TitleExtentRorsch EL.Fonds Emil Lüthy.2 cm.ContentThe small fonds includes among other things correspondence withRorschach and drawings relating to Rorschach’s test.Arrangement1) Letters 2) Drawings relating to Rorschach's test 3) Papers relating tothe Swiss Psycho-Analytical Society 4) Photos.Biogr.Emil Lüthy was born on 13th March 1890 in Basle where he went toschool. He was a cousin of Emil Oberholzer, with whom he had a fairlyclose relationship. According to his own statements he was afflictedfrom his early youth with health problems. He seemingly was interestedboth in medicine and art, but precise information on his career is scarce.In various obituaries he is stated to have gone, after school leavingexaminations qualifying for university in 1911, to Munich where heallegedly studied for three years. It is, however, unclear what sort ofstudies they were. At any rate in the student directory of the Universityof Munich of that time one cannot find his name. After returning to Basleshortly before the outbreak of World War I he attended until 1915painting classes conducted by Hermann Meyer (1878-1961). For furthereducation in painting he is said to have been in Italy, Vienna and Paris.In all likelihood influenced by Emil Oberholzer he became intrigued bypsychoanalysis. From a letter from Oscar Pfister to Emil Oberholzerfrom 29th March 1920 we learn that Lüthy was in psychoanalysis withOscar Pfister in 1919. He numbered among the first members of theSwiss Psycho-Analytical Society established in the same year, holdingfrom 1920 onwards the position of treasurer. On the register ofmembers he is listed as painter showing that he considered himself assuch. Having been in psychoanalysis with Freud in 1923 he later wasapproached by Kurt Eissler, director of the Sigmund Freud Archives, fora recollection of his experience with Freud. As can be proven he studiedmedicine from 1924 to 1927 at the university in Zurich, where he livedwith Emil and Mira Oberholzer. Thereafter he seems to have turnedexclusively to painting. The emigration of Emil and Mira Oberholzer toUSA in 1938 meant an important loss for Lüthy. The same is true withregard to his friend Frederic S. Weil, who also emigrated to USA, wherehe became a well known psychoanalyst.The Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)7 / 20

In 1920 Rorschach asked Emil Lüthy for advice in connection with thedifferentiation of talents according to introversive and extratensivefeatures. Seeking a better understanding of the role of certain colours inthe context of his introversion-extratension scheme he turned again tohim in 1922. Moreover Lüthy provided Rorschach with test records ofpersons of his acquaintance for evaluation.AcquisitionAction5Donated by Erika Würz, Allschwil/BL on 13th October 2008.Description: Recorded by Rita Signer / April 2009.Fonds Emil OberholzerRef. Nr.TitleExtentContentArrangementBiogr.Rorsch EO.Fonds Emil Oberholzer.3 cm.The fonds consists of the correspondence between E. Oberholzer andH. Rorschach in the years 1916 to 1922 and Oberholzer'scorrespondence with various persons, mainly with Walter Morgenthaler.Organised in 2 files.Emil Oberholzer was born of Swiss parents on 24th December 1983 inZweibrücken (Germany) where his father managed a factory. The familywent back to Switzerland when Emil was still young. He grew up inZurich and there in 1902 began his medical studies which, afterintermediate semesters in Geneva and Basle, he completed in Zurich in1908. Thereafter, for over two years, he was assistant to Eugen Bleulerat the Burghölzli in Zurich where he met his future wife Mira Gincburg(1887-1949), also an assistant. Later on both worked at the psychiatrichospital Breitenau (in Schaffhausen). In October 1911 Oberholzerjoined the Group of Zurich (“Zürcher Ortsgruppe“) affiliated to theInternational Psychoanalytical Society, and in 1912 went to Vienna tobe analysed by Sigmund Freud.From 1916 on the couple worked at the nerve sanatorium of Dr.Brunner in Küsnacht (Canton Zurich) and in 1919 went into privatepractice together in Zurich. In the same year the Swiss PsychoAnalytical Society was founded and Oberholzer was elected as its firstpresident. In 1928 he formed the Swiss Medical Society forPsychoanalysis, this action being the outcome of dissensions over layor wild analysis. Oberholzer trained many analysts, and so did his wife,who had been with Freud in the early 1920‘s. In 1926 their son EmilHermann was born. Worried about the growing menace from NaziGermany – Mira was Jewess – in 1938 the couple emigrated to NewYork, where they worked as psychoanalysts in private practice. In 1941Oberholzer became an honorary member of the New YorkPsychoanalytic Society.According to the psychoanalyst Frederic S. Weil Oberholzer “was not asimple man. He was intense and incisive, proud and passionate andprone to stand back independently if he could not agree. He withdrewmore and more, even from close friends, and more so after his wife’sdeath in 1949“ (From a manuscript “In memoriam Dr. EmilOberholzer“1958, kept by the Institut für Medizingeschichte in Berne)Oberholzer died on 4th May 1958 at the age of seventy-five.The Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)8 / 20

Emil Oberholzer made a number of contributions to psychiatry invarious fields (heredity, sterilisation, epilepsy) and to clinicalpsychoanalysis. His main interest, however, was the Rorschach Test.Oberholzer and Rorschach met each other probably as early as in theirstudent days in Zurich, but they became friends only in 1919.Oberholzer took an active part in Rorschach’s experiment. UsingRorschach's cards he conducted tests on his own clients and sent therecorded answers to Rorschach for evaluation. In 1923 he wertungdesFormdeutversuchs für die Psychoanalyse” (The application of theinterpretation of form to psychoanalysis, 1924) which Rorschach hadpresented to the Swiss Psycho-Analytical Society a few weeks beforehe passed away. Until the end of his life Oberholzer worked onRorschach’s test incessantly. He did extensive consultation work andwas a recognised authority on the test.AcquisitionAction6Donated by Emil Oberholzer, Jr., Ph.D., New York (son of Dr. med. EmilOberholzer), transmitted by Walter Morgenthaler in August 1958.Description: Recorded by Rita Signer / October 2008.Fonds G.A. RoemerRef. Nr.TitleExtentRorsch GR.Fonds G.A. Roemer.ca. 350 cm.ContentThe fonds is made up of, among other things, the extendedcorrespondence between G. A. Roemer and H. Rorschach from 1919until 1922. Roemer, having experimented for decades seeking newtechniques for the preparation of test pictures, left an immense numberof sheets, which are interesting for their aesthetic and artistic value.Complemented by some of the other papers and non-publishedliterature of the time, the letters received and sent by Roemer are animportant source of knowledge on the history of psychotherapy duringthe Nazi rule in Germany.ArrangementOrganised in 6 series: 1) Biographical material 2) Correspondence 3)Scientific material 4) Institutes and societies 5) Test pictures 6)Photographs.Biogr.Georg August Hermann Roemer (1892 - 1972), descended from an oldSwabian family, was a fellow student of Ernst Kretschmer in Tübingenfrom where he graduated in medicine in 1916. Thereafter he gainedpractical experience at the university hospital in Göttingen andelsewhere, before going in late 1918 to Switzerland, where he workedfor three months as a trainee at the general hospital in Herisau andthere met Hermann Rorschach at a conference of the Herisauphysicians. In 1919 from the beginning of March to the end of MayRoemer worked as an intern at the asylum in Herisau where he becameacquainted with Rorschach's test, about which he was so enthusiasticthat he created his own inkblots, eight of which were found amongRorschach's papers. These were the eight inkblots which Roemer laterimproved to form his "Stammserie" or basic series. Following his time inHerisau Roemer was employed as physician by a children's relieforganisation in the Bernese Alps, where he tested children using someThe Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)9 / 20

new inkblots as well as those from Herisau. In September 1920 Roemerreturned to Germany and worked as a scientific assistant at theuniversity hospital in Göttingen where he continued his tests now onadults and particularly in the field of war neurosis. An intensivecorrespondence was established between himself and Rorschach,which continued till the death of the latter in April 1922.In May 1921 Roemer entered service at the headquarters of theDeutsche Studentenschaft in Göttingen where he had the task ofdetermining the adaptability of Rorschach’s test for the purposes ofacademic vocational guidance. In this function he had the opportunity oftesting students and lecturers, the results of which he sent to Rorschachfor interpretation. After Rorschach's death Roemer felt himself called tomodify the Rorschach method: "First only the general direction wasdefined: the Rorschach test had to be liberated from its formal stiffnessand to be reconstructed as a test of symbolic content The first step inthe new direction was already made with the reshaping of the testseries." (Roemer 1939, p. 26).The so-called “Tiefentest” (deep test) was the first modification, whichled in turn to the “Symboltest” (symbol test). These developmentsresulted in quite radical changes to the basic Rorschach method. The“Symboltest” was later extended firstly with additional pictures and later,with continuous recording of the subject’s breathing, integrated into theso-called “Zentraltest” (central test) (Roemer 1931, p. 41). Over manyyears Roemer experimented with different techniques for the creation ofhis blots before finally deciding on the cutting and pasting of parts fromdifferent blots to form numerous new combinations. Roemer left theDeutsche Studentenschaft in October 1922 because of the financiallimitations of that organisation, and in 1923 joined the MedizinischePoliklinik in Königsberg. The following year he was appointed director ofthe Institut für Persönlichkeitsforschung in Stuttgart, which had beenfounded by the industrialist Robert Bosch. The institute concerned itselfwith the psychodiagnostic testing of scholars and with selection tests forindustry. The Gesellschaft für Persönlichkeitsforschung was establishedthere in 1926.Under the Nazi regime Roemer maintained close contact with theDeutsches Institut für psychologische Forschung und Psychotherapie inBerlin, loyal to the Nazi Government. He did become a member of theNazi Party, but left after only one year. While in Stuttgart he worked withreputed psychotherapists such as Schottlaender, Graber, Meng, Speerand others. The institute there was closed in 1941 and the "Gesellschaftfür Persönlichkeitsforschung" suspended. After the war Roemertravelled in France and Switzerland delivering lectures and seeking apublisher for his test method and for original documents (letters, testresults, etc.) in his possession. He settled in 1953 in Tutzing where,besides a private practice, he established the PsychomedizinischesInstitut. He never ceased working for the breakthrough for his testmethod, and to this end he contacted authorities such as Webb, Beck,Piotrowski and others in the USA, but his efforts were not to be crownedwith success and he never found a publisher for his test. The test serieshe published finally in 1966 at his own cost consisted of eight blotssimilar to those of Herisau rounded off with parts cut from blots madeusing other techniques.AcquisitionAssigned by the Salzburger Äbtekonferenz in December 2001.The Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)10 / 20

Finding aidsAction7Inventory not yet completed.Description: Recorded by Rita Signer / July 2006.Fonds Hans Behn-EschenburgRef. Nr.TitleExtentRorsch BE.Fonds Hans Behn-Eschenburg.2 boxes (17 cm).ContentBesides Rorschach related material the fonds contains manuscripts andpapers on psychiatric and psychoanalytic topics.Biogr.Hans Behn-Eschenburg was born on 23rd January 1893 in Oerlikonnear Zurich. His father’s family originated in Lübeck from where hisgrandfather, for political reasons, emigrated to Zurich and there held aposition as a university professor of English. Behn-Eschenburg’s father,an engineer, was a prominent pioneer of railway electrification.Hans Behn-Eschenburg studied medicine in Zurich and Basle,concluding his studies in 1919 in Zurich. In September 1919 he wasengaged as a trainee in the Heil- und Pflegeanstalt Herisau and therebecame acquainted with Rorschach’s inkblot experiment. He was tobecome the first to write a dissertation using Rorschach’s inkblotmethod but Rorschach’s cards had not yet been published, andRorschach, needing his cards for further testing, was then not willing tomake them available to Behn-Eschenburg. Therefore it was decided tocreate a new series of ten blots, each of them meeting the sameconditions as Rorschach’s but adapted to Behn-Eschenburg’srequirements for testing children and adolescents. From the numerousblots produced for this purpose the ten best suited and meetingRorschach’s need for a parallel series were selected. In the weeksfollowing Behn-Eschenburg tested pupils from various schools and,under the close guidance of Rorschach, wrote his dissertation“Psychische Schüleruntersuchungen mit dem Formdeutversuch”(psychological investigations on pupils using the Form InterpretationExperiment), which was published in 1921, a few weeks afterRorschach’s “Psychodiagnostik”.For financial reasons, however, the ten cards were not printed until1939/40, when Hans Zulliger had them published under the title “BehnRorschach-Versuch (Be-Ro-Test)”. Unfortunately Behn-Eschenburg’soriginal series created in Herisau has since been lost.Thanks to Rorschach, Behn-Eschenburg became interested also inFreudian psychoanalysis and joined the Swiss Psychoanalytical Societyas early as in 1920. After training at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute,he opened a private practice in 1924 in Zurich. In 1934 he contributed tothe organization of the 13th Congress of the InternationalePsychoanalytische Vereinigung (IPV) in Lucerne, where he was to havegiven a lecture on the adaptation to reality. However on the first day ofthe congress he was prostrated by a severe illness from which he diedone month later.AcquisitionActionDonated by Annemarie Vest-Behn-Eschenburg (Daughter of H. BehnEschenburg) in August 2001.Description: Recorded by Rita Signer / 2012.The Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)11 / 20

8Fonds Gertrud Behn-EschenburgRef. Nr.TitleExtentFonds Gertrud Behn-Eschenburg.4 boxes (40 cm).ContentThe fonds includes mostly scientific material and correspondence byand to Gertrud Behn-Eschenburg, which is not directly related toHermann Rorschach and his Formdeutversuch.Biogr.Gertrud Bräm (1896-1977) was one of the first women in Switzerlandwho tried to bridge between the fields of psychoanalysis, pedagogy andsocial work. After her studies at the University of Zurich, she married thepsychiatrist Hans Behn-Eschenburg (1921), a close collaborator ofHermann Rorschach and the author of the doctoral thesis „PsychischeSchüleruntersuchungen mit dem Fordeutversuch“ (1921). In the 1920sGertrud Behn-Eschenburg got a training as a psychoanalyst in Berlinand Vienna, and became a member of the Schweizerische Gesellschaftfür Psychoanalyse. As a specialist for “difficult children” she taught atthe Soziale Frauenschule in Zurich, the SchweizerischePflegerinnenschule and the Kindergärtnerinnenseminar. After the deathof her first husband (1932) and her second marriage she moved to thecanton of Ticino in 1938. From then, she went on to publishsporadically. In 1954 she published her memories on the time with herlate husband and Hermann Rorschach under the title “Working with Dr.Hermann Rorschach”.AcquisitionAction9Rorsch GBE.This fonds was donated by Hans Vest in June 2013Description: Recorded by Urs Germann / 2013.Fonds Hermann RorschachRef. Nr.TitleExtentRorsch HR.Fonds Hermann Rorschach.ca. 11 m.ContentThe fonds includes among other things the ten cards which Rorschachdeveloped in 1918, which he used for testing purposes during theimplementation of his experiment, and which served as master for theirfirst publication in 1921. Besides these there are many further blotswhich he created in consideration for possible use. The fondsencompasses numerous test records, many complete with scoring andstructural summary, manuscripts, innumerable excerpts from allscientific disciplines, correspondence, photos, personal mementos anddrawings from his school days until the last years of his life.ArrangementOrganised in 6 series: 1) Biographic material 2) Correspondence 3)Scientific material 4) Patients 5) Artistic material 6) Miscellaneousmaterial.Biogr.Hermann Rorschach was born on 8th November 1884 in Zurich andspent his formative years in Schaffhausen, where his father taught art atthe boys' primary and the trade schools. A year before he went to thecanton school Hermann and his younger siblings lost their mother. Inhis last year at the canton school Hermann joined the semi-officialstudent association Scaphusia. He passed his school leavingexaminations in 1904 qualifying for university, but in the same year hisfather died after a long illness. This death placed the family financialThe Rorschach Archives' Guide (28/04/2020)12 / 20

difficulties but nonetheless it was made possible for him to studymedicine.After a preparatory term at the Académie de Neuchâtel and completinga course in French at the Université de Dijon he matriculated in Zurichin the autumn of 1904 as a medical student. As a twenty-two year oldhe decided to become a psychiatrist. During the winter term 1906/1907he studied in Berlin, from where he travelled to Russia for the first time.Following this he registered for one semester at the University of Berneand then continued his studies in Zurich. Rorschach enjoyed keepingcompany with Russian students and this is how he met the Russiancolleague Olga Stempelin, whom he married in 1910. In February 1909,meeting the requirements of the state examination, he concluded hismedical studies.After a stay of several months in Russia with relations of his fiancée,Rorschach commenced work in the summer of 1909 as an assistant atthe Thurgovian psychiatric hospital in Münsterlingen. His verwandteErscheinungen", supervised by Eugen Bleuler, was

After her school years in Teufen and later at the Cantonal School St.Gallen Lisa Rorschach studied the English and Romance languages and literature at the University of Zurich and there in 1947 completed her studies. Afterwards she lived for some time in Scotland before settling in Zurich