Transcription

GCSE Religious StudiesPractice QuestionsRevision BookletPaper 1 and 2

Contents1.Marking Criteria for 4, 5 and 12 mark questions2.Practice examination questionsPaper 1 Christian Beliefs Christian Practices Islam Beliefs Islam PracticesPaper 2 Theme A – Relationships and families Theme B – Religion and life Theme D – Conflict and Peace Theme E – Crime and PunishmentEach unit will have practice questions for 4 mark,5 mark and 12 mark questions.2

4 mark questionsStructureBelief one1 mark for stating the belief with limited detail.2 marks for developing/expanding the first point.Belief two1 mark for stating the belief with limited detail.2 marks for developing/expanding the first point. 4 Mark questions for Beliefs will ask for two waysa belief in something influences a Christian. 4 mark questions for Practices will ask for twocontrasting ways religious believers dosomething. 4 mark Theme questions will ask for two beliefsabout a topic. They may ask you to refer to thereligious tradition of Great Britain – if so you mustuse Christianity in one of your points.3

Religious Beliefs - InfluenceFor the Beliefs 4 mark questions you need to be ableto explain how beliefs influence a religious believer.In other words How does this belief impact them?What do they do because of this belief?How do they feel because of this belief?How does having this belief affect their lives?How does this belief change the way they live?One way a belief in influences aChristian/Muslim is Another way a belief in influences aChristian/Muslim is 4

5 mark questionsStructureInclude a religious teachingFirst pointSimple explanation of a relevant point – 1 markDetailed explanation of a relevant point– 2 marksSecond pointSimple explanation of a relevant point– 1 markDetailed explanation of a relevant point – 2 marksRelevant and accurate reference to sacredwriting – 1 mark 5 Mark questions for Beliefs or Practices will askfor two beliefs or practices. 5 mark Theme questions will ask for two beliefsabout a topic.5

12 mark questionsStructureParagraph 1 Explain why people might agree with thestatement. Include more than one reason.Support with religious teachings. Suggeststrengths or weaknesses of point.Paragraph 2 Explain why people might disagree with thestatement. Include more than one reason.Support with religious teachings. Suggeststrengths or weaknesses of point.Paragraph 3 Explain which side has the best argument and‘wins’. Make a judgement and say why youhave chosen that argument as the strongest.Add an additional reason/evidence to supportyour judgement.12 mark questions will ask you to:Evaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different pointof view reach a justified conclusion.6

12 mark questionsSentence promptsParagraph 1 – Arguments For Some Christians/Muslims believe that One reason they believe this is that the Bible/Qur’ansays Additionally Jesus/Muhammad said Another reason some Christian/Muslims might supportthis is However this raises the question An advantage of this is Paragraph 2 – Arguments Against On the other hand However other Christians/Muslims might feel A key feature of the religion is The Bible/Qur’an suggests This means that However this raises the question An advantage of this is Paragraph 3 – Conclusion Having reviewed the evidence Looking at both sides of the argument I make the judgement that In conclusion An advantage of this is Additionally 7

Christian Beliefs4 mark questions Explain two ways in which belief in the resurrection of Jesusinfluences Christians today. Explain two ways in which beliefs about the creation of theworld might influence Christians today. Explain two ways in which learning about the crucifixion mightinfluence Christians today. Explain two ways in which believing that God is all-lovingmight influence Christians today. Explain two ways in which believing in Judgement Day mightinfluence Christians today. Explain two ways in which a belief in incarnation mightinfluence Christians today. Explain two ways in which a belief in salvation might influenceChristians today. Explain two ways in which a belief in atonement mightinfluence Christians today. Explain two ways in which a belief in the afterlife mightinfluence Christians today. Explain two ways in which a belief in the trinity might influenceChristians today. Explain two ways in which a belief that God is all-powerfulmight influence Christians today. Explain two ways in which a belief in Jesus ascension mightinfluence Christians today.8

Christian Beliefs5 mark questions Explain two Christian teachings about creation. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Christian teachings about the nature of God. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Christian teachings about salvation. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Christian teachings about the ascension of Jesus.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Christian teachings about the resurrection of Jesus.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Christian beliefs about the afterlife. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Christian beliefs about incarnation. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Christian beliefs about resurrection. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer.9

Christian Beliefs12 mark questionsEvaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different point of view reach a justified conclusion. “The resurrection of Jesus was the most important event in his life.” “There cannot be an all-loving God if suffering exists” “Salvation should only be achieved by those who work for it” It is impossible to understand the nature of God. Evil is needed in the world. If the trinity exists, God is not one. The Bible is all that is needed for Christians to understand creation. A belief in the afterlife is not important in Christianity. The Incarnation was the most important event in Jesus’ life. Salvation from sin is the most important belief for Christians today.10

Christian Practices4 mark questions Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians carry outEucharist services. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians carry outBaptism services. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians carry outpilgrimage. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians worship. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians pray. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians help thelocal community. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians help outthe worldwide community. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians helpthose being persecuted. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians respondto persecution. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians work forreconciliation. Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians celebrateEaster, Explain two contrasting ways in which Christians celebrateChristmas.11

Christian Practices5 mark questions Explain two ways in which Christian street pastors carry outtheir Christian duty. Refer to scripture or sacred writings inyour answer. Explain two ways in which pilgrimage is important toChristians . Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two ways in which Christmas is important toChristians. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which a worldwide Christian relieforganisation carries out its mission overseas. Refer to scriptureor sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which private worship is important forChristians. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which Christians help others in their localcommunity. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two ways in which Christians celebrate Easter. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which Christians respond to the wordpoverty. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which Christians support those incountries where it is forbidden to follow Jesus. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which the Church gets its message topeople. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer.12

Christian Practices12 mark questionsEvaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different point of view reach a justified conclusion. “Christians should just rely on evangelists for Church growth.” “All Christians should do something practical to help theircommunity.” “Pilgrimages are a waste of money.” “No child should be baptised.” “Christmas is the most important Christian festival.” “Missionary work is the best way to spread the faith of Christianity” “Every Christian should be an evangelist” “The Eucharist should be practiced the same way in all churches” “Reconciliation to God is more important than reconciliation toother people.” “It is not possible to “rejoice and be glad” if you are sufferingpersecution.” “Religious charities should just focus on emergency aid.” “The best way for Christians to grow closer to God is to go on apilgrimage.”13

Islam Beliefs4 mark questions Explain two ways in which belief in the six articles of faithinfluences Sunni Muslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in the 5 roots of Usul a dininfluences Shia Muslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in Tawhid influences Muslimstoday. Explain two ways in which belief that God is just influencesMuslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in angels influences Muslimstoday. Explain two ways in which belief in Risalah (Prophethood)influences Muslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in the Day of judgementinfluences Muslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in Jannam and Jahannaminfluences Muslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in predestination influencesMuslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in the Night of Powerinfluences Muslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in the authority of the Qur’aninfluences Muslims today. Explain two ways in which belief in the Imamate influencesShia Muslims today.14

Islam Beliefs5 mark questions Explain two Muslims teachings about Tawhid. Refer to scripture orsacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim beliefs about predestination.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim teachings about angels. Refer to scripture orsacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim teachings about holy books other than theQur’an. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim teachings about Risalah (Prophethood). Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim teachings about Jannam or Jahannam. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim teachings about the Qur’an. Refer to scriptureor sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim beliefs about the Night of Power. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim beliefs about God being transcendent. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim beliefs about God being immanent. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim teachings about Muhammad. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two Muslim teachings about Adalat (justice). Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer.15

Islam Beliefs12 mark questionsEvaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different point of view reach a justified conclusion. “Prophet Adam can teach Muslims all they need to know.” “The Qur’an is the only important book in Islam.” “It does not matter how it was revealed or compiled, it is thefact Muslims have the Qur’an that is important “Ibrahim is the perfect role model for Muslims.” “Belief in angels has no impact on the life of Muslims.” “Mika'il is more important than Jibril.” “Religious believers have no proof that an afterlife exists.” “The Sunnah is more important than the Qur’an as a guide to lifefor Muslims today.” “For a Muslim, believing that Allah is all-powerful is notimportant.” “Predestination cannot exist if humans have freewill.”16

Islam Practices4 mark questions Explain two contrasting ways in which Muslims carry outprayer. Explain two contrasting ways in which Muslims celebrate thefestival of Eid al Adha. Explain two contrasting ways in which Muslims give alms. Explain two ways in which Sawm is important to Muslims. Explain two contrasting understandings of charity. Explain two contrasting ways in which Muslims celebrateAshura. Explain two contrasting ways in which Muslims celebrate Eid ulFitr. Explain two ways in which Hajj is important to Muslims. Explain two reasons why the Shahadah is important to Muslims. Explain two ways in which Sawm is important to Muslims.17

Islam Practices5 mark questions Explain two ways in which Jummah prayer is important toMuslims. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which Zakat is important. Refer to scriptureor sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which A Muslim celebrates Ashura. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which pilgrimage is important to a Muslim.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which a Muslim celebrates Eid ul Fitr. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which a Muslim can give to charity. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which Muslims view the Salah (prayer) asimportant. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which a Muslim celebrates Eid ul Adha.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which wudu is important to Muslims. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which Muslims believe festivals areimportant. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two ways in which the Ka’aba is important in theMuslim Hajj (pilgrimage). Refer to scripture or sacred writings inyour answer.18

Islam Practices12 mark questionsEvaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different point of view reach a justified conclusion. “Eid al Adha is the most important festival for Muslims” “Prayer is not important” “The Shahadah is the most important pillar of Islam.” “Muslims can never lead their lives as well as Muhammad did.” “Giving to charity is the most important act a Muslim can do.” “Sawm is the best way to show devotion to Allah.” “Going on pilgrimage is the best way to show devotion to Allah.” “Only through prayer can Muslims truly understand God” “Eid ul Adha is the most important festival.” “Every Muslim should give what they can to charity.”19

Theme A4 mark questions Explain two religious beliefs about marriage. Explain two religious beliefs about divorce. Explain two religious beliefs about same sex marriage. Explain two religious beliefs about contraception. Explain two religious beliefs about gender equality. Explain two religious beliefs about the role of women in the church. Explain two religious beliefs about the role of parents. Explain two religious beliefs about the role of women in the family. Explain two religious beliefs about sexual relationships outside ofmarriage (adultery), Explain two religious beliefs about sexual relationships beforemarriage.20

Theme A5 mark questions Explain two religious teachings about sexual relationshipsoutside of marriage (adultery). Refer to scripture or sacredwritings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about same sex marriage.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about contraception. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about divorce. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about the treatment ofwomen. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about remarriage. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about the role of parents.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about same sex parents.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about sexual relationshipsbefore marriage. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about the role of women inthe church. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer.21

Theme A12 mark questionsEvaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different point of view reach a justified conclusion. “Marriage is the correct place for sexual relationships” “Same sex marriage is wrong” “Women and men should be treated completely equally” “Everyone should use contraception” “Divorce is not acceptable” “Marriage is outdated and old-fashioned and is notneeded” “Gender prejudice cannot be stopped” “Women should not be leaders in the church” “Religious believers should never be sexist.” “Homosexuals should not be allowed to worship inchurches.” “Remarriage is adultery.” “There is no reason to use contraception.”22

Theme B4 mark questions Explain two religious beliefs about vivisection. Explain two religious beliefs about caring for the planet. Explain two religious beliefs about abortion. Explain two religious beliefs about euthanasia. Explain two religious beliefs about stewardship. Explain two religious beliefs about the origins of humans. Explain two religious beliefs about creation. Explain two religious beliefs about the value of the world. Explain two religious beliefs about the value of animals. Explain two religious beliefs about hospices.23

Theme B5 mark questions Explain two religious teachings about vivisection. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about abortion. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about the creation ofhuman life. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about the creation of theuniverse. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about euthanasia. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about the value ofanimals. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about the use ofhospices. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about stewardship. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about the value of theplanet. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about dominion. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer.24

Theme B12 mark questionsEvaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different point of view reach a justified conclusion. “Science and religion can never agree” “Animal experimentation should be made illegal” “There is no good reason for abortion” “Those that are ill and suffering should be allowed to end theirown lives” “The main focus of Christians should be on caring for the planet” “There is no point in being a good steward” “It does not matter how we treat animals.” “Christians should focus on this life and not the next.” “When God gave humans dominion over the world, it meant wecould do what we like.” “Humans are misusing their power over animals.” “Religious believers should always fight for life to be preserved” “Everyone should have the right to die if that is what they want.”25

Theme D4 mark questions Explain two religious beliefs about holy war. Explain two religious beliefs about weapons of mass destruction. Explain two religious beliefs about using violence. Explain two religious beliefs about pacifism. Explain two religious beliefs about violent protest. Explain two religious beliefs about forgiveness. Explain two religious beliefs about justice. Explain two religious beliefs about war. Explain two religious beliefs about victims of war. Explain two religious beliefs about terrorism. Explain two religious beliefs about protesting. Explain two religious beliefs about just wars.26

Theme D5 mark questions Explain two religious teachings about terrorism. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about war. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about holy war. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about forgiveness.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about weapons ofmass destruction. Refer to scripture or sacred writingsin your answer. Explain two religious teachings about pacifism. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about justice. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about violent protest.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about victims of war.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about using violence.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer.27

Theme D12 mark questionsEvaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different point of view reach a justified conclusion. “War is never acceptable.” “Using weapons of mass destruction is sometimes necessary” “The best response to violence is to walk away” “Christians should use violence to protest unjust laws” “Helping victims of war should be a priority for Christians” “If God is on your side Holy war must be acceptable” “If forgiveness happens there is no reason for war” “Pacifism is unrealistic and never works” “There should be no wars in the 21st century” “Religion cannot end war.”28

Theme E4 mark questions Explain two religious beliefs about good and evil. Explain two religious beliefs about hate crimes. Explain two religious beliefs about the aims of punishment. Explain two religious beliefs about forgiveness. Explain two religious beliefs about the treatment of criminals. Explain two religious beliefs about corporal punishment. Explain two religious beliefs about capital punishment. Explain two religious beliefs about suffering. Explain two religious beliefs about breaking the law in order toget a bad law changed. Explain two religious beliefs about victims of crime.29

Theme E5 mark questions Explain two religious teachings about forgiveness. Referto scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about corporalpunishment. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about the death penalty.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about the aims ofpunishment. Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about good and evil.Refer to scripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about justice. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about the treatment ofcriminals, Refer to scripture or sacred writings in youranswer. Explain two religious teachings about sin. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer. Explain two religious teachings about how to treatvictims of crime. Refer to scripture or sacred writings inyour answer. Explain two religious teachings about crime. Refer toscripture or sacred writings in your answer.30

Theme E12 mark questionsEvaluate this statement.In your answer you should: refer to religious teaching give reasoned arguments to support this statement give reasoned arguments to support a different point of view reach a justified conclusion. “Prison is the only way to punish criminals” “The death penalty is the best form of punishment” “Corporal punishment helps children learn right from wrong” “Prisons should be horrible places without comfort” “Murderers should never be forgiven” “All crime should be punished severely” “Reforming is the most important aim of punishment” “Justice can only be found through capital punishment.” “Religious people should always forgive others for theircrimes” “Those who cause suffering should not be helped.” “Protecting people from criminals is the most important aim ofpunishment.” “People are not evil, some just do evil things”31

Make sure that you bring your practiceanswers in to school to be marked andreceive feedback. Remember to use a timer to practicewriting to gain 1 mark per minute.32

2 Contents 1. Marking Criteria for 4, 5 and 12 mark questions 2. Practice examination questions Paper 1 Christian Beliefs Christian Practices Islam Beliefs Islam Practices Paper 2 Theme A –Relationships and families Theme B –Religion and life Theme D –Conflict and Peace Theme E –Crime and Punishment Each unit